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The dash is a family of punctuation marks which are not part of a word, but resemble long hyphens in appearance.

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Which do you read x' as dash or prime?

In Japan, it is occasionally said that x' should be read as eks-prime in mathematical contexts. However, there are several cases to read eks-dash. In addition, a person says that eks-dash was ...
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3answers
79 views

Should I use a hyphen, an en dash, or an em dash to define or introduce a word? [closed]

I have looked up online and studied usages for the hyphen, en dash, and em dash. I still haven't found an answer if I can define words with a dash in English. The backstory on dashes defining ...
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2answers
44 views

Is it acceptable to place a comma after the em-dash in this sentence? [duplicate]

Due to financial struggles brought on by marital struggles—or perhaps it was the other way around—, the family had to forsake it as the bank foreclosed on it. I normally wouldn't place a comma, but ...
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3answers
56 views

How would one correctly place punctuation marks in this sentence?

Moth-like, the people buzzed about: walking, driving, directing— each to their own light. I'm not sure whether each comma, colon, dash and hyphen are used correctly here. Please help! Also, this ...
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1answer
18 views

Colons vs Em dash ?

The designer envisions the game’s fundamental elements: the settings, characters, and plots that make each game unique, and is thus a primary creative force behind a video game. A) NO CHANGE B) ...
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21 views

Can I use parenthetical remarks to restate something mid-sentence?

I was wondering whether it is bad practice to replace the previous part of a sentence with a parenthetical remark. I've illustrated this in the sentence below: This culture has been welcoming of (...
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2answers
138 views

What should I use when introducing dialogue, hyphens, en-dashes or em-dashes? [closed]

I have always use the hyphen when introducing dialogue. -I love skating, but I'm not very good at it. But I have recently been educated about the existence and use of en/em dashes. Now, I think I ...
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2answers
57 views

Should we use an em dash, en dash, or semi-colon

A sentence is causing some discussion in the office - it's about a Nylon product. We are not sure if we should use an en-dash, em-dash, semi-colon, or something else entirely. I thought an em-dash was ...
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1answer
76 views

Usage of en dash in a CV

I write the date in my résumé in the following format: 7/2017–present 4/2015–6/2017 8/2010–3/2015 Is this the right way to do it? I am asking because I also saw the following notation: 7/2017 – ...
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2answers
34 views

I tend to overuse the hyphen as a pause, and would appreciate some feedback on this [duplicate]

An example of the way I tend to use the hyphen would be: Some people are genetically predisposed to build muscle - I am not one of them. I usually do this more often when I am in a hurry. Still, I ...
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27 views

How is a dash used in English [duplicate]

Is a dash used between words in word combinations like fill up? Or is it fill-up?
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0answers
22 views

How to punctuate character descriptions within a single clause

I want to say "Inside the bedroom John and Mary sit and talk" but include descriptions of each. e.g. "Inside the bedroom, John; a thirty year old boxer and Mary; a balding starlet, sit and talk". ...
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1answer
55 views

(un)conditional or (un-)conditional?

I want to write "conditional (mean imputation)" and "unconditional (mean imputation)" shorter, which of these 4 is the best way to do that? If multiple ways are correct, which is the most common (in ...
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3answers
967 views

Is the em dash used in formal writing?

Is it valid to use em dashes in formal writing? My teacher said it's informal to use em dashes under any circumstances, so I just wanted to make sure. I've gone through several related questions in ...
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1answer
89 views

Is this how to correctly use a dash? [closed]

I have been reading around on different websites on how to use a dash and I think this is correct but I am not 100% sure. It seems like you can use them when you need to compact a lot of information ...
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1answer
50 views

How are dashes used when referring to the work of someone? [closed]

Example: [Artist] - [Song] Is that little line supposed to be a hyphen, non-breaking hyphen, figure-/en-/em-dash, horizontal bar, minus sign or double oblique hyphen? Are there supposed to be spaces ...
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1answer
47 views

the usage of dashes before relative pronouns [closed]

