Questions tagged [terminology]

This tag is for questions seeking or discussing a term (or terms) belonging or peculiar to a science, art, or specialized subject (e.g. linguistics, mathematics, physics, biology, finance, theatre, music, philosophy, astronomy, medical, nautical etc.). Consider adding [single-word-requests] and [phrase-requests] tags also if relevant.

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Describe an event that will be held at a time other than its standard one

How to describe an event that is usually held in a specific time-frame but this time and based on the extraordinary conditions should be held at another time? Specifically, FIFA World Cup usually held ...
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What is the animal adjective relating to tegu lizards (salvatorine, tupinambine etc.)?

If I were to go on a "corvine extermination expedition," we would understand an intent to exterminate crows, of genus corvus. The invasive tegu lizards in Florida are subject to such ...
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What's the etymology for the term "resilvering" as used in computer file systems like hardware RAID, btrfs, ZFS, etc?

Hardware systems like traditional RAID, or modern software systems like ZFS, btrfs, etc. Are used for redundancy (and performance) of the storage of data. E.g. if you have 6 drives with ZFS, you can ...
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Looking for a slang term to describe the act of picking valuable minerals from mining tailings

Someone once saw me picking out cashews from a bowl of mixed nuts and said I was [forgotten slang verb here]. I asked what that verb meant and she explained that it was a slang term that miners used ...
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Less formal term for "dimensions" for something that can be measured in units

In scientific/engineering writing and calculations we use terms that are considered "dimensions" and for each "dimension" we have to have "units" when we describe them. ...
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Meaning of "engineer" as a hotel employee

During a short stay at a hotel in Manhattan, I had a problem with the sink drain getting clogged. I rang the reception and described the problem. They replied: "I will send an engineer up right ...
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What's a good categorical term for either Start or End? [closed]

I'm modeling something in software and I need to refer to either the start or the end of something, so I'm looking for a term that can refer to the category of those two things. As an example of an ...
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2 votes
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Term for inevitable outcome

Is there a term to concisely describe the following scenario and all similar like it: Let's say Bob and Alice are in a predicament and Bob wants to do a Thing that he and many others believe will ...
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"We could unload the boat faster by making a ___ line."

My old PE teacher had us do an activity where we had to pass items down a chain of students (balls, sandbags, etc). There is a word for it. A line of people used to move a lot of things quickly, like ...
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Word for when someone intentionally ignores someone's valid excuse from a punishment and then enforces that punishment anyway?

Is there a word (or legal term) for when someone (usually an authority figure) intentionally does not acknowledge a person's justification from an adverse action, then enforces that adverse action ...
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A proper computer term for a third level folder

In this example path c:\abc\def\ghi the def is a subfolder of c:\abc But is ghi also a subfolder of abc? Or would it be more correct to say that ghi is a recursive subfolder of abc? I know that the ...
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What is a formal word or term for forgetting what you were doing or saying while doing or saying it?

While running downstairs to do something important, I notice how sunny it is outside, and by the time I reach the bottom of the stairs I forget why I ran down the stairs in the first place! Or I’m in ...
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What is the word or term for forgetting what you’re doing while doing it [duplicate]

While running downstairs to do something important, I notice how sunny it is outside, and by the time I reach the bottom of the stairs I forget why I ran down the stairs in the first place! Or I’m in ...
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What is the word/phrase for what the end user of a computer sees and interacts with?

If you were to divide everything that makes up a computer and its software into what the average user interacts with, and everything else that works "behind the scenes", what would the "...
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What is the term for words such as Turkish, American, Canadian, Mexican, Polish, etc.?

Is there a word/term that relates to those? Usage examples of the words in the title: Turkish cuisine American passport Canadian insignia Mexican beadwork Polish calculator Use of this mystery word/...
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1 answer
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What do we call minimal pairs (words differ by only a single sound) that have similar meanings?

