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Questions about writing style in English

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1answer
32 views

What's the role of “Opening” in the given excerpt

This is a sentence from a very famous book on learning English called "Headway". "But after making hundreds of millions of dollars opening duty-free shops at airports in the 1960s,Feeney's later ...
0
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1answer
51 views

What tense in a scientific paper

I am currently writing my first scientific paper and therefore I am wondering which tense I should use in it. I'd tend to use a future tense, but present perfect seems to be suitable as well. e.g. ...
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1answer
30 views

When can I omit the subject?

Can I omit the subject if it has been mentioned in a preceding sentence? For example, is the phrase inside the parentheses necessary in the below?: The sculpture A exhibits degradation at a ...
3
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1answer
78 views

Which punctuation (if any) should accompany the inclusion of Japanese characters in an English text?

I've been told on Japanese SE to rephrase the question and ask it here, since it isn't so much about the Japanese language, as it is about the correct way of including Japanese in the English language....
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0answers
30 views

Juxtaposing (more than) two sentences that can include “and” by using “and”

QUESTIONS: Is the comma used in the below sentence necessary? Is it okay to use different forms or parts of speech for juxtaposed elements? I.g. In the below sentence, a noun "development" and ...
0
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1answer
21 views

Place to insert an abbreviation

When I put an abbreviation for the first time in a document, is this better if I insert it right after the corresponding spelled out name? For example, is ex1. better than ex2.?: ex1. The ...
0
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1answer
61 views

Should I use the possessive apostrophe or an attribute noun on a business card?

I have designed some stationary items (such as letterhead and business card) for a website/brand (XYZ.Com for instance), and I need help to choose the correct sentence among those below: The ...
0
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1answer
47 views

non taxable vs non-taxable [duplicate]

Is the correct usage of the non-taxable or nontaxable? I'm not sure what the correct use is. I want to say that it is with the hyphen however it ha become a debate that this could be incorrect.
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1answer
23 views

A more beautiful way of saying “I followed my curiosity / imagination / inspiration”? [closed]

A character that is constantly obsessed with something would always notice elusive clues that have to do with that passion, for example, a computer geek would instantly gravitate towards tech, even ...
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5answers
143 views

“Everyone is fine and having fun” or “Everyone is fine and is having fun.”

While both sentences are probably grammatical, I’m wondering which one is preferable. To me, the first sentence sounds awkward, but the second sentence may have an unnecessary is. Basing your answers ...
1
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0answers
40 views

Confusion about scientific writing tenses [migrated]

I am writing a study for my second academic degree. As usual it has research questions and objectives. My confusion lies in the tenses for these two. The research questions have been answered and the ...
5
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1answer
84 views

CMS: The Curious Case of “Because of”

The phrase "because of" is commonly thought of as a preposition; by itself, "because" is also considered by some to be a subordinating conjunction. The Chicago Manual of Style doesn't capitalize any ...
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4answers
66 views

difference between “can do nothing” and “cannot do anything”

Is there any difference between these two sentences I can do nothing to help you. and I cannot do anything to help you. If there isn't any significant difference, are there any cases when ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Repeating a subject twice - a matter of style or grammar?

Is repeating the subject twice in a sentence considered a grammar error or bad style? For example: Epic Game Music will be held for the first time in Poland at Poznan Game Arena and Game Industry ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Why people often adopt repeated adjective structure on their sentence?

Why people often adopt repeated adjective structure on their sentence? For example: Great courtiers are gracious and polite; their aggression is veiled and indirect. I have seen many fluent English ...
28
votes
4answers
3k views

Is there punctuation for words treated as words?

From today's NY Times: Mr. Trump’s critics reach for words like treason and traitor because they, like others, are searching for an explanation for actions that are so different from those of his ...
0
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1answer
36 views

How to use semicolons (when listing people’s names and actions)?

I’ve been reading this paragraph: I unlock the bathroom door and pull the handle down, I open it slightly, only to see the face of every family member residing in this house, crowding outside my ...
1
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0answers
30 views

How to describe 'Mutual Benefits' in academic terms in the following?

I am writing a proposal for a joint collaboration with a University in Singapore. I aim to use their facilities to gain hands-on experience. In the following, the excerpt from my proposal is ...
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2answers
42 views

How to reconstruct a sentence to avoid words like but, yet, still, although and though?

I often find difficult to avoid those words. It'd be fine in articles, essays, etc if it was only because of the repetitiveness, there are three words or more for it, but in longer texts, like novels, ...
1
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1answer
73 views

Use of made up words in writing

In writing, mainly seen in novel writing, how should we put a word that doesn't exist? for example, "We're screwed beyond levels of screwedness." Please don't tell me that's too unprofessional and I ...
0
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2answers
57 views

The term “ad hocness”

A strange compound of Latin and English. Reasonably common in epistemology and the philosophy of science. (Academic philosophers are not uneasy at creating new words when the need arises.) Questions: ...
0
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2answers
41 views

help someone [do]/[to do]/[in doing]/[on doing] something?

Given the following sentences: They helped us frame some experimental evaluations. They helped us to frame some experimental evaluations. They helped us in framing some experimental evaluations. They ...
1
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2answers
44 views

Is it correct to ask “Which year this game is?” when asking about the year of game release?

Im not native speaker and have some difficulties with this question. As I remember, I saw "Which ... is?" statement in some grammar books. Is it correct?
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0answers
19 views

Use of Vancouver referencing

When using Vancouver style referencing, which of the following examples are correct: Study [4] provided support for this theory. A previous study [4] has provided support for this theory. I suppose ...
3
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3answers
59 views

“from A to B” or “to B from A”

Which expression is more customary? Are their situations where one would be favored over the other? Edit: Sorry for making the question unclear. My motivation for this question came from reading ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Why is a comma used in the sentence “Jack has been studying zebras since 1972, when he started the famous Animal Center”?

