Questions tagged [clauses]

Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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Escape Clauses list [closed]

I'm looking for a general rule about defining the escape clauses in English or list of them. any help how can I find that list or english rules about escape clauses will be appreciated. e.g. escape ...
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Independent clause between commas?

In the following sentence, which is the independent clause? Exercising four times a week, doctors claim, can help prevent heart disease. Is it “Exercising four times a week can help prevent heart ...
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As if as though

I am having a problem identifing which gramatical function as if (as though, like) has As far as I know After linking verbs, we have noun/ noun phrase/ noun clause and adjective/ adjective phrase ...
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What sentence type is this sentence below

Yes, that might be all right. Is this considered a simple or complex sentence? "that might be all right" acts as the subordinate clause and "Yes" can't be an independent clause ...
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What do these two "which"s refer to in this sentence?

Superstition, Flusfeder argues, isn’t some primitive hangover from our distant past. It is the inevitable result of our capacity for taking mental shortcuts, which makes us capable of thinking on our ...
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A main clause that doesn't follow from a subordinate clause [closed]

Because it's raining outside, I'm wearing orange socks today. What is the term for this kind of sentence? Closest I can find is non sequitur? Furthermore, do the below concepts have names? A ...
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Conditional clauses and serial commas [closed]

Once the coins have passed their expiry date, they will no longer be valid, and will not be reissued. Is this an example of a zero conditional sentence? Is the last comma acceptable? Is the tense ...
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What is the term for repeating non-restrictive clauses?

I came across the following quote: Scientists would soon find themselves adrift in a bewildering realm of particles and antiparticles, where things pop in and out of existence in spans of time that ...
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"survey the landscape" idiomatic?

Can I use the phrase "to survey the landscape" when refering not to an actual outdoors scenery but to something more abstract? In this case, I want to express that I was researching ...
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Perfect Continuous Passive Participle Clause?

Having been being lost in the woods for hours, he was finally found by emergency services. Does this mean: After he had been being lost in the woods for hours, he was finally found by emergency ...
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I'll be at the concert tomorrow evenif/while/if it means queuing for tickets all night [closed]

In my Cambridge English book there is a practice sentence where I have to put in a clause. The options are 'while', 'despite', 'if' and 'even if'. The context is contrast clauses. The sentence is: I'...
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Must a compound sentence have a comma? [duplicate]

Must a compound sentence have a comma? If it simply linking two independent clauses with a conjunction, does it require a comma? e.g. He poured me another drink and I drank it. If not a compound ...
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Can an independent clause be interrupted by a conjunction without a comma and still be an independent clause? [closed]

Can an independent clause be interrupted by a conjunction without a comma and still be an independent clause? e.g.: He poured me another drink and I drank it. or: Max climbed onto his horse and we ...
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What is the correct structure to use in a sentence containing 'once' as the subordinate conjunction? [closed]

In a sentence containing a conjunction, what are the correct verb forms to be used in the two clauses? For example: I would also suggest that once all these items are established, they must be added ...
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Too many “and”s - separating clauses vs. list items

I have the following sentence and feel like my usage of “and” is awkward since it makes it look like a list of three things: The scale of the problem has only become greater thanks to the internet ...
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My question is about clauses placement in past tense

In simple past, we tell the chronological order of events in which they have occured in clauses and in past perfect we tell which event or action has happened before in those two actions. So,I have 2 ...
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How to say "you added a clause in end of statment"? [closed]

How do you call the act of adding a clasue to the end of a statment, which weakens it and makes it sort-of conditional? Examples: "Nice to see you, this time!" "I love it, in a way, &...
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English clause word order

I found this sentence: I am convinced that not only could I control a group of people effectively, but the group would also benefit from my skills. Why is this word order correct: "could I"...
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What is the relationship between these two clauses?

I came across this sentence: Even as the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan morph into shapeless struggles, they have given birth to an extraordinary outpouring of writing that tries to make sense of it ...
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Do you always need to break up clauses with commas?

I've been getting back into creative writing after years away from it and have been running into some grammar issues. This time, it's about clauses and commas. 'I like him because he's funny and he's ...
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1 answer
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Adverb clause of comparison

What is the subordinate clause in this sentence? Which is the main clause? "The higher you ascend, the colder it becomes."
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Constructions of the form 'He has committed I don't know how many crimes.'

What is the grammar (or syntax, if you will) of constructions of the form of the below sentence? He has committed I don't know how many crimes. In this sentence, for example, what is the grammatical ...
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Top down or bottom up for reducing a sentence to all its parts?

I'm still learning grammar. I'm trying to figure out the steps to break down a sentence. My process now is to look at the sentence as a whole first. Then I classify it as either simple, compound, ...
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Can I use different subjects like the following in two clauses?

I know I can use When I opened the envelope, I found two letters within it. However, I wish to go for the following, if it is correct When I opened the envelope, two letters showed up. Can the ...
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The definition of 'clause' in modern grammar: construction vs function

Most modern grammars recognize verbless clauses such as the boy on the roof in (1) and on the roof in (2): (1) With the boy on the roof, they feared he might jump off it. (2) When on the roof, he ...
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Can we say: "I picked up that xxx"?

