Questions tagged [logic]

Questions pertaining to logical constructs

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3answers
137 views

Trying to understand the logic behind this sentence: The lecture will be given if at least ten people are there

I am not really sure whether my question is suitable here, but I will give it a try. Consider the following sentence: The lecture will be given if at least ten people are there. From the ...
2
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2answers
37 views

Logical implications of 'than they would be if …'? [closed]

Given: Proof-of-concept technologies, although important, are less valuable than they would be if they were supported by careful experiments that identify key attributes of the design or ...
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0answers
40 views

Low-level “and” versus top-level “and”

Here is an imaginary situation: I'm an owner of a small bookstore, just opened. We don't have any fiction books; only the mathematics and physics ones. Some of our books are about math only, some - ...
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0answers
66 views

Is ‘the reason why’ somehow objectionable?

It has just come to my attention that some consider ‘the reason why’ ungrammatical or otherwise unfortunate. David Crystal mentions it in his introduction to Fowler's Dictionary of Modern English ...
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6answers
3k views

Term for the “extreme-extension” version of a straw man fallacy?

Take the most obvious, unimpeachable statement imaginable: Drinking water is good for humans. I am looking for a word that describes the action of taking the argument, applying some unreasonable ...
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1answer
39 views

Is there a contraction for non-exclusive or?

I find that often, in technical writing, I want to specify that or is non-exclusive: or ≠ xor; or = and/or. (Stylistically, "and or" is terrible and gets tiresome quickly;) As an example of the type ...
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1answer
111 views

“following conditions exists” or “all of the following conditions exist”

In a technical description I've written "When the following conditions exist" and listed Condition 1 to N. When I said "When the following conditions exist", I meant "all the following" conditions ...
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2answers
142 views

How would one interpret: “must not exceed X and Y” vs “must not exceed X and not exceed Y” [closed]

EDIT/NOTE: This phrase is from a legal document, so rules of plain language / literal interpretation are assumed to apply, so please refrain from assuming what you believe was intended by the writer. ...
1
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1answer
81 views

Which should be the correct word in the given pragraph: Hermeneutics or Semantics?

While reading through the book on logics. I came across this paragraph. Paragraph is as-is from the book: Outline of Logic (Schaum's) At this point we give a rigorous formulation of the ...
1
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1answer
130 views

Difference between declarative sentence and proposition statement?

Oxford dictionary defines declarative sentence as : "A statement in the form of a declaration." and Proposition as: "A statement or assertion that expresses a judgement or opinion". What is the ...
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10answers
5k views

Single word to replace “allowed to be missing”

I want to express my knowledge about the presence of absence of something. My knowledge is divided into three different cases: I know that the thing doesn't exist. I don't know whether the thing ...
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10answers
2k views

Understanding the purported ambiguity in “Every boy didn’t run”

I am a com­puter sci­ence pro­fes­sional. I am read­ing the book Nat­u­ral Lan­guage Un­der­stand­ing by James Allen where he writes: “Every boy didn’t run” which is am­bigu­ous be­tween the read­...
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2answers
1k views

What is the logic behind “better suited” [closed]

I'm confused about the expression "better suited." I'm editing a piece that addresses how to write a particular type of article for a particular website. Logically, which is better: Structurally, ...
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6answers
243 views

Logical term for when an object is the same thing as itself

I'm trying to see if there's a word for this in English and having some problems making a definition in my program. I want to say that two objects are not only have identical properties/values but ...
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2answers
118 views

Which is right: “The cream cheese comes with the bagel” or “The bagel comes with the cream cheese”?

My friends and I got into an argument about which sentence is right: "The cream cheese comes with the bagel" or "The bagel comes with the cream cheese". What is the exact meaning of each of these ...
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1answer
938 views

'all the following are' OR 'the following are all' [duplicate]

Which of these is grammatically correct? "The statement is incorrect when the following are all true:" "The statement is incorrect when all the following are true:"
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3answers
67 views

Is there a word (or shorter/clearer phrase) for “incorrect implication/suggestion”? [closed]

Example sentences: I don't drink bleach very often. Why does one plus one equal three? The first sentence seems to suggest that I do drink bleach occasionally, even though from a strictly logically ...
1
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1answer
186 views

Word that serves the purpose of “xor?” [closed]

In programming we have the term "xor gate" for when one of two things is allowed, but not both. That is, P XOR Q is true if and only if exactly one of them is true, false otherwise. But English is ...
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1answer
291 views

Is 'nothing is impossible' and 'anything is possible' the same?

I wonder if these two sentences mean exactly the same, or is there any difference?
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1answer
33 views

Is the following sentence logically flawed?

Is the following sentence logically flawed? If you are redistributing something that includes actual 3D product files, the TurboSquid files must be part of a larger creation and not in an open ...
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2answers
99 views

Code to or for the lab?

I've been finding myself quite confused about a particular situation. So I know that people say a key to (physical place), such as ''do you have the key to the shed'' etc. However, I'm not sure what ...
2
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2answers
150 views

What's this form of rhetoric called?

Let's suppose my father was a good moral teacher to me. I say: "I learned my virtuous morals from my father." This is a true statement, because he did teach me good morals. However the subsequent ...
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0answers
47 views

What gets modified? Confusions with “only” (basic categorical logic)

While learning basic categorical logic, I came across the following sentences: "All kitchens are places for eating" "All kitchens are only places for eating" "All kitchens are places only for eating" ...
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1answer
578 views

What is the difference between : “ I turned around and saw X” and “ I was turning around and saw X” ( Simple past vs past continous)

I would assume the difference is minor, in the former I finished the action of turning around and then saw X. In the latter I saw X while turning around. However one would certainly stop turning, when ...
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1answer
222 views

Which has higher priority, grammar or logic? [closed]

"Sunset on Mars is blue." Is this statement grammatically correct. Of course there is also the concern if accuracy/logic overrides grammar.
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3answers
3k views

Neither L nor S lives in either A or B, What is your inference regarding this sentence?