Why is there a comma in this sentence? Jack has been studying zebras since 1972, when he started the famous Animal Center. Isn’t the first clause independent, and isn’t when a subordinating ...
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0answers
42 views

Why isn’t this instance of “so” preceded by a comma even though it’s beginning a new independent clause?

William Strunk writes in the 1914 edition of his Elements of Style: Place a comma before and or but introducing an independent clause. ... Two-part sentences of which the second member ...
1
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2answers
231 views

Punctuation of Initials in Name [closed]

My name is James Lamar Smith, in which my first name is James, middle name is Lamar and my last name is Smith. I would like to know which form of my short name is acceptable in English: 1 J. L. ...
8
votes
9answers
88 views

Does calling a road 'wavy' convey its shape clearly?

There is a scene in which the road the car is on is straight at first, but later starts to wave about. By 'wave', I mean its shaped like this: Now my question is, if I write, "the road ahead started ...
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0answers
37 views

Are you allowed to start a paragraph with “In fact,…”?

Should you start a paragraph with in fact? I ask because it doesn’t make sense to me, but the computer says it makes sense.
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3answers
94 views

Placement of period after abbreviation inside quotation marks

The most common one is "vs.." The most common one is "vs.". The most common one is "vs." Which of the above features the correct usage of a period after an abbreviation inside quotation marks? And, ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Why do technical book authors say “we”? (A technical book style question)

A typical technical book (especially a mathematics textbook) often has statements like In this chapter, we discuss several versions of this principle. even when it is written by a single author. ...
1
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0answers
13 views

Comma placement after a date [duplicate]

The following sentence is from The Economist: On March 14th concerns about China’s grip on Congo’s cobalt production deepened when GEM, a Chinese battery maker, said it would acquire a third of the ...
1
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2answers
79 views

Why Was Title Case Invented?

I've seen questions and answers about the "when", but I don't really understand the reason to use this Horrible Way to Type Sentences Which Obviously Hinders Readability. It's really bad when in a ...
1
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2answers
78 views

Capitalizing Personal Titles as Substitutes for Names

[I am unable to write "Hello, English scholars" as the first line without it deleting it.] There is obvious contention between style guides on the subject of capitalizing personal titles when they ...
0
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0answers
44 views

Cohesion in English writing using antonyms

Can someone help me to understand how antonyms can be used effectively to achieve cohesion in English writing along with some simple examples? I have tried to search the relevant information a lot on ...
0
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0answers
40 views

“three lines of text which read” or “three lines of text reading” or?

I am describing vintage objects which have have multiple lines of text. Some of the text may be to faded to show in the pictures thus I need to quote the text that originally appeared on the object. ...
0
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0answers
43 views

Using parentheses to represent different situations in a sentence?

Can the following sentence "Our models from weak- and strong-interaction flows are proved to be small-world and scale-free separately" be re-written as: " Our model from weak(strong)-...
1
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2answers
96 views

Why was the letter “n” in “nor” written in lowercase? [closed]

Could anyone tell me why the letter "n" in "nor" is in lowercase? Neither Out Far nor In Deep The above is a title of a poem by Robert Frost.
0
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1answer
57 views

How to punctuate two sentences that form one unit that requires a colon at the end? [closed]

I ask this in the context of comments in computer programming which are written in plain English. For this question, I require a colon at the end of every comment that is a heading of code. Now, if ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Terms and style in sentences

So on this sentence for example it's using (a) to expand on the main subject. It's exhaustive to read, but is it necessarilly wrong. What is the grammatical term for this usage or style (without ...
3
votes
2answers
79 views

Suspended hyphen in“ever-expanding and contracting gulf”?

My hunch is a suspended hyphen is not needed preceding the second word (contracting), but the writer queried this and I'm not sure. (We go by the Chicago Manual of Style but I can't find an example ...
4
votes
2answers
490 views

Make somebody to do something

I know this verb does not take "to" after the direct object. Although, I spot T.L. Short in his "Peirce's Theory of Signs" always inserting "to" in this construction. What happens? Is it some formal-...
0
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0answers
28 views

How to use “e.g.” [duplicate]

I usually write "e.g." when I give an example. But, I just wonder if I have to add comma after e.g. because Some published papers indicate "(e.g.~~~)", and others said "(e.g.,~~~)". In addition, are ...
1
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1answer
50 views

Scientific Writing: Acceptance of “one does”?

Essentially what the title says: Are formulations like "To determine the unknowns one employs the following conditions" acceptable for scientific writing? My professor insists that sentences like this ...
0
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0answers
20 views

How do you call the mistake in writing when referring to the reader after using indirect/impersonal writing?

I am writing a review for a scientific paper. The author uses a mixture of passive/active voice and the participle e.g.: "The sample were studied", "this can be achieved" , etc. etc. Suddenly he ...
0
votes
2answers
118 views

When is it OK to start a sentence with “But”? [duplicate]

Is starting a sentence with a "But" still bad? I know some Harvard graduates who are native English speakers and do this when they write. Is it acceptable now? What are some of the examples where "...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to address a former president in a letter?

I would like to ask how to address a former president on a letter. Should I write "Dear Mr. Obama" or "Dear Former President Obama"? I found this information: Begin the letter. Although style ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

How to express my first name in initial(s) when its composed of two separate parts

First of all, I'm Korean, and we don't have a middle name. Except for a very few odd cases, our names are composed of one letter surname, and two letters first name. For example, former UN secretary ...
1
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0answers
17 views

Punctuating when quoted fragment stands alone as complete sentence

What is the proper punctuation for quoting a fragment of a sentence when the omitted material is from both the beginning and the ending of the original sentence, yet the quoted fragment is still a ...