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Questions tagged [auxiliary-verbs]

An auxiliary verb modifies the main verb to give more information about the main verb.

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1answer
39 views

What topicalizing role does “do” play in “Only now do we have what we need to move forward”?

In the sentence "Only now do we have what we need to move forward", the word do clearly has some emphasizing meaning. But I would like a more precise understanding. Topicalization and fronting are ...
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1answer
55 views

Not your run of the ‘will’ tag question

The following example is from an Italian Quiz book whose aim is to help candidates prepare for English multiple choice tests. In many government run “concorsi” (competitive exams) you might have to ...
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30 views

must have washed downstream VS must have been washed downstream

There are two hikers hiking near a stream. One of them seeing it in says: Look! A miner's old pack and gear! Must have washed downstream! My question is: Is it just a simple passive voice sentence ...
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1answer
114 views

Is using “if you would” instead of “if you will” in the sense of “if you wish/want/like” technically “correct”?

I may be wrong here, but I think of the verb "will" as in the set phrase "if you will" as an actual verb, with the rare sense "wish, desire, want", not as a mere future marker. Therefore, in this ...
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1answer
27 views

Use of infinitive form verb following “do” as emphasis

I’ve seen both versions of this sentence. Which one is correct? (Should both “matter” be infinitive or just the first one?) Thanks However, it did matter and matter a lot. However, it did matter and ...
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1answer
32 views

Is it appropriate to omit an auxiliary verb in this case?

In the statement: Exports are a virtue and imports are a vice Would it be okay to omit the second "are"? Thus becoming: Exports are a virtue and imports a vice If it was grammatically ...
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2answers
1k views

What Does He Do

I'm teaching conversational English to ESL students in Korea, but I don't have a strong background in grammar. I can tell them how we say things, but cannot always explain why it is that way. Today, ...
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0answers
325 views

Which is correct: “where she went” or “where did she go”?

My friend asked me about my colleague and I replied him that "I don't know where she went". Then he replied that I must say like "I don't know where did she go". Is there any mistake in the former ...
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1answer
67 views

Can “taken” be used without an auxiliary verb? “When taken to this extreme…”

Is it correct to use "taken" without an auxiliary (helping) verb? For example: In some cases, a more powerful racial group justifies the domination and, horribly, even the complete destruction of ...
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28 views

can “should” be used as a modal auxiliary verb for emphasis in a conditional?

Based on the grammar books, for example, https://guidetogrammar.org/grammar/auxiliary.htm "Do & did" are used as an auxiliary verb for emphasis as in He does like spinach He never did ...
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1answer
728 views

has grown vs is grown

What is the correct auxiliary in a sentence like this: In the last years the number of some-things is/has grown. ?
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1answer
50 views

Tense form after the word did

I read this explanation about did from http://www.learnersdictionary.com/qa/did-main-verb-base-form-or-past-tense-form . Does that mean all the verb after did in a question will remain as it is? ...
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44 views

The grammar of ‘things I hoped wouldn’t happen’ [closed]

I’m looking for the name of the grammar used in the phrase and what type of verbs can be used i. this way and some explanation as to the rule for using it: Some things I hoped wouldn’t happen in ...
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1answer
142 views

Time is come or Time has come [duplicate]

I was reading an article in The Economist and came across the phrase "Perhaps their time is come at last." The founder of the first vegan society said in 1944 that "in time [people] will view with ...
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48 views

Use of plural form of auxiliary verb for singular subject

This is an excerpt from an article published on the Nautilus website: ...We in the 21st century would be shocked if an educated adult were unable to identify the continents on a world map, yet we ...
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1answer
58 views

What do all the ways to express past events mean, and when is one better than the others?

I’d like to clear convey that the documents were all “sent on this day, the twenty-third of August”, which is today as of this writing. When would you use each of these constructions? I sent all the ...
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1answer
51 views

Can subject–auxiliary inversion in conditionals be used with non-auxiliary (arbitrary) verbs?

