Questions tagged [abbreviations]

An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase.

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30 views

What do you call someone that judges others for their phobias? [on hold]

Like for example, if someone has a fear of string (or linonophobia) and someone else judges them for it and makes fun of them. What are they called? The only words I can think of are "jerk" or "bully."...
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84 views

What is the opposite of 'TL;DR'? [closed]

I'm wondering if there an opposite of the slang initialism "TL;DR". Note that my use case is for posts on my personal tech blog. I sometimes write a quick section at the top of the post titled "TL;DR"...
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41 views

Short phrase for “… for the first time in five years.”

When I did something for the first time in five (or ten, several, etc...) years, is there any phrase to describe the same situation shortly? Sometimes I feel "... for the first time in five years" ...
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1answer
169 views

Origin of 'cuz' as shortening for cousin?

Detailed answer please and thank you. I see this used a lot among youth. I'm interested to know whether it originated in the Southern US or not?
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1answer
78 views

What are the most common english words to start a sentence?

Backstory (You can skip): I am programming a word parser that will do things like detect acronymns and abbreviations, which will commonly have periods appended to them. The goal is to determine ...
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45 views

What is the abbreviation for 'who are'

My school homework asks for abbreviated versions of words, one of which is 'Who are' can this be abbreviated to 'Who're or would it be 'Whom'? Jessica, aged 8
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36 views

Latin expression/abbreviation meaning “similar to”

I recall seeing an expression with this same meaning in a linguistics paper. For instance: This adjective declines like an e-stem noun. (1)- [The abbreviation I am looking for] e-stem. This ...
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1answer
60 views

Why are place names in some old books a capital letter followed by dashes, and what is this phenomenon called?

This is something very odd I have noticed in some older books, most recently in "Crime and Punishment" by Dostoyevsky. Place names, when not specifically essential or well-known, are made up of one ...
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1answer
50 views

why do people say “I would do it” for “If I were you, I would do it” which actually indirectly means “I would like you to do it”

I came across this many times while I was conversing/texting mostly with native english speakers on something they want me to do and they would put the statement in a very polite way. For instance if ...
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1answer
42 views

Why is it “the UEFA board” not “the UEFA's board”?

As far as I know, the rule goes that 's is used to make possessive forms of abbreviations. But I've noticed some inconsistencies: ... as it was announced that the Uefa's Executive Committee had ...
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1answer
43 views

What does “MV” mean in soccer transfer context?

Please take a look at this screenshot: As I've highlighted, there are two column named "MV" and "Free" in the table. What are those two refer to? According to Wikipedia, MV stands for "Market Value"....
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Do I use an apostrophe if I'm referring to several medical IVs? [duplicate]

First sentence (with apostrophe): The IV's continued to drip as she thrashed on the bed. OR Second sentence (no apostrophe): The IVs continued to drip as she thrashed on the bed. Which one of ...
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1answer
22 views

ISO 4 abbreviation of “Journal of Computational Physics: X” [closed]

Is it "J. Comput. Phys. X" or "J. Comput. Phys.: X" (with the colon)? There is a punctuation section in the ISO 4 standard definition (see Section 4.6 here), but the document is paywalled and I don't ...
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2answers
392 views

Is it correct to abbreviate etc as &c?

I recently asked someone why they had several instances of "&c" in their writing, to which they told me that &c is another abbreviation for et cetera. I have since looked it up and understand ...
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2answers
110 views

What do the abbreviations L, NG, OT and Z on the lid of a cardboard drinking beaker mean? [closed]

On the plastic lid of a cardboard drinking beaker manufactured by Huhtamäki are the abbreviations L, NG, OT and Z, each with a little spherical knob next to it. What do the abbreviations mean, and ...
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1answer
51 views

latin abbreviation for “one and the same”?

I want to say "...as compared to paracetamol (i.e., Aspirin)" I think this is fine, but is there a latin abbreviation that literally means "one and the same"?
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39 views

Is there any difference in using etc or ellipsis when listing examples? [closed]

When listing a couple of examples in parentheses, is there any difference between using etc and using three dots to indicate "more like this" at the end? What I mean, is there any difference between ...
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1answer
53 views

Is there a “see also” parenthetical citation abbreviation?

