Questions tagged [subordinate-clauses]

a clause that forms part of a main clause, and is dependent on that clause

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Isn't it wrong to say “dependent clauses can't stand alone”? [migrated]

Everyone says "dependent clauses are the ones that can't stand alone." I think that's a wrong interpretation of subordinate clauses. By that logic, even independent clauses can't stand alone....
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What is the direct object of “I imagined” in the context “as I imagined would be the case”? (i.e. I imagined what?)

In my previous question Is the phrase “as I imagined would be the case” grammatically correct and why?, someone referenced this other question: Where is the subject in "as was traditional for ...
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In the sentence, “I want an air-freshener because I can't stand bad smells”, why is the because-clause a subordinate clause? [duplicate]

I want an air-freshener because I can't stand bad smells. Here, isn't 'I can't stand bad smells' a coordinate clause? It is complete in itself, right? It's only after adding 'because' that the ...
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Which cleft sentence is correct and grammatical? [closed]

What is correct? It's London that I live. It's London that I live in. It's in London where I live. It's London where I live. These sentences seem to be cleft sentences, and I did a thorough ...
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Subordinate clause with “would” + present perfect

Is the following sentence correct, in particular, is the subordinate clause correct? You will visit places you would otherwise have never visited? If it is wrong, how would you say it then? If it is ...
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Supplementation vs. Subordination

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 1359) has this sentence as an example of supplementation: (1) Too afraid to venture out, Kim stayed barricaded in the house all week. Where the ...
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53 views

Do 'it' and 'there' refer to the correct parts of this sentence?

In the following sentence, the 'it' in the bold part should refer to Acid Grassland and the 'there' should refer to the 'roughs' (rough areas on a golf course). "Frighteningly, some of the ...
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Tenses in dependent clauses with conditionals

From wikipedia: Apart from the special cases referred to in the sections above, many other dependent clauses use a tense that might not logically be expected – in particular the present tense is used ...
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101 views

What does “not XXX in the sense of it does not XXX” mean?

This could be a weird example, but consider the following statement: "She is not cute in the sense of being a cat." Which of the following should this sentence be understood as? "...
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scope of subordinate clauses

I have a complex sentence with multiple subordinate clauses: Can one subordinate clause encapsulate another or is each subordinate clause equal and independent to each other: I will go running when it ...
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38 views

In the sentence “I must decide which English course to take,” is “which English course to take” a noun clause?

I am hesitating to call it a noun clause because there is no conjugated verb (only the verbal "to take"). I am thinking that "which English course to take" is actually an ...
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Ambiguous preposition of time

I am learning English, and would like to know if this sentence means A or B: I knew that you went there yesterday. A. You went there, and I knew it yesterday. B. You went there yesterday, and I knew ...
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Is there a name for this type of sentence that put together clauses?

I often hear this type of sentence that put together some clauses. Maybe because I was running towards you, waving my arms yelling “Don’t do that”. DC Police found you naked lying in Lincoln’s ...
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Why is “but koalas are lighter” a subordinate clause in this sentence?

This is exactly how the sentence is presented: If you ask me, pandas are far cuter than koalas but koalas are lighter. So I was required to split this into its clauses, and categorise them. “If you ...
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Ending a sentence with verb and adjective

What's the term for a sentence that ends with a verb and adjective like the example below? Note that I'm not trying to modify the verb, which would necessitate an adverb, but the subject. Is this a ...
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Should I use subjunctive or indicative mood after “makes it possible that”?

I am editing a text in analytical philosophy, and I came across the following sentence: Such a mechanism for a term’s designation makes it possible that the idea designated by the term be distinct ...
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Verb tense consistency in a sentence [closed]

I learned that we do not shift tenses between sentences unless there is a time change that must be shown. I have two examples below that I'm not sure whether they're grammatically correct or not. I ...
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Subordinate clause types/functions

In the sentences: She begged him [not to leave her]. The colonel commanded his men [to charge]. How can we encourage a baby [to use that toy properly]? Are the to-clauses subordinate – and if so, ...
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Cleft sentences (main and subordinate clauses analysis)

It was because you are clever that I married you. It was learning French that I found tiring. What are the subordinate/main clauses. I am having really hard time analyzing the sentences above.
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Can we ever use “that” and “who” right next to each other?

I’ve learned that we can use that to provide more information for abstract nouns, such as problem, belief, etc. I don’t quite understand what that means, though, so let me try it out. For example, ...
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“I did not go out because it was raining”—how could one disambiguate this sentence? [closed]

"I did not go out because it was raining" is ambiguous, with at least two interpretations. It could simply mean I did not go out because it was raining (and, therefore, a bad time to head ...
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Comma before nonessential clause ending a sentence

Is it correct to place a comma before a nonessential relative clause ending a sentence? For example I met Katherine Jankowski, who is a world-renowned engineer. Is the comma here correct? I have ...
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How to understand the ingredient of this sentence?

I saw this sentence from the internet, The input to this transformer should be an array-like of integers or strings, denoting the values taken on by categorical (discrete) features I can not ...
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“Based on” X, we can say Y?

Based on the evidence available, I’m not sure I can conclude anything. We often say that X is based on Y to mean X is grounded in, or adapted from, Y. But can we use it as above as if it were a sort ...
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What does this sentence actually mean?

