Questions tagged [clauses]

Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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40 views

What is the subject of the sentence “wherever she lives is where I am destined to be”?

Here are a few options: She: 'She' is the subject of the verb 'lives'. I: 'I' is the subject of the verb 'am'. Wherever she lives: 'Wherever she lives' is the subject of the verb 'is'. Where I am ...
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1answer
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Evaluating a sequence of logical clauses that are chained using “and” and “or”

How do you evaluate a logical statement that has multiple condition clauses "If A or B and C"? From method 1 & 2 below, which is the correct/common interpretation? If A is true, or both ...
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1answer
35 views

Separating a clause introduced with “such that” by commas [closed]

Consider the following sentence: A whatsit such that the condition doodah is fulfilled is called a doodah whatsit. I am wondering about the placement of commata. Should I add two commata to separate ...
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Parts of Speech question

I am given the following sentence: "I've always known you were a good friend." I know that "I" is the subject pronoun "'ve" is the contracted form of the auxiliary verb &...
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34 views

What are the specific names for clauses following a comma, dash and such punctuation marks?

Do the clauses which follow a dash, colon, open bracket, and such punctuation marks have specific names other than just being a clause? Examples of what I mean with the "C"s representing the ...
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36 views

Why some relative clause can be reduced and some can not?

I am learning the book named Grammar and Vocabulary for Advanced by Martin Hewings and Simon Haines. I am struggling with the grammar relating to relative clauses. Could you please help me clarify the ...
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1answer
27 views

“Which” Relative Clause--“Which”, “Of Which”, or what?

I'm struggling with a relative 'which' clause right now; I'm hoping to structure it a certain way, but while I feel like I've read it that way before, I'm just not sure if it's correct and I can't ...
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1answer
37 views

How to parse A, B, or C that is D

Please consider this sentence "I will not engage in or undertake any other employment, occupation, consulting relationship, or commitment that is directly related to the business in which the ...
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2answers
46 views

Would it be okay to use “would be” in if-clause?

Is it gramatically correct or not to include "would be" in the if-clause. Your physician may recommend you to be evaluated if you would potentially be a candidate for this vaccine.
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1answer
28 views

Changing clause of condition to absolute phrase and participle w

1a. When I have money I will buy a car. 2a. If my parents allow I'll go abroad. Can these sentence be changed into a absolute participle phrase? For example 1b. Having money, I'll buy a car. 2b. ...
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51 views

‘Which’ Referring To A Whole Clause

I know some relative clauses refer to a whole clause. My example: She just thought that I was proud and stuck-up which I won’t defend myself. Is it right to say "which" can refer to the ...
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20 views

Usage of 'there'

'There will be no produce if we are not there.' Can the clause 'If we are not there' be used to mean 'If we don't exist/survive' in the sentence? Would it be semantically correct? Would it be in line ...
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2answers
63 views

what is the main clause in conditional sentences

I have a compound sentence followed by an if clause, how do I know what the if clause is referring to? Sam will become a husband and a stepfather if he will marry Jane. My understanding is that the ...
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Is it OK to use “what” to refer to a place in noun clauses?

I came across the following sentence in my English test paper: It is the best for this kind of plant to grow in what is warm and rainy. According to my teacher, it should mean It is the best for ...
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1answer
61 views

Tense Inconsistency (Past Simple and Present Perfect) or wrong Sequence of Tenses (Present tense follows Past tense)?

In the following sentence, the Present Perfect in the second clause sounds a little off to me, yet I cannot put my finger on WHY that is. During this time (Subord. Clause 1), I was able to gain/ I ...
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1answer
18 views

Gerund after as though, please, help to clarify

They looked at Mary in surprise as though... her story. A) not believing B) not having believed C) not believed D) believed
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3answers
61 views

Past Subjunctive Sentence

If we started now we would be in time (but we cannot start now) This is an example sentence in my grammar book for past subjunctive used after If. The sentence sounds to me a suggestion rather than ...
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3answers
86 views

How do you decide which clause is “independent” and which clause is “dependent”/“subordinate”?

Consider the following sentence: "My bother felt sick because he ate too many chocolates" Feel free to correct me if I'm wrong, but the word "because" is a conjunction. I have read that the ...
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2answers
65 views

Why is the clause “They filled me in on all the latest news from Cambridge” correct?

Why is it not like the following: They filled the latest news from Cambridge in me.
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1answer
20 views

Finding modifier in a sentence

Given sentence: Although she didn't have much work experience, she was offered the job. Question: find the modifier. What type of modifier? Here we have a dependent clause and an independent ...
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27 views

What role does “as” play in the sentence?

What role does "as" play in the following sentence? When the journalist again failed to reply, the editor reluctantly published the article as it had originally been written.
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1answer
44 views

Subject pronoun vs object pronoun

What is the main difference between adjective clause with subject pronoun and object pronoun?
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30 views

Is it grammatically correct to have multiple clauses and prepositions?

Is the following sentence grammatically correct and if so, are the commas necessary? Exclude anyone who's inactive at, or opposed to, the event. If not, is it grammatically correct to instead use ...
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Expressing the sentence with clause: “X is a vector. The i_th element of X is …”

I want to express "X is a vector. The i_th element of X is ..." with a clause. Which one is right: X is a vector, the i_th element of which is ... X is a vector, of which the i_th element is ...
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1answer
57 views

“I refer to him by, what I assume, is his nickname” vs “I refer to him by, what I assume, his nickname is”

I'm confused with the following sentances: I refer to him by, what I assume, is his nickname: xxxx. I refer to him by, what I assume, his nickname is: xxxx. I refer to him by, what is his nickname: ...
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1answer
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Types of Finite Clauses

I have been seeing a lot of "finite clauses" recently, all used in different ways. So I am here trying to clarify all the ways finite clauses can be used (or most of them). I know a few finite ...
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Interjection between subordinate and main clauses

I have a question about this modest sentence for which I have no context except that it came to me. Then I wondered about its grammaticality. Because it wasn’t my job—I didn’t work there—I left. ...
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80 views

Content clause : Wh-interrogative clause & Nominal relative clause

Wh-interrogative clauses and nominal relative clauses are two types of content clauses. Both of them are introduced by a wh-element & they look so similar that it's often difficult to distinguish ...
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61 views

How is the dependent clause acting in this sentence?

