Questions tagged [subordinate-clauses]

a clause that forms part of a main clause, and is dependent on that clause

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"Because", "as", et cetera; conjunctions or prepositions?

Below is an excerpt from The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (chapter 8, adjuncts). I always thought that these words (because, as, et cetera) in this context (complex sentence, joining ...
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Which is the main clause and which the subclause in "as ... so ..." sentences?

In As their wares moved eastwards along their trade routes, so did their culture. Is the main clause: so did their culture as their wares moved eastwards along their trade routes their wares moved ...
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Preferred conjunction for integrated clause (e.g. "and one that" versus "and one which")

Consider the following two sentences: Today I ate a very tasty lunch, and one that was also quite healthy. Today I ate a very tasty lunch, and one which was also quite healthy. The subordinate ...
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to-infinitival subordinate clause [closed]

saw a sentence in the class's slide: "Missy began to think when will he arrive." I think "to think when will he arrive" and "when will he arrive" are two subordinate ...
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Grammatical Structure of Complex Sentence

The Sentence in Question The legal “theories” of democracy that evolved in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were precisely intended to provide such definitions as would link certain actual or ...
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for/and/so: Are all three of those conjunctions equally acceptable in this situation?

I’m trying to connect two different clauses, each with its own subject and tensed verb, but I don’t know when to use one conjunction instead of another to do so. To summarize, I know that: And = ...
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Is this an adjective phrase or an adverbial phrase?

“The grocery store where I always shop went out of business.” This source - https://www.masterclass.com/articles/subordinate-clause-explained - identifies "where I always shop" as an example ...
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A semicolon or something else?

In Forrest Gump, Forrest says: "I couldn't tell where heaven stopped, and the earth began; it was so beautiful.” What is the grammar after 'began'? Does a comma or semi-colon indicate a break ...
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When can an embedded interrogative clause exhibit Subject-Auxiliary Inversion?

I found in a comic book an interesting example of an embedded interrogative that had Subject-Auxiliary Inversion (SAI): I'm not too sure what exactly is it that you're asking. Is this Standard English ...
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What sentence type is this sentence below

Yes, that might be all right. Is this considered a simple or complex sentence? "that might be all right" acts as the subordinate clause and "Yes" can't be an independent clause ...
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Practicing sentence structure exercises. Did I handle the verbal phrase correctly?

I'm a writer who was never really taught all that soundly the formal aspects of parts of speech. Basic public school education. Was an English major, but we focused on the act of writing moreso than ...
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A main clause that doesn't follow from a subordinate clause [closed]

Because it's raining outside, I'm wearing orange socks today. What is the term for this kind of sentence? Closest I can find is non sequitur? Furthermore, do the below concepts have names? A ...
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Can I use more than one tense of auxiliary/helping verb with a single main verb? [duplicate]

The sentence in question specifically is this: Every human being who has or will ever exist has exactly two parents. What is going on with the tenses here? My gut tells me to clarify like this: ...
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Present subordinate clause using "when" followed by a main clause in the past

Recently, I've listened to this version (on YouTube) of Led Zeppelin's song When the Levee Breaks. In this part of the song this guy sings "when the levee breaks, I had no place to stay", ...
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it is not inappropriate that risks be taken

Many outdoor experiences involve risk but that does not mean it is inappropriate that risks be taken, the report says. (Source: Stuff, a New Zealand news media website) I'm curious about the use of ...
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Wh- Clauses (Types?)

Is it a certain type of wh- clause that ends in a verb? "I know how tall he is." "This shows what a disaster it was." That has this order of Pred-S-Cop?
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Is a main clause containing subordination canonical or non-canonical?

According to Huddleston and Pullum's A Student's Introduction to English Grammar, canonical clauses are: those which are syntactically the most basic or elementary. They mark subordinate clauses, ...
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What is the correct structure to use in a sentence containing 'once' as the subordinate conjunction? [closed]

In a sentence containing a conjunction, what are the correct verb forms to be used in the two clauses? For example: I would also suggest that once all these items are established, they must be added ...
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'They told me that I will/would not be employed from Monday.' Which is correct?

Consider the case where I am talking (about my being dismissed) on the previous Thursday. My work will stop at a time still in the future and it appears that 'will' can be used. But by a rule I have ...
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Verb placement in dependent clause

Is this good grammar? I think we all deserve to know what actually happened and what are our chances of getting our funds back. My inner grammarian says that "are" should follow the ...
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Tense in the object clause

I found it is more effective in narrowing the gap between the rich and poor. In this sentence that I wrote, does the "is" in the subordinate clause have to agree with the “found” in the ...
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Is the usage of ‘that’ in “I miss the day that I was trouble-free” ok, or must it use ‘when’?

In this sentence: I miss the days that I was trouble-free. I know it would be correct if that were replaced by when, but would that also be correct here? Also, I have this faint feeling that there ...
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Proper formulation of "contribute to" in subordinate sentence

I am writing a text about our project (say Project A), and I want to say that something which I am talking about (the three dots below), was motivated by requirements of project X, which I didn't talk ...
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Subordinate clauses headed by "With"

There are some subordinate clauses headed by with. For example: A company can adopt a standardized approach or an internal models approach, with the former generally leading to much higher capital ...
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What is the reason for skipping the preposition "on"? [duplicate]

In Goggle Ngram Viewer I found these sentences: How are you enabled to say it was Monday that you saw him? It was Monday that I was sworn as a witness. It was on Monday that he called at my house. ...
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Commas with "then"

I can't figure out when I should/shouldn't put a comma before "then" Pro Writing Aid says that "then" has started to replace "and then." I went to bed, [and] then I ...
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Need help parsing "Everything I moved here to get away from"

I was just watching Homeland and the main character, Carrie, referred to her old life as "everything [she] moved here to get away from". I understood what she meant but had to pause the ...
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What is an example of "where" in an adverb clause?

