Questions tagged [relative-clauses]

Relative clauses are clauses starting with the relative pronouns who*, that, which, whose, where, when. They are most often used to define or identify the noun that precedes them.

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Is it correct to use “whose” with prepositions in relative clauses?

I'm working with relative clauses and I'm trying to get a comprehensive view, and that includes the use of prepositions. When talking about whose, we learn that it is not really a relative pronoun, ...
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Active or passive adjective clause? Which one is better in this sentence? [on hold]

The question is: Scientists first found the value of the practice more than 60 years ago, when they found that rats________ a low-calorie diet lived longer on average than free-feeding rats. a. fed ...
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Relative clause place in long sentences [closed]

sometimes I confuse the place of relative clauses especially in long sentences like below During my senior year, I’ve participated a project, which is related with estimation of branch and ATM cash ...
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Relative pronouns for human beings [closed]

I haven't been able to find an instance of this structure with who as the relative pronoun. Only with that, if at all. Would it be correct? He's the best friend I've ever had. She's the ...
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Is it a correct sentence? ('How' sentence) [closed]

'Your back won't hurt if you sit how I sit.' 'You shouldn't treat him how you treat your friends.' Both are correct grammatically?
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Implicit “that/which is/are” in nonrestrictive relative clause

Is it grammatically correct to leave off "that is" or "which is" in a nonrestrictive relative clause? Is there a term for this? Is this actually a different phenomenon? It (sometimes?) seems to apply ...
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Relative Clause Question

I heard that Jeremy was cut from the team just because Tyler doesn’t like him. Why does he need to use a relative clause here? He doesn't explain a noun, he explains a verb. It's not required to ...
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Which-clause functioning adverbially

I saw a post on another forum that sparked an interesting though-process for myself. Can which-clauses such as the one I am about to show example for be considered adverbial? The reason I ask is that ...
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parsing a relative clause “the gravitas she felt was appropriate to her office”

I came across the following sentence: The head of the committee never failed to carry herself with the gravitas she felt was appropriate to her office. I feel that this construction came from "...
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Is this relative clause correct? [closed]

I came across the following weird restrictive relative clause in which 'of which' is used in place of 'whose'. Actually, l am not quite sure whether it is correct or not. The plane (the right engine ...
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appositive relative clause or adjunct of reason/cause?

In the syntactic analysis of the following sentence I doubt: "They then took the matter to a three-person jury of appeal, specially convened to hear the protest" The last part in bold (speacially ...
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Relative clause - “…one of those people who make” or “makes”? [duplicate]

Which one is correct? He is not one of those people who make/makes you angry Does "make" refer to "one"? Is there a possibility that "make" refers to "people"? Can it be something relative?
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“I saw the girl, who is standing outside our house”

I was having a conversation with my mom about this one sentence. Which option is grammatically correct? a) I saw the girl who is standing outside our house b) I saw the girl who was standing ...
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Romeo and Juliet “Which then most sought where most might not be found” [closed]

In the following excerpt from Romeo and Juliet, what do the words "which" and "most" refer to? Does the relative clause have a main verb at all? “I, measuring his affections by my own, which then ...
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“Which” or “what” or … when referring to a main clause?

There are many answered questions that address the usage of "which" and "what" on this site—many of them marked as duplicates—and there is even a specific tag for this topic. But I could ...
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What does the phrase “it has been” mean in the sentence?

I came across a headline on a website yesterday, saying: "Razer Huntsman Elite is the cheapest it has been in the UK, at £158." I think I can roughly understand the sentence (Razer Huntsman Elite ...
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Is 'unsightly experience' correct way of explaining seeing some ugly thing [closed]

I would like to know if I say ' I had an unsightly experience on my morning walk today', would this sound correct? I want to explain how I saw something so ugly on my walk today that it ruined my ...
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“Why is it that…” relative clause? [closed]

It would be great if someone could explain this sentence structure to me: "Why is it that you don't like me?" I don't understand how all of the components come together. What is the link between it ...
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Does this sentence “it doesn't meet the blind's need who want to read.” make sense? [closed]

Does the following sentence make sense grammatically or practically? Can I use it as it is without any correlation? "it doesn't meet the blind's need who want to read."
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Past participle of stand

I'm new to this community, I hope the question fits this somewhat. Say we have a sentence: The tree which stands in the garden is beautiful. Now using participle construction this becomes: The ...
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use of the relative adverb “where” - a case where

Can I use a relative adverb "where" when "case" or "instance" is an antecedent? "case" and "instance" is not a location, but I have seen "a case where" and "an instance where" a lot.
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“We” vs. “Us” at the beginning of an objective clause

Do I write, "For we who are getting old..." or "For us who are getting old..." I know that "us" is the objective pronoun, but which do I use when the pronoun begins a clause that is the object of a ...
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Is my comma usage correct in this sentence?

"When there is too much carbon in the atmosphere, too much heat is trapped from the Sun’s light rays, dramatically increasing the global temperature."
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Do you put a comma after an introductory clause if it's a part of a dependent clause?

E.g. I knew that although he had a problem we could still work through it. ` OR I knew that although he had a problem, we could still work through it. Usually, when using conjunctive adverbs, ...
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Convention or grammatical reason for commas around non-identifying relative clauses

Is there any grammatical reason why non-identifying relative clauses are separated by commas or is it simply a convention?
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Can you always replace “that that” with “which that”?