What is the term for minimal pairs that have minimal differences in sound as well as meaning? Per Wikipedia: In phonology, minimal pairs are pairs of words or phrases in a particular language, spoken ...
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Is "empowerment" condescending?

Many organizations claim that their mission is to empower a certain group of people. Common examples are women's empowerment, employee empowerment, healthcare patient empowerment. I work in a ...
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Thieves who rob dead bodies on the battlefield

There are plenty of synonyms in English for thieves. I'm looking for a word or expression that describes people who rob dead bodies on the battlefield. In the novel Les Misérables, by Hugo, Mr. ...
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What do you call a learning website that gives you specific instructions and you just have to follow them? Do you call them interactive websites?

I was self-learning Excel, and I stumbled upon a website that tells you what to do exactly in each step, which I thought was a very good approach to learning something. I wanted implement this for ...
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Is there an expression to describe a cover band that still has members of the original band?

I recently went to a show that was played by a Heart by Heart. It's a cover band that focus on playing Heart songs, but with the added appeal of having two of the original band's members: Steve Fossen ...
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1 answer
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Word to group some interrelated computer programs [closed]

I am looking for a word to group some interrelated computer programs, to name my github repository The group includes (or github repo) these programs: dwm — a window manager for unix like operating ...
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What is the symbol connecting the letters "c" and "t" called, and when did it go out of style?

I have become so used to the long 's' that I read it as quickly as if they were the standard short 's', but it took me awhile to stop seeing them as 'f's. Luckily the "ct" connection thing ...
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Is there a name for (the shape of) linking two hands by gripping wrists?

Is there a term for this form of holding hands in which each person grips the other's wrist, as might be used to form a strong link in a kid's game like Red Rover or in an action movie after catching ...
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Is there a word for publishing old news online?

I wonder if there's a term or a word that describes the publishing of old/historic news from the archive to online in whatever way - for example, typing an article manually.
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What is Anterhise?

In the pirate song by Henry Every, there are the lines: Then away from this Climate and temperate Zone, To one that's more torrid, you'll hear I am gone, With an hundred and fifty brave Sparks of ...
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Is there a term for when in Indian English stress is placed on the word "the" before a noun?

I often hear speakers of Indian English place stress-accent on the word "the", with a pause before finishing a sentence with a noun. There's a raised pitch and stress on the word "the&...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is the X called in the "X:Y" identifier?

An example from the info section of a book: Year : 1981 Author : Jean Baudrillard Subject: Postmodern Philosophy In general, it has the form X:Y. What is the left side (X) of the colon (Year, ...
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Word for heavily foreign-influenced speech?

Is there a word for when someone uses words wrongly, or uses outright nonexistent words, due to influence from foreign languages? Examples: I thought she loved me, but she bedragged me. (<- bedra(...
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Is there a linguistic term that describes words that change pronunciation when combined together?

Examples of this include Breakfast which is just 'break,' and 'fast.' Of particular interest to me is helicopter, which is a combination of 'helico,' meaning spiral, and 'pter,' meaning wing. This is ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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What is it called when a word is abbreviated from the middle? (Ex: fridge from reFRIGErator)

Fridge, the middle part of the word refrigerator (ok, with an extra letter...), is often used as an abbreviation (mainly in British English). Is there a name for such words where we use an abbreviated ...
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3 votes
3 answers
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Why is the word "oven" used to refer to a cremator in a concentration camp?

If I read "the bodies were incinerated in ovens" I can be fairly sure that a concentration camp (run by Nazi Germany) is being referred to, because normally, when a death camp is not being ...
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What do you call work or tasks that are Not part of the main(highest priorty) work that a person is doing at the present time?