Today I came across this sentence, “Happiness is when I play games after a tough day at work.” In this sentence, I wasn’t sure how “when I play games,” a dependent clause, is acting. It’s a ...
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Noun clause (as an object )

In this sentence Do you know if she's coming ? We ve 2 subjects (you and she ) 2 verbs ( know and coming ) And noun clause (as an object ) ( if she's is coming ) What is the second object in the ...
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1answer
43 views

Structuring a conditional sentence by commata

I have a question on some specific sentence and its punctuation. The sentence in question is: [...] Hence, the only relevant information is, if such an unary language part is infinite, and if not, ...
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2answers
56 views

reduced causal adverbial clauses in the second part of a sentence

I should acknowledge that I asked this question in learner's site but I haven't got any helpful response; furthermore, I hold that this is a complex grammatical matter, so that is why I'm repeating ...
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47 views

Coordinating Conjunction vs subordinating conjunction. Who, Which Vs and it/that

I have a question about conjunctions, dependent and independent clauses. The issue came up when a text book suggests that "and it" can replace "which/who". But my understanding is that subordinating ...
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23 views

I'd prefer if you stayed. [type of if-clause?]

I'd prefer if you stayed. The verb "prefer" is transitive. Therefore, "if you stayed" is its object. It seems to me the if-clause is a content clause here. But what type is it? It's not declarative ...
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86 views

The boy the girl the man saw kissed jumped

My Japanese friend asked me to help him translate this sentence but I cannot understand it. Can someone explain the grammar of this?
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1answer
66 views

I heard <Mona singing that song> <the song sung by Mona>. [parse]

(1) I heard Mona singing that song. (2) I heard the song sung by Mona. "Mona singing that song" and "the song sung by Mona" are objects, each of which can be parsed two ways: &...
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25 views

What kind of clause?

The price of the stock fell more than $10 to end the day about $18, the first time stock prices have ever fell below $20. What kind of clause is the one marked in bold? Can we separate these two ...
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1answer
45 views

Order of the “had” clause in conditional perfect

I know that I can use "had" to construct a conditional perfect: Had it not rained yesterday, we would have finished painting the walls. But is it grammatically correct to reverse the order of the ...
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0answers
48 views

Can the word “that” be substituted for in which?

Have you filled out the details in the paper that the date wasn't mentioned. Is this a correct sentence? Here I used "that" because I read in a grammar book "that" is sometimes used as an adverbial ...
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29 views

Can because appear in the start of a sentence?

I am usually used to writing because in the middle of a sentence during my school days. But nowadays I find that because also appears in the start of a sentence. Even if because is used in the start ...
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2answers
92 views

Confusion in identifying defining and non-defining relative clauses

I was watching a video on relative clauses and there was two sentences that confused me. "I saw a car which was white" The speaker said this sentence is definite clause. "She went into the ...
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4answers
130 views

Can there be a single word clause?

It's said that a sentence must always contain a subject and a verb but I have read somewhere that the word "No" itself is a complete sentence. How? Also a sentence always has at least one clause and ...
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30 views

“being” usage instead of “which is” at the end of a sentence

I saw a sentence while reading a book in which the following is written. “The NOW function is sometimes called a nondeterministic function , which is a fancy way of saying that the resulting data ...
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36 views

clause usage after preposition

I have seen some sentences similar to the following one in a way that -ing form of "be" is used. The verb is "be" therein. I wonder what if it is another verb like drink, see, come, go etc. any verb. ...
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2answers
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I think this a compound-complex sentence - but I'm struggling to draw a tree diagram of the co-ordinating/sub-ordinating clause(s)

With my 'Rediscover Grammar' by David Crystal to hand, I've been struggling with trying to draw a tree diagram of the below sentence all day. I'm not asking anybody to do the diagram for, but I'm ...
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0answers
87 views

Are there use-cases for new types of punctuation outside of the standard set? [closed]

Do you think we would benefit from additional punctuation (or 'notation', in a broade sense) in prose? Can you give any examples of possible use cases for a new piece of notation/punctuation. I am ...
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1answer
101 views

What's the name of this construct - “We went to SuperFunTime, but it really wasn't”?

Where the missing clause is assumed to be a [a super fun time]. Or "Unfortunately, the elastic wasn't". Here it would be wasn't [elastic]. I did try to search, but if this has already been asked it'...
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2answers
57 views

Usage of comma and parallel verbs in this sentence

Interestingly enough, a large number of the Facebook-based business ventures [have been formed][,] and [are run] and [managed] by women, which directly and indirectly contributes to women's ...
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183 views

Appositive or Complement?

The way (that) he eats amuses me. I found the way (that) leads out of here. I love ice-cream in the same way (that) I love my mom. 1) The part of speech of the word that is conjunction in ...
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1answer
48 views

Adjectival use or Adverbial use

Consider this sentence, please: Seeing the police, the thief ran away. In tjis sentence, the first part is a non-finite dependent clause and the second part is a finite independent clause. Now, ...

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