Questions tagged [subordinate-clauses]

a clause that forms part of a main clause, and is dependent on that clause

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'They told me that I will/would not be employed from Monday.' Which is correct?

Consider the case where I am talking (about my being dismissed) on the previous Thursday. My work will stop at a time still in the future and it appears that 'will' can be used. But by a rule I have ...
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2answers
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Verb placement in dependent clause

Is this good grammar? I think we all deserve to know what actually happened and what are our chances of getting our funds back. My inner grammarian says that "are" should follow the ...
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Tense in the object clause

I found it is more effective in narrowing the gap between the rich and poor. In this sentence that I wrote, does the "is" in the subordinate clause have to agree with the “found” in the ...
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Proper formulation of "contribute to" in subordinate sentence

I am writing a text about our project (say Project A), and I want to say that something which I am talking about (the three dots below), was motivated by requirements of project X, which I didn't talk ...
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56 views

Subordinate clauses headed by "With"

There are some subordinate clauses headed by with. For example: A company can adopt a standardized approach or an internal models approach, with the former generally leading to much higher capital ...
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What is the reason for skipping the preposition "on"? [duplicate]

In Goggle Ngram Viewer I found these sentences: How are you enabled to say it was Monday that you saw him? It was Monday that I was sworn as a witness. It was on Monday that he called at my house. ...
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Commas with "then"

I can't figure out when I should/shouldn't put a comma before "then" Pro Writing Aid says that "then" has started to replace "and then." I went to bed, [and] then I ...
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Need help parsing "Everything I moved here to get away from"

I was just watching Homeland and the main character, Carrie, referred to her old life as "everything [she] moved here to get away from". I understood what she meant but had to pause the ...
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What is an example of "where" in an adverb clause?

All the sentences I can think of are anything but an adverb clause. For example: "Where I'm going is none of your business." (A noun clause as the subject) "No one knows where he is.&...
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1answer
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Prepostions followed by that-clauses

It’s commonly said that prepositions take declarative clauses without that. However: The apartment is nice except that the rent is too high. You can't always count on it that someone will help. It ...
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The "as done by/ through" construction confused me a lot

All these sentences with "as done..." format have been confused me because why not just omitted "as" in these sentences? Mr. Miller has said he does not support a mandated federal ...
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2answers
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What is the direct object of "I imagined" in the context "as I imagined would be the case"? (i.e. I imagined what?)

In my previous question Is the phrase “as I imagined would be the case” grammatically correct and why?, someone referenced this other question: Where is the subject in "as was traditional for ...
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In the sentence, "I want an air-freshener because I can't stand bad smells", why is the because-clause a subordinate clause? [duplicate]

I want an air-freshener because I can't stand bad smells. Here, isn't 'I can't stand bad smells' a coordinate clause? It is complete in itself, right? It's only after adding 'because' that the ...
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Do 'it' and 'there' refer to the correct parts of this sentence?

In the following sentence, the 'it' in the bold part should refer to Acid Grassland and the 'there' should refer to the 'roughs' (rough areas on a golf course). "Frighteningly, some of the ...
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Tenses in dependent clauses with conditionals

From wikipedia: Apart from the special cases referred to in the sections above, many other dependent clauses use a tense that might not logically be expected – in particular the present tense is used ...
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What does "not XXX in the sense that YYY does not ZZZ" mean?

This could be a weird example, but consider the following statement: "She is not cute in the sense of being a cat." Which of the following should this sentence be understood as? "...
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scope of subordinate clauses

I have a complex sentence with multiple subordinate clauses: Can one subordinate clause encapsulate another or is each subordinate clause equal and independent to each other: I will go running when it ...
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In the sentence "I must decide which English course to take," is "which English course to take" a noun clause?

I am hesitating to call it a noun clause because there is no conjugated verb (only the verbal "to take"). I am thinking that "which English course to take" is actually an ...
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Ambiguous preposition of time

I am learning English, and would like to know if this sentence means A or B: I knew that you went there yesterday. A. You went there, and I knew it yesterday. B. You went there yesterday, and I knew ...
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Is there a name for this type of sentence that put together clauses?

I often hear this type of sentence that put together some clauses. Maybe because I was running towards you, waving my arms yelling “Don’t do that”. DC Police found you naked lying in Lincoln’s ...
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Why is “but koalas are lighter” a subordinate clause in this sentence?

This is exactly how the sentence is presented: If you ask me, pandas are far cuter than koalas but koalas are lighter. So I was required to split this into its clauses, and categorise them. “If you ...
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Ending a sentence with verb and adjective

What's the term for a sentence that ends with a verb and adjective like the example below? Note that I'm not trying to modify the verb, which would necessitate an adverb, but the subject. Is this a ...
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Should I use subjunctive or indicative mood after "makes it possible that"?

I am editing a text in analytical philosophy, and I came across the following sentence: Such a mechanism for a term’s designation makes it possible that the idea designated by the term be distinct ...
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2answers
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Verb tense consistency in a sentence [closed]

I learned that we do not shift tenses between sentences unless there is a time change that must be shown. I have two examples below that I'm not sure whether they're grammatically correct or not. I ...
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2answers
119 views

Subordinate clause types/functions

In the sentences: She begged him [not to leave her]. The colonel commanded his men [to charge]. How can we encourage a baby [to use that toy properly]? Are the to-clauses subordinate – and if so, ...
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Cleft sentences (main and subordinate clauses analysis)

It was because you are clever that I married you. It was learning French that I found tiring. What are the subordinate/main clauses. I am having really hard time analyzing the sentences above.
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Can we ever use "that" and "who" right next to each other?

