Questions tagged [subordinate-clauses]

a clause that forms part of a main clause, and is dependent on that clause

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2answers
38 views

Cleft sentences (main and subordinate clauses analysis)

It was because you are clever that I married you. It was learning French that I found tiring. What are the subordinate/main clauses. I am having really hard time analyzing the sentences above.
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Trouble changing a complex sentence into a simple sentence [migrated]

How do I change this complex sentence into a simple sentence? He knows that time once gone is gone forever.
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Wait until something happens before we take action [migrated]

I have been thinking about this sentence structure for a while now, and I always wonder if it is correct whenever I use it. Let's wait until we get more information before we decide on the next steps....
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4answers
999 views

Can we ever use “that” and “who” right next to each other?

I’ve learned that we can use that to provide more information for abstract nouns, such as problem, belief, etc. I don’t quite understand what that means, though, so let me try it out. For example, ...
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3answers
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“I did not go out because it was raining”—how could one disambiguate this sentence? [closed]

"I did not go out because it was raining" is ambiguous, with at least two interpretations. It could simply mean I did not go out because it was raining (and, therefore, a bad time to head ...
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0answers
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Comma before nonessential clause ending a sentence

Is it correct to place a comma before a nonessential relative clause ending a sentence? For example I met Katherine Jankowski, who is a world-renowned engineer. Is the comma here correct? I have ...
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1answer
48 views

How to understand the ingredient of this sentence?

I saw this sentence from the internet, The input to this transformer should be an array-like of integers or strings, denoting the values taken on by categorical (discrete) features I can not ...
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1answer
38 views

“Based on” X, we can say Y?

Based on the evidence available, I’m not sure I can conclude anything. We often say that X is based on Y to mean X is grounded in, or adapted from, Y. But can we use it as above as if it were a sort ...
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2answers
38 views

What does this sentence actually mean?

I have encountered this sentence in an editing assignment Many patients continue to have pain and limited function and require some other forms of treatment. I was wondering if this is equivalent to ...
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1answer
39 views

Comma preceding subordinate clause in the middle of independent clause

I have a case of nested subordinate clauses that are, in addition, separated by a modifying adverb (namely) to help structure the sentence: Note that we adopt the same stance as [authors] concerning [...
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1answer
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It is him who did it that we should blame

The sentence reads weird. I want to emphasis that it is him we should blame, not me, not you, not anyone else, so I write the sentence like It is him that we should blame. It looks OK to me. But now ...
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In a novel, should a subordinate clause use present tense while the main clause is past?

Provided this is correct: The general rule is to match the tense of a subordinate clause with the tense of the main clause. E.g. He vacuumed while I washed the dishes. However, a subordinate clause ...
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2answers
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Can you embed a main clause, or does it always have to be subordinate?

Like in the following example: Some of you may not have heard of Dr Watkins, but he is an expert in psychology from the University of Oxford, and he said that “...” Or should the comma before ‘and he ...
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Using an present-participle verb as conjunction?

Seeking feedback on the validity of this sentence, which tries to use the present-participle "helping" as a kind of conjunction: (company name) is the best marketing platform helping teams ...
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1answer
33 views

Does it matter whether as goes at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence?

As Sam only watched TV all day, he got low marks on the test. Tom got high marks on the test as he studied English a lot. Apparently, one of these sentences has 'as' in the wrong position. Both ...
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2answers
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How do I understand the syntax of “He puts to good use things other people have thrown away”?

He puts to good use things other people have thrown away. I have only seen “put something to good use”,but I haven’t ever seen this pattern that is used here, which is more complicated. Is “he put to ...
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1answer
55 views

the tense of the verb in a subordinate clause

Q1. "He graduated from Havard last year. he majored in philosophy. And yesterday, Sarah told me that he (had also majored/ also majored) sociology." Can I also use 'also majored' instead of '...
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1answer
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Changing clause of condition to absolute phrase and participle w

1a. When I have money I will buy a car. 2a. If my parents allow I'll go abroad. Can these sentence be changed into a absolute participle phrase? For example 1b. Having money, I'll buy a car. 2b. ...
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1answer
52 views

Finding a verb analogous to 'analyse' (US 'analyze') requiring complementiser

I'm proofreading an academic paper and have come across the following: "This process, as Smith analyses, is a way to reflect on..." Intuitively I'd prefer "This process, as Smith ...
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1answer
50 views

asyndeton in speech

If I said, "This business deal will be a success a victory a triumph if we are able to secure the contract." Is it clear that the "if" clause applies to "This business deal ...
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1answer
68 views

Is a non-restrictive relative clause a subordinate clause?

a. The mayor, who lives in this house, has not been seen for days. This is a non-restrictive relative clause, since it provides supplementary information about the mayor, but is not essential to the ...
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0answers
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Movement of participle clauses

Consider this sentence of mine, please: John is an American dancer and choreographer, specializing in contemporary dance. Are 2) and 3) below grammatical? Specializing in contemporary dance, John ...
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76 views

identifying the type of clause

Consider this sentence, please: That was my first time driving a car. What type of clause is "driving a car"? Is it a reduced relative clause, gerund clause, or an adverbial participle ...
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Use of 'would' for evidentiality in American English

In American English, "would" is used more often than in British English. It seems that one reason is using 'would' for evidential use in American English. especially for indirect ...
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1answer
88 views

Tense Inconsistency (Past Simple and Present Perfect) or wrong Sequence of Tenses (Present tense follows Past tense)?

