Questions tagged [clauses]

Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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Sentences Starting With 'It' [closed]

Some ESL students have trouble understanding the logic of sentences starting with the pronoun it, i.e. 'It is cold.' Or using 'it' as a pronoun to replace ideas in general. Usually they will start the ...
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Is it grammatically correct to have multiple clauses and prepositions?

Is the following sentence grammatically correct and if so, are the commas necessary? Exclude anyone who's inactive at, or opposed to, the event. If not, is it grammatically correct to instead use ...
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Expressing the sentence with clause: “X is a vector. The i_th element of X is …”

I want to express "X is a vector. The i_th element of X is ..." with a clause. Which one is right: X is a vector, the i_th element of which is ... X is a vector, of which the i_th element is ...
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51 views

“I refer to him by, what I assume, is his nickname” vs “I refer to him by, what I assume, his nickname is”

I'm confused with the following sentances: I refer to him by, what I assume, is his nickname: xxxx. I refer to him by, what I assume, his nickname is: xxxx. I refer to him by, what is his nickname: ...
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Types of Finite Clauses

I have been seeing a lot of "finite clauses" recently, all used in different ways. So I am here trying to clarify all the ways finite clauses can be used (or most of them). I know a few finite ...
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Interjection between subordinate and main clauses

I have a question about this modest sentence for which I have no context except that it came to me. Then I wondered about its grammaticality. Because it wasn’t my job—I didn’t work there—I left. ...
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25 views

Content clause : Wh-interrogative clause & Nominal relative clause

Wh-interrogative clauses and nominal relative clauses are two types of content clauses. Both of them are introduced by a wh-element & they look so similar that it's often difficult to distinguish ...
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60 views

How is the dependent clause acting in this sentence?

Today I came across this sentence, “Happiness is when I play games after a tough day at work.” In this sentence, I wasn’t sure how “when I play games,” a dependent clause, is acting. It’s a ...
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Noun clause (as an object )

In this sentence Do you know if she's coming ? We ve 2 subjects (you and she ) 2 verbs ( know and coming ) And noun clause (as an object ) ( if she's is coming ) What is the second object in the ...
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1answer
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Structuring a conditional sentence by commata

I have a question on some specific sentence and its punctuation. The sentence in question is: [...] Hence, the only relevant information is, if such an unary language part is infinite, and if not, ...
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reduced causal adverbial clauses in the second part of a sentence

I should acknowledge that I asked this question in learner's site but I haven't got any helpful response; furthermore, I hold that this is a complex grammatical matter, so that is why I'm repeating ...
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Coordinating Conjunction vs subordinating conjunction. Who, Which Vs and it/that

I have a question about conjunctions, dependent and independent clauses. The issue came up when a text book suggests that "and it" can replace "which/who". But my understanding is that subordinating ...
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I'd prefer if you stayed. [type of if-clause?]

I'd prefer if you stayed. The verb "prefer" is transitive. Therefore, "if you stayed" is its object. It seems to me the if-clause is a content clause here. But what type is it? It's not declarative ...
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The boy the girl the man saw kissed jumped

My Japanese friend asked me to help him translate this sentence but I cannot understand it. Can someone explain the grammar of this?
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61 views

I heard <Mona singing that song> <the song sung by Mona>. [parse]

(1) I heard Mona singing that song. (2) I heard the song sung by Mona. "Mona singing that song" and "the song sung by Mona" are objects, each of which can be parsed two ways: "head noun phrase + ...
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What kind of clause?

The price of the stock fell more than $10 to end the day about $18, the first time stock prices have ever fell below $20. What kind of clause is the one marked in bold? Can we separate these two ...
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Order of the “had” clause in conditional perfect

I know that I can use "had" to construct a conditional perfect: Had it not rained yesterday, we would have finished painting the walls. But is it grammatically correct to reverse the order of the ...
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Can the word “that” be substituted for in which?

Have you filled out the details in the paper that the date wasn't mentioned. Is this a correct sentence? Here I used "that" because I read in a grammar book "that" is sometimes used as an adverbial ...
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26 views

Can because appear in the start of a sentence?

I am usually used to writing because in the middle of a sentence during my school days. But nowadays I find that because also appears in the start of a sentence. Even if because is used in the start ...
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2answers
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Confusion in identifying defining and non-defining relative clauses

I was watching a video on relative clauses and there was two sentences that confused me. "I saw a car which was white" The speaker said this sentence is definite clause. "She went into the ...
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4answers
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Can there be a single word clause?

It's said that a sentence must always contain a subject and a verb but I have read somewhere that the word "No" itself is a complete sentence. How? Also a sentence always has at least one clause and ...
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“being” usage instead of “which is” at the end of a sentence

I saw a sentence while reading a book in which the following is written. “The NOW function is sometimes called a nondeterministic function , which is a fancy way of saying that the resulting data ...
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clause usage after preposition

I have seen some sentences similar to the following one in a way that -ing form of "be" is used. The verb is "be" therein. I wonder what if it is another verb like drink, see, come, go etc. any verb. ...
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2answers
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I think this a compound-complex sentence - but I'm struggling to draw a tree diagram of the co-ordinating/sub-ordinating clause(s)

With my 'Rediscover Grammar' by David Crystal to hand, I've been struggling with trying to draw a tree diagram of the below sentence all day. I'm not asking anybody to do the diagram for, but I'm ...
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Are there use-cases for new types of punctuation outside of the standard set? [closed]

Do you think we would benefit from additional punctuation (or 'notation', in a broade sense) in prose? Can you give any examples of possible use cases for a new piece of notation/punctuation. I am ...
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What's the name of this construct - “We went to SuperFunTime, but it really wasn't”?

