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Questions tagged [abbreviations]

An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase.

16
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1answer
1k views

Why does XLAT mean 'translate'? [duplicate]

It is said that XLAT is an abbr of translate. But I don't understand how come it ends up like that? There is no site on internet would explain it but they're all agree that XLAT is shorten of ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

O.K. abbreviation for "On Key' in telegraphy?

I have a background in amateur radio and the story was always told that O.K. stood for On Key, which is what telegraphists would send in Morse Code when they returned from a break. ie I am now On Key ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

How to abbreviate “section” and “sections” in scientific writing

What are the correct abbreviation of words "section" and "sections" in a scientific writing? Sec. and Secs. or Sect. and Sects. ?
0
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1answer
45 views

What is the abbreviation on “ohkay”? [duplicate]

The abbreviation of the colloquial expression ohkay seems not to be o.k., but one of: OK Ok ok Maybe it is in itself an abbreviation of words that are only used in abbreviated form. ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the literal meaning (and the origin) of “v”?

“And that hashtag is wrong. It should always be v not vs. The ‘v’ never stood for versus, it stood for ‘vel’, meaning ‘or’. As in, ‘The gladiator or the lion is coming out of that arena alive.’” #...
0
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1answer
37 views

Apostrophe Use In Abbreviated Decade Which Is Also A Possessive

I always put apostrophes before abbreviated decades. Ex: The '60s. However, what if you want to abbreviate a decade that is also possessive of the word that comes after it? Ex: Classic dance genres ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

“Such that” vs. “Subject to” [closed]

In the attached youtube video, at 13:12, the lecturer gives a footnote on the difference between Such that and Subject to when expanding the initials mathematical abbreviation S.T. in certain ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Punctuating an Initialized/Abbreviated Last Name

What is the proper method, in American English, to punctuate a name that's been abbreviated to an initial? I.e., "Dr. S," if the full last name was something like, say, "Syzlowski," or someone named, ...
2
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2answers
51 views

Say thank you to multiple professors and doctors

I come up with the following three options to say thank you, but am not satisfied with any of them. Option 1: I would like to thank the members of my PhD committee, Prof. A, Prof. B, Prof. C, ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

What is the best abbreviation for supervisor in British English?

What is the best abbreviation for supervisor, if I were to write a letter to one in Britain? e.g. a supervisor who works in UK Visas and Immigration. If there is no such abbreviation, would saying ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

Hyphenation in “first century AD” etc as an adjective

I edit a lot of articles that contain phrases such as "A first century AD inscription..." or "First century BC writer Herodotus..." I know that a compound adjective before a noun is usually hyphenated,...
3
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0answers
41 views

How to make an initialism out of a word/phrase with a number?

I have a question. How do I make an initialism out of a word/phrase with a number? For an example: Should Rainbow 6 Siege be R6S because of initialism is an abbreviation made of initial letters but 6 ...
0
votes
2answers
105 views

What does “d-d” mean? Possible 19th century profanity?

I have several quotes of late-19th-century speech (by British men) which use the abbreviation "d-d" for a word. I'm not sure what it means, but from the context I assume this is profanity of some sort....
1
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1answer
63 views

Understanding Latin abbreviations in Papers and the Such

Preface: I have begun reading over some of the documents from the Vatican II council to familiarise myself with the material for when I talk with people that I know that are catholic, and I am having ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

When to use i.e. and e.g? [closed]

I have seen a lot in common use of the abbreviations i.e. and e.g. but I'm not pretty sure when and how to use these abbreviations.
1
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0answers
65 views

What is the correct way to explain what an abbreviation stands for?