Can "Neither Nor" and "Either Or" appear in the same sentence? If yes, what is your inference regarding the sentence below? "Neither L nor S lives in either A or B" The answer my friend thinks is "...
2
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1answer
61 views

What's the word for using a general argument that upon inspection does not apply?

Examples, some are ridiculous: Someone refuses to buy a lab grown diamond because 'all diamonds are blood diamonds'. We cannot buy a sports car because 'the trunks of sports cars are too small', even ...
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0answers
236 views

Tenses logic understanding

Let's look at Present Simple. As far as I understand there is [almost] no difference between I play this game. I do play this game. The first question: can I form negative sentences this way?...
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4answers
510 views

Is there a word in English which expresses the idea of 'logicate' (which is not an English word)?

I am trying to translate the Greek word λογιξομαι, logitsomai,which is usually translated 'account' or 'reckon' which I do not think quite catch the meaning. In English, we have words for numerical ...
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1answer
92 views

how to say action x causes y and nothing but y

Background I once witnessed this conversation between two software engineers.. something like: eng1: I just gave you the api eng2: are the results deterministic when I enter key i? I'm not sure if ...
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3answers
1k views

What are some examples of paradoxical words?

The word "non-hyphenated" is a paradoxical word in that it is a word about words, but it does not describe itself. I have two questions: Is there a name for these types of paradoxical words? What ...
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2answers
424 views

Between each/every (logic analysis)

1) How to add space between every word when typing into Word? 2) There is a marked line between each person in this row. I believe usages of 'between each/every' in the contexts above are ...
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2answers
75 views

Please untangle the logic of this for me

Could someone please rephrase this for me, because every time I read it I get tangled up: According to the Second Circuit, there is no principle of administrative law which, absent a disagreement ...
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2answers
280 views

Translation of “He has 8 more quarters than dimes.” into symbols?

The sentence "He has 8 more quarters than dimes." is often mistranslated by students into the equation 8 + q = d. This is an extremely common error in the usage of English to express daily counting ...
4
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2answers
91 views

Is there a name for the set of possible ***direct*** answers to a question?

For example, the set for the question "did you go to the store?" would be {'yes','no'} but not include '7', and for "how old are you?" would be the set of positive integers but not include 'by car', ...
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3answers
521 views

Negative of When

I'm designing some programming code, and the language is an important piece of making it easy for readers of the design to understand the context and intent of the code. In particular, I'm looking ...
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1answer
1k views

“Periodically” – How to Use This?

So, I happen to be in the process of creating this research paper about a historic figure; I had used Google to search for a synonym of occasionally, and one of the words I stumbled across was “...
3
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1answer
826 views

I bought something two days ago - quick question about logic

I have a question to do with language and logic that my mind is having trouble with. Please, try to explain it to me. It is both an English problem and also a problem to do with my native language. ...
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2answers
1k views

Word for theories that cannot be disproven ?

Is there any word for something which cannot be disproven. E.g. I want to say: "Vedas were written around 10000 BC". This has some proof but not certain, but it cannot be disproven. What should be the ...
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1answer
59 views

Is there a good way to group logical statements in plain writing?

I wanted to write something in plain English that reflects a logical statement with slightly complex conditions. I went with something like "A person requires extra security if they're trying to ...
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1answer
364 views

Propositional Logic Question [closed]

I am studying Logic now and I have some terminology I want to ask about: Proposition Compound proposition Statement Assertion Argument I know that a proposition is a simple declarative sentence ...
3
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4answers
409 views

Term for discrediting an entire argument based on discrediting a single point of it

I'm trying to think of the name of this fallacy, and it's driving me crazy. The typical situation is this: I make a claim, and list several examples supporting this claim. Someone then discredits one ...
3
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3answers
2k views

Opposite (sort of) of mutually exclusive?

Paint cannot be red and blue as these are mutually exclusive. It cannot be night and day as these are mutually exclusive. However unlike paint, which can be neither red nor green (for example: blue),...
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2answers
414 views

Verb for logical sum [duplicate]

If I perform the logical OR on two items, what am I doing? Ie. what's the verb for the logical sum?
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1answer
80 views

Do comparisons make up a special case for understanding either/or as a logical operator?

This question was prompted by a friend who is a fluent speaker of English but not a native one. Consider the following cases: I either eat the apple or the orange. I eat: apple XOR orange. I eat ...
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2answers
100 views

Using improbable premise(s) to reach a conclusion

Is there a name for a fallacy that involves using an improbable premise or premises to reach a desired conclusion? For example saying (exaggerated to better convey what is meant): "You should always ...
2
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1answer
245 views

Why would “to center around” be illogical? [duplicate]

I have seen the discussions of "to center on" vs "to center around", and usually the argument is that "to center X around Y" is illogical. The counter-argument is generally that it is an idiom and ...
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2answers
80 views

What's the name for when a layman thinks a technical task is easier than it actually is?

As a software engineer, my job is highly technical. A co-worker and I were remarking that frequently our non-technical co-workers will assume that we're not working if a task takes longer than they ...
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2answers
900 views

Is there a phrase for “assuming facts to be correct in a statement”?

There is a kind of error or fallacy I often see, which is close to "Begging the Question", but I understand that the true meaning of "Begging the Question" is closer to "circular reasoning". The ...
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1answer
54 views

What are the different senses of “a”? [closed]

Suppose we know that "terrorism is a serious crime". And that "you have to report terrorism". Can we say that "you have to report a serious crime"? I think that the bulleted statement is true. ...