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Questions tagged [abbreviations]

An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase.

4
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2answers
174 views

Is it correct to abbreviate etc as &c?

I recently asked someone why they had several instances of "&c" in their writing, to which they told me that &c is another abbreviation for et cetera. I have since looked it up and understand ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

What do the abbreviations L, NG, OT and Z on the lid of a cardboard drinking beaker mean? [on hold]

On the plastic lid of a cardboard drinking beaker manufactured by Huhtamäki are the abbreviations L, NG, OT and Z, each with a little spherical knob next to it. What do the abbreviations mean, and ...
-2
votes
0answers
21 views

Help me to find a catchy and short name [closed]

I need a name for a website which is conducting online MCQ question exams. The name should be catchy, short and unique. Help me. Thanks in advance.
-1
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0answers
29 views

f instead of f***, fking instead of f**king, etc. for each form of this word

In a nonfiction narrative where the character is constantly using this word, is it acceptable to use f, fking, etc., instead of the full spelling? The character is being quoted, but I just don't want ...
-1
votes
0answers
11 views

How to abbreviate the word Number in a pharse? [duplicate]

I have the following words: international numbers It's possible to abbreviate to N°? Is it correct? international N°
0
votes
1answer
26 views

latin abbreviation for “one and the same”?

I want to say "...as compared to paracetamol (i.e., Aspirin)" I think this is fine, but is there a latin abbreviation that literally means "one and the same"?
-2
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0answers
31 views

How to write a made-up word: “staty” or “statey” [closed]

I want to introduce a term for a specific domain use. It should be a shortened form of "state image" or "state icon" - a picture showing a state of a thing. I decided to call this word "stat(e)y". ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Is there any difference in using etc or ellipsis when listing examples? [closed]

When listing a couple of examples in parentheses, is there any difference between using etc and using three dots to indicate "more like this" at the end? What I mean, is there any difference between ...
0
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0answers
28 views

What's the proper way to abbreviate DBA (doing business as) in formal writing?

What's the proper way to abbreviate DBA (doing business as) in formal writing? Is it DBA, dba, d/b/a, etc.? I generally use Chicago, if that helps.
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Is there a “see also” parenthetical citation abbreviation?

I am citing a verse from the Bible and attempting to refer to similar-meaning verses in the same parenthetical citation. An example is as follows: “God opposes the proud but gives grace to the ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

What's this “Jl. Sg.” appended to a name in the Social Register?

Screenshotted from the (fictitious) "1929 Social Register" in the opening sequence of the film Down to Their Last Yacht (1934). "Miss Linda Colt-Stratton" I get, but what's the "Jl. Sg." after her ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Abbreviations in Citations

If you are abbreviating a word in a document, and that same word shows up in a citation that is NOT a quote, should/can you abbreviate it? My thought is yes. Does it matter if it is a quote?
0
votes
1answer
13 views

Punctuation of abbreviation followed by parenthesis

Best just to give you the example, rather than explain it. This has been a hard one to solve - harder than I thought it would be. Created by XYZ Ltd. (best company in the world). Is this correct? ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

After I abbreviate do I need to use “the” before? [duplicate]

After I use an acronym or abbreviation should I continue using "the" in front of it? I'm assumption is no. Example: "...at the International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC) Headquarters in ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does XLAT mean 'translate'? [duplicate]

It is said that XLAT is an abbr of translate. But I don't understand how come it ends up like that? There is no site on internet would explain it but they're all agree that XLAT is shorten of ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

O.K. abbreviation for "On Key' in telegraphy?

I have a background in amateur radio and the story was always told that O.K. stood for On Key, which is what telegraphists would send in Morse Code when they returned from a break. ie I am now On Key ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

How to abbreviate “section” and “sections” in scientific writing

What are the correct abbreviation of words "section" and "sections" in a scientific writing? Sec. and Secs. or Sect. and Sects. ?
0
votes
1answer
57 views

What is the abbreviation on “ohkay”? [duplicate]

The abbreviation of the colloquial expression ohkay seems not to be o.k., but one of: OK Ok ok Maybe it is in itself an abbreviation of words that are only used in abbreviated form. ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the literal meaning (and the origin) of “v”?

“And that hashtag is wrong. It should always be v not vs. The ‘v’ never stood for versus, it stood for ‘vel’, meaning ‘or’. As in, ‘The gladiator or the lion is coming out of that arena alive.’” #...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Apostrophe Use In Abbreviated Decade Which Is Also A Possessive

I always put apostrophes before abbreviated decades. Ex: The '60s. However, what if you want to abbreviate a decade that is also possessive of the word that comes after it? Ex: Classic dance genres ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

“Such that” vs. “Subject to” [closed]

In the attached youtube video, at 13:12, the lecturer gives a footnote on the difference between Such that and Subject to when expanding the initials mathematical abbreviation S.T. in certain ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Punctuating an Initialized/Abbreviated Last Name

What is the proper method, in American English, to punctuate a name that's been abbreviated to an initial? I.e., "Dr. S," if the full last name was something like, say, "Syzlowski," or someone named, ...
2
votes
2answers
59 views

Say thank you to multiple professors and doctors

I come up with the following three options to say thank you, but am not satisfied with any of them. Option 1: I would like to thank the members of my PhD committee, Prof. A, Prof. B, Prof. C, ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

What is the best abbreviation for supervisor in British English?

What is the best abbreviation for supervisor, if I were to write a letter to one in Britain? e.g. a supervisor who works in UK Visas and Immigration. If there is no such abbreviation, would saying ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Hyphenation in “first century AD” etc as an adjective

I edit a lot of articles that contain phrases such as "A first century AD inscription..." or "First century BC writer Herodotus..." I know that a compound adjective before a noun is usually hyphenated,...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

How to make an initialism out of a word/phrase with a number?

