Questions tagged [reference]

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For any word, see constituent roots; for any root, see composite words [migrated]

Definition lookup in Google will show the origin or etymology of a word, usually based on root. Is there an application, web or otherwise, that returns composite words for any given root?
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26 views

What does “its” refer to in “…Australia led the way in its development and application of a principled law of restitution…” [migrated]

What does "its" refer to in "...Australia led the way in its development and application of a principled law of restitution..."? Here's the context: We were enthralled by the decisions and ...
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28 views

Capitalization after colon in references

While proofreading my references, I frequently come across titles such as "Wisdom of crowds: the value of stock opinions transmitted through social media". It is not fully clear to me whether the "...
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1answer
50 views

A footnote refers to the wrong document - what is a word to describe this kind of mistake?

Well, the title question says it all I think: A footnote refers to the wrong document - what is a word to describe this kind of mistake? Words like "discrepancy", "incongruence", "fallacy", or ...
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2answers
64 views

Name of Introductory Text Before a Section of Text

In a structured document, with sections, parts, and possibly subsections, is there a word, or prefix, or construction, to identify the introduction before a section or a subsection? For instance, for ...
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1answer
39 views

Section of paper, excluding sub-sections, without using section numbers

How to refer to a section of a paper excluding sub-sections, without using section numbers? For my example text: … 3 Example section Example section text 3.1 Example subsection &...
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1answer
42 views

What would “they” refer to in this sentence?

The benefits of addressing, or simply displaying oneself to, a large news audience can be so great that many subjects conclude they are worth the risks of being misrepresented. Would the boldfaced "...
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16 views

How to cite a citation thats meant to give context as part of a discussion

How to use citations that are meant to give more historical or just larger context possibly needed for details of certain things, but not The integrality gap of this LP is related to the Erdos Posa ...
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1answer
40 views

“it” as object?

In a worksheet we had the statement "I love it here. Let's return next year." A student asked what "it" refers to and I'm not exactly sure myself. Is the "it" here a kind of dummy it?
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25 views

APA reference for uppercase word in title of book

I need to complete references for an assignment in APA format, but one of the books has an uppercase word in it and I'm not sure if it should remain uppercase or be changed to lowercase: The SAGE ...
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2answers
88 views

lack of page numbering

What do you put in a reference when the page lacks numbering? Is there any abbreviation to denote such a case? I'm working on some manuscripts that are numbered only on the front side. I refer to them ...
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1answer
100 views

Where was the term “A1” first used?

The Merriam-Webster dictionary says that "A1" means "of the finest quality" and it says that the term was first used in the year 1801 (with no reference): https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/...
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1answer
44 views

Is it wrong to use “last” instead of “latter” to address the second element in a list of two?

I am reviewing an academic paper written by somebody else. At some point in this work the second element in a list of two elements is addressed as "the last". I immediately reached for the red pen to ...
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38 views

Correct use of the pronoun reference

Is this the correct use of the pronoun reference "this". Were you able to tell what the pronoun this is referring to? Based on the feedback received, my strengths were having strong arguments as well ...
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2answers
54 views

How to use et.al (special case)?

I'm writing about a javascript library. and i have the following example: "The founder of this JavaScript library, Jason M. Saragih, wrote an article [1] with et. al, reviewing considerations on how ...
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1answer
57 views

Should a comma be included when listing age?

When listing age under someone's name for reference, does there need to be a comma between "age" and the number? My company is running an ad for a beauty supplement featuring our brand ambassador for ...
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2answers
71 views

If my grandparent is deceased, do I refer to them as “is” or “was” my grandparent?

How does this work when the person being referenced is deceased? Which of these is correct? John was my grandfather. John is my grandfather.
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1answer
228 views

Footnote and citation at the end of a sentence

According to this, footnote marks should come at the end of the sentence, after the punctuation, like The inner flow is then reflected at this boundary, leading to an oblique expansion shock (also ...
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1answer
43 views

Correct construction for “easily protected against”

What I am trying to express is that I have a problem P and a good G and it is easy to protect G from P. However, G is not the focus of the sentence and P was described in the previous sentence. So I ...
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30 views

Using 'Ibid' within footnoting A Level

I am currently completing my final piece of A Level coursework for English Literature. I have cited a quote, and then the second quote is from a different place. Wrote out all the relevant details ...
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1answer
69 views

pro-verb: what does “did” refer to in this context?

In the following article, the underlined 'did' refers to the word 'mature' in the same sentence. But, how about the word 'reach' in the previous sentence? Is it ok to say the word 'did' can also be ...
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2answers
73 views

Please put it on the rack above yourself

Why do we say Could you please put it on the rack above you? In other words, why is there no reflexive needed here? Can we also say "above yourself”, that is, use a reflexive pronoun?
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1answer
46 views

Does 'coming from <a person>' necessarily refer to the speaker?

If I were to say something like "That's false, coming from someone who has lived in China for 3 years", then does the 'someone' in the sentence necessarily refer to myself?
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1answer
46 views

SO referenced as “they” - right or wrong?

So I read a few posts over at IPS and I saw that SO (significant other) is referenced as "they". For example here the author of the accepted answer said that "they told them to ..." and with "they" ...
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1answer
56 views

Referring back to a 'duo' [duplicate]

Quick question: "The duo known as Pin Up Club owes its name to..." In this sentence, am I correctly referring to 'the duo' with 'its name'? Or should this be 'their name'? Thank you in advance.
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3answers
2k views

What comes after (Primary,unary),(secondary,binary),(tertiary,ternary),…?

