Questions tagged [adjuncts]

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3
votes
2answers
65 views

Omitting “by” preposition and the resulted phrase

Consider the following examples: I paid for it by using my credit card. I was in contact with my friends by sending letters. I learned how to dance by watching online videos if I remove the ...
2
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2answers
80 views

Is 'the course' a complement or an adjunct in 'Stay the course'?

Stay the course is a fixed expression, but I'd like to know how to analyze the course. At first blush, it seems to be complement of the verb stay. But then, you have a similar-looking example stay ...
2
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0answers
39 views

Is the relative clause always an adjunct/modifier of the antecedent?

The first two sentences mean the same thing, and so do the last two. (1) She's obviously the person to finish the job. (1') She's obviously the person who should finish the job. (2) She was the first ...
1
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0answers
109 views

complement vs adjunct/modifier

In the following noun phrase, is the prepositional phrase from Lloyds complement or adjunct/modifier? even all the preposterous salary from Lloyds that Bill gets The Cambridge Grammar of The ...
2
votes
1answer
410 views

What's the difference between adjuncts and modifiers?

All types of adjuncts (my conclusion from wikipedia.org): An adnominal adjunct is an adjunct modifying noun, i.e. it's dependent words in noun phrases (a good boy, the discussion before the game). ...
1
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0answers
121 views

Adjunct or Argument: “The bird flew over the lake”

In the title sentence, does "over the lake" serve as an adjunct or an optional argument? Here are the tests I tried using, though they weren't very enlightening beyond giving what kind of argument it ...
3
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1answer
77 views

Is 'to smoke' a complement or adjunct in this sentence?

I hope you are all well. He stopped to smoke. Is to smoke a complement of stop or is it an infinitive-of-purpose adjunct?
5
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1answer
101 views

Since and for, where can they be omitted?

I’m well aware of the difference between ‘since’ and ‘for’. However I have a question. Imagine I say ‘I’ve been working on the essay since Saturday’ or ‘I’ve been working on the essay for two days’. ...
0
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1answer
107 views

appositive relative clause or adjunct of reason/cause?

In the syntactic analysis of the following sentence I doubt: "They then took the matter to a three-person jury of appeal, specially convened to hear the protest" The last part in bold (speacially ...
3
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2answers
394 views

Difference between adverb and adverbial adjunct

He arrived today. He arrived. Could we call adverb today as an adverbial adjunct because it still complete the meaning of sentence without it?
2
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1answer
270 views

What's the FUNCTIONAL difference between a supplement and an adjunct/modifier?

I'm trying to understand the difference between supplements and adjuncts/modifiers. In my search for enlightenment, I've come across a number of entries and posts, of which I think this one summarises ...
1
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1answer
139 views

Are these 'that'-clauses complements or adjuncts?

(1) It's a plan [that is being touted as the most modest proposal considered yet in Congress]. Here, the that-clause is a relative clause that modifies the antecedent 'plan', so I believe it's not a ...
0
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2answers
7k views

Grammatical name and function of “the end of the day” [closed]

What's the grammatical name of the end of the day here, and what is its grammatical function? The sentence is this: There was always a huge quantity of food left over at the end of the day.
2
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1answer
75 views

NPs - pre-/postmodifiers

Would you consider "both" in the following NPs rather as a predeterminer or a conjunction? If it's a predeterminer, it would determine both NPs, right? The swimming pool is both a great place to ...
1
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2answers
61 views

Can I use a noun with a posessive determiner as adjunct?

For example: "Your level English" (Your level = adjunct)? Does it have the same meaning as "English of your level"?
1
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1answer
85 views

Disambiguating the noun phrase “a pretty egg box”

Does "a pretty egg box" always mean "a pretty box of eggs" rather than "a box of pretty eggs"? More precisely, is "adjective adjunct-noun head-noun" always interpreted as "adjective (adjunct-noun ...
2
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0answers
66 views

Is “with Trevor” in “dined with Trevor” adjunct or complement?

