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Questions tagged [relative-clauses]

Relative clauses are clauses starting with the relative pronouns who*, that, which, whose, where, when. They are most often used to define or identify the noun that precedes them.

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Relativizing and fusing part of catenative complement?

I just came across the following sentence: What I wanted to hear was this It made me wonder how to parse what I wanted to hear. As far as I can figure out (much thanks to this post), this should be ...
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Looking for a breakdown of this sentence relating to (I think) relative/essential/non-essential clauses

I'm an ESL teacher and one of my adult students and I recently read this article in class. He and I were stumped by the structure of the very last sentence: Toshimitsu Motegi, minister of economic ...
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What's that you say? [Syntactic role of 'you say']

An opinion article titled "Mattel and Margot Robbie's Barbie movie is not the film 2019 needs" has this passage: Yet I don't think Mattel gives a tinker's cuss whether we're hating on Barbie or ...
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Proper usage of an article/determiner in the given sentence

Recently I have read a book in chemistry field, and I have encountered this sentence: This is because typical metal Lewis acids are deactivated by the nitrogen atoms of the product formed that are ...
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Is this a restrictive clause that doesn't need a comma before it?

I'm confused by the following. S1: He participated in one of the most challenging swimming competitions SwimFest-X in USA, which facilitated his success in Z. Is "SwimFest-X in USA" restricting "...
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The correct location of the gap in a relative clause

On page 1037 of the Cambridge Grammar: In [2iii] and [2iv] above is shown a gap "in object position". In fact, this is where all the grammars that I know of would put the gap. If the gap corresponds ...
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Are reduced relative clauses still a subordinate clauses building a complex sentence?

Do relative clauses count as dependent clauses after reduction? Or is it different case by case? for example: The man who is in the house is my father. (complex sentence) The man in the house is my ...
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What is a relative pronoun's referent when it follows a prepositional phrase?

For example: Stella Adler trained several generations of actors who include Marlon Brando and Robert De Niro. Does who in this example refer to actors or generations? Stella Adler trained several ...
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Can a relative clause be an independent clause?

Consider the sentence: My uncle who lives in Australia has sent me a present. It is my understanding that who lives in Australia is a sub-clause in this context. However, if you isolate the clause, ...
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Negating both the primary verb and a relative clause

The photo caption in a recent New York Times article stated the following: "Artist rendering. This is not a photo of Johnny Depp with his best friend who is a lizard!" I believe that the writer ...
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“where” is where? [closed]

I have a question about relative clauses. I read the following sentence in a book. (For your information, It was a British book.) But [THE BOOK NAME] was the first book where I wanted to take it ...
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Omission of ‘that is’ in English sentence

In the sentence: “it is a culture very comfortable with silence” The “that” and “is” is omitted, anyone know what this is called or why it happens?
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Can passive reduced relative clauses precede a head noun?

I have zero background in linguistics, so forgive me if this is trivial. The Wikipedia article for relative clauses claims that, with regard to the positioning of the relative clause, "English, for ...
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Is a dummy pronoun missing in this sentence? What is this grammatical phenomenon?

This sentence from Walden by Henry David Thoreau strikes me as unusual. I sat at a table where were rich food and wine in abundance, and obsequious attendance, but sincerity and truth were not; and ...
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Omitting which is?

When I was writing an essay, I thought about saying: "There is nothing that is more important than . . ." , then I googled it, but it appears the following sentence is more popular. "There is ...
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how can I use relative “who” here?

I have 2 sentences: The girl gave me a dictionary. She is very beautiful. Can I use the relative clause as follow? "The girl who is beautiful gave me a dictionary" or can I write like this: ...
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Identifying the main clause and subordinate clauses

I’m preparing for my exam and in one of the practice questions i have to identify the main clause, subordinate clause/s and the subject,predicate and/or adverbials. the sentence is: "The Mausoleum ...
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I'm struggling to identify the clause/subordinate clauses in this sentence

'Today, people can still see some of the marble stones that were used to build the Mausoleum.' I understand 'that' is connecting the sentence, but there is no subject after 'that' so im a bit ...
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My understanding about the non-restrictive use of the relative clause in a partcular sentence

Almost every chinese who works at an iPhone manifacture in China usually uses a china-produced phone, which is way cheaper. I just want to make sure if my understanding especially about the non-...
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Which of these nouns does the relative clause go with?

I have this sentence: John inadvertently broke the window of Mary's car, which was bought just two weeks ago. Which meaning should I understand between "Mary's car was bought two weeks ago" and "...
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Subject verb agreement when “one of” used

Are these two sentences correct? One of the employees who is worker at KP is here. One of the employees who are workers at KP is here. What is the context of who in both the sentences?
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Multiple relative clauses within subject?

I'm wondering what is the actual subject in this sentence: "One of the countries she has visited that I have not is Canada." To me, everything up until 'is' seems like the subject, but I can't find ...
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“to be applied to” vs “to be applied”

I'm German and I'm reading the English language General Relativity lecture notes by my professor, who is also German. As I read I take notes and corrections to help him improve the notes whenever I ...
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What exactly falls under the label of “complement”?

There seems to be a lot of contradicting beliefs out there regarding complements and what they cover -- or maybe I am just confusing myself. However, I cannot seem to find an answer that I understand. ...
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Is it correct to add nouns to “of which”,“in which”,“of whom”, etc.?