Can I say something like Come you there, I'll get you. ? Or should I only say something like Should you come there, I'll get you. ? I understand that it looks like I must use an auxiliary ...
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“You mean the guy who sells fruit?” or “Do you mean the guy who sells fruit?” [duplicate]

In conversation, which is correct: You mean the one with the guy who sells fruit? or Do you mean the one with the guy who sells fruit? My ESL student has asked me why we don't always include ...
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256 views

question with or without auxiliary verb

"How many people suffered from malaria last year?" Is "suffered" alright or do I have to write "did suffer"? Usual questions with the question word how many use a subject like: How many books do you ...
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1answer
865 views

“What I saw was…” vs “What I saw were…”

Someone says I need to use "was", someone says to use "were". Which one is correct? What I saw were a driver and an attendant. or What I saw was a driver and an attendant.
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64 views

Can I substitute a main verb with an auxiliary verb in a subordinate clause if it has an object after?

There are no auxiliary verbs in my language, so I often struggle using them in English. If I want to substitute a main verb in a subordinate clause of a complex sentence, because it's the same as in ...
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1answer
65 views

Is this negation right?

I read the following sentence on the Internet: One of the biggest problems facing our brave space explorers as we extend our reach into the Solar System involves not the physical body but the mind. ...
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2answers
272 views

Verb Tenses and Auxiliary Verbs

Our train leaves at four-thirty tomorrow morning. This is probably a simple problem, but I am having difficultly finding a source that answers my specific question. I am having some trouble ...
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1answer
490 views

What type of word is “must”? [closed]

First of all, let me give you these example sentences: there is a storm there was a storm there has been a storm there had been a storm Every one of the above examples expresses that there certainly ...
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2answers
3k views

“Claim has received” or “was received”? [closed]

I am a medical claim collector. So most of the time I'm making calls to insurance companies and make notes. I used to write my comment as "The claim has received on 01.01.2018" but yesterday my ...
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1answer
764 views

What is the difference between who closed the door and who did close the door? [duplicate]

I was teaching past simple and there is this exercise in which we have to conjugate verbs to the past form. I know that we add an auxiliary to make a question, but do we sometimes omit this auxiliary ...
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0answers
113 views

Is article and auxiliary verb omission in modern English an emerging phenomenon? [duplicate]

I am obviously not talking about newspaper headlines etc. in this question. I tried looking it up online but wasn't able to find much. In many instances of spoken English (and, probably, making its ...
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1answer
60 views

it was as easy OR were as easy [duplicate]

How should i phrase this? She wished it was as easy as he thought. or She wished it were as easy as he thought.
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1answer
385 views

Why do we need different auxiliary verbs (“is”, “are”, “am”) for different pronouns? [duplicate]

What is the purpose of having different auxiliary verbs ("is", "are", "am") for different pronouns ("He", "You", "I"...) instead of simply using "is" for all pronouns? It seems like the pronoun always ...
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1answer
204 views

Who got Jack followed by? [closed]

Is this grammatically correct? Definitely awkward, but is it grammatically sound? You can say "Who got Jack followed/eaten/marked/killed/etc" You can say "Jack got followed/eaten/marked/...
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1answer
126 views

can the auxiliary verb be used once, instead of twice, for more than one main verb?

I want to see whether I could use the auxiliary verb once, instead of twice as in: one who speaks articulately, will be both appreciated and known as an "English expert." or one who speaks ...
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0answers
79 views

“what role DOES reason and emotions play (…)?” - formulated by English native speaker teacher

The English native speaker teacher of a friend wrote the following question: What role does reason and emotions play in sharing knowledge? As far as I know, this question has a grammatical error, ...
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1answer
387 views

''Are they still here?'' Why is the word ''are'' considered a lexical verb in this sentence? [closed]

I know lexical verbs are main verbs and auxiliary verbs are helpers (be, do, have) to main verbs but I can not find a logical way to think of "are" as a lexical verb. Can you please describe to me the ...
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0answers
303 views