We dined with Trevor the following Monday. I'm doing a test to figure out whether the constituent "with Trevor" is an adjunct or complement to the verb "dine". It is called the "did so" test as some ...
3
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2answers
3k views

Argument vs. adjunct

I have a problem identifying certain structures of the sentence; sometimes it is hard to tell whether I'm dealing with an argument or adjunct. Adjunct is said to be optional;, that is, its omission ...
2
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0answers
227 views

Are these two prepositional phrases disjuncts or something else?

Are these two prepositional phrases disjuncts or something else? I’ve looked through Biber and Huddleston, and the two examples don’t seem to fit into any of their categories of disjuncts. Thanks in ...
1
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1answer
203 views

That-clause (content clause) as an adjunct?

According to CGEL, that-clause can function as an adjunct. The following sentence is an example from page 952 of CGEL. He appealed to us to bring his case to the attention of the authorities that ...
1
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2answers
190 views

Under what kind of conditions is a past time adjunct allowed for in experiential perfects?

In CGEL p.144 the author says about experiential perfects This use of the present perfect allows for the inclusion, under restrictive conditions, of a past time adjunct: iia) We've already ...
0
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2answers
248 views

Does a comma go there?

I'm having a hard time figuring out whether or not to use a comma in the type of situation shown in the examples below: Jane was concerned that running by herself she might get mugged. Jane ...
7
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3answers
906 views

Verb-Subject Order

Is it optional to front the verb in sentences like the one below when an adverbial precedes? In the film, appear two more girls who think that Dallas is quite rude. I have already checked the ...
3
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2answers
839 views

Why can an adjective be placed after “eat” as in “garlic can be eaten raw”?

Edit note: This question with some good answers does not explain (or ask) why it is an adjective that's used as opposed to an adverb in this type of construction: Is this an objective complement or ...
2
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1answer
5k views

Ending a sentence in the past tense with 'soon'

I was marking some exams for my Japanese high school students, and one of the test problems is: Arrange the following words into a sentence: walk / started / they / soon / to Without fail, all ~300 ...
0
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2answers
552 views

What does an adjunct modify?

Does an adjunct always modify the noun or can it modify the verb, too? For example: He talked about me [in a hateful way]. I don't think that saying "in a hateful way" modifies him would be true. ...
3
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2answers
654 views

Why can I vary the position of the noun phrase only in certain sentences?

It is possible to say this: It formed inside him an ambition to teach his students all the more. I brought the "inside him" to the front of the noun phrase "an ambition to..." since the ...
0
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2answers
88 views

Commas with conjunctive adverbs [closed]

Which is correct? Certainly that was a good thing. or, Certainly, that was a good thing.
3
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1answer
514 views

Fronted adjuncts

Is it correct to begin sentences with adjuncts? To which degree are the sentences below acceptable? Do you need a special context to license this word order, or can you start a text with these ...
8
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1answer
7k views

Is this Adverbial a complement or an adjunct?

According to Wiki, Adverbials are typically divided into four classes: adverbial complements (i.e. obligatory adverbial) are adverbials that render a sentence ungrammatical and meaningless if removed....
3
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1answer
283 views

Complements and adjuncts

Paul Austen’s novel sold immediately to the author’s eager readers. In the above sentence, which part is the complement and which is the adjunct? I am confused as to whether the adjunct should be ...
4
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4answers
1k views

Is this a predicative adjunct?

At breakfast on Thursday she bored them all stupid with flying tips she'd gotten out of a library book called Quidditch Through the Ages. –– Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone As far as I ...
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2answers
2k views

What do you call the adjectives between transitive verbs and objects?

I carefully pried open her mouth. (The Weed that Strings the Hangman’s Bag) When intransitive verbs are followed by adjectives, they seem to call these adjectives as subjective complements or ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Can adjectives make adjuncts modifying verbs?

Her teeth gleamed white against the tanned skin of her face. It seems ‘white’ is an adjunct modifying gleamed, while it’s not a complement for it’s not necessary to complete the meaning. But I’m ...
0
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1answer
454 views

complement vs adjunct [closed]

“Funny, isn’t it,” she said, “how the law can have a soft spot like that? No, someone had seen her in the village at the time Robin went missing, so she wasn’t really a suspect. It was decided ...