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Questions tagged [clauses]

Clauses are smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

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Subjunctive mood & inversion

“Be any person guilty of a crime, the court shall have the right to appeal ”. My teacher told me that this was a instance of the subjunctive inversion, where “if” and “should” are both omitted. And ...
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1answer
29 views

Limitations of Subordination and Nested Clauses

I'm an English teacher who often has to grapple with explaining to students the complexity of clause structure in English, and after reading an article about various 'longest sentences' in fiction, I ...
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22 views

Defining clause boundaries when 'also' is used

I'm getting really confused trying to identify how many clauses are in this sentence and was just wondering if anyone could please advise. It's the 'also' that is throwing me off as surely I cannot ...
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1answer
25 views

A predicative adjective in an atributive clause OR a postpositive adjective?

Example: These are/were the images presented by us. Is "presented" in this case a postpositive adjective or a predicative adjective in an attributive clause? In case "presented" is a verb here, can ...
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1answer
15 views

Can an adverb clause modify an infinitive?

The title is pretty self explanatory, in the sentence: It is difficult to travel through the huge expanse of parched sands in the Sahara Desert, where oases are plentiful but distant from each other....
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1answer
41 views

with/without + verbless clause

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 1266-67) has this section: 10 Verbless clauses We confine our attention here to verbless clauses in dependent or supplement functions ...
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2answers
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What kind of clause is this?

As soon as I arrived I made an attempt to find my host, but the two or three people of whom I asked his whereabouts stared at me in such an amazed way, and denied so vehemently any knowledge of his ...
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2answers
27 views

implied subject within a noun clause

I recently came across a sentence in an academic text that was similar in structure to "I eat what is considered healthy." I interpreted the grammar as "what is considered healthy" being a noun clause....
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2answers
57 views

Verbless Clause

Can anyone verify for me if this is a valid verbless clause? My editor is questioning the lack of a verb (this is for social media copy and would be followed by a URL) but I think it's valid. This ...
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1answer
54 views

Hello, which one is correct grammatically? [closed]

Please share your offers with me to evaluate. Please share your offers to evaluate with me. Please share with me to evaluate your offers.
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1answer
39 views

What type of clause is the given sentence?

Is the sentence "Then the staff assembled the units." a dependent or an independent clause? Well, according to me, since there is subordinate conjunction "Then" in the sentence with no other sentence,...
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2answers
56 views

Structure of clause with even if

We must stop, even if briefly. I suppose this is equivalent to even if it is/be briefly? But what does "it" stand for? The act of stopping? But a noun cannot be connected to the adverb "briefly" ...
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1answer
32 views

Looking for a breakdown of this sentence relating to (I think) relative/essential/non-essential clauses

I'm an ESL teacher and one of my adult students and I recently read this article in class. He and I were stumped by the structure of the very last sentence: Toshimitsu Motegi, minister of economic ...
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20 views

Help identifying clasuses, sentence structure

I'm a first time poster, so please let me know if I am posting in the wrong place! I am trying to break down the sentence structure of this sentence. Specifically, how commas are used in the following ...
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0answers
41 views

Can 'too much tired' replace 'much too tired' in this construction? [closed]

In the following clause of result, would it be possible to use 'too much tired' in place of 'much too tired'? She is much too tired to go out.
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1answer
95 views

Subordinating conjunctions “who” & “when” as subject clause?

I understand who and when can be used to introduce adjective clause for sure like the following sentences. The time when it is good for us to meet has not been decided. The person who is ...
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1answer
31 views

How does the second “that” function in this sentence?

Here is the sentence: On December 5th Canada’s justice department said that, on the same day that the two presidents dined, it had arrested Meng Wanzhou, the chief financial officer of ...
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2answers
88 views

What tense to use with “when” clause

I've just listened to the song and memories have come flooding back. The question is what tense to use to describe what have just happened in a sentence: when I've heard this song memories had come ...
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1answer
41 views

Using consecutive “whether” clauses

Can someone tell me if the use of two consecutive "whether" clauses (like the sentence below) is correct? It sounds odd to my ears. "Whether you're big or small, whether you're rich or poor, I ...
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1answer
79 views

A question about comparative clauses

In my opinion, the second part of a comparative clause should be a complete sentence. But I'm always confused by some comparative clauses as some clauses are incomplete. For example, are both the ...
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1answer
121 views

Identifying the main clause and subordinate clauses

I’m preparing for my exam and in one of the practice questions i have to identify the main clause, subordinate clause/s and the subject,predicate and/or adverbials. the sentence is: "The Mausoleum ...
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1answer
46 views

Multiple relative clauses within subject?

I'm wondering what is the actual subject in this sentence: "One of the countries she has visited that I have not is Canada." To me, everything up until 'is' seems like the subject, but I can't find ...
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1answer
64 views

Ex: Can I write it this way and is it grammatically correct, as the additional phrase in the end of a question sounds weird?

Questions with subordinate (declarative) clauses at the end sound weird. For example: Can you grant me access to the document, since it is currently unavailable? Where do I submit this, as ...
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3answers
55 views

interrogative sentences with W-clauses in the middle

I know that when we are reporting a question in our sentence in reported speech, the question mark shall be removed, like this : Question asked from me : Did you know that girl? Reported : He ...
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46 views

Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Clause Question

I realize that American authors typically use "which" in nonrestrictive clauses, and "that" in restrictive clauses. But I frequently have a problem deciding whether to make a clause restrictive or non-...
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1answer
31 views

Is it correct to add nouns to “of which”,“in which”,“of whom”, etc.?

