Questions tagged [noun-phrases]

Phrases which, as a unit, act as a noun; and whose heads are nouns or pronouns. English noun phrases can include (among many other possibilities) articles or determiners such as "the" and "a" and one or more adjectives or other nouns used attributively followed by the head noun itself.

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A Specific Instance of Me (object) vs. I (subject)

I was just crafting an email. The sentence was similar to this: You are hereby invited to the Pristine Medal Ceremony, an event which will result in Anthony and me becoming knighted, and receiving ...
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22 views

Correct form of this sentence

What would be the correct form of the verb in this sentence? They all have a noun clause a the subject followed by to be. What you can do is playing with them. What you can do is to play with them. ...
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What does "rock 'n' roll" mean in this sentence? ("dispensing a little rock 'n' roll to any character ...)

I'm trying to understand a commentary on the novel Crossroads, by American novelist Jonathan Franzen. Below is one sentence I have been unable to comprehend. Dispensing a little "rock 'n' roll&...
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2 answers
74 views

What word or phrase do you use for not doing something that you intended to do because subconsciously you did not want to do it?

What noun or noun phrase do you use for not doing something that you intended to do because subconsciously you did not want to do it? In speech it is called 'a Freudian slip'. (Merriam Webster online ...
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2 answers
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“The difficulty is we need” vs. “The difficulty is ᴛʜᴀᴛ we need”

Is there a right or wrong answer in the following construction? Am I missing a more elegant way to say this? The main difficulty in the hiring process is we need a fluent French speaker that also ...
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1 vote
2 answers
85 views

She ended up (being??) a rich woman

Somehow they all ended up at my house. ("end up" + prepositional phrase) Well, grades ended up to be unimportant after all as my first job after graduating ended up in a private school with ...
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1 answer
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‘to start’ and ‘to starting’, prefaced by ‘key’

I have the following two example sentences: X is the key to starting their communication. X is the key to start their communication. E.g. Patience is the key to starting their communication. Which is ...
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Plural in connection with an "and" and "a mess": "This pull request and merge is a mess" [duplicate]

I wonder if the sentence "This pull request and merge is a mess" has a correct grammar. "pull request and merge" are two words so the verb should possibly be in plural for "...
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1 answer
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Quantifiers realised by a noun?

Let's consider the following sentence: He drank [a glass of hot milk]. Here the brackated element is a Noun Phrase (NP). The head noun is glass. My question is can it be classified as a quantifier?
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1 vote
2 answers
120 views

Multi-layer prepositional phrase

I am having trouble picturing the structure of this preposition phrase from the point of view of generative syntax (PP) My attempt to run it down goes like this: from (preposition) + the point of ...
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1 answer
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Should it be "Late policy" or "lateness policy"?

I am writing a paper that discusses different policies for accepting assignments after the nominal deadlines. Should I refer to it as a "late policy" or "lateness policy"? Here is ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Are the maximal noun phrases found by this code incorrect?

I was reading the accepted answer to this question on natural language processing In there an english sentence is given: "Natural language processing (NLP) is a field of computer science, ...
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1 vote
3 answers
72 views

Noun phrases with prepositions and appositions

In this sentence : Later on, experience the otherworldly feel of one of the “Most Beautiful Villages in France”, Riquewihr. Is there a relation between the 2 noun phrases the “Most Beautiful ...
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A noun phrase vs a question (what vs how)

Let's consider two phrases: What makes work efficient How to say 'Hello' in Chinese The first one can either be a noun phrase (What makes work efficient is careful preparation) or a question (What ...
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1 vote
4 answers
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Can we ever use "that" and "who" right next to each other?

I’ve learned that we can use that to provide more information for abstract nouns, such as problem, belief, etc. I don’t quite understand what that means, though, so let me try it out. For example, ...
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'People living overseas' 'People who live overseas'

In the two noun phrases, 'People living overseas' 'People who live overseas', is there any difference in meaning?
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1 vote
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Are nominal adjectives and fused-head NP just two different explanations for the same thing?