I was curious to know what comes after: Primary, secondary, tertiary, ... This Oxford website says it is "quartenary, quinary, ..." But they are already taken! Unary, binary, ternary, ...
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1answer
100 views

Whats does d mean in a journal citation?

I would like to cite a journal and I was hoping to find page numbers, instead it is formatted like this: BMJ. 2011; 343: d5094. Does the 'd' indicate the page or something else?
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1answer
60 views

Referencing titles that include sparse quotes [duplicate]

I don't come across this particular problem very often, but everyonce and a while I come across a journal article that contains sparse/double quotes around a particular word. In particular this is ...
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28 views

reference of that

I am reading Out of my Mind by Sharon Draper. I have questions about the last sentence in Chapter 11. (For your information, Rose is a normal kid and "I" am a physically challenged kid. They became ...
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2answers
69 views

what does the second “it” refer and how to understand “should we so choose”?

We meet at a time of both of immense promise and great peril. It is entirely up to us whether we lift the world to new heights,or let it fall into a valley of disrepair. We have it in our power should ...
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1answer
60 views

How do I reference Billy Bragg in the following instance?

Billy Bragg has an album entitled, 'Talking with the Taxman about Poetry'. I want to entitle an essay, 'Talking with the Gasman about Yoga'. What is this called, and what is the best way to give ...
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4answers
148 views

What object am I referring to in this sentence?

I apologize if my question is too basic, my English is a little rusty and I have always had trouble with this concept: Consider the following sentence: Once I finished the project, I found that ...
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3answers
2k views

“Latter” when referring to more than one [duplicate]

There are 3 scenarios and I want to contrast the first with the second and the third. So on one side there is one single scenario and on the other side there is 2 scenarios. I like to use "former" and ...
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1answer
89 views

References to part of a page

Is there any traditional manner of reference to a particular part of a page? p. 55, above, p. 30, below, p. 39, middle? Has it been customary to use Latin for this? (Cf. German: oben, unten, mitte.)
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349 views

Figurative use of words

I love creative writing and especially figurative language. So, very often I dig dictionaries to find the idiomatic uses of words that would potentially 'add spice' in a way I want. All dictionaries ...
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1answer
3k views

“The author means”, “The author writes”, “The author points out”, etc

I am currently writing a technical report. While writing the "Related work" section, I often need to write expressions as shown in the title: "The author means that this algorithm is not suitable ...
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1answer
141 views

When to use indefinite article “a(n)” when referring to a person with an adjective? [duplicate]

I'm not a native English speaker. From time to time I see the following structure when referring to a person: ... a(n) [adjective] [person's name] ... example: "Meanwhile, an increasingly ...
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2answers
2k views

'Tip of Iceberg': negative meaning?

I want to use 'tip of iceberg' in a recommendation letter. In particular, I give an anecdote which illustrated that this person is very diligent and skillful. Then I say "such instance is merely a tip ...
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1answer
466 views

How not to avoid using reference numbers as nouns in an academic article [closed]

I wrote a scientific article for a conference, and a reviewer criticized it as he said that in my manuscript “references are used as nouns”. I assume he was refering to instances of the following type,...
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1answer
2k views

How should I refer to a number paragraph or section of a contract? Do I include the decimal after the section number?

Which is the correct sentence for referring to a section of a contract that is labeled 13? In this regard, the relevant terms of paragraph 13 state.... OR In this regard, the relevant terms of ...
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2answers
2k views

In legal citations, why are “see”, “see also”, etc., in italics?

In legal citations, why do people put "see", "see also", "e.g.", etc., in italics? Please don't just say, "because that's the custom." I'd like to know just enough about the evolution of this custom ...
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1answer
4k views

Latin equivalent for “see” (reference) [closed]

One of my references is an audio file. It feels funny to say bla bla bla (see such-and-so audio recordings). Is there some Latin I could use in place of "see"?
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1answer
71 views

punctuation when a quoted question is followed by a reference [closed]

In my Closing Argument (for an administrative-type hearing), I invented a concise way of referring to page numbers in the Parent exhibit book, for example: There was no follow-up to R’s June 22 ...
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2answers
818 views

“Project X” vs “X Project” [closed]

Say you want to refer to your project which you have chosen the name "X" for it. What is the difference in referring to it as "Project X" or "X Project"? Is the first one more suitable for branding? I ...
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0answers
44 views

What is the correct way to reference more than 1 source? [closed]

Please keep in mind that this is for a commercial project and must be legally sound. When referencing through a footnote (e.g. a little '1' in superscript), what is the correct way to reference in ...
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2answers
725 views

Define “ad indicem” in bibliography

This term seem to occur at footnotes and bibliographical references. Fenlon D. Heresy and Obedience in Tridentine, Italy: Cardinal Pole and the Counter Information, Cambridge 1972, ad indicem. ...
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1answer
941 views

Can the word “line” be used as a substitute for for “sentence” when referencing text?

Does "line" always mean row, or can it be used as a substitute for "sentence" when referencing text? Dictionary definitions seem to define "line" as one row of text. This seems a bit restrictive to ...
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3answers
888 views

Can we use 'what' as a reference to a previous statement?

For example, in a sentence like: The weather is getting warm, what indicates of the Spring approaching. I feel that the usage of 'what' here is incorrect, and the appropriate way to say it would be: ...
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454 views

Comma after literature reference citation?

Sorry, I am a German engineer, so my English language skills are quite poor :D. I am writing a scientific paper and I have several sentences as the following example In [1] the definition proposed in ...
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1answer
457 views

Best english grammar resource to work through for native English speakers [closed]

Can anyone advise on the best english grammar resource for native English speakers? I am trying to learn to write (verse), and my writing (so far) may be over the top in flouting grammatical ...