What is the correct way to explain what the abbreviation in this sentence stands for: Also known as the “OLI” framework – standing for Ownership, Location and Internalization, it conceptualizes ...
1
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0answers
44 views

What is a “demi” (in a university setting)

My university computer science department recently sent out a letter asking for "students to demi for our first-year modules". The letter makes mention of it several times, such as "demis must have ...
0
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3answers
47 views

How to simplify the sentence and keep the same meaning? [closed]

I want to say Riding Uber is similar to going to the barber shop, Tip is not mandatory but always welcome. How I can shorten it?
5
votes
1answer
93 views

Why is the phrase “why am I not” abbreviated “why aren't I” (i.e. a complete replacement of the verb)? [duplicate]

The other day I saw the following (written) phrase being used in an American TV series episode: "Why aren't I on the list?" Even though I know this "sounds right" (I'm a relatively fluent, although ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

How to add a plural to a lower case abbreviation?

The average Arizona home uses 1,129 kWh of electricity a month or 13,548 kWh a year. kWh is an abbreviation for kilowatt hour. How do I express kilowatt hours? Maybe kWh(s)? It would look strange ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

What does (s.d.) stand for in literature cited section of a paper

I think s.d. is some reference to a date. I know that n.d. means "no date". Here are the complete citations I encountered: Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency. "Asian Carp in Tennessee ...
5
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0answers
33 views

Why are some initialisms sometimes spelled with a slash? E.g. O/S for Operating System [duplicate]

I've only ever seen this practice used to refer to "Operating System" with "O/S", but according to The Free Dictionary there are a few more. Why is the slash in the middle sometimes used? Isn't "OS" ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Short way of expressing alternatives

A colleague recently pointed out that my usage of "resp." in English is incorrect, and is in fact an artefact of my native language. In Czech, it abbreviates "respektive" and is used to express [...
0
votes
2answers
61 views

Possessive for abbreviation of a regular plural noun

How do you write the possessive for an abbreviation of a regular plural noun, when the plural 's' is not present in the abbreviation? I want to write "ten kilograms' weight" in a scientific context ...
1
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0answers
31 views

only “from” as abbreviation to indicate the origin

After reading some publications that used "from" quite squishy, I would like to know: Is it generally possible to use "from" instead of "produced using", "produced by" or as a short version of "...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Parentheses within abbreviations

The example that I have is from South Africa. Chartered accountants here abbreviate their titles in emails to: CA(SA) This is meant to abbreviate "Chartered Accountant (South Africa)". I feel, ...
5
votes
1answer
217 views

Use of degree symbol for Latinate ordinal number shorthand

I remember often having professors in college use degree symbols to write shorthand versions of Latinate ordinal numbers. For example: 1° Primary 2° Secondary 3° Tertiary 4° Quaternary ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Email subject line is all the information I want to convey. How to instruct the sender (in the subject line itself) to not open the email body?

I want to write an email (to my boss) in which all the information is conveyed in the subject line itself: "Won't be doing the Strawberry Project" "Your work is in process" "Come quick. Party ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

What are the rules surrounding a hyphen following an abbreviation?

For instance, if something is owned by Apple Inc. does that make the compound phrasal adjective 'Apple Inc.-owned'? Or would I omit the period?
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

abbreviation or not Drive vs. dr home address [closed]

I put my home address on a credit application: 266 Chateau La Salle Drive credit report has 266 Chateau La Salle dr Is there a reference source to acceptability?
1
vote
2answers
306 views

What does schizo mean in “schizophrenia” and “schizo tech”?

TV Tropes says that the Naruto universe lives in Schizo Tech. The universe essentially mixes feudal society with modern technology (and clothing). The only exceptions are things like cars and guns. ...
1
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1answer
72 views

What is it called when words are grouped together by their first letter?