Where the missing clause is assumed to be a [a super fun time]. Or "Unfortunately, the elastic wasn't". Here it would be wasn't [elastic]. I did try to search, but if this has already been asked it'...
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Usage of comma and parallel verbs in this sentence

Interestingly enough, a large number of the Facebook-based business ventures [have been formed][,] and [are run] and [managed] by women, which directly and indirectly contributes to women's ...
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Appositive or Complement?

The way (that) he eats amuses me. I found the way (that) leads out of here. I love ice-cream in the same way (that) I love my mom. 1) The part of speech of the word that is conjunction in ...
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1answer
43 views

Adjectival use or Adverbial use

Consider this sentence, please: Seeing the police, the thief ran away. In tjis sentence, the first part is a non-finite dependent clause and the second part is a finite independent clause. Now, ...
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1answer
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Can I juxtapose two clauses that share one object?

To make the sentence short, I am putting two clauses side by side that share one object. The sentence I wanted to say is: Meltwater of the glaciers, especially outbursts of glacier-dammed ...
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1answer
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Confused about the use of “on” in “missed opportunity on sth” and “launched a campaign on sth”

Is it normal (in American English) to say: 1. Collected student body feedback and identified missed opportunity on the lack of campus safety instructions. 2. Launched a successful campus-wide campaign ...
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2answers
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Noun clauses after from, about etc

Hello everybody I am an enthusiastic English learner and I would like to ask a question about noun clauses. Knowing the fact that noun clauses are group of words that take place as a noun in sentences ...
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1answer
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Can an adjective modify the entire sentence?

I came across the following sentence, and I was so curious about “effective next Monday.” Mr. Michael has resigned his position as senior sales manager, effective next Monday. Effective is ...
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Is this dependent or independent sentence?

"Making trial of everything, with trust in new joy, and stirring the human kindness in all eyes that looked on her." If it is an independent clause, could you please tell which is the subject and ...
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2answers
115 views

“John was happy about being accepted as a team member.” What part of speech is “accepted”?

John was happy about being accepted as a team member. In one sense, John is an accepted team member, so it could be an adjective. In an other sense, John was accepted by someone, or by the team or ...
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61 views

Had its place? What does it mean? And others

I've run into a sentence like the following and have few questions. The pot cup which was on the wooden trestle on the left, had its place in the Bible, when Jesus pleads with God. First of all ...
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1answer
288 views

Using commas and pronouns correctly in “Not only because, but also” construct

Firstly, I know that there are plenty of questions concerning "not only, but also" construct on StackExchange. However, none of them could give me an explanation for what I am trying to figure out... ...
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1answer
101 views

Grammatical analysis of these two sentences

Isn’t Istanbul a good city? and Istanbul is a good city, isn’t it? In (1) what is the term for how “Isn’t Istanbul” is being used here? At first it looks like its function is to act as ...
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61 views

'To solve' versus 'To solving'

Trying to understand what seems to be a very subtle difference in written and spoken English. Recently, I've seen articles that use 'to + gerund' and 'to + infinitive' in the exact same situations, ...
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1answer
58 views

Can we reduce adjective clause in this sentence?

Can we reduce adjective clause in this sentence? "He'd also tell me off for cooking food that made the house smell" Is the following sentence correct? "He'd also tell me off for cooking food making ...
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Can or could, which is correct, or at least better? Why? [duplicate]

She has forgotten how she could open the window. Vs She has forgotten how she can open the window? In a sentence like this, which is correct or better ? could or can? Why? Thanks!
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156 views

could it be that

I write the following sentences: How will the Lord return? Could it be that the Lord may knock at our doors one day and say He is the Lord Jesus, and then we open the door to welcome Him? Is "...
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Comma between two clauses

I want to find out why there is no comma between two clauses in this sentence and what is the grammar rule for it. But the curious thing was that while he was doing so (,) a totally different ...
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42 views

Comma before “as” when it is a conjunction [duplicate]

Between two independent clauses, should one put a comma before the conjunction as? I went to the store as there was no milk in the refrigerator. If because replaced as as the conjunction, would ...
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1answer
60 views

If I connect two independent clauses with a semicolon, do the subjects of the two have to be the same?

ex: Their motivations varied and often intertwined; but, whether it was due to a desire for glory, wealth and power, knowledge, or religious converts, the entire worldview of Europe and Asia radically ...
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Is it actually incorrect to follow certain verbs with a that-clause?

I found a webpage saying certain verbs are followed by infinitives rather than that-clauses. However, is it actually incorrect to use a that-clause with certain verbs, for example, with the verb "...
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If the flow “were” working or “was”

I'm trying to understand why the plural is used in this case instead of the singular. The sentence uses the plural version of the past tense of "be" when referring to "the flow". Why is the sentence ...
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158 views

How the west was won - Is this a noun phrase?

I'm trying to determine what the following types of phrases (in bold within the sentences below) would be called. I want to say they're noun phrases, but I may be wrong. To me, these resolve to ...
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22 views

Is this a dependant clause?

I was wondering if the following was a dependent clause: There weren’t enough beds, so I had to sleep on the floor.
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Which one should I use? “OF IT” or “OF WHICH” [closed]

I bought a watermelon from the market, half ---- was rotten, so I threw it away and bought a new one. It seems to me both of them are correct.

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