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Questions tagged [modifiers]

Questions about modifiers.

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new possibilities generated by these activities coupled with selection

Development of the human body from a single cell provides many examples of the structural richness that is possible when the repeated production of random variation is combined with nonrandom ...
Mcreaper's user avatar
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Identifying Modifier nouns versus adjectives [duplicate]

There is a convention that frontend is a noun, whereas front-end is an adjective (in the context of computing and software development.) There are certainly sentences in which the word is ...
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Which phrase is being modified in the given sentence?

What is the phrase 'payable in foreign currency' modifying in the following sentence?: The borrowing cost ceiling includes spread over relevant benchmark rate, loan related insurance premium and ...
Usman Ali's user avatar
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what does a prepositional phrase that follows a that clause modify? [migrated]

Consider the following sentence: As secretary, you are to set a meeting agenda that includes discussions in concert with the boss. What word does the prepositional phrase "in concert with the ...
carolyn's user avatar
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"A modifier in clause structure" — Is it possible to understand by this phrase what head the modifier modifies?

Sometimes I come across the phrase "a modifier in clause structure". Can we draw the unambiguous conclusion from this phrase about what head such a modifier modifies? If we can, then what ...
Loviii's user avatar
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In "amount of data, collected ~", which is modified by 'collected~'? amount or data?

The fast-growing, tremendous amount of data, collected and stored in large and numerous data repositories, has far exceeded our human ability for comprehension without powerful tools. (from Data ...
Mcreaper's user avatar
9 votes
5 answers
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"Scarlet with rage, she swept past her employer and stormed up the stairs." — "Scarlet with rage" modifies "she", so adjectives can modify pronouns?

collinsdictionary.com: (1) Scarlet with rage, she swept past her employer and stormed up the stairs. I thought adjectives can modify personal pronouns only in short phrases like "poor me" or ...
Loviii's user avatar
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Can we transform verbs from one form to another?

The complex transitive form "verb + direct object + to+ v¹": It takes two hours to get to the airport. Now can we use the simple form "verb + Direct object". For example, It ...
Salim uddin's user avatar
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2 answers
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Adverb modifying two other adverbs

In the phrase "can express herself very fluently and precisely," does "very" modify both "fluently" AND "precisely"? Or just "fluently"? Or is it ...
LMR's user avatar
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What s, if any, the type of noun modifier for the receiver of a verb

I'm looking to find what it is called when a noun is modified by a prefix/suffix to mean that it is someone who receives x. And also, if there are examples of it in languages that are simple. The best ...
Durakken's user avatar
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low risk rating VS low-risk rating [duplicate]

As I understand what is happening: First, we have a rating. Second, we modify it with an adjective, calling it a risk rating. Third, we modify the adjective with another adjective, which is why we ...
samgled's user avatar
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3 answers
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Can participles modify the Object of a sentence or is the participle part of Object?

I gave a talk to the campus, attended by five hundred to a thousand people "Attended by five hundred to a thousand people" is anchored to or modifies the object, noun phrase, "talk to ...
rahul sehrawat's user avatar
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2 answers
339 views

How do you parse the noun phrase 'Even the manager herself'?

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Pages 438-9) has these subsections under §13 Peripheral modifiers: (e) Reflexive pronouns [7] [The manager h̲e̲r̲s̲e̲l̲f̲] had approved the proposal.In ...
JK2's user avatar
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What is the right way to qualify a noun with a measurment descriptor? [duplicate]

Suppose I have, in an experiment, a metallic film that has a thickness of 10 nanometers. What is the right short, perhaps technical, way to qualify this film with a modifier that describes this ...
alfC's user avatar
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Trying to understand how to connect phrases/clauses with commas

Take this fragment for example: The snow had come from the north, in the mist, driven by the night wind, smelling of the sea. It is from John Le Carré's The Looking Glass War. I've seen writers do ...
Evangelos Aktoudianakis's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
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Is "all showing that the weapons were being used by the Free Syrian Army" an absolute?