What do you call work or tasks that are Not part of the main(highest priority) work that a person is doing at the present time? In lexico.com ,there is a term called side work: ( Credited reference: ...
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the fitting out of [a trireme]: meaning [closed]

The sentence: It belongs, also, to any lavish gifts made for the common good, such as a splendid donation for the benefits of all, or the fitting out of a trireme, or the giving of a banquet to the ...
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What is the difference between Vert/Verts and Vertex/Vertices? [closed]

What is the difference between Vert/Verts and Vertex/Vertices? Both forms seem to be used interchangeably in mathematics and computer graphics. Blender (3D software) uses Vert/Verts in it's User ...
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What is the name for material being transported via machinery?

If you transport material by truck/plane/boat, it is "cargo". Is there a word that describes material that is being transported by machinery in an industrial setting, like in a pipeline / on ...
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I am looking for a word that is synonymous with "syntactic expletive" to describe the purpose of the word "there" [duplicate]

It is a word that describes the purpose of the word "there" in a sentence such as, "There is a bird in the tree." Expletive is one word, but there is another, longer word, and I ...
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4 votes
5 answers
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What is a word for thinking that there is a word for any concept/idea

This question was prompted by an exchange of comments in another single word request question. Here is the exchange: -What makes people think that English has a one-word for anything they could ...
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What is this type of gauge/panel called, which is used to divert energy to different parts of an electrical system?

There is a certain type of read-out that I've seen and heard about in sci-fi settings. The setting, we'll say "the ship" in this example, has a finite amount of energy throughput at any ...
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What term would be most appropriate for a secluded passage/courtyard?

You could think of this space as landlocked by surrounding buildings, exposed to the environment vertically but having no (intended) connections to paths or streets. The only ways to enter and exit ...
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When a disability is seen as a good thing

Ableism discrimination or prejudice against individuals with disabilities Merriam Webster Disableism (not found in MW) Disablism can be defined as discriminatory, oppressive, abusive behaviour ...
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8 answers
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What's a word for a person being fed on by a blood sucking animal?

I am looking for a word that means "The one being fed on by an animal" For example, if a mosquito or leech is sucking someone's blood, what is the best word for this person? Suckee? Victim? ...
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Name of a circuit element. Switch or toggle? [closed]

What's correct name of this circuit element — switch or toggle?
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2 votes
4 answers
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Word for both position and time

Is there an English word that describes a point in both space and time? If we consider only space, it would be "position" or "location" and if we consider only time it would be &...
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What is the term for phrases that are compound adjectives, similar to "come-hither look", "high-school-teaching voice"? [duplicate]

I know the etymology, and although it's listed as a noun, merriam-webster tells me the definition, but I want to know the name of this sort of adjective. Wiktionary has it grouped as English ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Term for "a solution that's just barely good enough to stifle better solutions"?

There's an expression that, "Perfect is the enemy of good". What is the opposite of that expression? I'm talking about times when "marginally adequate" is also "the enemy of ...
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2 votes
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Usage of BIPOLAR as an adjective in medical terminology [closed]

I'm doing a research on medical terms and their usage in general language. I'm working on BIPOLAR which is kind of misused in laymen speech, e.g. "I feel bipolar today" which actually means &...
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Is there a term for "adverb verb"s and/or "redundant adverb verb"s?

This is a meta question of this one: How can I omit adverbs to impart a strong feeling? Like the original question, I'm trying to find some tool/list/book that helps one convert "adverb verb"...
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1 answer
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What is the name of the rhetorical device that describes an author's interruption into a narrative for literary effect? [duplicate]

I would like to know what the name of the rhetorical device is that describes a sudden authorial interruption, to achieve some literary effect, into a continuing narrative which s/he is providing. The ...
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Meaning of the phrase "frog-walker" in reference to a horse

The Marty Robbins song Strawberry Roan describes the story of a cowboy trying to break an old horse, the eponymous Strawberry Roan (I'm unsure of any connection to the various films of the same name). ...
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To describe something as a 'quarter' or 'half' of something do they need to be of a certain size?

If I split something into two unequally sized pieces can I say for example, this is 'my half', or I have the 'bigger half' of a cake? I hear this a lot with natural English speakers. If I split ...
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