Questions tagged [reference]

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Referent vs Inference vs Profer as options for use in comparison against Reference

“I use an audio trace as a reference to allow me to compare how my mixed track of [ ] background music resembles the reference.” My answer would be product for the blank space, where we compare ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Is there a thesaurus-like reference for generalizings of terms by common type? [closed]

For example - "First, second, third, ..." generalize to "ordinal numbers". "Primary, secondary, tertiary, ..." are "rankings". Is there a well known reference ...
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1 vote
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What is the literary device when a character takes part in a real play in the story?

In the story, one of the characters acts in a play. This play also exists in real life, and it has a symbolic meaning to the story. Would this be an example of intertextuality or would it be a ...
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-3 votes
2 answers
85 views

In this sentence, to what does “gave rise to” refer? [closed]

To what does “gave rise to” refer in this sentence? To “revolutionary temper” or to “a curious kind of partiality”? In Lessing the revolutionary temper was associated with a curious kind of partiality ...
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1 answer
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clarity of the word "multipurposeness"

I have an accepted paper in which the editor asked for possible corrections (if any) before the publication. In a part of the paper I have used the word "multipurposeness", and the editor ...
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1 answer
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reference - demonstrative determiner

I bought a pen and a pencil yesterday. What is surprising is this is more expensive than that. In this sentence, I am not sure what "this" and "that" are referring to. I first ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Selling off the china

Today the Guardian reported BA selling off crockery from its first class cabins. The meaning here is clear. However, is there any word play in here? Does selling one's china have historical ...
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1 vote
2 answers
128 views

What or who does 'the rick-thatcher' refer to in Middlemarch by George Eliot?

Here is the full quotation: No matter what a man is—I wouldn’t give twopence for him”—here Caleb’s mouth looked bitter, and he snapped his fingers—“whether he was the prime minister or the rick-...
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How do you refer to an entity of controversial labelling without cataphora?

Pretend that you are beginning to describe an as-of-yet unnamed thing, but there is more than one name for it. Have a toy-example sentence: That is the face all Redditors make when you call a majorly ...
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1 vote
2 answers
58 views

What is being referred to by the words "that amount" [closed]

"John has 12,000 in cash, and his sugar mommy gave him 8,000. He then decides to spend half that amount to 'insert action here'." What amount is the problem referring to? Does it refer to ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Abbreviations in Archive Reference

I've just finished a book about American history, and I somehow turned to the pages of Notes. The words in the archive reference are new to me, I managed to figure out some abbreviation with Google, ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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I want make this sentence natural, "you can reference this site"

My situation is that I have a site link(like this stackexchange), and I want to announce this site link for anyone who visit my web-site as a reference. is this natural expression? If you need more ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Giving both page number and number of definition / proposition / theorem / lemma etc [closed]

I imagine this may be an overkill, but when making references to large e.g. mathematical books, I find it helpful to have both the page number and the definition / proposition / theorem / lemma (etc.) ...
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0 answers
130 views

Using unless stated otherwise in references

I have to write a reference section where most of the figures are from one source. However, the other few left are to be referenced. I am planning to write something like "All tables and figures are ...
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1 vote
2 answers
77 views

How to reference a specific named version/edition of a work like the NIV Bible?

I am aware that there are well-defined referencing methods, such as the MLA format. However, without adhering to MLA format, I wrote the following sentence in an answer on ELU.SE: Here's a poetic ...
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1 answer
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Usages of "topics" when talking about subjects and research fields

I'm trying to write a cover letter and I need to talk about two of my favorite subjects. This is the first part of the: Another reason why I am interested in studying at X University is to try ...
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1 answer
977 views

Usage of "p." vs "pp." to denote two separate pages

I understand that "p." is used for single page references, and "pp." for multipage pages. However, if I'm quoting something from p. 35 and p. 40 from the same book, should I use "p. 35 and p. 40", or "...
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1 vote
1 answer
57 views

A footnote refers to the wrong document - what is a word to describe this kind of mistake?

Well, the title question says it all I think: A footnote refers to the wrong document - what is a word to describe this kind of mistake? Words like "discrepancy", "incongruence", "fallacy", or ...
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2 votes
2 answers
181 views

Name of Introductory Text Before a Section of Text

In a structured document, with sections, parts, and possibly subsections, is there a word, or prefix, or construction, to identify the introduction before a section or a subsection? For instance, for ...
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1 vote
1 answer
47 views

Section of paper, excluding sub-sections, without using section numbers

How to refer to a section of a paper excluding sub-sections, without using section numbers? For my example text: … 3 Example section Example section text 3.1 Example subsection &...
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0 votes
1 answer
64 views

What would "they" refer to in this sentence?

The benefits of addressing, or simply displaying oneself to, a large news audience can be so great that many subjects conclude they are worth the risks of being misrepresented. Would the boldfaced "...
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1 answer
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"it" as object?

In a worksheet we had the statement "I love it here. Let's return next year." A student asked what "it" refers to and I'm not exactly sure myself. Is the "it" here a kind of dummy it?
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APA reference for uppercase word in title of book

I need to complete references for an assignment in APA format, but one of the books has an uppercase word in it and I'm not sure if it should remain uppercase or be changed to lowercase: The SAGE ...
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2 votes
2 answers
112 views

lack of page numbering

What do you put in a reference when the page lacks numbering? Is there any abbreviation to denote such a case? I'm working on some manuscripts that are numbered only on the front side. I refer to them ...
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2 votes
1 answer
1k views

Where was the term "A1" first used?

The Merriam-Webster dictionary says that "A1" means "of the finest quality" and it says that the term was first used in the year 1801 (with no reference): https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/...
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2 votes
1 answer
85 views

Is it wrong to use "last" instead of "latter" to address the second element in a list of two?