This method is often used in teaching, marketing, management, self-help books, for example: The 4 T's of success, the 3 D's of determination, etc. What is this process/method called?
3
votes
1answer
367 views

Origin and use of the abbreviation 'u' for ‘you’

The letter ⟨u⟩ is used in text messaging and internet and other written slang to denote 'you', by virtue of both being pronounced /juː/. (Wikipedia) When and by whom was the letter "u" first used ...
3
votes
2answers
161 views

Use of encl. at the bottom of a cover letter where the body of the text already explains this

I am submitting a grant request. The package will include four copies of the grant request, an executive summary, and a cover letter. The cover letter is very short and says in part "I have included ...
1
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0answers
91 views

Specific type of abbreviation in textese

I would like to know if there is preexisting metalanguage or a term to describe the following types of abbreviations often present in textese or SMS language: see → c, you → u, are → r, your → ur, ...
1
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0answers
183 views

circa abbreviation after a period - to capitalize or not

I keep getting called out for not capitalizing "ca." in image captions. When I look up in Chicago Style, I see it NOT capitalized. However, when I write a caption I often make it a sort of sentence ...
-1
votes
1answer
590 views

Abbreviation of the word “example” [closed]

How would the word "example" be abbreviated? I think "ex." is reserved for "exercise"; what about "expl."? To be clear, I am asking about the word "example" specifically, not an abbreviation for the ...
1
vote
1answer
180 views

Lge or Lrg as an abbreviation for “Large”? [closed]

I have an application which has not enough horizontal space, so I want to make some words shorter. A drop-down list has the options Small, Medium, and Large. I'm thinking of changing it to this: ...
0
votes
1answer
254 views

Why does “No” mean “Number?” [duplicate]

I frequently see the abbreviation "No" to mean "Number" (or "Nos" to mean "Numbers") instead of the much more common meaning of the word (a negative statement or denial). Sources cited here say it's ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Place to insert an abbreviation

When I put an abbreviation for the first time in a document, is this better if I insert it right after the corresponding spelled out name? For example, is ex1. better than ex2.?: ex1. The ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Abbreviations inside in-text citations

I'm using an in-text citation in my paper which is as follows: Our case studies demonstrate that NGET have already provided a wide range of environmental, security, health and safety, and ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

I get a.m. and p.m, but I heard m.m. for the first time recently [duplicate]

Is twelve noon 12:00 m. since it’s neither before nor after meridiem? What about midnight, 12:00 m.m., mid meridiem?
1
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3answers
89 views

What does the D in “D-Ore” stand for? [closed]

When American journalists talk about a senator, they reference them as "D-State.Abbr.", e.g. Sen. X, D-Ore. Which means X is senator of Oregon (am I right?). I want to know what does the "D" ...
0
votes
1answer
253 views

“one bottle (of) water”

I've seen a photo of a sign, from a site that I believe is a hiking route in the US, warning about extreme heat. It reads WARNING! Extreme heat Minimum 1 bottle water per person No sandals ...
3
votes
1answer
236 views

Is “pls” considered unprofessional?

Any where I talk to people on messages, emails, chats, etc... I find people tend to use the word "pls" instead of "please". Even my phone company texts me automatically saying "Pls call 321, You have ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

An English word utilized to describe a name or group of word shortened from their full spelling to create a stand alone statement or sentence?

I'm looking for a word that describes the shortening of a names full spelling that can by itself be a statement or sentence, thanks for any assistance. My name. The shortened sentence ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Usage of Can't - I can't tell VS can't you tell

I was reading a poster recently which stated: Babies love skin on skin – can't you tell? And I realized that while this is perfectly grammatical, if I were to now replace can't with can not (which ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Need Suggestions for Words Abbreviation

I'm trying to translate some text from Chinese to English. For some certain circumstances, abbreviation for words are needed. Here are the words need to be shortened: Scout, Stealth, Stamina, ...
1
vote
3answers
121 views

Placement of period after abbreviation inside quotation marks

The most common one is "vs.." The most common one is "vs.". The most common one is "vs." Which of the above features the correct usage of a period after an abbreviation inside quotation marks? And, ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Saint/St./St/ST in institution names in capital letters

When writing the name of an institution which is named after a saint (e.g. Univetsity of Mining and Geology St Ivan Rilski) in capital letters in an official document, should one use UNIVERSITY OF ...