All the sentences I can think of are anything but an adverb clause. For example: "Where I'm going is none of your business." (A noun clause as the subject) "No one knows where he is.&...
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Prepostions followed by that-clauses

It’s commonly said that prepositions take declarative clauses without that. However: The apartment is nice except that the rent is too high. You can't always count on it that someone will help. It ...
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The "as done by/ through" construction confused me a lot

All these sentences with "as done..." format have been confused me because why not just omitted "as" in these sentences? Mr. Miller has said he does not support a mandated federal ...
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What is the direct object of "I imagined" in the context "as I imagined would be the case"? (i.e. I imagined what?)

In my previous question Is the phrase “as I imagined would be the case” grammatically correct and why?, someone referenced this other question: Where is the subject in "as was traditional for ...
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In the sentence, "I want an air-freshener because I can't stand bad smells", why is the because-clause a subordinate clause? [duplicate]

I want an air-freshener because I can't stand bad smells. Here, isn't 'I can't stand bad smells' a coordinate clause? It is complete in itself, right? It's only after adding 'because' that the ...
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Do 'it' and 'there' refer to the correct parts of this sentence?

In the following sentence, the 'it' in the bold part should refer to Acid Grassland and the 'there' should refer to the 'roughs' (rough areas on a golf course). "Frighteningly, some of the ...
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Tenses in dependent clauses with conditionals

From wikipedia: Apart from the special cases referred to in the sections above, many other dependent clauses use a tense that might not logically be expected – in particular the present tense is used ...
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What does "not XXX in the sense that YYY does not ZZZ" mean?

This could be a weird example, but consider the following statement: "She is not cute in the sense of being a cat." Which of the following should this sentence be understood as? "...
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scope of subordinate clauses

I have a complex sentence with multiple subordinate clauses: Can one subordinate clause encapsulate another or is each subordinate clause equal and independent to each other: I will go running when it ...
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In the sentence "I must decide which English course to take," is "which English course to take" a noun clause?

I am hesitating to call it a noun clause because there is no conjugated verb (only the verbal "to take"). I am thinking that "which English course to take" is actually an ...
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Ambiguous preposition of time

I am learning English, and would like to know if this sentence means A or B: I knew that you went there yesterday. A. You went there, and I knew it yesterday. B. You went there yesterday, and I knew ...
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Is there a name for this type of sentence that put together clauses?

I often hear this type of sentence that put together some clauses. Maybe because I was running towards you, waving my arms yelling “Don’t do that”. DC Police found you naked lying in Lincoln’s ...
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Why is “but koalas are lighter” a subordinate clause in this sentence?

This is exactly how the sentence is presented: If you ask me, pandas are far cuter than koalas but koalas are lighter. So I was required to split this into its clauses, and categorise them. “If you ...
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Ending a sentence with verb and adjective

What's the term for a sentence that ends with a verb and adjective like the example below? Note that I'm not trying to modify the verb, which would necessitate an adverb, but the subject. Is this a ...
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Should I use subjunctive or indicative mood after "makes it possible that"?

I am editing a text in analytical philosophy, and I came across the following sentence: Such a mechanism for a term’s designation makes it possible that the idea designated by the term be distinct ...
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Verb tense consistency in a sentence [closed]

I learned that we do not shift tenses between sentences unless there is a time change that must be shown. I have two examples below that I'm not sure whether they're grammatically correct or not. I ...
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Subordinate clause types/functions

In the sentences: She begged him [not to leave her]. The colonel commanded his men [to charge]. How can we encourage a baby [to use that toy properly]? Are the to-clauses subordinate – and if so, ...
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Cleft sentences (main and subordinate clauses analysis)

It was because you are clever that I married you. It was learning French that I found tiring. What are the subordinate/main clauses. I am having really hard time analyzing the sentences above.
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Can we ever use "that" and "who" right next to each other?

I’ve learned that we can use that to provide more information for abstract nouns, such as problem, belief, etc. I don’t quite understand what that means, though, so let me try it out. For example, ...
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"I did not go out because it was raining"—how could one disambiguate this sentence? [closed]

"I did not go out because it was raining" is ambiguous, with at least two interpretations. It could simply mean I did not go out because it was raining (and, therefore, a bad time to head ...
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Comma before nonessential clause ending a sentence

Is it correct to place a comma before a nonessential relative clause ending a sentence? For example I met Katherine Jankowski, who is a world-renowned engineer. Is the comma here correct? I have ...
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How to understand the ingredient of this sentence?

I saw this sentence from the internet, The input to this transformer should be an array-like of integers or strings, denoting the values taken on by categorical (discrete) features I can not ...
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“Based on” X, we can say Y?

Based on the evidence available, I’m not sure I can conclude anything. We often say that X is based on Y to mean X is grounded in, or adapted from, Y. But can we use it as above as if it were a sort ...

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