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Questions tagged [clauses]

Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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"A modifier in clause structure" — Is it possible to understand by this phrase what head the modifier modifies?

Sometimes I come across the phrase "a modifier in clause structure". Can we draw the unambiguous conclusion from this phrase about what head such a modifier modifies? If we can, then what ...
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Clauses in wh-cleft sentences

In sentences like What Mary bought was a first edition. which part would be the dependent and which would be the independent clause? How could I break this down into a formula, something like "...
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Clauses that start with "with" to provide additional information [closed]

There are special classes of clauses to add additional information, and they start with "with". Consider the two following examples:\ 1- The average consumption of three different nutrients ...
khashayar's user avatar
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Is the antecedent of a relative clause always the nearest noun? [duplicate]

I found this line in a film, The Grand Budapest Hotel. There are still faint glimmers of civilization left in this barbaric slaughterhouse that was once known as humanity. What was once known as ...
Stanley Evans's user avatar
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1 answer
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What's the difference between each sentence and are they both correct?

I had thought it would be different before I took the test. I had thought it would have been different before I took the test.
Al Shihoin's user avatar
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Comma before "that" clause at the end of a sentence

I recently wrote an article about writing comments in code. Upon reading it, a colleague of mine reacted to the following sentence: Any time you’ve spent more than 30 minutes getting something to ...
Jon Gjengset's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
128 views

'as he had lived'

In the clause 'He died as he had lived', what is the grammatical function of 'as he had lived'? I know it modifies 'died', and I know 'as' can be used.
Evangelos Aktoudianakis's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
364 views

Is "Do this, please" an imperative sentence?

In a similar vein to Could you get me a glass of water, please? Is this an interrogative sentence or an imperative sentence.?, as a general rule, from a purely grammatical viewpoint, is a sentence an ...
Kenn Sebesta's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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Is there a name for this kind of sentence structure where a clause is in subject position and **it** appears anaphorically in the matrix clause?

An early 15th century example of a clause deployed in subject position but with an anaphoric it as object of the verb in the matrix clause: Þat þe sones of pore men gouernen may riche remes, telle it ...
TimR's user avatar
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Clause structure of "Five'll get you ten, this rain stops in three minutes."

What is the clause structure of this sentence? Five'll get you ten, this rain stops in three minutes. Scenario: I'll (or somebody will) pay you $10 if this rain hasn't stopped within three minutes; ...
TimR's user avatar
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4 votes
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The correct negative form (past participle)

I've been searching the answer to my question wherever it is possible, but I haven't managed to get the strict rule (or guideline) for it. As we know the negative form of the past participle is ...
Deeo's user avatar
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What is the grammar rules that governs the words highlighted? [duplicate]

This sentence is an excerpt from The Economist website. The Kremlin denied the advance, saying that Russian troops had repelled Ukrainian attacks in the region. What is the grammatical rule that's ...
TheGoodboy's user avatar
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Identifying independent & dependent clauses in a religious text [closed]

Ephesians 6:14-17 14 Stand firm therefore, having belted your waist with truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness, 15 and having strapped on your feet the preparation of the gospel of ...
Zayne's user avatar
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12 votes
2 answers
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Has the conception of prepositions broadened?

When I studied linguistics 40-some years ago, it was understood that PP → Prep NP But I’ve discovered sources that suggest that the class of prepositions is (now?) understood much more broadly. ...
PaulTanenbaum's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
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I need help with independent clauses

I got a bit confused about independent clauses,so I decided to ask ChatGpt, which has given me three different answers for the same sentence I think he is getting too old, suffering from Alzheimer's ...
Mohannad Bakbouk's user avatar
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1 answer
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What's the relationship between a clause and a sentence? [closed]

A clause is usually defined as a subject + verb, which, to me, is a syntactical definition. It's like: OK, so that's how it looks, but what does it mean? And, what's the relationship between a clause ...
Vinay Sharma's user avatar
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1 answer
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How would you join a dependent clause to an independent clause that ends with a list?

