Questions tagged [abbreviations]

An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word, or phrase, typically created by taking initial letters for example OEM for Original Equipment Manufacturer or shortening the word, for example 'Tues' for Tuesday.

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National tragedy date shorthand (a la 9/11)

Has anyone coined a term for the post-2001 trend of shortening infamous events to the event's dates? For example, here in the U.S. we have 9/11 and more recently, January 6th. In the UK they have 7/7, ...
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-1 votes
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Is it proper to write a full first name followed by an initial of the last name? [closed]

For example, if my name was John Smith, can I write it as “John S.”? Also, if I want to start with the initial of the last name, how would I write it? Is it “S. John”? I’m asking because I’m having my ...
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comma and abbreviation in quotation marks

I couldn't find this answer anywhere!!!! When you end a quotation with an abbreviation, do you keep the comma or leave it out? Which sentence is correct? "I need to go see Bob Jr.," said ...
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2-letter abbreviation for the name Montgomery

Background: I'm implementing elliptic curve cryptography in a hobbyist project of mine. And two kinds of the curves I'm about implement are Edwards curve and Montgomery curve (this and this). For the ...
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Simple Abbreviation Confusion

You know that a lot of words can be abbreviated like: You know -> y'know About -> 'bout Going to -> gonna and much more To be honest, I found one interesting abbreviation: Of course ->...
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Is the abbreviation “Id” acceptable in an essay?

If I need to write “Apple Id”, in an essay, should I write “Apple Identification”? “Id” is an abbreviation for “identification” so would it be proper to write “Apple Identification” instead?
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Proper Grammar of Degree Abbreviations

I have seen plenty of abbreviation options to write Postgraduate Diploma. Just to mention the easiest finding on the web: "A postgraduate diploma (PgD, PgDip, PGDip, PG Dip., PGD, Dipl. PG, PDE) ...
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Abbreviation for 'further information can be found'

I am looking for the formal abbreviation for something like "the further information can be found", e.g.: "lorem ipsum (the further information can be found in table 2.4)". My ...
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What's the difference between two capitalization styles related to acronym? [duplicate]

I know NAT is the abbreviation of "Network address translation", but there is another style of this phrase, "Network Address Translation", which capitalize the first letter of each ...
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2 answers
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Weird word that I and my cousins used to say when young?

When I was young, my cousins and I used to use the word: "Hon" (at least that's how I would write it) to get validation from another person that something occurred. Example: Hon Alex that ...
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The reasoning behind abbreviating "part"?

So, as a disclaimer - it's not a question about whether it makes sense, if it's a common thing then there ought to be some. But it's a question about what are the reasons (including historical) for ...
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Abbreviation for Ton

I went to wikipedia looking for the symbol/abbreviation for ton. t would be ambiguous since there is both a short ton and a long ton, which mean two different weights. I cannot find a standard ...
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Apostrophe after Acronym that ends in "S" [duplicate]

What are the rules for using apostrophes after an acronym that ends in the letter "S"? For instance, if I have a pretend product called Fast Ice Cream System, or FICS, which delivers ice ...
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Whether to use "the" before abbreviations such as HTTP

... This setting determines whether HTTP and FTP URIs should be turned into relative ones if a file is stored using the HTTP or the FTP. HTTP stands for hypertext transfer protocol, and FTP stands ...
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Using abbreviations in 15th Century English

I am writing a story set in the 15th Century. I appreciate that most stories etc were written at the time in either Latin or French but, for obvious reasons, I have to write it in English. It is ...
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Spacing in name abbreviations [duplicate]

Should the boy's name C.J. be abbreviated this way, as C. J. with a space, or as CJ without periods or spaces? I'm sure this is somewhere in the Chicago Manual of Style, but don't see it mentioned ...
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Prefixed words in English whose abbreviations skip the prefixes

I was writing an article about certain abbreviations in German. Two of the terms being abbreviated were Verschmelzungsfunktion and Vertauschungsfunktion. Abbreviating both of them as V would have ...
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When should we use "US" "U.S."? [duplicate]

From my understanding, the dot "." standing behind a word means abbreviation. For example, "e.g." stands for "exempli gratia". So, I think if we want to write the ...
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How did "combo" arise as an abbreviation for "combination"? [duplicate]

I am interested in the shortening of "combination" to "combo." I understand the etymology of "combination," and it's clear to me how "comb-" would be used taken ...
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How common are hypocorisms ending with "s" in female names? (Babs, Bess, Becks...)

My question can be split in two parts: Is this a pattern, how common is it, and how natural does it sound? Is it more specific to feminine names? Here are examples: Barbara - Babs [1] Elizabeth - ...
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What is 'e. m.' in this sentence?

What does this abbreviation (e. m.) stand for? It seems to me that e.m. is an abbreviation of 'essential medical'. Is this a technical phrase? They evac’d only 27 e.m. plus 1 officer from Maisaka, ...
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Why Long Slow Distance (LSD) instead of Slow Long Distance?

In running sports, LSD is short for Long Slow Distance (see wiki), and I am wondering why not saying Slow Long Distance instead of LSD. I am not a native speaker, but I feel Slow Long Distance more ...
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What is a single word for being sweet but sarcastic? [closed]

A word which could stand for being "sweet but could be sassy". Especially about girls. An adjective which could mean that the person is sweet normally but could be impulsive or sarcastic.
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Are "i.e." and "e.g." initialisms?

I was told that abbreviations consist of initialisms (FBI, a.k.a.†), acronyms (NATO, ), and shortened words (ad, bike). † Thanks to Pete Kirkham for correcting me: for most people a.k.a. is an ...
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Abbreviations vs. contractions. Do they differ in pronunciation or only in spelling?