At the same time, dozens of videos of the weapons were being uploaded from Daraya, all showing that the weapons were being used by the Free Syrian Army **Source-New Yorker magazine https://www....
rahul sehrawat's user avatar
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Is the noun modifier "among them a portable anti-tank rocket and a wheel-mounted recoilless rifle" an appositive or absolute phrase?

Higgins was looking at videos coming out of the Daraya region when he noticed several weapons that he had not yet documented in Syria, among them a portable anti-tank rocket and a wheel-mounted ...
rahul sehrawat's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
109 views

Grammar of “In Meditations, Aurelius wrote about ways to live a Stoic life, asserting that humans should aim to live a virtuous life to be happy”

Below: a photo of a learner's textbook exercise page with a reading passage about a Stoic Roman emperor, with punctuation issues – and a question about punctuation, with rejoinders. "A" (the ...
Mr.Brian's user avatar
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How to detach a noun modifier so it clearly stays a modifier?

A noun modifier is a noun as an attribute of an other noun, like the “edge” in “edge case”. If the modifier is an adjective, it may be detached from a main noun. If the modifier is a noun, I think ...
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Hyphen as compound modifier for mph

I searched but couldn't find the rule. Is a hyphen required for a compound modifier used with mph? I understand it is used for something like "a 6-percent increase." Example: (1) A 20-mph ...
TechWriterTen's user avatar
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Can I place a modifier after a colon?

Can I place a modifier after a colon? For example: She opened the door, planning to go outside. vs She opened the door: planning to go outside.
playerJX1's user avatar
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What is a name for a modifier that changes the meaning of a word, rather than refining it? [duplicate]

My question, right up front, is: what is the term for a modifier that behaves this way? But "this way" takes some explanation, and that is the rest of the question. I am a mathematician, ...
LSpice's user avatar
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What does this participial phrase modify? "Unknown to them"

I came across sentences: For instance, a user has surfed across an innocent-looking site, holding information on an upcoming industry event. Unknown to them, however, a malvertisement campaign is ...
Kyle S's user avatar
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Is this sentence correct? "Adele says new album will explain her divorce to her young son." [closed]

So there's this debate ongoing on one post that this phrase is incorrect. People are getting confused and wondering how can Adele take a divorce from her own son. The sentence is: Adele says new ...
VisuaL HippocracY's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
100 views

What do the adverbs modify?

They crashed the ship three years later. They crashed the ship three years ago. In these sentences, do “later” and “ago” modify “crashed”? Also does “three years” modify “ago” and “later” since it ...
Alex's user avatar
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Favorite new restaurant vs new favorite restaurant [closed]

This is my favorite new restaurant. This is my new favorite restaurant. Why is the meaning of these two different when you swap the adjectives? Is it because favorite and new modify restaurant in the ...
George's user avatar
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2 votes
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Do the adverb and adjective together modify the noun? [closed]

The really good golfer is playing well. I know really modifies good and good modifies golfer, but does the full phrase really good modify golfer? The really big house is for sale. Does the phrase ...
Randy's user avatar
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1 answer
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What does "regularly" refer to in this?

Can anyone help me find out what "regularly" modifies in the following excerpt? (My emphasis) If we heard that an alien species had a word that could be meaningfully used to describe things ...
Saeed Zargarian's user avatar
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What role does "eager to be true partners in a struggle for social justice" play in the sentence?

Excerpt from The New Jim Crow by Michelle Alexander: African Americans throughout the South responded with great hope and enthusiasm, eager to be true partners in a struggle for social justice. What ...
rahul sehrawat's user avatar
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Is adjective ellipsis possible when coordinating between uncountable nouns and countable nouns preceded by articles?

