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Questions tagged [latin]

Questions about the use of Latin words and phrases in English.

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1answer
45 views

How would I construct the phrase “brief set of appendices”?

I'm writing fiction and currently working on appendices for my novel (or possibly alternatively for my website). I'd like to indicate that these are not 'complete' appendices but are sort of a work-in-...
-1
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0answers
12 views

What is Plautus’s pun about frustum and frustrum? [migrated]

The word frustum is often mispronounced as frustrum. Wikipedia states that this mispronunciation goes back a long time and a pun about them is included in the works of Plautus. Can anyone direct me ...
5
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2answers
809 views

In search of the origins of term censor, I hit a dead end stuck with the greek term, to censor, λογοκρίνω

I have been looking in OED for a history that makes sense, yet, I just find crumbs, and I can not piece the history of this term. I am hitting a dead end researching the greek term to censor, named ...
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1answer
36 views

Succinct, shorthand, (possibly) Latin word similar to “ala”

I'm trying to find the world that one would use to denote a connection to a person's idea. I'm writing a sentence where I want to make a simple connection to Jonathan Edwards' "Sinners in the hands ...
7
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1answer
810 views

Latin words with no plurals in English

Plurals derived from Latin words ending with -us normally have the ending -i. However, the plural of virus is viruses and the plural of bonus is bonuses because these words do not have Latin plurals ...
5
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3answers
322 views

Pronouncing Dictionary.com's W.O.D “vade mecum” in English

The Word of the Day for April 7th, 2019 on Dictionary.com is vade mecum, coming from the Latin expression vāde mēcum meaning something like "come along with me." Dictionary.com lists the pronunciation ...
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1answer
45 views

Quotes, italics, parentheses, and/or regular for translations [closed]

Okay Stack Exchange, here's the big ask: What do you all recommend? My manager wants to know if this is stylistically appropriate. No specific manual we're looking at here. Just what would you guys ...
1
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1answer
70 views

Is “et al. [1]” used as a singular or plural subject?

I've checked out a similar question, but to the best of my knowledge, it only tells me that "Name et al." is used as a singular subject since it refers to the authors, but what if the “et al..” part ...
0
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3answers
61 views

Where does “vice-a-versa” come from? [closed]

I believe the correct term is "vice versa", but occasionally I hear "vice-a-versa" being said. Is there any explanation for that pronunciation?
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2answers
100 views

Not a decade, but a term for a 9 year span

Thanks for the help in advance; first time posting here. I'm curious what the most appropriate single word is to describe a 9 year time span, or a 9 year anniversary. A search on Google didn't turn ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the literal meaning (and the origin) of “v”?

“And that hashtag is wrong. It should always be v not vs. The ‘v’ never stood for versus, it stood for ‘vel’, meaning ‘or’. As in, ‘The gladiator or the lion is coming out of that arena alive.’” #...
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1answer
79 views

Use of 'auto' as vehicle name

The word bus, is derived from the word Omnibus in Latin since it means for everyone. Over the years this probably got shortened down to bus. Similarly, the word car is derived from the word Carrum ...
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2answers
126 views

Should the plural form of “daphnia” be used if there is more than one?

For my science fair, I am confused on if I should write, "daphnia", "daphnias", or "Daphnia" regarding to the species, especially multiple of them. Is there a certain time to use the word in upper ...
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0answers
15 views

Difference between economic and economical [duplicate]

well, I wanted to know what is the difference between economic and economical and I will be grateful if you can help me.
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2answers
1k views

Can we use “id est” in lieu of “i.e.” in academic writing?