I am citing a verse from the Bible and attempting to refer to similar-meaning verses in the same parenthetical citation. An example is as follows: “God opposes the proud but gives grace to the ...
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1answer
27 views

What's this “Jl. Sg.” appended to a name in the Social Register?

Screenshotted from the (fictitious) "1929 Social Register" in the opening sequence of the film Down to Their Last Yacht (1934). "Miss Linda Colt-Stratton" I get, but what's the "Jl. Sg." after her ...
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1answer
21 views

Abbreviations in Citations

If you are abbreviating a word in a document, and that same word shows up in a citation that is NOT a quote, should/can you abbreviate it? My thought is yes. Does it matter if it is a quote?
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1answer
14 views

Punctuation of abbreviation followed by parenthesis

Best just to give you the example, rather than explain it. This has been a hard one to solve - harder than I thought it would be. Created by XYZ Ltd. (best company in the world). Is this correct? ...
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1answer
29 views

After I abbreviate do I need to use “the” before? [duplicate]

After I use an acronym or abbreviation should I continue using "the" in front of it? I'm assumption is no. Example: "...at the International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC) Headquarters in ...
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1answer
1k views

Why does XLAT mean 'translate'? [duplicate]

It is said that XLAT is an abbr of translate. But I don't understand how come it ends up like that? There is no site on internet would explain it but they're all agree that XLAT is shorten of ...
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1answer
46 views

O.K. abbreviation for "On Key' in telegraphy?

I have a background in amateur radio and the story was always told that O.K. stood for On Key, which is what telegraphists would send in Morse Code when they returned from a break. ie I am now On Key ...
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1answer
587 views

How to abbreviate “section” and “sections” in scientific writing

What are the correct abbreviation of words "section" and "sections" in a scientific writing? Sec. and Secs. or Sect. and Sects. ?
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1answer
85 views

What is the abbreviation on “ohkay”? [duplicate]

The abbreviation of the colloquial expression ohkay seems not to be o.k., but one of: OK Ok ok Maybe it is in itself an abbreviation of words that are only used in abbreviated form. ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the literal meaning (and the origin) of “v”?

“And that hashtag is wrong. It should always be v not vs. The ‘v’ never stood for versus, it stood for ‘vel’, meaning ‘or’. As in, ‘The gladiator or the lion is coming out of that arena alive.’” #...
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1answer
71 views

Apostrophe Use In Abbreviated Decade Which Is Also A Possessive

I always put apostrophes before abbreviated decades. Ex: The '60s. However, what if you want to abbreviate a decade that is also possessive of the word that comes after it? Ex: Classic dance genres ...
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1answer
197 views

“Such that” vs. “Subject to” [closed]

In the attached youtube video, at 13:12, the lecturer gives a footnote on the difference between Such that and Subject to when expanding the initials mathematical abbreviation S.T. in certain ...
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1answer
73 views

Punctuating an Initialized/Abbreviated Last Name

What is the proper method, in American English, to punctuate a name that's been abbreviated to an initial? I.e., "Dr. S," if the full last name was something like, say, "Syzlowski," or someone named, ...
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2answers
79 views

Say thank you to multiple professors and doctors

I come up with the following three options to say thank you, but am not satisfied with any of them. Option 1: I would like to thank the members of my PhD committee, Prof. A, Prof. B, Prof. C, ...
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1answer
70 views

What is the best abbreviation for supervisor in British English?

What is the best abbreviation for supervisor, if I were to write a letter to one in Britain? e.g. a supervisor who works in UK Visas and Immigration. If there is no such abbreviation, would saying ...
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1answer
40 views

Hyphenation in “first century AD” etc as an adjective

I edit a lot of articles that contain phrases such as "A first century AD inscription..." or "First century BC writer Herodotus..." I know that a compound adjective before a noun is usually hyphenated,...
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1answer
90 views

How to make an initialism out of a word/phrase with a number?