I have a question. How do I make an initialism out of a word/phrase with a number? For an example: Should Rainbow 6 Siege be R6S because of initialism is an abbreviation made of initial letters but 6 ...
0
votes
2answers
111 views

What does “d-d” mean? Possible 19th century profanity?

I have several quotes of late-19th-century speech (by British men) which use the abbreviation "d-d" for a word. I'm not sure what it means, but from the context I assume this is profanity of some sort....
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Understanding Latin abbreviations in Papers and the Such

Preface: I have begun reading over some of the documents from the Vatican II council to familiarise myself with the material for when I talk with people that I know that are catholic, and I am having ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

When to use i.e. and e.g? [closed]

I have seen a lot in common use of the abbreviations i.e. and e.g. but I'm not pretty sure when and how to use these abbreviations.
1
vote
0answers
74 views

What is the correct way to explain what an abbreviation stands for?

What is the correct way to explain what the abbreviation in this sentence stands for: Also known as the “OLI” framework – standing for Ownership, Location and Internalization, it conceptualizes ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

What is a “demi” (in a university setting)

My university computer science department recently sent out a letter asking for "students to demi for our first-year modules". The letter makes mention of it several times, such as "demis must have ...
0
votes
3answers
53 views

How to simplify the sentence and keep the same meaning? [closed]

I want to say Riding Uber is similar to going to the barber shop, Tip is not mandatory but always welcome. How I can shorten it?
5
votes
1answer
99 views

Why is the phrase “why am I not” abbreviated “why aren't I” (i.e. a complete replacement of the verb)? [duplicate]

The other day I saw the following (written) phrase being used in an American TV series episode: "Why aren't I on the list?" Even though I know this "sounds right" (I'm a relatively fluent, although ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

How to add a plural to a lower case abbreviation?

The average Arizona home uses 1,129 kWh of electricity a month or 13,548 kWh a year. kWh is an abbreviation for kilowatt hour. How do I express kilowatt hours? Maybe kWh(s)? It would look strange ...
0
votes
1answer
234 views

What does (s.d.) stand for in literature cited section of a paper

I think s.d. is some reference to a date. I know that n.d. means "no date". Here are the complete citations I encountered: Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency. "Asian Carp in Tennessee ...
5
votes
0answers
35 views

Why are some initialisms sometimes spelled with a slash? E.g. O/S for Operating System [duplicate]

I've only ever seen this practice used to refer to "Operating System" with "O/S", but according to The Free Dictionary there are a few more. Why is the slash in the middle sometimes used? Isn't "OS" ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

Short way of expressing alternatives

A colleague recently pointed out that my usage of "resp." in English is incorrect, and is in fact an artefact of my native language. In Czech, it abbreviates "respektive" and is used to express [...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Possessive for abbreviation of a regular plural noun

How do you write the possessive for an abbreviation of a regular plural noun, when the plural 's' is not present in the abbreviation? I want to write "ten kilograms' weight" in a scientific context ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

only “from” as abbreviation to indicate the origin

After reading some publications that used "from" quite squishy, I would like to know: Is it generally possible to use "from" instead of "produced using", "produced by" or as a short version of "...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Parentheses within abbreviations

The example that I have is from South Africa. Chartered accountants here abbreviate their titles in emails to: CA(SA) This is meant to abbreviate "Chartered Accountant (South Africa)". I feel, ...
5
votes
1answer
241 views

Use of degree symbol for Latinate ordinal number shorthand

I remember often having professors in college use degree symbols to write shorthand versions of Latinate ordinal numbers. For example: 1° Primary 2° Secondary 3° Tertiary 4° Quaternary ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Email subject line is all the information I want to convey. How to instruct the sender (in the subject line itself) to not open the email body?

I want to write an email (to my boss) in which all the information is conveyed in the subject line itself: "Won't be doing the Strawberry Project" "Your work is in process" "Come quick. Party ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

What are the rules surrounding a hyphen following an abbreviation?

For instance, if something is owned by Apple Inc. does that make the compound phrasal adjective 'Apple Inc.-owned'? Or would I omit the period?
-1
votes
1answer
39 views

abbreviation or not Drive vs. dr home address [closed]

I put my home address on a credit application: 266 Chateau La Salle Drive credit report has 266 Chateau La Salle dr Is there a reference source to acceptability?
1
vote
2answers
474 views

What does schizo mean in “schizophrenia” and “schizo tech”?

TV Tropes says that the Naruto universe lives in Schizo Tech. The universe essentially mixes feudal society with modern technology (and clothing). The only exceptions are things like cars and guns. ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

What is it called when words are grouped together by their first letter?

This method is often used in teaching, marketing, management, self-help books, for example: The 4 T's of success, the 3 D's of determination, etc. What is this process/method called?
3
votes
1answer
551 views

Origin and use of the abbreviation 'u' for ‘you’

The letter ⟨u⟩ is used in text messaging and internet and other written slang to denote 'you', by virtue of both being pronounced /juː/. (Wikipedia) When and by whom was the letter "u" first used ...
3
votes
2answers
214 views

Use of encl. at the bottom of a cover letter where the body of the text already explains this

I am submitting a grant request. The package will include four copies of the grant request, an executive summary, and a cover letter. The cover letter is very short and says in part "I have included ...
1
vote
0answers
125 views

Specific type of abbreviation in textese

I would like to know if there is preexisting metalanguage or a term to describe the following types of abbreviations often present in textese or SMS language: see → c, you → u, are → r, your → ur, ...
1
vote
0answers
251 views

circa abbreviation after a period - to capitalize or not

I keep getting called out for not capitalizing "ca." in image captions. When I look up in Chicago Style, I see it NOT capitalized. However, when I write a caption I often make it a sort of sentence ...