Questions tagged [non-restrictive]

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Can a relative clause introduced by a noun phrase marked by the indefinite article be both non-restrictive and restrictive?

[Example 1] The quirky scientist is shot and killed by a group of Libyan terrorists from whom he stole the plutonium that powers his new design. In the above example, I have used a restrictive ...
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Is this prepositional phrase a 'predicative adjunct'?

The class was composed of thirty students, including Jonathan and Kelly. In this sentence, the prepositional phrase 'including Jonathan and Kelly' is a non-restrictive element in the clause structure ...
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Can an em-dash function as both an opener to its own parenthetical and simultaneously close a nonrestrictive clause introduced by a comma?

I've read that you are not supposed to include a comma before 'in which', since it is part of a restrictive clause linked to a noun. If you do put a comma before it, it is to render it part of a ...
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Is there a comma splice AND is this a restrictive or nonrestrictive clause?

I am still having trouble discerning restrictive vs non-restrictive (or essential vs non-essential) clauses when I am not modifying a noun with descriptions. Here is my example: My professor was ...
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Should I use definite or indefinite articles in appositive phrases listing someone’s accomplishments?

Not sure which is correct: I interviewed Bob, a writer for Time Magazine, the winner of two Pulitzer Prizes, and the author of three books. or I interviewed Bob, a writer for Time Magazine, a ...
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Unsure whether the clause in this sentence is restrictive or nonrestrictive [closed]

I wanted you to have something tangible in these times, in which very little is concrete. For more context: this is at the end of a letter that has already established that 'these times' = difficult ...
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Is this additional information restrictive or nonrestrictive to my sentence?

Apologies if this is a dumb question, but I need it answering. I have this sentence: During my time at school, I volunteered to help assist a student in class in order to stay focused and not get ...
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"few if any" vs "few, if any"

Below are two sentences for the discussion: There may be few if any other plumbers working in Moore's town. (Source: from an LSAT) There may be few, if any, other plumbers working in Moore's town. (...
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Comma or no comma: "...save for the last digit [,] which is 2."

Comma or no comma: "11112 is a number whose digits are all 1, save for the last digit [,] which is 2. My sentence is of the following form: Comma or no comma: "11112 is a number whose ...
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Multiple non-restrictive modifiers in one sentence

Consider the following sentence: "I have not sent any further communication, since the email, to your office, so far." Would both the phrases "since the email" and "to your ...
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That vs. Which in short sentences

I have read extensively concerning the rules governing that vs. which and felt I understood them until the following example. I am operating under the assumption that "that" is used for ...
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What constitutes as a restrictive or nonrestrictive?

I'm struggling with trying to figure out whether or not this sentence needs a comma before "only." "He stopped running, only to grab a log from a stack of firewood and launch it at me.&...
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Absence of Which in Non-restrictive clauses

Is it necessary to place the which after the comma in the first two sentences (Non-restrictive clauses)? The Nb thin films were deposited through HiPIMS with an industrial tool coating machine ...
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I'm not sure if this is a restrictive or a non-restrictive clause (using the word 'whilst')

I've been tasked with editing a new hire's bio, and I've been stumped by comma. For context, the intern is writing about how they found the company's job ad. They are currently still studying at ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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List of people including non-restrictive appositive

I'm editing a book with this sentence: 'Viroj, his wife, Pranom, Joan and I were duly ushered into an audience room at Chitralada Palace.' Viroj's wife is Pranom so Pranom is set off with commas as a ...
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2 answers
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She invited me to go with them, which I'd quite like to (do)

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language , in Chapter 17 Deixis and anaphora, says (Page 1526): Is [iv] well-formed? How about adding do after to as follows? She invited me to go with them, ...
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“Fools that they are”

I have a question about the interposition “fools that they are” in the following: “Fools that they are, they never knew thy guiltless pride, thy true spirit.” Using Google’s Ngram Viewer, I found ...
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Don't be trapped by dogma, which is living with the results of other people's thinking

From a speech by Steve Jobs: a. Don't be trapped by dogma, which is living with the results of other people's thinking. If the sentence is to work syntactically, dogma has to be the antecedent of ...
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When used in a nonrestrictive clause, does “which” have to be the first word?

I understand that “that” is used for restrictive clauses, and that “which” is used for nonrestrictive clauses. However, I’m unsure if the placement of “which” in a nonrestrictive clause changes the ...
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1 answer
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Is my StackExchange-Description written correctly? [closed]

This is my profile-description of the StackExchange-Site: "Dösbaddel" is a (North-)German word for "Dummkopf" which probably means "fool" in English. Is it written properly or do I need to insert ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Does "That" have to be next to the noun it modifies? [duplicate]

Inside a prep book the following sentence is WRONG on the grounds that "that" modifies the closest noun "home". John F. Kennedy, one of the most social U.S. presidents, held many parties in his ...
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Non-restrictive clauses / Correct comma use

I'm not sure which of these sentences is best: 'There are a large number of alternative, sometimes dangerous interventions being performed on children with ASD.' 'There are a large number of ...
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1 answer
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How is this solved?! is it Essential or Non-Essential? [duplicate]

while I've been prepping for the SAT using The Ultimate Guide to SAT Grammar Workbook by Erica L. Meltzer I encountered this question: Sentence: Before a vaccine was finally discovered by an ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Can "that" introduce a clause that contains unecessary information?