I have a question. How do I make an initialism out of a word/phrase with a number? For an example: Should Rainbow 6 Siege be R6S because of initialism is an abbreviation made of initial letters but 6 ...
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2answers
125 views

What does “d-d” mean? Possible 19th century profanity?

I have several quotes of late-19th-century speech (by British men) which use the abbreviation "d-d" for a word. I'm not sure what it means, but from the context I assume this is profanity of some sort....
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1answer
71 views

Understanding Latin abbreviations in Papers and the Such

Preface: I have begun reading over some of the documents from the Vatican II council to familiarise myself with the material for when I talk with people that I know that are catholic, and I am having ...
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1answer
44 views

When to use i.e. and e.g? [closed]

I have seen a lot in common use of the abbreviations i.e. and e.g. but I'm not pretty sure when and how to use these abbreviations.
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83 views

What is the correct way to explain what an abbreviation stands for?

What is the correct way to explain what the abbreviation in this sentence stands for: Also known as the “OLI” framework – standing for Ownership, Location and Internalization, it conceptualizes ...
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0answers
88 views

What is a “demi” (in a university setting)

My university computer science department recently sent out a letter asking for "students to demi for our first-year modules". The letter makes mention of it several times, such as "demis must have ...
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3answers
59 views

How to simplify the sentence and keep the same meaning? [closed]

I want to say Riding Uber is similar to going to the barber shop, Tip is not mandatory but always welcome. How I can shorten it?
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1answer
107 views

Why is the phrase “why am I not” abbreviated “why aren't I” (i.e. a complete replacement of the verb)? [duplicate]

The other day I saw the following (written) phrase being used in an American TV series episode: "Why aren't I on the list?" Even though I know this "sounds right" (I'm a relatively fluent, although ...
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1answer
67 views

How to add a plural to a lower case abbreviation?

The average Arizona home uses 1,129 kWh of electricity a month or 13,548 kWh a year. kWh is an abbreviation for kilowatt hour. How do I express kilowatt hours? Maybe kWh(s)? It would look strange ...
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1answer
410 views

What does (s.d.) stand for in literature cited section of a paper

I think s.d. is some reference to a date. I know that n.d. means "no date". Here are the complete citations I encountered: Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency. "Asian Carp in Tennessee ...
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0answers
35 views

Why are some initialisms sometimes spelled with a slash? E.g. O/S for Operating System [duplicate]

I've only ever seen this practice used to refer to "Operating System" with "O/S", but according to The Free Dictionary there are a few more. Why is the slash in the middle sometimes used? Isn't "OS" ...
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2answers
85 views

Short way of expressing alternatives

A colleague recently pointed out that my usage of "resp." in English is incorrect, and is in fact an artefact of my native language. In Czech, it abbreviates "respektive" and is used to express [...
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2answers
94 views

Possessive for abbreviation of a regular plural noun

How do you write the possessive for an abbreviation of a regular plural noun, when the plural 's' is not present in the abbreviation? I want to write "ten kilograms' weight" in a scientific context ...
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0answers
33 views

only “from” as abbreviation to indicate the origin

After reading some publications that used "from" quite squishy, I would like to know: Is it generally possible to use "from" instead of "produced using", "produced by" or as a short version of "...
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1answer
67 views

Parentheses within abbreviations

The example that I have is from South Africa. Chartered accountants here abbreviate their titles in emails to: CA(SA) This is meant to abbreviate "Chartered Accountant (South Africa)". I feel, ...
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1answer
270 views

Use of degree symbol for Latinate ordinal number shorthand

I remember often having professors in college use degree symbols to write shorthand versions of Latinate ordinal numbers. For example: 1° Primary 2° Secondary 3° Tertiary 4° Quaternary ...
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1answer
112 views

Email subject line is all the information I want to convey. How to instruct the sender (in the subject line itself) to not open the email body?

I want to write an email (to my boss) in which all the information is conveyed in the subject line itself: "Won't be doing the Strawberry Project" "Your work is in process" "Come quick. Party ...