In an academic, format context, can we write id est instead of its abbreviated form (i.e.)? Compare: ‘a walking boot which is synthetic, id est not leather’ with: ‘a walking boot which is ...
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3answers
128 views

Does the prefix “pre” connote negative meanings? Examples: “Presage” vs “sage”, “pretext” and “preclude”

I came across the word "presage" through the Vocabulary Builder as below presage (v.) presij to indicate something (usually bad) is about to happen. The sudden loss of jobs presaged an ...
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1answer
68 views

Understanding Latin abbreviations in Papers and the Such

Preface: I have begun reading over some of the documents from the Vatican II council to familiarise myself with the material for when I talk with people that I know that are catholic, and I am having ...
0
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1answer
74 views

Using the Latin phrase 'ante Christum natum' in an English sentence

The phrase ante Christum natum translates to 'before the birth of Christ,' and Wikipedia says it is the (likely outdated) Latin equivalent to BC, in the same way post Christum natum is the equivalent ...
0
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1answer
77 views

Adjectival form of “ipso facto”

I am looking for either a literal Latin adjectival form of "ipso facto," or--more interestingly--an adjective with a very closely equivalent meaning to that of the adverb "ipso facto." Though there ...
0
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2answers
82 views

phd with summa cum laude or phd summa cum laude

I am uncertain between the following two sentences: 1) I received my Ph.D. in (subject X) with summa cum laude. 2) I received my Ph.D. in (subject X) summa cum laude. Which one is better? Or maybe ...
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3answers
152 views

Do there exist male names that derive from female names in English?

I've seen a lot of female names that are simply derivatives of male names, mostly of biblical origin: Michaela, Michelle from Michael, Michel Joan, Joanna, Joanne, Jane, Jean from John, Jean ...
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1answer
63 views

What is the word for when something is currently unavailable?

I think it starts with L (also maybe latin origin) For example I'm waiting to get a package but I'm not even sure package has been even sent. So package is in L... (maybe not best example, I'm not ...
7
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1answer
360 views

Is “ no news is good news” of Italian origin?

According to Phrase Finder, the origin of the famous proverb “no news is good news”: The earliest version of this familiar saying was attributed to the English King James I, who wrote in 1616, 'No ...
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2answers
379 views

Traditional vs. classical pronunciation of Latin words in English

Has the traditional pronunciation of Latin fallen completely out of favor in English, or do any prescriptivists still recommend it? Is it any more common in British English than in American? A quick ...
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6answers
3k views

How to use the prepositions “apud” and “chez”?

I couldn't find many examples of apud and chez as prepositions; I just found one description on Wiktionary: apud 1. Used in scholarly works to cite a reference at second hand. Jones apud ...
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2answers
776 views

How did we get both sub- and infra- prefixes?

It seems that both sub- and infra- are prefixes that mean "below", leading to their use in different words to provide a similar meaning. We even have some words that are the same apart from these ...
4
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1answer
247 views

The etymology of 'substance'. Does it mean 'sub'-'stance'?

I am aware of the etymological fallacy and aware that the fallacy itself, also, does not always hold good. In other words, a word's pedigree may, or may not, be the reason it means what it means, ...
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3answers
1k views

Insight into the pronunciation of the word algae?

Can anyone provide some insight into the pronunciation of the word algae? Various dictionaries give either the /g/ version as in gear or the /dʒ/ version as in jeep. For example: https://dictionary....
2
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1answer
129 views

Why is the latin classification of the Armadillo translate into English as “Gorilla”? [closed]

The Latin classification of the Armadillo is Dasypus, which directly translates to gorilla in English. Can someone explain why that is, I am confused.
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2answers
5k views

Is the etymology of “salary” a myth?

Since, perhaps forever, I had always ‘known’ that the English word salary was derived from the Latin salarium, to the time when Roman soldiers were paid in salt for their service. Salt was a highly-...
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2answers
748 views

Using 'e.g.' in place of 'for example'

I'm looking at a text that regularly uses "e.g." in place of "for example", such as the following: "This parallel composition can be transparently split between two cores, allowing, e.g., for faster ...
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3answers
3k views

Where are all the Latin words?

It's often said that Latin and French each contribute about 29% of the English lexicon, with Germanic words an additional 26%. Wikipedia has a list of English words derived from Latin, however, a ...
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4answers
1k views

Who changed the way vacumn was spelled 40 years ago?