For example, can I say Recently I bought a new computer, the price of which was very reasonable. I always considered this type of usage correct but can't find any example sentences on the internet....
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2answers
195 views

Relative Clause Removal of “Relative Pronoun”

So I have a grammar book that says you can remove relative pronoun when it is used in defining relative clause, if it is non-defining you can't. For example: The man who we met yesterday was a ...
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1answer
652 views

“already since a while” - is this proper English?

Consider the following sentence This and that is the situation, already since a while. Question 1: Does this sound right to a native speaker? Question 2: How could I find this out myself? I did a ...
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1answer
85 views

Participle phrase or participle clause? For my students please

I've looked at other answers, but am still confused - so please don't shoot me down (as tends to happen here) - but rather help if you can for the sake of my little learners. I have to teach a class ...
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1answer
55 views

Shortening sentence by removing nouns repeating in clauses

In the following sentence, a noun is repeated in each clause. The noun I refer to is assignment. He is aware of the assignment, accepts the assignment and endeavours to fulfil the assignment. Is ...
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1answer
32 views

Dependent or Independent clause?

Is "The way people write has changed" an independent clause or dependent clause? In any case please explain in detail. What is the subject, verb and object if there is or if there isn't. Thanks in ...
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1answer
194 views

where to put the possessive “s” with an appositive parenthetical

Say I have a gym instructor called Anne and it's her birthday. I want to convey that to someone who doesn't know who Anne is in one sentence. In speech, I would probably say, "it is Anne, my gym ...
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2answers
234 views

That these skills are transferable (which/that/and) makes them especially beneficial [closed]

Why would "which","that", and "and" be omitted in the following sentence: That these skills are transferable across professions (which/that/and) makes them especially beneficial to twenty-first ...
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1answer
36 views

Use of until with no second clause

The next fifteen minutes were the longest fifteen minutes in the world. Until the quiet was invaded by the distant sound of a car engine. I found the above sentence in a novel. My question is can we ...
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how to interpret who clause?

When there is the word "and" before a who clause, should I interpret that the who clause applies to all the subjects before the clause or just to the one right before the clause? For example, We ...
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2answers
168 views

“Jack believed that Bob said that Nancy saw Bill drove fast yesterday”?

What is ungrammatical about this sentence? Jack believed that Bob said that Nancy saw Bill drove fast yesterday. At the moment I have found out that the main verb,believed, is tensed, and the ...
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1answer
191 views

Commas and Coordinating Conjunctions Before Dependent Clauses

"For what do we live, but to make sport for our neighbors, and laugh at them in our turn?" -- Jane Austen Many famous authors and writers use coordinating conjunctions and commas in this way. Are ...
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1answer
51 views

Explanation for misuse of 'where' in a main clause

I'm editing a paper and the author (native German) has written several instances of 'where' at the beginning of a sentence as a main clause. He means to explain the symbols in the equation that ...
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579 views

Comma before “I believe” without a conjunction in between

In the sentence: "The cat ate the rat __ I believe." Would I need a comma in the blank?
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1answer
138 views

using past tense for the future - is it correct?

In the show Westworld, Anthony Hopkins uses this structure, as: As soon as Dr.Ford left the room, he would put an end to this nightmare. now the question is, shouldn't the sentence be like: As ...
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68 views

What is the difference between a nonessential and essential clause?

According to this, adding a specific noun to a sentence can make a clause nonessential. Example - Freddie hopes to return to the city where he met a woman with haunting green eyes. vs. Freddie ...
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How does omitting the subject affect the sentence structure?

I was wondering: how does the structure of this sentence change when we use the continuous form of the verb without a subject: (standing)? "That half an hour was the peak of our social life: standing ...
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1answer
112 views

Is this sentence grammatically correct? Adverb clause

When I got back my test recently, I oddly found that my English teacher thinks that there is an error in the usage of adverbial clauses in "It seems that moving the body while learning, which ...
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45 views

Systemic Functional Linguistics - clause boundaries, theme composition [duplicate]

Is my analysis correct that the following use of wh- question words and how is two clauses linked by a conjunction: I don't understand || how/why/when/where he did it here's || why I have a ...
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1answer
42 views

'[…] upon which this invitation was based on' - is there an adverb redundant?

The whole sentence goes: 'Below is the list of criteria upon which this invitation was based on.' It seems to me the adverbs 'upon' and 'on' are doubled up in this sentence. And it should be changed ...
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1answer
138 views

Why is “Whoever thought of that idea” a noun clause?

Whoever thought of that idea is a genius. reference whoever=anyone that reference I am confused by this clause and I think it should be a relative clause, because "a person" can be a genius ...
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1answer
1k views

Are commas needed after “yesterday” and “today” in these sentences (introductory clauses) [closed]

Yesterday post call, we worked on small fixes and completing user interactions. Today once we complete those final touches, we will conduct a design review and polish the build to match the designs....
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1answer
778 views

How to distinguish between Principal clause and Subordinate clause in a sentence? [closed]

How can I distinguish between a principal clause and a subordinate clause in a sentence to use a subordinating conjunction? I saw him, I stopped my car. I know I have to add when before I saw him. ...
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33 views

Sentence breakdown

So I was trying to breakdown this sentence to identify its components into its main sentence and clauses. Here is the sentence: Some economists now suggest that home equality loans are merely a new ...
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Is this appositive?

Here's the sentence: The men who died were members of the Batalion de San Patricio or the San Patricios, an artiller unit of the Mexican army, which saw action in the Mex-Am war. I'm talking about the ...