I have encountered this sentence in an editing assignment Many patients continue to have pain and limited function and require some other forms of treatment. I was wondering if this is equivalent to ...
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Comma preceding subordinate clause in the middle of independent clause

I have a case of nested subordinate clauses that are, in addition, separated by a modifying adverb (namely) to help structure the sentence: Note that we adopt the same stance as [authors] concerning [...
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It is him who did it that we should blame

The sentence reads weird. I want to emphasis that it is him we should blame, not me, not you, not anyone else, so I write the sentence like It is him that we should blame. It looks OK to me. But now ...
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In a novel, should a subordinate clause use present tense while the main clause is past?

Provided this is correct: The general rule is to match the tense of a subordinate clause with the tense of the main clause. E.g. He vacuumed while I washed the dishes. However, a subordinate clause ...
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Can you embed a main clause, or does it always have to be subordinate?

Like in the following example: Some of you may not have heard of Dr Watkins, but he is an expert in psychology from the University of Oxford, and he said that “...” Or should the comma before ‘and he ...
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Using an present-participle verb as conjunction?

Seeking feedback on the validity of this sentence, which tries to use the present-participle "helping" as a kind of conjunction: (company name) is the best marketing platform helping teams ...
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1answer
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Does it matter whether as goes at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence?

As Sam only watched TV all day, he got low marks on the test. Tom got high marks on the test as he studied English a lot. Apparently, one of these sentences has 'as' in the wrong position. Both ...
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How do I understand the syntax of “He puts to good use things other people have thrown away”?

He puts to good use things other people have thrown away. I have only seen “put something to good use”,but I haven’t ever seen this pattern that is used here, which is more complicated. Is “he put to ...
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the tense of the verb in a subordinate clause

Q1. "He graduated from Havard last year. he majored in philosophy. And yesterday, Sarah told me that he (had also majored/ also majored) sociology." Can I also use 'also majored' instead of '...
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Changing clause of condition to absolute phrase and participle w

1a. When I have money I will buy a car. 2a. If my parents allow I'll go abroad. Can these sentence be changed into a absolute participle phrase? For example 1b. Having money, I'll buy a car. 2b. ...
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64 views

Finding a verb analogous to 'analyse' (US 'analyze') requiring complementiser

I'm proofreading an academic paper and have come across the following: "This process, as Smith analyses, is a way to reflect on..." Intuitively I'd prefer "This process, as Smith ...
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asyndeton in speech

If I said, "This business deal will be a success a victory a triumph if we are able to secure the contract." Is it clear that the "if" clause applies to "This business deal ...
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Is a non-restrictive relative clause a subordinate clause?

a. The mayor, who lives in this house, has not been seen for days. This is a non-restrictive relative clause, since it provides supplementary information about the mayor, but is not essential to the ...
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Movement of participle clauses [closed]

Consider this sentence of mine, please: John is an American dancer and choreographer, specializing in contemporary dance. Are 2) and 3) below grammatical? Specializing in contemporary dance, John ...
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identifying the type of clause [closed]

Consider this sentence, please: That was my first time driving a car. What type of clause is "driving a car"? Is it a reduced relative clause, gerund clause, or an adverbial participle ...
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Use of 'would' for evidentiality in American English

In American English, "would" is used more often than in British English. It seems that one reason is using 'would' for evidential use in American English. especially for indirect ...
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Tense Inconsistency (Past Simple and Present Perfect) or wrong Sequence of Tenses (Present tense follows Past tense)?

In the following sentence, the Present Perfect in the second clause sounds a little off to me, yet I cannot put my finger on WHY that is. During this time (Subord. Clause 1), I was able to gain/ I ...
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use of “for which”

is the use of "for which" correct in the following sentence? Thanks One day the sales team informed us that they are going to send 10 input files for which we will use to run some ...
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adverbial clause acting as adjective

Consider these sentences, please: 1) Imagine Robert Redford when he was a child - that's what John looks like. 2) Imagine Robert Redford as a child - that's what John looks like. Question 1: Can I say ...
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Difference between dependent clause, comma splice, adverbial clause?

For example in this sentence: Brett reads a massive textbook, scribbling notes at his desk. The second park, scribbling notes at his desk, has to be some sort of dependent clause because it can't ...
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How do you decide which clause is “independent” and which clause is “dependent”/“subordinate”?

Consider the following sentence: "My bother felt sick because he ate too many chocolates" Feel free to correct me if I'm wrong, but the word "because" is a conjunction. I have ...
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“For all that” as subordinating conjunction?

In the sentence, “For all that they complain, they do nothing,” is the phrase “for all that” a subordinating conjunction akin to “notwithstanding”? Also, can “that” be omitted with no loss in meaning ...
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Is conjunction reduction possible within an if's compound apodosis?

I have the following sentence: If the researcher knew the mechanism, any feature of the population would be known, any (causal) relationships in the population would be completely traceable, and ...
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Is the Latter Clause of an Action Simile Attributed to the Subject or Object Acted Upon?

In other (hopefully more graceful) words, are both of the following lines valid? "A smiling Freddy flung the slimy papaya around like a wet rag." "A smiling Freddy flung the slimy papaya around like ...
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Interjection between subordinate and main clauses

I have a question about this modest sentence for which I have no context except that it came to me. Then I wondered about its grammaticality. Because it wasn’t my job—I didn’t work there—I left. ...
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Noun clause (as an object )

In this sentence Do you know if she's coming ? We ve 2 subjects (you and she ) 2 verbs ( know and coming ) And noun clause (as an object ) ( if she's is coming ) What is the second object in the ...

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