I noticed Robin Michael, who is on this site, stated she learned to spell vacumn as did I in school around 40 years ago. I always scored the highest in my English class and won spelling bees back then....
1
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1answer
448 views

Why is “genera” the plural form of “genus”?

I'm not familiar with irregular Latin pluralization, so this may be a simple question with a simple answer. Other Latin words ending in "us" don't pluralize to "era"
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3answers
319 views

What is the cultural origin of “Thrice Honored”

"Thrice-Honored Father", "Thrice-Honored Rulers" or the like. The term appears in the mid-nineteenth century books. For example: here and here and here and here. It has a classical feel to it -...
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1answer
573 views

The plural of “vena cava”

The plural of the English loadword vena cava from Latin is venae cavae. What are the etymological and grammatical reasons for this plural? Why are both words in a single term pluralized? And are there ...
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1answer
483 views

What does Latin “et alios” mean? [closed]

As I learned from Wiktionary site, there are exists these Latin phrases: et alii - And others; used of men or boys, or groups of mixed gender; masculine plural et aliae - And others; used of women or ...
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2answers
126 views

Is the pro in processor Latin or Greek? [closed]

I want to describe single processor and many processor systems, and it seems like "uniprocessor" and "multiprocessor" are the accepted terms. However the "pro" in process looks Greek to me, which ...
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3answers
1k views

Is “acediast” too rarefied to be acceptable in literature? [closed]

I'm editing a manuscript where the word "acediast" appears a perfect fit, but Merriam-Webster is the only online dictionary I can find that lists it as a word, with the exception of a few scrabble ...
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1answer
1k views

Why do some ---ify verbs have a different noun ending?

The following verbs follow a pattern as to their associated noun: rectify / rectification amplify / amplification exemplify / exemplification sanctify / sanctification clarify / clarification ...
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2answers
1k views

Plural form of i.e [closed]

What is the plural form of i.e. (that is)? Is it that the same i.e. is also used in its plural form? But I have not yet come across such usage. Thanks.
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3answers
310 views

Is the '- etum' suffix exclusive to tree plantations?

I was familiar with the word 'arboretum', a plantation of trees for ornamental or scientific purposes, but not with 'pinetum' which I heard for the first time yesterday. Then I discovered 'coniferetum'...
2
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3answers
2k views

A Latin word that is like the word “trinity” but for “five fold” or “five as one”

I read that the word "trinity", a Latin based word, literally translates as "three fold" or more specifically "three as one". That being the case, what Latin based word would I use to express, "five ...
0
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1answer
530 views

How to pronounce eu in a latin word?

How should I pronounce the latin name Sporosarcina pasteurii? According to Pronunciation of Biological Latin : "Latin biological names in English speech are usually pronounced with English letter ...
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1answer
1k views

How are plural forms like “status” pronounced?

The question What is the plural form of "status"? caused me to think about how plural forms like "status" are pronounced. There seems to be some variation, and I had a hard time finding out ...
2
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2answers
108 views

Analogous versus analogue: why the extra “o” after the “g”?

Why does the word analogous have an extra letter o after the g in comparison to the word analogue? How is their origin related to one another? According to The American Heritage Dictionary of the ...
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3answers
723 views

What comes after (Primary,unary),(secondary,binary),(tertiary,ternary),…?

I was curious to know what comes after: Primary, secondary, tertiary, ... This Oxford website says it is "quartenary, quinary, ..." But they are already taken! Unary, binary, ternary, ...
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2answers
890 views

The history of the English “postmeridian”

There's a question on English Language Learners that's been making the rounds recently, it's been on the Hot Network Questions list since January 5 this year and has attracted something like 36,000 ...
46
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1answer
4k views

What is the binary equivalent to “decimal” and “decimal point”?

I've been working with numbers in fractional form (e.g. 1/2) and written out (e.g. 0.5). However, the numbers are in binary and I do not know what to call the dot between the zero and five in the ...
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1answer
341 views

Can one use two names with `et al.`?

It is well known that "Green et al." can be used to refer to the authors of a paper. Assuming that the number of authors is greater than three, can one use "Green, Grey et al." to explicitly list two ...