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Questions tagged [reference]

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0answers
27 views

Correct use of the pronoun reference

Is this the correct use of the pronoun reference "this". Were you able to tell what the pronoun this is referring to? Based on the feedback received, my strengths were having strong arguments as well ...
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2answers
52 views

How to use et.al (special case)?

I'm writing about a javascript library. and i have the following example: "The founder of this JavaScript library, Jason M. Saragih, wrote an article [1] with et. al, reviewing considerations on how ...
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1answer
33 views

Should a comma be included when listing age?

When listing age under someone's name for reference, does there need to be a comma between "age" and the number? My company is running an ad for a beauty supplement featuring our brand ambassador for ...
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2answers
44 views

If my grandparent is deceased, do I refer to them as “is” or “was” my grandparent?

How does this work when the person being referenced is deceased? Which of these is correct? John was my grandfather. John is my grandfather.
3
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1answer
97 views

Footnote and citation at the end of a sentence

According to this, footnote marks should come at the end of the sentence, after the punctuation, like The inner flow is then reflected at this boundary, leading to an oblique expansion shock (also ...
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1answer
23 views

Correct construction for “easily protected against”

What I am trying to express is that I have a problem P and a good G and it is easy to protect G from P. However, G is not the focus of the sentence and P was described in the previous sentence. So I ...
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0answers
26 views

Using 'Ibid' within footnoting A Level

I am currently completing my final piece of A Level coursework for English Literature. I have cited a quote, and then the second quote is from a different place. Wrote out all the relevant details ...
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1answer
47 views

pro-verb: what does “did” refer to in this context?

In the below article, the underlined 'did' refers to the word 'mature' in the same sentence. But, how about the word 'reach' in the previous sentence? Is it ok to say the word 'did' can also be ...
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2answers
61 views

Please put it on the rack above yourself

Why do we say Could you please put it on the rack above you? In other words, why is there no reflexive needed here? Can we also say "above yourself”, that is, use a reflexive pronoun?
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1answer
25 views

Does 'coming from <a person>' necessarily refer to the speaker?

If I were to say something like "That's false, coming from someone who has lived in China for 3 years", then does the 'someone' in the sentence necessarily refer to myself?
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1answer
38 views

SO referenced as “they” - right or wrong?

So I read a few posts over at IPS and I saw that SO (significant other) is referenced as "they". For example here the author of the accepted answer said that "they told them to ..." and with "they" ...
1
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1answer
43 views

Referring back to a 'duo' [duplicate]

Quick question: "The duo known as Pin Up Club owes its name to..." In this sentence, am I correctly referring to 'the duo' with 'its name'? Or should this be 'their name'? Thank you in advance.
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3answers
795 views

What comes after (Primary,unary),(secondary,binary),(tertiary,ternary),…?

I was curious to know what comes after: Primary, secondary, tertiary, ... This Oxford website says it is "quartenary, quinary, ..." But they are already taken! Unary, binary, ternary, ...
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1answer
84 views

Whats does d mean in a journal citation?

I would like to cite a journal and I was hoping to find page numbers, instead it is formatted like this: BMJ. 2011; 343: d5094. Does the 'd' indicate the page or something else?
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1answer
58 views

Referencing titles that include sparse quotes [duplicate]

I don't come across this particular problem very often, but everyonce and a while I come across a journal article that contains sparse/double quotes around a particular word. In particular this is ...
1
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0answers
28 views

reference of that

I am reading Out of my Mind by Sharon Draper. I have questions about the last sentence in Chapter 11. (For your information, Rose is a normal kid and "I" am a physically challenged kid. They became ...
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2answers
64 views

what does the second “it” refer and how to understand “should we so choose”?

We meet at a time of both of immense promise and great peril. It is entirely up to us whether we lift the world to new heights,or let it fall into a valley of disrepair. We have it in our power should ...
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1answer
60 views

How do I reference Billy Bragg in the following instance?