In the following sentence, the Present Perfect in the second clause sounds a little off to me, yet I cannot put my finger on WHY that is. During this time (Subord. Clause 1), I was able to gain/ I ...
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1answer
39 views

use of “for which”

is the use of "for which" correct in the following sentence? Thanks One day the sales team informed us that they are going to send 10 input files for which we will use to run some ...
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1answer
42 views

adverbial clause acting as adjective

Consider these sentences, please: 1) Imagine Robert Redford when he was a child - that's what John looks like. 2) Imagine Robert Redford as a child - that's what John looks like. Question 1: Can I say ...
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1answer
41 views

Difference between dependent clause, comma splice, adverbial clause?

For example in this sentence: Brett reads a massive textbook, scribbling notes at his desk. The second park, scribbling notes at his desk, has to be some sort of dependent clause because it can't ...
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4answers
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How do you decide which clause is “independent” and which clause is “dependent”/“subordinate”?

Consider the following sentence: "My bother felt sick because he ate too many chocolates" Feel free to correct me if I'm wrong, but the word "because" is a conjunction. I have ...
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1answer
33 views

“For all that” as subordinating conjunction?

In the sentence, “For all that they complain, they do nothing,” is the phrase “for all that” a subordinating conjunction akin to “notwithstanding”? Also, can “that” be omitted with no loss in meaning ...
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34 views

Is conjunction reduction possible within an if's compound apodosis?

I have the following sentence: If the researcher knew the mechanism, any feature of the population would be known, any (causal) relationships in the population would be completely traceable, and ...
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0answers
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Is the Latter Clause of an Action Simile Attributed to the Subject or Object Acted Upon?

In other (hopefully more graceful) words, are both of the following lines valid? "A smiling Freddy flung the slimy papaya around like a wet rag." "A smiling Freddy flung the slimy papaya around like ...
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Interjection between subordinate and main clauses

I have a question about this modest sentence for which I have no context except that it came to me. Then I wondered about its grammaticality. Because it wasn’t my job—I didn’t work there—I left. ...
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Noun clause (as an object )

In this sentence Do you know if she's coming ? We ve 2 subjects (you and she ) 2 verbs ( know and coming ) And noun clause (as an object ) ( if she's is coming ) What is the second object in the ...
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How : neither a relative pronoun nor a relative adverb

Relative pronoun : who, whom, whose, which, that Relative adverb : when, where, why Is "how" neither a relative pronoun nor a relative adverb? Is 'how' only a subordinating conjunction in a ...
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0answers
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Is it informal to omit the word “that” when it's optional?

I know there have been many questions about omitting "that" or not, but none of them addressed formality. I am writing a thesis in Romania and my supervisor gave me some feedback in which, among other ...
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1answer
32 views

Omission of subject in tensed clause

I know the subject can be omitted in untensed clauses. But I've encountered with the following: You spent more money than was intended to be spent. Here, 'than' seems to be functioning like a ...
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0answers
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“Fail though I did”

I have found the following sentence : Fail though I did, I would not abandon my goal. The adverbial clause "Fail though I did" (instead of, "Even though I failed") seems quite stylistic. But what'...
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2answers
142 views

Comma before “which” in the following sentence? [duplicate]

I can't seem to determine whether or not the second half of the sentence below is restrictive or non-restrictive and thus, whether or not a comma is needed? While it doesn't seem necessary, it does ...
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34 views

The present perfect in the main clause and in the subordinate clause

Share your view on this issue. I was exposed to the following concept: 1 He has had a bike in the last two months. (is wrong) Instead, it should be 1a He had a bike in the last two months. (is ...
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1answer
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Is there any 'for + NP + to-infinitive' where the NP is not the semantic subject of the infinitive?

In (a), for example, you is the semantic subject of apologize: a. I've been waiting for you to apologize. Is there any for + NP + to-infinitive where the NP is not the semantic subject of the ...
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Raised object vs. Subordinate subject (I didn't want Kim mistreating my cat)

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 1204) says: A crucial difference between gerund-participials and to-infinitivals is that a non-genitive NP can function as subject of the former ...
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1answer
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The Chauvet cave is unique because its preservation is unprecedented ? despite containing the oldest paintings ever discovered. Comma?

The Chauvet cave is unique because its preservation is unprecedented ? despite containing the oldest paintings ever discovered. Do I need a comma here?
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1answer
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Is my StackExchange-Description written correctly? [closed]

This is my profile-description of the StackExchange-Site: "Dösbaddel" is a (North-)German word for "Dummkopf" which probably means "fool" in English. Is it written properly or do I need to insert ...
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2answers
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Transformation of sentence beginning with As soon as into sentence beginning with Hardly…when

Consider this sentence: As soon as we reached the station, the train left. Now if I transform this into a sentence beginning with Hardly, then which of the following sentences is correct and why? ...
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1answer
66 views

noun clause or adjective clause?

I think these clauses are both noun clauses but I'm not sure . I have doubts that the first one might be an adjective clause. I don't agree with the idea that money makes happiness. (I think its a ...
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1answer
40 views

subordinate clause

I'm looking for a grammatical explanation for this clause Men tend to talk about fewer subjects, the most popular being work, and sport. In other words, we could say "..., among which, work and ...
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1answer
87 views

Adverbial clause or adjectival clause?

(When they are used properly), pyrethroids have been found to pose very little risk on human. What is the grammatical name and function of the expression in the bracket?
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2answers
153 views

Need help breaking down this sentence: “I took action to make my plan come to fruition.”

So far I have "to make my plan come to fruition" as a subordinate clause, but I'm having trouble defining its components. Is "come to fruition" modifying "plan"? How is the infinitive functioning here?...
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1answer
74 views

Comma before a subordinate clause

I was reading a book and stumbled on this sentence: It was closed, but the salesman said he would wait, if we hurried. I'm confused about the use of the comma preceding if we hurried. Why not ...

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