I was wondering if it was acceptable to make a sentence less choppy by using “that” without a comma to introduce a clause that could be introduced with a comma followed by “which,” because the ...
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Implicit "that/which is/are" in nonrestrictive relative clause

Is it grammatically correct to leave off "that is" or "which is" in a nonrestrictive relative clause? Is there a term for this? Is this actually a different phenomenon? It (sometimes?) seems to apply ...
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1 vote
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Comma before "which" and after "unable to do so"

I'm having trouble deciding if "I estimate to be $10,000.00" is a non-restrictive or restrictive phrase, and therefore the need for a comma surrounding this phrase. In addition, is a comma required ...
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4 answers
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Nonrestrictive Clauses and Coordinating conjunction separating two independent clauses

Quick, not so simple question. I know that, if you join two independent clauses with a coordinating conjunction (like "and"), you need a comma before the coordinating conjunction. For example: I ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Does this comma matter? [duplicate]

Commas always trip me up. I feel that I use them far too often, and I most likely do. Can anyone set my mind at ease in regards to the following sentence: Neutrogena is a family-oriented brand ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Comma here? "The store is impressive, yet thoughtful, and it feels like home"

"The store is impressive, yet thoughtful, and it feels like home." or "The store is impressive yet thoughtful, and it feels like home." I'm not sure because it's qualifying something and seems "...
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3 answers
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Is there a comma required in this sentence?

Consider the following. He participated in one of the most challenging swimming competitions SwimFest-X in countryname-Y, which facilitated his success in Z. or should there be a comma before ...
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1 answer
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My understanding about the non-restrictive use of the relative clause in a partcular sentence

Almost every chinese who works at an iPhone manifacture in China usually uses a china-produced phone, which is way cheaper. I just want to make sure if my understanding especially about the non-...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Can " comma + and" be part of a non-restrictive clause?

Companies have competed with each other, providing better services, and have done so, while keeping costs low. Is the sentence above correct? I know that when there is a "comma + one of the FANBOYS" ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Clause Question

I realize that American authors typically use "which" in nonrestrictive clauses, and "that" in restrictive clauses. But I frequently have a problem deciding whether to make a clause restrictive or non-...
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2 answers
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Can I use 'that' before a non-restrictive phrase?

Non-restrictive relative clauses must always be introduced by which and never by that. So can I say something like Both my computer and my car, that is run-down, were quite cheap. An Oxford ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What sort of phrases cannot be restrictive or non-restrictive?

The Chicago Manual of Style says A phrase that is restrictive—that is, essential to the meaning (and often the identity) of the noun it belongs to—should not be set off by commas. What sort of ...
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2 votes
3 answers
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“The men at the shop, two of whom John knows, are helpful.” Is the relative clause restrictive or nonrestrictive?

The men at the shop, two of whom John knows, are helpful. Is the relative clause nonrestrictive or restrictive? Or ambiguous? (For written English) (1) If it is nonrestrictive, the interpretation ...
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1 answer
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Am I correct in describing this as both a subordinate clause and a restrictive clause?

In this sentence - Today I am starting a diet, but first I will eat all the children’s chocolate they have leftover from Easter. Is but first I will eat etc a subordinate clause that contains the ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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Commas Usage and Restrictive Clauses

So, I'm having trouble working out whether or not the title of a literary work should be surrounded by commas. This is because most grammar guides, including the Chicago Manual of Style, which I use, ...
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1 answer
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Comma before "that": OLD vs. MW

The meaning for bassinet in Oxford Learner's Dictionaries reads: a small bed for a baby, that looks like a basket while that in Merriam Webster Learner's Dictionary reads: a small bed for a ...
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Omitting/Defining a restrictive clause [duplicate]

When I have to decide whether a clause is restrictive/non-restrictive I typically figure out whether the information in the restrictive clause is, in my opinion, necessary. Is this correct or is the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
113 views

Omission of Non-Restrictive "Which Is"

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. The above line is cited from the article on ...
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1 vote
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defining vs. non-defining relative elements

I know the internet fundamentals of subject but the following sentence has me confused. Additionally, guidelines are prepared that will guide the user through the phases of the automation project....
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0 votes
1 answer
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Which word does the "which" in this sentence point to?

The wide grip that many people use slackens the back muscles, which provide crucial support for the weight and transfers the load to the spine. Does "which" in the above sentence point to "back ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Restrictive Clause vs. Non Restrictive Clause

Consider the following example: To add to the confusion, every New Year's Day a person, according to this Korean counting system, becomes a year older, regardless of his or her actual birthday. ...
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2 answers
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Commas before non-restrictive subordinating conjunctions?

It's said that a comma shouldn't be placed before a dependent clause when it comes after the independent clause, but what about when the dependent clause is non-restrictive? For example: "I can't ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Are all the commas and semicolons really necessary in 'My mother, Martha; my father, Jesse; and my daughter, Amy, will be there'?

Are all the commas and semicolons really needed in: 'My mother, Martha; my father, Jesse; and my daughter, Amy, will be there'? In this sentence I have only one father, only one mother and only one ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Need help with nonrestrictive clauses and "having v-ed" clause offset by commas

I have a question about restrictive/nonrestrictive clauses, and more specifically if they apply to the following sentence: A group of Spartan soldiers, having hidden themselves in the hollow wooden ...
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2 answers
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When is a modifier restrictive?

I'm reading about commas, and am finding it fairly difficult to absorb. How can I decide whether a modifier is restrictive? Google says that restrictive modifiers say something essential to the ...
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4 votes
2 answers
13k views

Commas with multiple prepositional (adverbial) phrases at the end of the sentence on the ground of restrictive/non-restrictive modifier

Do we put commas between 2 or more prepositional phrases that immediately follow each other at the end of the main clause if all of them modify/restrict the main predicate differently (e.g. one ...
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Restrictive vs Non-restrictive Relative Clause

Can you tell me the difference in the meaning of the two sentences below? As a defining relative clause. The location which was called Central Park was a park in New York. As a non-defining ...
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