Billy Bragg has an album entitled, 'Talking with the Taxman about Poetry'. I want to entitle an essay, 'Talking with the Gasman about Yoga'. What is this called, and what is the best way to give ...
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4answers
132 views

What object am I referring to in this sentence?

I apologize if my question is too basic, my English is a little rusty and I have always had trouble with this concept: Consider the following sentence: Once I finished the project, I found that ...
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3answers
2k views

“Latter” when referring to more than one [duplicate]

There are 3 scenarios and I want to contrast the first with the second and the third. So on one side there is one single scenario and on the other side there is 2 scenarios. I like to use "former" and ...
0
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1answer
85 views

References to part of a page

Is there any traditional manner of reference to a particular part of a page? p. 55, above, p. 30, below, p. 39, middle? Has it been customary to use Latin for this? (Cf. German: oben, unten, mitte.)
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0answers
318 views

Figurative use of words

I love creative writing and especially figurative language. So, very often I dig dictionaries to find the idiomatic uses of words that would potentially 'add spice' in a way I want. All dictionaries ...
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1answer
2k views

“The author means”, “The author writes”, “The author points out”, etc

I am currently writing a technical report. While writing the "Related work" section, I often need to write expressions as shown in the title: "The author means that this algorithm is not suitable ...
0
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1answer
134 views

When to use indefinite article “a(n)” when referring to a person with an adjective? [duplicate]

I'm not a native English speaker. From time to time I see the following structure when referring to a person: ... a(n) [adjective] [person's name] ... example: "Meanwhile, an increasingly ...
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2answers
1k views

'Tip of Iceberg': negative meaning?

I want to use 'tip of iceberg' in a recommendation letter. In particular, I give an anecdote which illustrated that this person is very diligent and skillful. Then I say "such instance is merely a tip ...
2
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1answer
352 views

How not to avoid using reference numbers as nouns in an academic article [closed]

I wrote a scientific article for a conference, and a reviewer criticized it as he said that in my manuscript “references are used as nouns”. I assume he was refering to instances of the following type,...
1
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1answer
2k views

How should I refer to a number paragraph or section of a contract? Do I include the decimal after the section number?

Which is the correct sentence for referring to a section of a contract that is labeled 13? In this regard, the relevant terms of paragraph 13 state.... OR In this regard, the relevant terms of ...
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2answers
1k views

In legal citations, why are “see”, “see also”, etc., in italics?

In legal citations, why do people put "see", "see also", "e.g.", etc., in italics? Please don't just say, "because that's the custom." I'd like to know just enough about the evolution of this custom ...
1
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1answer
3k views

Latin equivalent for “see” (reference) [closed]

One of my references is an audio file. It feels funny to say bla bla bla (see such-and-so audio recordings). Is there some Latin I could use in place of "see"?
1
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1answer
64 views

punctuation when a quoted question is followed by a reference [closed]

In my Closing Argument (for an administrative-type hearing), I invented a concise way of referring to page numbers in the Parent exhibit book, for example: There was no follow-up to R’s June 22 ...
1
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2answers
628 views

“Project X” vs “X Project” [closed]

Say you want to refer to your project which you have chosen the name "X" for it. What is the difference in referring to it as "Project X" or "X Project"? Is the first one more suitable for branding? I ...
2
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0answers
44 views

What is the correct way to reference more than 1 source? [closed]

Please keep in mind that this is for a commercial project and must be legally sound. When referencing through a footnote (e.g. a little '1' in superscript), what is the correct way to reference in ...
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2answers
668 views

Define “ad indicem” in bibliography

This term seem to occur at footnotes and bibliographical references. Fenlon D. Heresy and Obedience in Tridentine, Italy: Cardinal Pole and the Counter Information, Cambridge 1972, ad indicem. ...
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1answer
724 views

Can the word “line” be used as a substitute for for “sentence” when referencing text?