Here is an example: I have developed my ability to identify the factors that impact my physical, mental, and emotional health[,] and am beginning to apply this understanding to make informed ...
Baarks's user avatar
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1 answer
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Should there be a comma before "and" in this sentence?

There should be opposing viewpoints so that discussion can take multiple turns AND people can finally reach a solution that neutralizes both viewpoints. Should there be a comma before "and" ...
bhuvana ruddarraju's user avatar
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Can a series unite independent clauses with other fragments?

It's common to unite multiple independent clauses with an "and" in order to form a sentence. For example, consider a sentence that says, "The weather is warm, campsites are abundant, ...
will's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is it a noun clause or phrase when the nominal entity is modified by a determiner?

From my textbook, A noun phrase is headed by a noun. Modifiers include articles, adjectives and demonstratives. Qualifiers include prepositional phrases and relative/adjectival clauses. Given the ...
Alphonsus's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
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Types of Clause

I'm getting perplexed searching "how many types of clause ....?" Because different websites are giving different answers. I am thinking about taking it as, may be there are two types: ...
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1 answer
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Omitting the Subject from the first clause, mentioning it in the second

I am working on teaching an English grammar point to a group of students in an ESL course. However, I am not aware of the grammar points that structure and allow this particular usage. In the example ...
princejacobtremblay's user avatar
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1 answer
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In the sentence "I want to buy the vase on the shelf which is very beautiful", which is beautiful? vase or shelf? [duplicate]

In the sentence "I want to buy the vase on the shelf which is very beautiful", which is beautiful? vase or shelf? If "which" refers to the shelf (vase), how to refer to the vase (...
polymer's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
141 views

Implicit subject in a dependent clause (or is it independent?) [duplicate]

In the sentence I can resend it or paste it here on WhatsApp I am unsure if adding a comma before "or" is appropriate. The clause "paste it here on WhatsApp" seems to be, on its ...
Charles Nicholson's user avatar
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1 answer
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Complex sentences [closed]

So we don't consider forms like Created from a fusion of the animal’s top lip and its nose, the elephant’s trunk is a multi-functional tool. as a complex sentence depending on the concept that the ...
Taha Mohamed's user avatar
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What role does "eager to be true partners in a struggle for social justice" play in the sentence?

Excerpt from The New Jim Crow by Michelle Alexander: African Americans throughout the South responded with great hope and enthusiasm, eager to be true partners in a struggle for social justice. What ...
rahul sehrawat's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
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Should there be a comma in "what you make others feel about themselves, says a lot about you"?

After seeing this quote in various places, I have noticed that some variants have a comma, whereas others do not. With a comma: "How you make others feel about themselves, says a lot about you.&...
Arden's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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The toy was the best and built last year. Is a second "was" necessary to create "was built"?

Which of the below sentences is grammatically correct? (A) The toy was the best and built last year. (B) The toy was the best and was built last year. I believe that sentence (B) is correct, but is ...
Celery's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Participle clause containing a subject [duplicate]

I am confused as to whether it is correct to use a participle clause as a nonessential element in a sentence like with a participle phrase. For example, I know that the following sentence is correct: ...
stuckonaparticiple's user avatar
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2 answers
47 views

Which is the main clause and which the subclause in "as ... so ..." sentences?

In As their wares moved eastwards along their trade routes, so did their culture. Is the main clause: so did their culture as their wares moved eastwards along their trade routes their wares moved ...
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Should I use two commas for an adjective and nonrestrictive clause preceding a noun?

I wrote the following sentence: A plain, usually blue, background with a seal in the center makes for a simplistic flag that breaks many design rules. The commas surrounding "usually blue" ...
Charles Nicholson's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
81 views

Could I replace "if" with "that“ in "the only way is if...."?

"We're the world's oldest democracy, and the only way that can come unraveled is if we have disrespect for institutions that lead to Americans turning on Americans," he said. What's the way?...
feng rao's user avatar
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1 answer
87 views

Is this an adjective phrase or an adverbial phrase?