Lexico and Imperial College London says that the difference between abbreviations and contractions is that contractions omit letters in the middle and not in the end, hence Dr, for example, is a ...
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What's the correct punctuation of "i.e." and "e.g."? [duplicate]

I'm confused about how to correctly punctuate these two. Can someone elaborate? Here's an example: She said that the pain was 100/10 – i.e. above the top of the scale. She said that the pain was 100/...
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Within quotes, do I write Saint or St.?

Specifically, I'm writing a biography for a man who lived in St. Maries, Idaho. When I'm quoting him (therefore the spoken language) should I spell out saint, or is it a common enough abbreviation, ...
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Compact writing of "1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 24 and 36-month survival was analysed"

I have an academic paper abstract to write and it has very limited word count (150 words). I have to say that we analysed 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 24 and 36-month survival of the included patients in this ...
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Should we not use abbreviations at all in academic writing? [duplicate]

I submitted a paper to a computer science conference, and the reviewer mentioned that I should correct grammar/writing issues throughout the paper. Some of the things he/she mentioned: don't -> do ...
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abbreviations for "standard deviation" when used as an informal unit

I am looking for some advice for abbreviating "standard deviation" when it is used in an informal sense as a mathematical unit, especially with regard to financial usage. This often crops up ...
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Can abbreviations be used as stand-alone adjectives when the abbreviated term couldn't?

I see by your name that you are probably ESL... ESL stands for "English as a second language". In the above sentence, it is being used as a stand-alone adjective, but I'm not sure if that ...
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Revisiting "ee.g." (versus "e.g.")

How is "e.g." pluralized? Responses to the above article and other critiques of "ee.g." (insisting on "e.g.") roundly dismiss it as an aberration and even vilify it. Yet ...
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What are the rules for pluralising abbreviations?

Especially in academic writing, pluralisation of abbreviations is a very handy device: ‘p’→‘pp’¹ is ‘page’→‘pages’, ‘ed’→‘edd’ becomes ‘editors’, ‘ll’ is ‘lines’, ‘nn’ is ‘notes’.² The rule (given ‘ed’...
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When a last name contains "Saint", is it ever spelled out, or is it always "St."?

When a last name contains "Saint", such as Richard St. Paul, how does "Saint" show up on this person's legal documents etc.? Is their legal name "Richard Saint Paul", &...
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Double or Embeded Abbreviation (or an abbreviation inside a part of another abbreviation)

In the abbreviation "MMG", the 1st "M" stands for another abbreviation which is "MBC", while the 2nd "M" stands for "Media" and "G" stands ...
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3 votes
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Why is the word "hectare" abbreviated as "ha" and not as "he"? [closed]

Why is the word "hectare" abbreviated as "ha" and not as "he"? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hectare
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What is the most common abbr. for “passengers” in American English?

I need to fit a long sentence in a small space and cannot change the font or size. It will be used for an UI of a ticketing machine in buses to announce how many passengers the ticket is for.
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Is it appropriate to write mixed capped abbreviations and acronyms in all caps for headers, etc?

When using an abbreviation or acronym that has a mix of lowercase and capital letters, such as mmWave or dBm, in a heading or line that is formatted in all caps, is it appropriate to use all caps - or ...
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Interpretation: Further actions to come out of this discussion [duplicate]

In a business email, I found this expression. I wonder how I can make a full sentence from this expression: "Further actions to come out of this discussion." What I'm guessing is: "...
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Do I have to put ,Inc. every time I mention our company in a single article?

I write blogs for our company website, often commenting on what services our company provides, so I will usually mention our company name a few times in the article. It is a local company, but it is ...
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"Barts and The London NHS Trust" - Is there a standard way to abbreviate it?

Barts and The London NHS Trust Suppose you have a document where you need to reference this trust many times. This includes references in table cells, so it is not a good idea to use the official ...
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"UID" (unique identifier) - half abbreviation, half initialism. What it is? [duplicate]

According to Your Dictionary¹: Abbreviations: St. for Street and Saint, Mr. for mister Acronyms: radar for radio detection and ranging Initialisms: aka for also known as, FBI for Federal Bureau of ...
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Abbreviating a term containing "hypotheses" [duplicate]

A paper I’m writing refers frequently to a group of anthropological hypotheses, and I would like to abbreviate “anthropological hypotheses.” However, because hypotheses is plural, I’m debating whether ...
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What's proper abbreviation?

Can anyone tell me the correct way to write this? I'm putting it etched in glass and want to make sure the abbreviations are all correct. 5lb 12oz 20in OR 5lbs 12ozs 20ins
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What determines how one should vocalise an abbreviation when reading aloud?

When, in reading something aloud, one encounters an abbreviation, there are three possible approaches to vocalising it. (1) Sometimes one will vocalise the abbreviation letter-by-letter. This is ...
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If I'd like to indicate a duration of more than x years, can I write it as "+x years"?

For instance, can I say "we provided +10 hours of programming services"?
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When is usage still subsequent in a very long document?

We are supposed to spell out a military rank when used before a soldier's name, e.g., Master Sergeant John Doe. In subsequent usage, we are supposed to abbreviate the title to Master Sgt. John Doe ...
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What does G2 (chapter title) refer to in Death by Meeting? [closed]

In Death by Meeting, by Patrick Lencioni (the book is about leadership), There is a chapter entitled "G2." Since it is the title, there is not enough context for me to figure out its meaning,...
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1 vote
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"df." as an abbreviation

I'm reading a book and I stumbled upon the following paragraph, in context of doing a conceptual analysis, to quote: Ml: Motherhood is the conjunction of femaleness and parent-hood. M2: To be ...
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Abbreviations in Archive Reference

I've just finished a book about American history, and I somehow turned to the pages of Notes. The words in the archive reference are new to me, I managed to figure out some abbreviation with Google, ...
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