Are nominal adjectives and fused-head NP (e.g. "the poor") just two different ways of describing the same thing, or is one considered a subset of the other, or are they different types of ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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When a noun phrase can act as the post-modifier?

According to Oxford Learner's Grammar by John Eastwood [ISBN:0-19-437-597-8], page 187; it is possible for a noun phrase to act as a postmodifier of the head noun. Example: The weather that day was ...
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Noun + of + noun

I am not a native speaker of English. Sometimes I am a bit confused with some English sentences.For instance: 1) The advantages of the car are.... 2) The advantages of a car are..... 3) Advantages ...
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Make sure you invite Jill herself(,) <too> [The syntactic function of 'too' and usage of comma]

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Pages 438-9) has this: An NP may contain more than one peripheral modifier, with multiple layers of embedding: [8] i Make sure you invite [Jill herself ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why does "to keep someone posted" mean "to keep someone updated"?

What's the logic behind the meaning of the above phrase?
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1 answer
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Noun phrase involving "of", plural or singular

I feel that the singular form should be correct, but I'm not sure: "The thickness of papers IS .." "The thickness of papers ARE .." By the way, will it change the result, if we use another noun ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What does 'spook credentials' mean?

I've encountered this expression on the book "UNIX: A History and a Memoir". One day I was scheduled to do a demo for William Colby, who at the time was the director of the Central Intelligence ...
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1 vote
1 answer
76 views

the company failure to comply vs the company's failure

I got into an argument with a British native speaker over the following phrase: 'the company failure to comply with its contractual obligations' I'm a non-native speaker, therefore I can't be quite ...
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1 vote
2 answers
190 views

Identifying the antecedent of an integrated(restrictive) relative clause

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language has this (Page 1061): In [11], CGEL doesn't analyze the determiner no as part of the antecedent of the relative clause. Let's compare [11] with [11a] and ...
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0 votes
1 answer
151 views

Confusion determining the type of phrase

According to CLIFFS Toefl preparation guide written by Pyle and Page.. A noun phrase is a group of words that ends with a noun. According to this definition the highlighted phrase in the ...
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What are the criteria for allowing repeated bare NPs in coordinate structures?

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Pages 409-410): 8.5 Restricted non-referential interpretations of bare NPs [...] This time, however, our concern is with bare NPs. We confine our ...
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4 votes
0 answers
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Is there an alternative modern approach to the fused-head NP?

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 410) defines "Fused-head NPs" as follows: Fused-head NPs are those where the head is combined with a dependent function that in ordinary ...
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8 votes
1 answer
397 views

The traditional grammar term for 'nominals'

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 329) has a section titled 'Nominals': Intermediate between the noun and the NP we recognise a category of nominals: [3] a. the old man b. that book ...
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4 votes
2 answers
354 views

Is 'president' in 'run for president' a bare role NP?

A Student's Introduction to English Grammar says: A bare role NP is a singular NP that is ‘bare’ in the sense of lacking the determiner which would elsewhere be required, and that denotes some kind ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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The way which you should hold them

The Cambridge Grammar of the english Language, page 224, reads Complements are most often NPs, and conversely NPs are usually complements. Some NPs can occur with adjunct function, but they tend ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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A small sliver of moon rock

In the following sentences, does 'small' function as an adverb or an adjective? Visitors will be astounded at the amazing exhibits; one of these is a small sliver of moon rock that visitors are ...
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1 answer
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Noun phrases + Colons + SemiColons

Given: John was causing obstruction: the act of preventing passage or progress. or The doctor said: "you need medical attention". What do the constituents of these phrases look like? Given that ...
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Noun phrases and which/where

does a noun phrase followed by a 'which' or 'where' clause form another noun phrase? example 1: *The fast car which fly's In this case, does 'The fast car which fly's' form a noun phase? My ...
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1 vote
1 answer
158 views

Prepositions and Noun Phrases

does a noun phrase followed by a prepositional phrase form another noun phrase? Example: The road to hell 'The road' and 'hell' form two separate noun phrases. Does, 'The road to hell' ...
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-4 votes
1 answer
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Is it really correct to say that some nouns are countable and others are uncountable?