“The grocery store where I always shop went out of business.” This source - https://www.masterclass.com/articles/subordinate-clause-explained - identifies "where I always shop" as an example ...
JJ_Doogal's user avatar
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Plural “who clause” subtlety [duplicate]

“Most Americans who have a car…” “Most Americans who have a car in their garage…” Should that be his garage? Their garages? “Most Americans who have cars in their garages…” sounds unobjectionable, but ...
QP76's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
67 views

Independent clause between commas?

In the following sentence, which is the independent clause? Exercising four times a week, doctors claim, can help prevent heart disease. Is it “Exercising four times a week can help prevent heart ...
Educator22's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
121 views

As if as though

I am having a problem identifing which gramatical function as if (as though, like) has As far as I know After linking verbs, we have noun/ noun phrase/ noun clause and adjective/ adjective phrase ...
Htlioliat31's user avatar
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1 answer
21 views

What do these two "which"s refer to in this sentence?

Superstition, Flusfeder argues, isn’t some primitive hangover from our distant past. It is the inevitable result of our capacity for taking mental shortcuts, which makes us capable of thinking on our ...
Song's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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A main clause that doesn't follow from a subordinate clause [closed]

Because it's raining outside, I'm wearing orange socks today. What is the term for this kind of sentence? Closest I can find is non sequitur? Furthermore, do the below concepts have names? A ...
bob hope's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
42 views

Conditional clauses and serial commas [closed]

Once the coins have passed their expiry date, they will no longer be valid, and will not be reissued. Is this an example of a zero conditional sentence? Is the last comma acceptable? Is the tense ...
Nic's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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What is the term for repeating non-restrictive clauses?

I came across the following quote: Scientists would soon find themselves adrift in a bewildering realm of particles and antiparticles, where things pop in and out of existence in spans of time that ...
QuestioningAll's user avatar
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1 answer
344 views

"survey the landscape" idiomatic?

Can I use the phrase "to survey the landscape" when refering not to an actual outdoors scenery but to something more abstract? In this case, I want to express that I was researching ...
kroneml's user avatar
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0 votes
3 answers
150 views

Perfect Continuous Passive Participle Clause?

Having been being lost in the woods for hours, he was finally found by emergency services. Does this mean: After he had been being lost in the woods for hours, he was finally found by emergency ...
lil' barbussy's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
62 views

I'll be at the concert tomorrow evenif/while/if it means queuing for tickets all night [closed]

In my Cambridge English book there is a practice sentence where I have to put in a clause. The options are 'while', 'despite', 'if' and 'even if'. The context is contrast clauses. The sentence is: I'...
JesseH's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
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Must a compound sentence have a comma? [duplicate]

Must a compound sentence have a comma? If it simply linking two independent clauses with a conjunction, does it require a comma? e.g. He poured me another drink and I drank it. If not a compound ...
independentclauser999's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
119 views

Can an independent clause be interrupted by a conjunction without a comma and still be an independent clause? [closed]

Can an independent clause be interrupted by a conjunction without a comma and still be an independent clause? e.g.: He poured me another drink and I drank it. or: Max climbed onto his horse and we ...
independentclauser999's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
64 views

What is the correct structure to use in a sentence containing 'once' as the subordinate conjunction? [closed]

In a sentence containing a conjunction, what are the correct verb forms to be used in the two clauses? For example: I would also suggest that once all these items are established, they must be added ...
Neeku's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
56 views

Too many “and”s - separating clauses vs. list items

I have the following sentence and feel like my usage of “and” is awkward since it makes it look like a list of three things: The scale of the problem has only become greater thanks to the internet ...
Laegas's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
34 views

How to say "you added a clause in end of statment"? [closed]

How do you call the act of adding a clasue to the end of a statment, which weakens it and makes it sort-of conditional? Examples: "Nice to see you, this time!" "I love it, in a way, &...
user1611107's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
66 views

English clause word order

I found this sentence: I am convinced that not only could I control a group of people effectively, but the group would also benefit from my skills. Why is this word order correct: "could I"...
Robin Ladila's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
96 views

What is the relationship between these two clauses?

I came across this sentence: Even as the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan morph into shapeless struggles, they have given birth to an extraordinary outpouring of writing that tries to make sense of it ...
Charles's user avatar
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