Questions tagged [appositives]

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Is it okay to start a sentence with an appositive?

I know you can use them in the middle of a sentence, but is it okay to start sentences with them? Example: A kind of a duck, the Mallard, can be found all throughout the world.
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Is the highlighted part a noun phrase acting as an appositive or an absolute phrase, modifying the previous clause?

His chest and arms were thick and roped with muscle, testament to the athlete he’d once been. In the sentence above, is "testament to ..." modifying the previous clause "his chest ..&...
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Confusing reduction transformation

Let's assume sentence below (which is From "The Official Cambridge Guide to IELTS"). Ants simply sense changes in their environment, as for example when the mound's wall has been damaged, ...
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Apposition between the noun and the participial phrase

There’s “a glass broken by me.” But I want to use an apposition between “glass” and “broken” as in sentence one. A glass, my favorite one, broken by me is on the floor. A glass broken by me, my ...
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Can a single comma close off two asides?

Example: The text's references to Joyce, as well as to Hemingway, who would often fight other pub-goers on behalf of the Irishman, made no mistake about this. It seems fine to me, but I just remember ...
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Should I use definite or indefinite articles in appositive phrases listing someone’s accomplishments?

Not sure which is correct: I interviewed Bob, a writer for Time Magazine, the winner of two Pulitzer Prizes, and the author of three books. or I interviewed Bob, a writer for Time Magazine, a ...
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The Miss(es) Joneses

Fowler reads The Misses Jones is the old-fashioned plural, occasionally used when formality is required, e.g. in printed lists of guests present, etc.; otherwise the type the Miss Joneses is now ...
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Comma use: Two variables, A and B, were examined in separate models [duplicate]

Grammarly recommends removing the second comma but for me it seems that this is needed. What would be the correct comma use in such a sentence? Two variables, fracture type and management method, ...
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Should I put an appositive comma around a possessive appositive

In the process of editing a translation, I came across this sentence: "[That night] was also the opening curtain to the Sheng Yuan Emperor, Li Yi’s unification of the world." (To clarify ...
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do appositives only modify nouns or pronouns

Can an appositive modify an adverb? For example: I want to swim there, Pacific Beach. In the above example, 'Pacific Beach' is describing 'there.'Is this possible or do I need to insert a preposition, ...
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"the Wonder Wheel, a Ferris wheel that looked " VS "the Wonder Wheel, a Ferris wheel, that looked"

Above all, we boarded the Wonder Wheel, a Ferris wheel that looked as tall as a seven-story building. (From an ACT test) I know "a Ferris wheel that looked as tall as a seven-story building"...
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Gerund appositives

Can you show me sentences that use gerund clauses(not participial constructions) as a appositive clause as many as possible... Like “my favorite sport, playing baseball, has brought me friends.” (I ...
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Why is there no article before "key" in "key amongst them being ..."?

Why is there no article before key in the sentence? There are however pressing challenges for both systems, key amongst them being the need for better IT skills on the part of students and teachers. ...
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Should there be a semicolon after the third name and title?

Should there be a semicolon after the third name and title in this sentence (names and titles are not real), or is a single comma sufficient? Join John Smith, President and CEO, X Corporation; Mark ...
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Use of which in a sentence

In the following sentences, is it necessary to use which? SRH, a recombination model, is used for direct bandgap materials. SRH, which is a recombination model, is used for direct bandgap ...
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Article with an appositive phrase

Please help me understand whether I need an article and why. *"Companies I have worked with: Wolfestone, translation agency (Swansea, UK) [...]"* Do I have to place an article before "...
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List of people including non-restrictive appositive

I'm editing a book with this sentence: 'Viroj, his wife, Pranom, Joan and I were duly ushered into an audience room at Chitralada Palace.' Viroj's wife is Pranom so Pranom is set off with commas as a ...
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"Systems those were" or "systems that were"?

Please, someone, help me to understand why is this first sentence incorrect? Incorrect: And it has affected the most to the systems those were already fragile. Correct: And it has affected the most ...
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Use of punctuation in complex list with two sets of appositives

How would you punctuate the sentence below? Is it okay the way it is? I've never seen a sentence that introduced more than one list with a colon. I considered just taking out the colons. I also ...
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Appositive or Complement?

The way (that) he eats amuses me. I found the way (that) leads out of here. I love ice-cream in the same way (that) I love my mom. 1) The part of speech of the word that is conjunction in ...
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What does the concept of "apposition" mean precisely?

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language makes a clear distinction between ascriptive and specifying supplements, and categorizes only the former as apposition. I believe that answers to similar ...
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2 answers
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Is this appositive adjective a misplaced modifier? E.g. He lived on the edge of a mountain, ancient and forgotten

I do not think "ancient and forgotten" would be associated with the subject "he", but I still want to be sure. I'm learning about appositive adjectives, and I saw this on a website: The castle, ...
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1 answer
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Inversion verb-subject after an appositive phrase

I can't find a written rule about the subject-verb inversion in appositive phrases. In the temple, is a statue. In the temple, a statue is. I feel that the first one is more natural, but, as said, ...
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Is the middle section of this sentence an appositive?

"An arrest occurs when a person has been taken into custody, or kept under the control of police, and is not free to leave." Wanted to see if the middle sentence "or kept under the control of police"...
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XXX, is founder of ABC, ..... or XXX, founder of ABC,.... which one is correct? [closed]

Which one of these is more correct? XXX, is founder of ABC, was guest .... XXX, founder of ABC, was guest .... My English is not very good. I'm waiting for your opinion.
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Appositive without a noun?