Does "line" always mean row, or can it be used as a substitute for "sentence" when referencing text? Dictionary definitions seem to define "line" as one row of text. This seems a bit restrictive to ...
1
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3answers
689 views

Can we use 'what' as a reference to a previous statement?

For example, in a sentence like: The weather is getting warm, what indicates of the Spring approaching. I feel that the usage of 'what' here is incorrect, and the appropriate way to say it would be: ...
1
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0answers
307 views

Comma after literature reference citation?

Sorry, I am a German engineer, so my English language skills are quite poor :D. I am writing a scientific paper and I have several sentences as the following example In [1] the definition proposed in ...
0
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1answer
421 views

Best english grammar resource to work through for native English speakers [closed]

Can anyone advise on the best english grammar resource for native English speakers? I am trying to learn to write (verse), and my writing (so far) may be over the top in flouting grammatical ...
0
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2answers
137 views

How do you write sentences when referring to sections (of a webpage)?

If my webpage has sections (ex: internal clients, external clients, feedback), how should I be referring to those sections within a sentence? The text would NOT be links (clickable). To view ...
4
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2answers
129 views

pencil-sharpening (procrastination) link wanted

In spite of using the advanced search options of Google search, I cannot pin down a single instance of the ironic meaning of “pencil-sharpening” of “unnecessary preparation as a pretext for delaying ...
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2answers
573 views

Is the pronoun THAT used as anaphora or cataphora?

"When we analyzed all the news stories and removed just ONE STORY, here's how the world looked. What was THAT story? THE DEATH OF ANNA NICOLE SMITH. This story eclipsed every country except Iraq, ...
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1answer
143 views

Use of “do we” in the sentence “Only after 10pm do we actually sort out the mess.”

Consider the use of the words "do we" in this sentence: Only after 10pm do we actually sort out the mess. Can someone give me the technical name for this usage of "do we"? Is it called something? ...
1
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2answers
778 views

Were to find synonymous for very + adjective?

As an exercise, I am going thorough I paper I wrote and trying to replace all (or most) adjectives in the form of "very + adjective" with a word. I feel that if done good this would greatly improve my ...
2
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3answers
1k views

relative pronouns and subject and verb agreement

My cousin is one of those people who (love, loves) to eat pizza. According to the rules of grammar, the relative pronoun "who" refers to the plural noun "people". Therefore, the correct verb choice ...
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1answer
431 views

IEEE referencing standards [closed]

I'm writing a report and I need to use IEEE referencing standards in my work. I am referencing work as well as directly quoting it, sometimes immediately afterwards for example. Put simply, “the ...
0
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2answers
216 views

What would an alternative sentence for percentage in writing?

What would be an alternative sentence or word for percentage in writing? For example, when referencing to a sentence, if the sentence has 50%, we can use words like half of the total amount or similar....
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Is “groak” a new verb?

In the urban dictionary, I read Groak : Verb. To stare silently at someone while they are eating, in the hopes that they will give you some of their food. Always careful not to establish eye ...
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1answer
1k views

Influence of Spanish and usage of Spanish words in US English

A recent report by Instituto Cervantes ["El Español una lengua viva, informe 2015"] lists the US as the 4th country in the world with the highest number of native Spanish speakers (41.343.921), ...
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1answer
590 views

What is 'spit in the hole' referencing to?

Spit in the hole, man, and tune again. Taming of the Shrew Act 3 Scene 1 What is Spit in the hole referencing to in this text?
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3answers
329 views

Can/Should an adjective and an attributive noun be used to modify the same noun?

I am writing a scientific thesis and wondering about the heading of one of the major parts. The part gives detailed information on experiments (experimental details) that were performed and ...
2
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1answer
11k views

Referring to figures other than with “as depicted in” [closed]

I’m currently writing my first English scientific paper and am repeatedly using as depicted in when referring to a figure or table in the text. Can you tell me some alternatives to that phrase?