At least I haven't yet been able to imagine a context in which there is a clear semantic difference between "that that" and "which that". No hardware warnings, either. I've always been a bit troubled ...
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Doubt Between the usage of Which vs That [duplicate]

I am having a doubt between the usage of which and that. Which one of the following is correct and why? The cougar is a member of the cat family that grows around 8 feet in length. or The cougar ...
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Limitations of Subordination and Nested Clauses

I'm an English teacher who often has to grapple with explaining to students the complexity of clause structure in English, and after reading an article about various 'longest sentences' in fiction, I ...
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Understanding 5 consecutive “that”s in this sentence

(This sentence was told as an entertainment by my English teacher 8 years ago.) She presented us with the following sentence: She said that that that that that he said was wrong. I had a bit of ...
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Why does the adjective “suitable” come after “hands-on activities”?

Please clarify the grammar used in the sentence below. Most museums provide hands-on activities suitable for both children and adults. Question: Why is the adjective "suitable for" placed after ...
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Syntactical ambiguity in introductory phrase reference: reference to main verb vs. object

Motivated by A, we outline our proposal for B. Does "Motivated" refer to outline or proposal? It seems to me that a reader could infer one of two statements: A motivated us to create this outline, ...
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Hello, which one is correct grammatically? [closed]

Please share your offers with me to evaluate. Please share your offers to evaluate with me. Please share with me to evaluate your offers.
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Relative clause after a possessive

Is this sentence grammatically correct? Not a single crease could be seen on Laxmibai's forehead, who sat erect and bright-eyed. I was told that the subject of the relative clause is Laxmibai and ...
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Need help with a relative clause from Heart of Darkness

I was reading "Heart of Darkness", by J. Conrad and I came to this sentence: "A haze rested on the low shores that ran out to sea in vanishing flatness." My question is: what ran out to sea in ...
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the position of relative clauses [closed]

Why is this sentence "there were a lot of people at the party who/that hadn't been invited" right grammatically? (It is cited from 'Advanced Grammar in Use, Martin hewings, third edition, p191) Does ...
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Grammaticality of 'that' relative clause in phrase beginning with possessive pronoun [duplicate]

I would like to ask about the grammaticality of a 'that' relative clause modifying a noun phrase that begins with a possessive pronoun. Please consider these examples: Please send in your ...
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Omitting Which / That in a Sentence

The following sentence is from Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. I'm wondering if it's correct and what it means: “Give me a couple of dates are good for you.” Shouldn't it be “Give me a ...
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Looking for a breakdown of this sentence relating to (I think) relative/essential/non-essential clauses

I'm an ESL teacher and one of my adult students and I recently read this article in class. He and I were stumped by the structure of the very last sentence: Toshimitsu Motegi, minister of economic ...
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What's that you say? [Syntactic role of 'you say']

An opinion article titled "Mattel and Margot Robbie's Barbie movie is not the film 2019 needs" has this passage: Yet I don't think Mattel gives a tinker's cuss whether we're hating on Barbie or ...
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Proper usage of an article/determiner in the given sentence

Recently I have read a book in chemistry field, and I have encountered this sentence: This is because typical metal Lewis acids are deactivated by the nitrogen atoms of the product formed that are ...
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The correct location of the gap in a relative clause

On page 1037 of the Cambridge Grammar: In [2iii] and [2iv] above is shown a gap "in object position". In fact, this is where all the grammars that I know of would put the gap. If the gap corresponds ...
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Are reduced relative clauses still a subordinate clauses building a complex sentence?

Do relative clauses count as dependent clauses after reduction? Or is it different case by case? for example: The man who is in the house is my father. (complex sentence) The man in the house is my ...
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What is a relative pronoun's referent when it follows a prepositional phrase?

For example: Stella Adler trained several generations of actors who include Marlon Brando and Robert De Niro. Does who in this example refer to actors or generations? Stella Adler trained several ...
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Can a relative clause be an independent clause?

Consider the sentence: My uncle who lives in Australia has sent me a present. It is my understanding that who lives in Australia is a sub-clause in this context. However, if you isolate the clause, ...
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Negating both the primary verb and a relative clause

The photo caption in a recent New York Times article stated the following: "Artist rendering. This is not a photo of Johnny Depp with his best friend who is a lizard!" I believe that the writer ...
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“where” is where? [closed]

I have a question about relative clauses. I read the following sentence in a book. (For your information, It was a British book.) But [THE BOOK NAME] was the first book where I wanted to take it ...
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Omission of ‘that is’ in English sentence

In the sentence: “it is a culture very comfortable with silence” The “that” and “is” is omitted, anyone know what this is called or why it happens?
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Can passive reduced relative clauses precede a head noun?

I have zero background in linguistics, so forgive me if this is trivial. The Wikipedia article for relative clauses claims that, with regard to the positioning of the relative clause, "English, for ...
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Is a dummy pronoun missing in this sentence? What is this grammatical phenomenon?

This sentence from Walden by Henry David Thoreau strikes me as unusual. I sat at a table where were rich food and wine in abundance, and obsequious attendance, but sincerity and truth were not; and ...
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Omitting which is?

When I was writing an essay, I thought about saying: "There is nothing that is more important than . . ." , then I googled it, but it appears the following sentence is more popular. "There is ...