I came across these two sentences: Today, his sculptures – which spin, tilt, and sway – belong to collections worldwide. Today, his sculptures – spin, tilt, and sway – belong to collections ...
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0answers
93 views

Specific Semicolon vs. Dash Case

and thanks for taking the time to read my question. I was writing an essay not too long ago, and I ended up writing a sentence that goes like this: As people convert to higher-paid jobs the birth ...
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1answer
57 views

Sentence Structure (linking)

In saying: There are a lot of benefits for the new model of transportation, the Smartcopter. How do I name the model of transportation as the Smartcopter in one sentence as shown in the example ...
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1answer
28 views

Can I make minor typographical corrections to a title in citations? [closed]

Let's say I need to cite a website or printed report with the title: Broccoli production in Ruritania, 1990-2010 with a hyphen in "1990-2010." In English typography, though, the standard indicator ...
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1answer
103 views

Is it correct to say “inter- disciplinary/national” instead of “interdisciplinary and international”?

I'm trying to be more concise with my words. Does writing "inter- disciplinary/national" to describe to my educational background make sense? If not, what's a good alternative?
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0answers
30 views

How to punctuate interrupted dialogue [duplicate]

What is the best way to punctuate interrupted dialogue? I have seen it done like this, but I am not sure if it is correct. "In my opinion the best w--" "Nobody is interested in your opinion," Fred ...
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1answer
84 views

What do these sentences from “When Dinosaurs Roamed North Dakota” mean? [closed]

[W]e passed rolling hills with emerald green grass, farmhouses dotting acres of fields and wild, rocky landscapes. (Hillary Richard, "When Dinosaurs Roamed North Dakota", New York Times) I ...
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2answers
686 views

Semicolon followed by a dash;—What is it?

I see repeated use in numerous 19th printed texts and manuscripts, both British and American, of a semi-colon followed by an em dash. It is clearly a punctuation device that was used frequently in ...
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1answer
106 views

Necessary punctuation in sentence

There was a sentence in a released* ACT test a while back. This was the sentence. "I ride this trail nearly everyday - not on a bike, but on 'Luigi'." It seems to me that the interior punctuation is ...
2
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1answer
382 views

The Em Dash: Afterthought or Added Emphasis?

Whenever I read a piece of writing that includes an em dash, I'm unsure wether to read it as an afterthought or added emphasis. Here's two examples I made: The em dash being used as an afterthought: ...
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358 views

Colon or Dash for definition list?

In a definition list should I use a colon or a dash to separate the definition term (dt element) and the definition description (dd element)? Example: one of a number of things. Test: the ...
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1answer
54 views

Serial Punctuation in multiple complex clauses, with references

I am trying to edit an academic paper, with a complex sentence which includes an interpolation within em dashes. The interpolation terminates with a reference in brackets, and is also the first item ...
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2answers
575 views

are the days of using dashes over?

I ran into a sentence which I would like to share in here to prepare the context for my question. "it was shown that TBT, HBT, and HSDT1 have the same results in order to derive fundamental ...
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1answer
234 views

Is this use of en dash legitimate? [duplicate]

In the following sentence, how do you understand the en dash? Our findings are very interesting from an international viewpoint – business tourism. Is the use of the en dash appropriate here? ...
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2answers
99 views

Slashes and en-dash inside parentheses [closed]

Is the usage of slashes, en-dash, and parentheses in the following line OK? Objective: Working as a translator (English/Spanish/Portuguese–Arabic) *It's part of a resume. Thank you for your ...
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1answer
90 views

Correct grammar / style for segments that share the same (lengthy) prepositional object

I'm having trouble with a sentence that uses two (or more) prepositional phrases, which share the same prepositional object. For example, I would like to turn these two statements: A main theme in ...
2
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1answer
358 views

What dash should be used for attribution of authorship? [duplicate]

Say I want to mention an author and their work, i.e. The Beatles—Abbey Road or Herman Melville—Moby Dick, which dash should go betwixt the two? This question has been marked as a possible duplicate ...
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3answers
68 views