Would the following sentence still be grammatical if "information" is omitted? "I picked up information that oranges are bad for you." It's clear that what I've picked up is ...
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What is an example of "where" in an adverb clause?

All the sentences I can think of are anything but an adverb clause. For example: "Where I'm going is none of your business." (A noun clause as the subject) "No one knows where he is.&...
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Unusual model of clause [duplicate]

How this sentence "The weather being very bad, we did not start the journey" is reduced? I cannot understand what structure is applied for the clause "the weather being very bad".
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1 answer
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Noun clause or adverb clause? [closed]

I was reading about noun clauses and adverb clauses and I am a little confused about what follows: One grammar claims that the clause in bold in the following sentence is a noun clause working as an ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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What is the direct object of "I imagined" in the context "as I imagined would be the case"? (i.e. I imagined what?)

In my previous question Is the phrase “as I imagined would be the case” grammatically correct and why?, someone referenced this other question: Where is the subject in "as was traditional for ...
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2 answers
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Can I use 'out of this world' negatively in a sentence

Can I say " their stupidity is out of this world. Its kinda amusing" ? And what are the other ways to say it
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1 answer
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Confused about 'What she likes I like that.'

Let's look at the sentence : I like what she likes. This is a correct sentence. Here 'what she likes' acts as object of the verb like and it is a noun clause. So we can consider the above sentence as ...
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What's this usage of comma, separating of a list of independent clauses?

This is a sentence from the book "The Brothers Karamazov" (page 8): He spent a disorderly adolescence and youth: he never finished high school; later he landed in some military school, then ...
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Subordinate clauses in sentences

I have a question about using subordinate clauses. Here are the following examples: This book is about how to control your emotions in difficult situations; How they love each other is felt even ...
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Comma or no comma: "...save for the last digit [,] which is 2."

Comma or no comma: "11112 is a number whose digits are all 1, save for the last digit [,] which is 2. My sentence is of the following form: Comma or no comma: "11112 is a number whose ...
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Verb followed by relative clause

The boy who ate fruit came. The boy came who ate fruit. Here both sentences have relative clause "who ate fruit" and a principal clause "the boy came". Here is my question: Both ...
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What is “what” in “what has been called“?

Climate change is thus a prime example of what people have called a "social ecological system" with factors from different domains interacting on different spatial and temporal scales. The ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is the series of object clauses used correctly in the following sentence?

She then told them she was 52, living alone, and had no doubt there was something very malicious and dangerous in her house, and that she dared not go back inside. How many object clauses are there? ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
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How can I divide this clause? [closed]

How can I divide this clause from spoken text, in order to analyse the theme and type of the clauses? Announcer: Welcome back everyone, so doctors are warning people to not take pain relievers like ...
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1 vote
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Relative clauses. What time should I use? (Point of action?)

I have a sentence. I'm not sure if it's correct, but I have to ask. I know theory about reffering to the previous clause, but I don't know how it works here. What I think: a) I saw an article about ...
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2 answers
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One subject, compound object phrases - comma or no comma?

My question is about how to punctuate sentences like the following: The system allows searching for variables using their long name and cryptic variable names and filtering the data sets based on a ...
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Why is “but koalas are lighter” a subordinate clause in this sentence?

This is exactly how the sentence is presented: If you ask me, pandas are far cuter than koalas but koalas are lighter. So I was required to split this into its clauses, and categorise them. “If you ...
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1 answer
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How do you introduce a non-quote? [duplicate]

Initially, I drafted the following sentence. He argues we consistently make assumptions that are wrong. Later, because it looked like a quote, I added a comma. But, do I need a comma? He argues, we ...
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meaning of "for if" in this sentence

I can eat anything in this buffet including the lamb chops for dinner only, for if I pay the full price. Does the "if I pay the full price" clause apply to everything before it?
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WHAT and IT clause in these sentences

1.New applicants are registered to the database and will soon be informed. My answer: It is new applicants that are registered to the database and will soon be informed. 2.Discovering the truth so ...
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2 votes
1 answer
172 views

"Note that, because English orthography, there are two verbs tear, pronounced differently, one transitive......"

While reading an answer by John Lawler, I got puzzled by a sentence with unfamiliar phrasing. I for the life of me can't understand the meaning of that sentence. I read it about 30 times. Here is the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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In terms of clause analysis, does this constitute a complex sentence?

My usual grammatical spidey-sense has let me down here. The sentence "I can’t begin to fathom how their tiny bodies would cope with what they had to carry" FEELS complex to me. I feel that i)...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Subordinate clause types/functions

In the sentences: She begged him [not to leave her]. The colonel commanded his men [to charge]. How can we encourage a baby [to use that toy properly]? Are the to-clauses subordinate – and if so, ...
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1 answer
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Can subject complement occur after “as”

In the sentence : She first came to Canada on her own in 1998, and committed to music-her passion, both as a songwriter and a singer...” Is “as [a songwriter]/ [a singer]” subject complement? I found ...
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What are the elements of this clause?

I am unsure whether I am identifying the elements in the following clause correctly. Phobias often originate from traumatic experiences in one's childhood I am parsing this as follows. Element Part ...
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