It is generally accepted practice in linguistics that common nouns are classified into count nouns (aka, countable nouns) and non-count nouns (aka, uncountable nouns or mass nouns). For example, in ...
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7 votes
2 answers
839 views

You two are shallow. [fused-head NP?]

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 410) defines "Fused-head NPs" as follows: Fused-head NPs are those where the head is combined with a dependent function that in ordinary ...
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-2 votes
2 answers
184 views

When does a fused-head NP require a definite determiner?

In section 9.3 Fusion of internal modifier and head, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 417) says: (d) Modifiers denoting colour, provenance, and composition [25] i Henrietta likes ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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'Us students' - Does this apposition need a comma?

Can a pronoun be used in apposition without comma? A few of us students have participated in the match. This sentence looks quite awkward at first glance. Is this sentence gramatically correct? I ...
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6 votes
3 answers
3k views

How to analyze "dearly beloved"?

I'm curious about the phrase “dearly beloved”. – It looks to me to be a phrase consisting of an adverb (dearly) modifying a noun (beloved). But I thought adverbs could only modify verbs or adjectives? ...
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2 answers
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Categorial grammar, Is 'leg' an adjective in 'skipping leg days'

I am working on CCG (combinatory categorial grammar), which assigns categories to words. So I was wondering if 'leg' is adjective, or just another noun in the phrase "skipping leg days". Or is "leg ...
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3 votes
1 answer
546 views

How the west was won - Is this a noun phrase?

I'm trying to determine what the following types of phrases (in bold within the sentences below) would be called. I want to say they're noun phrases, but I may be wrong. To me, these resolve to ...
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1 vote
2 answers
355 views

‘Dog issue’: a compound or a noun phrase?

I’m so confused of the following expression: ‘the hot dog issue’. The dialogue is following: A: Have you heard of the hot dog issue? B: Yes, I have. These days, the dog’s euthanasia problem is very ...
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3 votes
2 answers
721 views

Noun clause (singular all the time?)

I have asked one grammarian about this and she ended up being unsure of her answer. Question: is there a possibility that a noun clause is used in a plural manner? For instance: - Her eyes and nose ...
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0 votes
1 answer
125 views

Can a sentence have no verb except in what would otherwise be its noun phrase?

Can a sentence have no verb except in what would otherwise be its noun phrase? e.g. The car in the street I walk down. I'm guessing that "the street I walk down" would be the noun phrase, and it ...
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0 votes
2 answers
1k views

"Making music" and "music making" as a noun

I have always been wondering if one of these forms is more correct in formal writing: The verb-ing + noun form and the noun + verb-ing form. For example: Making music is a skill anyone can learn. ...
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3 votes
1 answer
51 views

Some types of nouns feel ungrammatical in "His every [noun]"?

Abstract nouns, specifically nouns related to feelings, feel natural: Set A: His every {whim, desire, need, wish} should be satisfied by the council. However, concrete nouns feel wrong. Set B:...
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2 votes
1 answer
491 views

For the linguists among us: I like loud singing vs I like singing loudly

Can you explain why using "loud" as either an adjective or an adverb changes the meaning of the sentence. Is it just an English convention, or is there something deeper going on? I like loud singing =...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Function of fractions in NPs + form of subsequent verb

I have two questions about the clause two thirds of the book deals with WWII: i) how do we analyse the subject of this clause from a syntactic point of view? I'd analyse it as a NP, with the ...
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0 votes
2 answers
13k views

Grammatical name and function of "the end of the day" [closed]

What's the grammatical name of the end of the day here, and what is its grammatical function? The sentence is this: There was always a huge quantity of food left over at the end of the day.
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