I’ve learned that we can use that to provide more information for abstract nouns, such as problem, belief, etc. I don’t quite understand what that means, though, so let me try it out. For example, ...
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"I did not go out because it was raining"—how could one disambiguate this sentence? [closed]

"I did not go out because it was raining" is ambiguous, with at least two interpretations. It could simply mean I did not go out because it was raining (and, therefore, a bad time to head ...
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Comma before nonessential clause ending a sentence

Is it correct to place a comma before a nonessential relative clause ending a sentence? For example I met Katherine Jankowski, who is a world-renowned engineer. Is the comma here correct? I have ...
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How to understand the ingredient of this sentence?

I saw this sentence from the internet, The input to this transformer should be an array-like of integers or strings, denoting the values taken on by categorical (discrete) features I can not ...
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1answer
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“Based on” X, we can say Y?

Based on the evidence available, I’m not sure I can conclude anything. We often say that X is based on Y to mean X is grounded in, or adapted from, Y. But can we use it as above as if it were a sort ...
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2answers
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What does this sentence actually mean?

I have encountered this sentence in an editing assignment Many patients continue to have pain and limited function and require some other forms of treatment. I was wondering if this is equivalent to ...
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Comma preceding subordinate clause in the middle of independent clause

I have a case of nested subordinate clauses that are, in addition, separated by a modifying adverb (namely) to help structure the sentence: Note that we adopt the same stance as [authors] concerning [...
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Can you embed a main clause, or does it always have to be subordinate?

Like in the following example: Some of you may not have heard of Dr Watkins, but he is an expert in psychology from the University of Oxford, and he said that “...” Or should the comma before ‘and he ...
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Using an present-participle verb as conjunction?

Seeking feedback on the validity of this sentence, which tries to use the present-participle "helping" as a kind of conjunction: (company name) is the best marketing platform helping teams ...
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1answer
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Does it matter whether as goes at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence?

As Sam only watched TV all day, he got low marks on the test. Tom got high marks on the test as he studied English a lot. Apparently, one of these sentences has 'as' in the wrong position. Both ...
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2answers
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How do I understand the syntax of “He puts to good use things other people have thrown away”?

He puts to good use things other people have thrown away. I have only seen “put something to good use”,but I haven’t ever seen this pattern that is used here, which is more complicated. Is “he put to ...
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the tense of the verb in a subordinate clause

Q1. "He graduated from Havard last year. he majored in philosophy. And yesterday, Sarah told me that he (had also majored/ also majored) sociology." Can I also use 'also majored' instead of '...
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Changing clause of condition to absolute phrase and participle w

1a. When I have money I will buy a car. 2a. If my parents allow I'll go abroad. Can these sentence be changed into a absolute participle phrase? For example 1b. Having money, I'll buy a car. 2b. ...
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Finding a verb analogous to 'analyse' (US 'analyze') requiring complementiser

I'm proofreading an academic paper and have come across the following: "This process, as Smith analyses, is a way to reflect on..." Intuitively I'd prefer "This process, as Smith ...
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1answer
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asyndeton in speech

If I said, "This business deal will be a success a victory a triumph if we are able to secure the contract." Is it clear that the "if" clause applies to "This business deal ...
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1answer
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Is a non-restrictive relative clause a subordinate clause?

a. The mayor, who lives in this house, has not been seen for days. This is a non-restrictive relative clause, since it provides supplementary information about the mayor, but is not essential to the ...
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Movement of participle clauses [closed]

Consider this sentence of mine, please: John is an American dancer and choreographer, specializing in contemporary dance. Are 2) and 3) below grammatical? Specializing in contemporary dance, John ...
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identifying the type of clause [closed]

Consider this sentence, please: That was my first time driving a car. What type of clause is "driving a car"? Is it a reduced relative clause, gerund clause, or an adverbial participle ...
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Use of 'would' for evidentiality in American English

In American English, "would" is used more often than in British English. It seems that one reason is using 'would' for evidential use in American English. especially for indirect ...
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1answer
166 views

Tense Inconsistency (Past Simple and Present Perfect) or wrong Sequence of Tenses (Present tense follows Past tense)?

In the following sentence, the Present Perfect in the second clause sounds a little off to me, yet I cannot put my finger on WHY that is. During this time (Subord. Clause 1), I was able to gain/ I ...
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1answer
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use of "for which"

is the use of "for which" correct in the following sentence? Thanks One day the sales team informed us that they are going to send 10 input files for which we will use to run some ...
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adverbial clause acting as adjective

Consider these sentences, please: 1) Imagine Robert Redford when he was a child - that's what John looks like. 2) Imagine Robert Redford as a child - that's what John looks like. Question 1: Can I say ...
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How do you decide which clause is "independent" and which clause is "dependent"/"subordinate"?

Consider the following sentence: "My bother felt sick because he ate too many chocolates" Feel free to correct me if I'm wrong, but the word "because" is a conjunction. I have ...
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Is conjunction reduction possible within an if's compound apodosis?

I have the following sentence: If the researcher knew the mechanism, any feature of the population would be known, any (causal) relationships in the population would be completely traceable, and ...

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