I am reviewing an academic paper written by somebody else. At some point in this work the second element in a list of two elements is addressed as "the last". I immediately reached for the red pen to ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Correct use of the pronoun reference

Is this the correct use of the pronoun reference "this". Were you able to tell what the pronoun this is referring to? Based on the feedback received, my strengths were having strong arguments as well ...
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0 votes
2 answers
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How to use et.al (special case)?

I'm writing about a javascript library. and i have the following example: "The founder of this JavaScript library, Jason M. Saragih, wrote an article [1] with et. al, reviewing considerations on how ...
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0 votes
1 answer
2k views

Should a comma be included when listing age?

When listing age under someone's name for reference, does there need to be a comma between "age" and the number? My company is running an ad for a beauty supplement featuring our brand ambassador for ...
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0 votes
2 answers
581 views

If my grandparent is deceased, do I refer to them as "is" or "was" my grandparent?

How does this work when the person being referenced is deceased? Which of these is correct? John was my grandfather. John is my grandfather.
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3 votes
1 answer
733 views

Footnote and citation at the end of a sentence

According to this, footnote marks should come at the end of the sentence, after the punctuation, like The inner flow is then reflected at this boundary, leading to an oblique expansion shock (also ...
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1 answer
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Correct construction for "easily protected against"

What I am trying to express is that I have a problem P and a good G and it is easy to protect G from P. However, G is not the focus of the sentence and P was described in the previous sentence. So I ...
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1 vote
0 answers
40 views

Using 'Ibid' within footnoting A Level

I am currently completing my final piece of A Level coursework for English Literature. I have cited a quote, and then the second quote is from a different place. Wrote out all the relevant details ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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pro-verb: what does "did" refer to in this context?

In the following article, the underlined 'did' refers to the word 'mature' in the same sentence. But, how about the word 'reach' in the previous sentence? Is it ok to say the word 'did' can also be ...
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4 votes
2 answers
280 views

Please put it on the rack above yourself

Why do we say Could you please put it on the rack above you? In other words, why is there no reflexive needed here? Can we also say "above yourself”, that is, use a reflexive pronoun?
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1 vote
1 answer
234 views

Does 'coming from <a person>' necessarily refer to the speaker?

If I were to say something like "That's false, coming from someone who has lived in China for 3 years", then does the 'someone' in the sentence necessarily refer to myself?
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0 votes
1 answer
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SO referenced as "they" - right or wrong?

So I read a few posts over at IPS and I saw that SO (significant other) is referenced as "they". For example here the author of the accepted answer said that "they told them to ..." and with "they" ...
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1 vote
1 answer
141 views

Referring back to a 'duo' [duplicate]

Quick question: "The duo known as Pin Up Club owes its name to..." In this sentence, am I correctly referring to 'the duo' with 'its name'? Or should this be 'their name'? Thank you in advance.
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6 votes
3 answers
5k views

What comes after (Primary,unary),(secondary,binary),(tertiary,ternary),...?

I was curious to know what comes after: Primary, secondary, tertiary, ... This Oxford website says it is "quartenary, quinary, ..." But they are already taken! Unary, binary, ternary, ...
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2 votes
1 answer
273 views

Whats does d mean in a journal citation?

I would like to cite a journal and I was hoping to find page numbers, instead it is formatted like this: BMJ. 2011; 343: d5094. Does the 'd' indicate the page or something else?
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0 votes
1 answer
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Referencing titles that include sparse quotes [duplicate]

I don't come across this particular problem very often, but everyonce and a while I come across a journal article that contains sparse/double quotes around a particular word. In particular this is ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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reference of that

I am reading Out of my Mind by Sharon Draper. I have questions about the last sentence in Chapter 11. (For your information, Rose is a normal kid and "I" am a physically challenged kid. They became ...
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1 vote
2 answers
86 views

what does the second "it" refer and how to understand "should we so choose"?

We meet at a time of both of immense promise and great peril. It is entirely up to us whether we lift the world to new heights,or let it fall into a valley of disrepair. We have it in our power should ...
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1 vote
1 answer
68 views

How do I reference Billy Bragg in the following instance?

Billy Bragg has an album entitled, 'Talking with the Taxman about Poetry'. I want to entitle an essay, 'Talking with the Gasman about Yoga'. What is this called, and what is the best way to give ...
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3 votes
4 answers
209 views

What object am I referring to in this sentence?

I apologize if my question is too basic, my English is a little rusty and I have always had trouble with this concept: Consider the following sentence: Once I finished the project, I found that ...
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5 votes
3 answers
4k views

"Latter" when referring to more than one [duplicate]

There are 3 scenarios and I want to contrast the first with the second and the third. So on one side there is one single scenario and on the other side there is 2 scenarios. I like to use "former" and ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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References to part of a page

Is there any traditional manner of reference to a particular part of a page? p. 55, above, p. 30, below, p. 39, middle? Has it been customary to use Latin for this? (Cf. German: oben, unten, mitte.)
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1 vote
0 answers
375 views

Figurative use of words

I love creative writing and especially figurative language. So, very often I dig dictionaries to find the idiomatic uses of words that would potentially 'add spice' in a way I want. All dictionaries ...
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3 votes
1 answer
8k views

"The author means", "The author writes", "The author points out", etc

I am currently writing a technical report. While writing the "Related work" section, I often need to write expressions as shown in the title: "The author means that this algorithm is not suitable ...
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0 votes
1 answer
156 views

When to use indefinite article "a(n)" when referring to a person with an adjective? [duplicate]

I'm not a native English speaker. From time to time I see the following structure when referring to a person: ... a(n) [adjective] [person's name] ... example: "Meanwhile, an increasingly ...
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