Is the following grammatical? If so, what would you call the phrase after the comma? It sounds somewhat like an appositive but there's no (explicit) noun to which it refers. Bill might assume his ...
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It's the size of a brick; What size shirt/shoes do you take?; I have a daughter your age

What is the grammar of the English words "size", "age", etc? According to Quirk (1985:1293) Some noun phrases of measure, denoting size, age, etc, can also be postposed: A man the size of a ...
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3 votes
3 answers
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Article before nouns in the appositive phrase?

Here are two examples: Nobody creates post-apocalyptic flicks better than George Miller, the director of the Mad Max series. Is the necessary before director, and can it be omitted? The business ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Can an adjective make a noun a restrictive appositive?

Consider the example phrase "Their firstborn son". Without the adjective "firstborn", "Their son" could be non-restrictive if 'they' have multiple sons. However, there can only be one firstborn. In ...
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3 votes
3 answers
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Capitalization of Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer

An epithetical question: Should ALL of Rudolph "the red-nosed reindeer" be capitalized? Why or why not, and where do we draw the line? This was inspired by some seasonal discussion on this ...
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Using commas around names that specify relationship

I've been getting conflicting information on this problem. If I write: "My brother Sam loves to eat cake." OR "My brother, Sam, loves to eat cake." OR to be REALLY clear "One of my brothers, Sam, ...
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Is there a term for using "or" to introduce something like an appositive?

Recently someone was trying to explain to me that "or" can have a non-disjunctive function, and this came to mind as a possible example but I can't figure out the terminology to describe it. I know ...
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Where is the appositive? "Each bottle had its own tight seal cork and wire."

Where is the appositive in this sentence? Each bottle had its own tight seal cork and wire.
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5 votes
1 answer
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Appositive with no definite article

Hans, head of a company that manufactures garden furniture, is announcing to his staff .... Shouldn't it be the head of a company ...? Is that correct? Could you explain why we do not need a definite ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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using comma within the appositive

If you have a list of items separated by commas, can it be used as an appositive if you separate it from the rest of the sentence by yet another by comma? Here's an example: The factory produces ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Verb tense/placement in an appositive/participle phrase

I'm having trouble with verb tense/placement in an appositive/participle phrase. Which of these is correct: (1) Jane wrote a letter to the restaurant, complaining about the new menu. (2) Jane, ...
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What is it called when an interjection (aside) is insert into a sentence?

When an aside is inserted to add information to a noun, it's called an appositive. For example, "Bob, my dad's friend, had dinner with my uncle yesterday." But what about when the aside is an ...
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Commas surrounding a name

I am currently working on an essay, and I have a question about a certain pair of commas. Consider the following sentence: One of my classmates, Simona Stoyanova, and I carried out independent ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is the ’s-possessive form of "the king of Troy, Priam"? [duplicate]

“This was brought about by the king of Troy’s, Priam’s, death.” In this sentence, should the ’s be tagged on to “the king of Troy”, “Priam”, or both?
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1 vote
2 answers
518 views

In this sentence, should there be a comma after "at the table"? [closed]

I'm wondering if I should use a comma after "table" in this sentence that I've written. Could you please tell me if a comma is needed? Janet entered the room to find Bob at the table typing on his ...
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0 votes
2 answers
133 views

What punctuation should I use? [closed]

What punctuation should I use here? Hester needs to be more grateful and focus on: her baby, Pearl; and her sewing.
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2 answers
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Can we use appositives before the subject?

1) Good vocabulary, knowledge of grammar, sense of style--all are basic writing skills. 2) Basic writing skills--good vocabulary,knowledge of grammar, sense of style can be learned by almost ...
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Does the appositive in this sentence need to be set off with commas?

On the freelancing website Upwork, there is a US Punctuation and Mechanics test one can take to boost credibility on one's profile for potential clients. These tests are administered by third-party ...
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Clarifying phrases that could be apposition

I have a question around apposition, and would like to ensure I’m not overlooking anything. I’m editing an article where there are multiple instances of phrases that I would usually cordon off with a ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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How to list people with a short explanation

Andy, Bob, Christine, his girlfriend, Debby and I are going for dinner tomorrow. Christine is Bob's girlfriend. There are no other relations. There are five people altogether. Is the quoted ...
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1 vote
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Identifying Appositives and Nouns in Apposition

I am having some trouble discerning appositives from their nouns in apposition. Consider an example from the Wikipedia article on appositives, "My friend Alice Smith likes jelly beans." "My friend" ...
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2 votes
3 answers
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Are the commas here correct? "...a vaccine was finally discovered by an American scientist, Jonas Salk, in 1955..."

Before a vaccine was finally discovered by an American scientist, Jonas Salk, in 1955, more than 80 percent of polio patients received help from the foundation. Why is "Jonas Salk" set off by commas ...
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1 answer
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Why is it "BTC wallet's password" instead of "the password of a BTC wallet"?

The company, for security reasons, would not want a single one of its employees to have access to the company BTC wallet's password. Any transaction would have to meet the approval of more than ...
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Combining m-dash and comma

I am editing something that has an appositive phrase surrounded by m-dashes. But the thing that gets the em-dash phrase in it is the first item in a list. I feel like I need a comma, so that it's ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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How should I use a possessive apostrophe when a name is between commas? [duplicate]

Is this the correct use of an apostrophe when showing a name and relationship? When was your father, Robert's, wedding? Thanks!
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