For example, can I say Recently I bought a new computer, the price of which was very reasonable. I always considered this type of usage correct but can't find any example sentences on the internet....
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Relative Clause Removal of “Relative Pronoun”

So I have a grammar book that says you can remove relative pronoun when it is used in defining relative clause, if it is non-defining you can't. For example: The man who we met yesterday was a ...
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How is the adverb “where” modifying the verb in this case?

This is the house where he was murdered. How is adverb “where” modifying the verb “was murdered”? It doesn't seem to be behaving like an adverb.
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Can a which-clause be used with another which in this sentence?

Apologies for the unclear title, but I wasn't sure how to phrase it. Situation Assume a table, on which lies an object, occupying half of the table. A hat is placed on the table. Question Which of ...
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How to convert participial phrase into full clause/sentence

I have just read an article, which has following sentence: The power failed repeatedly throughout the day, adding to the chaos Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/30/climate/record-heat-waves....
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Does this sentence bear any sorts of grammatical error? [closed]

“Yes, I have that muffin you didn’t tell me was already two days past its expiration, and it’s already working its way through my digestive system.” EDIT: Since this question was put on hold for ...
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Relative clauses with used [closed]

Which one is correct and why? The method used in this research was terrible. The method which used in this research was terrible. The method which is used in this research was terrible. ...
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“The men at the shop, two of whom John knows, are helpful.” Is the relative clause restrictive or nonrestrictive?

The men at the shop, two of whom John knows, are helpful. Is the relative clause nonrestrictive or restrictive? Or ambiguous? (For written English) (1) If it is nonrestrictive, the interpretation ...
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Passive + that + v3?

I've just seen a sentence like the one below and couldn't understand its grammar. Three controlled animal clinical trials were found that supported the use of decortication prior to performing GBR. ...
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pictures painted & pictures which had been painted

What is the difference between these sentences and when to use each one of them? : -George showed me some pictures painted by his father. -George showed me some pictures which had been painted by ...
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Is “There are people interested in this topic” correct? [duplicate]

Is it correct to say There are people interested in this topic or does it have to be There are people who are interested in this topic. I just feel that it should be There are people ...
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Can the relative pronoun “where” be omitted in a relative clause with the preposition “in”? [duplicate]

Can the following sentences: It's the church where the painting burned./It's the church in which the painting burned. be transformed so that they do not contain the pronoun which/where in the ...
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Essential appositives

Can I use a relative clause ("that is lying on the table") in between a noun phrase ("The book") and its essential appositive ("an English dictionary") as in: The book that is lying on the table an ...
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“a person in respect of whom” vs. just “a person whom”

I just read an article containing this sentence: These criteria may be satisfied if the applicant is found to be a person in respect of whom Australia has protection obligations because they are ...
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Here’s the note which I think (that?) he said (that?) she wrote

Is the following sentence grammatical? "Here’s the note which I think that he said that she wrote" Otherwise, I suspect neither that should appear, am I right?
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'why' as a fused relative word or an interrogative word [duplicate]

A BBC reporter, Melissa Hogenboom, talks about her father in this BBC article "The part of my dad that dementia can't take": My dad does not fall into any of the risk categories for dementia. There ...
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That these skills are transferable (which/that/and) makes them especially beneficial [closed]

Why would "which","that", and "and" be omitted in the following sentence: That these skills are transferable across professions (which/that/and) makes them especially beneficial to twenty-first ...
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When are placed next to each other VS When they are placed next to each other

There is no difference between the two dogs when are placed next to each other. There is no difference between the two dogs when they are placed next to each other. Which one do you think is correct?...
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Can “to do something” refer to a noun with wh question? [closed]

Let's think of a normal sentence such as "I found a book with 500 pages." Everyone knows that we can't make its question form like "Which book did you find with 500 pages?" because the connection ...
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Is “I am who(m) God made me” grammatical?

SAH asked an interesting question about case, I am [who/whom] G-d made me, but one issue that came up in the comments repeatedly is that many people said that they find the example sentence ...
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“Designs and artistic valour (are/is) something that (run/runs) in his blood.” [closed]

Designs and artistic valour are something that run in his blood. Designs and artistic valour is something that **runs* in his blood. Which sentence is correct?
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Grammatical structure

Mental energy is a vital element needed to be able to concentrate one's attention and maintain a positive mental attitude. The question I want to ask is how the section in bold is functioning over ...
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superlative + relative clause

An earlier question (Relative clauses: “I did the best I could.”) asks about the antecedent of the relative clause, and there are two answers there: The one (by @Man_From_India) accepted as the best ...
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Is it okay to use free relative clauses in a college essay?

Would the following sentences be okay to use in a college essay: What worked for us included _____, ______, and _______. What didn't work for us included ____, _____, and ______. This is in ...
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That we know of yet

The movie 'Lady Bird' has this conversation: (Please click on it and listen to the clip starting at 2:16) Christine McPherson: What I'd really like is to be on Math Olympiad. Teacher: But math ...
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Is 'why' a fused relative word or an interrogative word in “This is why we do it”?

From the movie 'Wanted': We don't know how far the ripples of our decisions go. We kill one, and maybe save a thousand. That's the code of the Fraternity. That's what we believe in, and that's why ...