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Questions tagged [relative-clauses]

Relative clauses are clauses starting with the relative pronouns who*, that, which, whose, where, when. They are most often used to define or identify the noun that precedes them.

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Can you always replace “that that” with “which that”?

At least I haven't yet been able to imagine a context in which there is a clear semantic difference between "that that" and "which that". No hardware warnings, either. I've always been a bit troubled ...
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Doubt Between the usage of Which vs That [duplicate]

I am having a doubt between the usage of which and that. Which one of the following is correct and why? The cougar is a member of the cat family that grows around 8 feet in length. or The cougar ...
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Limitations of Subordination and Nested Clauses

I'm an English teacher who often has to grapple with explaining to students the complexity of clause structure in English, and after reading an article about various 'longest sentences' in fiction, I ...
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What does an adjective clause describes in this sentence?

The piece of cake poisoned yesterday was overbaked Was the cake poisoned as the whole or was it only a piece of cake? In other words: It's known that adjective clauses describe nouns. The first part ...
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'we/you/I who…'

I've come across the expression 'we who...' meaning 'those of us who...' from time to time. Honestly, whenever I hear the expression, it's jarring to my non-native ears. But this expression seems to ...
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Understanding 5 consecutive “that”s in this sentence

(This sentence was told as an entertainment by my English teacher 8 years ago.) She presented us with the following sentence: She said that that that that that he said was wrong. I had a bit of ...
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Why does the adjective “suitable” come after “hands-on activities”?

Please clarify the grammar used in the sentence below. Most museums provide hands-on activities suitable for both children and adults. Question: Why is the adjective "suitable for" placed after ...
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What meaning does “would” hold in the following sentence

They were the last people you would expect to be involved in anything strange or mysterious, because they just didn't hold with such nonsense. I know that would is in a relative clause here. What ...
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Syntactical ambiguity in introductory phrase reference: reference to main verb vs. object

Motivated by A, we outline our proposal for B. Does "Motivated" refer to outline or proposal? It seems to me that a reader could infer one of two statements: A motivated us to create this outline, ...
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Hello, which one is correct grammatically? [closed]

Please share your offers with me to evaluate. Please share your offers to evaluate with me. Please share with me to evaluate your offers.
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Relative clause after a possessive

Is this sentence grammatically correct? Not a single crease could be seen on Laxmibai's forehead, who sat erect and bright-eyed. I was told that the subject of the relative clause is Laxmibai and ...
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Need help with a relative clause from Heart of Darkness

I was reading "Heart of Darkness", by J. Conrad and I came to this sentence: "A haze rested on the low shores that ran out to sea in vanishing flatness." My question is: what ran out to sea in ...
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the position of relative clauses [closed]

Why is this sentence "there were a lot of people at the party who/that hadn't been invited" right grammatically? (It is cited from 'Advanced Grammar in Use, Martin hewings, third edition, p191) Does ...
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Grammaticality of 'that' relative clause in phrase beginning with possessive pronoun [duplicate]

I would like to ask about the grammaticality of a 'that' relative clause modifying a noun phrase that begins with a possessive pronoun. Please consider these examples: Please send in your ...
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Omitting Which / That in a Sentence

The following sentence is from Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. I'm wondering if it's correct and what it means: “Give me a couple of dates are good for you.” Shouldn't it be “Give me a ...
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Looking for a breakdown of this sentence relating to (I think) relative/essential/non-essential clauses

I'm an ESL teacher and one of my adult students and I recently read this article in class. He and I were stumped by the structure of the very last sentence: Toshimitsu Motegi, minister of economic ...
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What's that you say? [Syntactic role of 'you say']

An opinion article titled "Mattel and Margot Robbie's Barbie movie is not the film 2019 needs" has this passage: Yet I don't think Mattel gives a tinker's cuss whether we're hating on Barbie or ...
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Proper usage of an article/determiner in the given sentence

Recently I have read a book in chemistry field, and I have encountered this sentence: This is because typical metal Lewis acids are deactivated by the nitrogen atoms of the product formed that are ...
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The correct location of the gap in a relative clause

On page 1037 of the Cambridge Grammar: In [2iii] and [2iv] above is shown a gap "in object position". In fact, this is where all the grammars that I know of would put the gap. If the gap corresponds ...
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Are reduced relative clauses still a subordinate clauses building a complex sentence?

Do relative clauses count as dependent clauses after reduction? Or is it different case by case? for example: The man who is in the house is my father. (complex sentence) The man in the house is my ...
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What is a relative pronoun's referent when it follows a prepositional phrase?

For example: Stella Adler trained several generations of actors who include Marlon Brando and Robert De Niro. Does who in this example refer to actors or generations? Stella Adler trained several ...
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Can a relative clause be an independent clause?

Consider the sentence: My uncle who lives in Australia has sent me a present. It is my understanding that who lives in Australia is a sub-clause in this context. However, if you isolate the clause, ...
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Negating both the primary verb and a relative clause

The photo caption in a recent New York Times article stated the following: "Artist rendering. This is not a photo of Johnny Depp with his best friend who is a lizard!" I believe that the writer ...
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“where” is where? [closed]

I have a question about relative clauses. I read the following sentence in a book. (For your information, It was a British book.) But [THE BOOK NAME] was the first book where I wanted to take it ...
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Omission of ‘that is’ in English sentence

In the sentence: “it is a culture very comfortable with silence” The “that” and “is” is omitted, anyone know what this is called or why it happens?
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Can passive reduced relative clauses precede a head noun?