Emphatic “do” with “used to” [duplicate]

I did use to live in London. I did used to live in London. Which one is correct? According to the usage of emphatic do with past tense (eg "I lived in London/I did live in London"), did should ...
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1answer
222 views

Use of auxiliary verbs in a comparison structure

Think about the following sentence. A culture in which the citizens share similar religious beliefs and values is more likely to have laws that represent the wishes of its people than is a culture ...
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4k views

Which is correct, “why should people be aware of…” or “why people should be aware of…”? [closed]

I just want to know which one is correct. I have asked the same question to someone and she said that the latter is more acceptable but the first one's not wrong but can be changed for it to be "...
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0answers
173 views

Phrases with Multiple Auxiliary Verbs

I'm sorry if this question is already asked. I couldn't find an answer for this anywhere in the internet. My question is: What are the common phrases with multiple auxiliary verbs which are used to ...
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0answers
51 views

Omitting the auxiliary verb in short answers or titles [duplicate]

Please help me in this. what do we call the composition of the short sentence below, where there's no auxiliary verb: Request approved. (subject + past participle) and which of the following gives ...
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2answers
3k views

Is 'who did see you?' grammatically correct?

I realise 'who saw you' is probably more common, but is 'who did see you' wrong? This is with respect to why who-questions don't need 'do'-support as an aux verb.
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1answer
867 views

“Not having a smartphone … is more pros than cons.” Why is this sentence wrong?

Not having a smartphone in your daily life is more pros than cons. Should change it to There are more pros than cons to not having a smartphone in your daily life. But I don't understand why ...
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1answer
216 views

Confusion with use of Could Have + P.P

Let's suppose I have two simple sentences: 1. I could run faster than Bob. 2. I could have run faster than Bob. The first sentence can have the following meaning: [1a] I was able to run faster ...
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1answer
770 views

Could and Could Have + P.P [closed]

I am very confused with usage of could and could have +p.p. For example, do these sentences mean the same: I couldn't come to college last week. I couldn't have come to college last week. I couldn't ...
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1answer
160 views

Subject–auxiliary inversions beginning with an adverb

I am interested in subject–auxiliary inversions when the sentence begins with an adverb or an adverbial phrase. If the adverb is not negative (for instance, "not only" or "never"), can we invert the ...
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1answer
121 views

What is (do) for here?

I know that if do come between the pronoun and the verb, it makes the verb stronger. Does it work the same if it came before the verb. This is the text: Only after the trucks have passed through my ...
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1answer
624 views

Can the continuous form be combined with the passive voice?

According to the site Study And Exam, passive constructions cannot be used with verb forms such as: the present perfect continuous construction the past perfect continuous construction the future ...
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2answers
19k views

“Yes, I will be”

This question was spurred by some comments that sprung underneath an ELL question of mine. The comments have since been deleted. User 1: There's nothing wrong with "Yes, I will be". (I agree that "*...
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2answers
186 views

Using 'do' unnecessarily

Often when I am on a flight, nearly every sentence I hear from the flight attendants contains an unnecessary emphatic auxiliary in its main clause; that is, an altogether unnecessary do or unnecessary ...
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1answer
861 views

Why is 'have' English's main perfect auxiliary?

The Wikipedia page for the perfect aspect says the following regarding the origin of the verb 'have' as the English auxiliary for the the aspect: The have-perfect developed from a construction ...
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1answer
2k views

Shall: In Present Tense

http://webstersdictionary1828.com/Dictionary/Shall Shall is primarily in the present, and in our mother tongue was followed by a verb in the infinitive. I've been doing some research to figure ...
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2answers
78 views

Is it incorrect to use “belong” as an auxiliary verb? [closed]

Say I used the sentence: We belong doing this. In this case, belong would be the auxiliary verb, similar to should or ought to be, and doing would be the full verb. Is this incorrect, or simply ...