Comma usage within dashes

Could someone please explain what rule governs the comma and dash usage. Why is the dash placed after the should. Couldn't the dash be placed after the 'have'? He might – and according to plans, ...
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0answers
38 views

How do I use a dash at the end of speech? [duplicate]

How do I use a dash at the end of speech to signify an abrupt change of subject? I understand that when using an em dash, there is no space before or after the dash: George sighed. “There is ...
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0answers
36 views

When quoting someone, should I use a hyphen, en dash, or em dash? [duplicate]

When I'm quoting someone, which dash should I use at the end? A hyphen, en dash, or em dash? Plus should it be connected to the person's name? Example: "Inspirstional quote here." -Nathan Which ...
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2answers
127 views

How to properly organize grammar with complex sentence with dashes? [closed]

Alright, Im writing an APLAC paper and don't know if my word choice and more importantly grammar in the following is correct: I left my residence, embraced teary-eyed peers and entrusted my ...
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0answers
48 views

En dashes and shortened year ranges [duplicate]

I understand that typically an en dash ( – ) is used when presenting a range of numbers. For example, when representing a range of years such as "1990 – 2000." My question pertains to instances in ...
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2answers
43 views

Dashes in “st-vertex-cut” or “st-vertex cut”?

People use "vertex-cut" and "vertex cut" where I am unsure whether it should be with dash or without dash. For me, it looks nicest to have "st-vertex-cut" and then "st-vertex-cut set" without dash, ...
2
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1answer
56 views

How to refer to the collection of horizontal line characters?

Hyphens, dashes, n-dashes, m-dashes, and minus signs all look the same (give or take a pixel). Is there a term for this set of characters?
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0answers
55 views

Israel-Turkey or Turkey-Israel ties?

I recall back in college the teacher once noting that there is a rule for that. I've checked google and found both are used. Is there a rule for that?
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1answer
650 views

When writing an informal letter, is it advisable to use the em rule at all?

I must point out before explaining my situation that I'm an English learner. However, for this question I need the help of an expert; that's why I'm asking here and not in ELL. When writing an ...
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0answers
98 views

Punctuation in a Figure Caption (Abbreviation List)

I have question regarding punctuation in a caption of a figure. Lets say, for example, I have a figure that depicts a certain schematic. In the caption of the figure I want to list all the ...
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4answers
3k views

Em dash and quotes

While I toss up between the em dash and the en dash, I am consistent throughout one document. However, one thing I have noticed when using the em dash is that when I write something like: Firstly, ...
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0answers
123 views

Semicolon vs dash

I'm writing a book, and one of the sentences is as follows: "They are the same today, even though it’s been nearly three weeks since I left this place-three weeks since I left the place I called home....
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0answers
159 views

ACT English question regarding dashes

From what I know, dashes are used to separate non essential clauses that adds further description to an object. This question confuses me. The correct answer is J but why? If you replace it with J, ...
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2answers
646 views

Please Help Me Punctuate This Sentence Correctly [closed]

I'm particularly interested in getting the punctuation correct, and I'd like to keep it all in one sentence. Thanks! Here's the sentence: It allows you to test on multiple browsers, and clicking ...
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1answer
157 views

Using comma to delimit the name of a group and its constituents?

You are probably familiar with this comic which illustrates the possible ambiguity caused by leaving out the Oxford comma: However, this strikes me as plain wrong. I thought comma would not be used ...
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0answers
36 views

Using em-dash instead of parentheses and commas [duplicate]

Let's say I have the following sentence: "I didn't like the cake (the cookies were better), but I absolutely hated the egg rolls." Would it be grammatically correct (and colloquially okay, to someone ...
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1answer
155 views

Interchangeability of “—” (dash) and “:” (colon)

Let me cite two examples, one using "—" (dash) and the other using ":" (colon): John has three sisters — Sita, Mita and Rita. John has three sisters: Sita, Mita and Rita. Grammatically, both ...