I have zero background in linguistics, so forgive me if this is trivial. The Wikipedia article for relative clauses claims that, with regard to the positioning of the relative clause, "English, for ...
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Is a dummy pronoun missing in this sentence? What is this grammatical phenomenon?

This sentence from Walden by Henry David Thoreau strikes me as unusual. I sat at a table where were rich food and wine in abundance, and obsequious attendance, but sincerity and truth were not; and ...
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Omitting which is?

When I was writing an essay, I thought about saying: "There is nothing that is more important than . . ." , then I googled it, but it appears the following sentence is more popular. "There is ...
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how can I use relative “who” here?

I have 2 sentences: The girl gave me a dictionary. She is very beautiful. Can I use the relative clause as follow? "The girl who is beautiful gave me a dictionary" or can I write like this: ...
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Identifying the main clause and subordinate clauses

I’m preparing for my exam and in one of the practice questions i have to identify the main clause, subordinate clause/s and the subject,predicate and/or adverbials. the sentence is: "The Mausoleum ...
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I'm struggling to identify the clause/subordinate clauses in this sentence

'Today, people can still see some of the marble stones that were used to build the Mausoleum.' I understand 'that' is connecting the sentence, but there is no subject after 'that' so im a bit ...
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My understanding about the non-restrictive use of the relative clause in a partcular sentence

Almost every chinese who works at an iPhone manifacture in China usually uses a china-produced phone, which is way cheaper. I just want to make sure if my understanding especially about the non-...
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Which of these nouns does the relative clause go with?

I have this sentence: John inadvertently broke the window of Mary's car, which was bought just two weeks ago. Which meaning should I understand between "Mary's car was bought two weeks ago" and "...
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Subject verb agreement when “one of” used

Are these two sentences correct? One of the employees who is worker at KP is here. One of the employees who are workers at KP is here. What is the context of who in both the sentences?
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Multiple relative clauses within subject?

I'm wondering what is the actual subject in this sentence: "One of the countries she has visited that I have not is Canada." To me, everything up until 'is' seems like the subject, but I can't find ...
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“to be applied to” vs “to be applied”

I'm German and I'm reading the English language General Relativity lecture notes by my professor, who is also German. As I read I take notes and corrections to help him improve the notes whenever I ...
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What exactly falls under the label of “complement”?

There seems to be a lot of contradicting beliefs out there regarding complements and what they cover -- or maybe I am just confusing myself. However, I cannot seem to find an answer that I understand. ...
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Is it correct to add nouns to “of which”,“in which”,“of whom”, etc.?

For example, can I say Recently I bought a new computer, the price of which was very reasonable. I always considered this type of usage correct but can't find any example sentences on the internet....
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Relative Clause Removal of “Relative Pronoun”

So I have a grammar book that says you can remove relative pronoun when it is used in defining relative clause, if it is non-defining you can't. For example: The man who we met yesterday was a ...
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How is the adverb “where” modifying the verb in this case?

This is the house where he was murdered. How is adverb “where” modifying the verb “was murdered”? It doesn't seem to be behaving like an adverb.
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Can a which-clause be used with another which in this sentence?

Apologies for the unclear title, but I wasn't sure how to phrase it. Situation Assume a table, on which lies an object, occupying half of the table. A hat is placed on the table. Question Which of ...
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How to convert participial phrase into full clause/sentence

I have just read an article, which has following sentence: The power failed repeatedly throughout the day, adding to the chaos Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/30/climate/record-heat-waves....
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Does this sentence bear any sorts of grammatical error? [closed]

“Yes, I have that muffin you didn’t tell me was already two days past its expiration, and it’s already working its way through my digestive system.” EDIT: Since this question was put on hold for ...
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Relative clauses with used [closed]

Which one is correct and why? The method used in this research was terrible. The method which used in this research was terrible. The method which is used in this research was terrible. ...
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“The men at the shop, two of whom John knows, are helpful.” Is the relative clause restrictive or nonrestrictive?

The men at the shop, two of whom John knows, are helpful. Is the relative clause nonrestrictive or restrictive? Or ambiguous? (For written English) (1) If it is nonrestrictive, the interpretation ...
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Passive + that + v3?

I've just seen a sentence like the one below and couldn't understand its grammar. Three controlled animal clinical trials were found that supported the use of decortication prior to performing GBR. ...
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pictures painted & pictures which had been painted

What is the difference between these sentences and when to use each one of them? : -George showed me some pictures painted by his father. -George showed me some pictures which had been painted by ...
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Is “There are people interested in this topic” correct? [duplicate]

Is it correct to say There are people interested in this topic or does it have to be There are people who are interested in this topic. I just feel that it should be There are people ...
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Can the relative pronoun “where” be omitted in a relative clause with the preposition “in”? [duplicate]

Can the following sentences: It's the church where the painting burned./It's the church in which the painting burned. be transformed so that they do not contain the pronoun which/where in the ...
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Essential appositives

Can I use a relative clause ("that is lying on the table") in between a noun phrase ("The book") and its essential appositive ("an English dictionary") as in: The book that is lying on the table an ...