A sentence like "The man has white hair and beard" is totally acceptable in languages without countable/uncountable nouns or articles, and languages where modifiers follow the head noun (...
Dom's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
569 views

What part of speech is ‘just’ in the sentence “It’s just me”? [closed]

I looked up just in some dictionaries, and they all say it’s an adverb (or at least, that it can be an adverb; apparently it can also be an adjective, a noun, a verb, or even an interjection): ...
Andrew Li's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Modifiers denoting colour, provenance, and composition in a fused-head noun phrases

In section 9.3 Fusion of internal modifier and head, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 417) says: (d) Modifiers denoting colour, provenance, and composition [25] i Henrietta likes ...
JK2's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
205 views

Are these uses of infinitive phrases syntactic modifiers or syntactic complements, and of what?

I have two questions about the grammatical roles of the infinitive phrases in these two sentences: He is the person to contact if you will need any advice. There is a person to connect A PC to B PC. ...
user465498's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
102 views

Why do we take things personally with an adverb but take them easy with an adjective? How can this be justified? [closed]

Why do we write take it personally or take it seriously with adverbs but we also write take it easy with an adjective, not take it easily with an adverb? How is this switching off between adjectives ...
Elvis's user avatar
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0 votes
3 answers
71 views

potentially manifesting in discriminatory outcomes

Just got caught out by a sentence excerpted from an opinion on the latest artificial intelligence developments: Others are weirded out by foundation models because any flaws or biases in these models ...
Jinx Pred's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
239 views

Why is “learning hard” wrong yet “studying hard” is right?

Why does saying learning hard sound so terribly wrong and unnatural, given that working hard, exercising hard, listening hard, thinking hard, and even it rains hard sound perfectly natural and get ...
하하호호's user avatar
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2 answers
56 views

Is "including in the Neckar" acting as a modifier in the given sentence? If so, what is it modifying?

He hoped to compete in some challenging open-water events later in the summer, including in the Neckar. Is "including in the Neckar" acting as a modifier in the sentence above? If so, what ...
rahul sehrawat's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
64 views

Is the highlighted part a noun phrase acting as an appositive or an absolute phrase, modifying the previous clause?

His chest and arms were thick and roped with muscle, testament to the athlete he’d once been. In the sentence above, is "testament to ..." modifying the previous clause "his chest ..&...
rahul sehrawat's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
25 views

Present participle modifier modifying another present participle modifier

A desecrated B, provoking riots. In the aforementioned sentence, " provoking riots" modifies the previous clause. A desecrated B, provoking riots, forcing the riot police to intervene Here, ...
rahul sehrawat's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
201 views

How can I distinguish between supplements and modifiers as proposed in The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (CGEL)?

In CGEL, the authors use the term 'adjunct' as an umbrella term to cover an element that is either modifier or supplement. On page 1350, the authors explain the properties of supplements to ...
SalmonallDay's user avatar
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2 answers
95 views

In the pattern "I am also <adjective>," does "also" modify the verb "am" or the adjective?

My family and I saw the following phrase: The also relevant part is . . . We all agreed that it was kind of an awkward sounding construction. But we disagreed on whether it was grammatically correct....
T Hummus's user avatar
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0 answers
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Is this prepositional phrase a supplement or modifier? [duplicate]

In the morning, he drove to work. Now he knew what to do. Having read about supplements and modifiers (two types of adjunct), I have started to become confused. Supplements are considered to be non-...
MJ Ada's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Subject-modifier-verb agreement [duplicate]

In the following sentence, is the verb 'have' appropriate? Is it not supposed to be 'has' ? The British council, in partnership with Microsoft philanthropies, have designed a course for young ...
Armstrong Musa's user avatar
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2 answers
107 views

Adverbs of manner modifying adjectives

I’m confused on adverbs of manner because it seems like some can modify adjectives while other cannot. Why is this? The book was beautifully profound. The book was quickly profound. The first ...
Grant's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
70 views

Correct way to convey "reducing" a trade-off

I am writing a scientific paper. In my field, there is typically a trade-off between the robustness and speed of an algorithm. I have developed an algorithm where the trade-off isn't as bad as in ...
josh_eime's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
92 views

What does the adverb as modify in this sentence?

“The man is as tired as a sloth.” In this sentence, I know the first “as” modifies tired, but what does the second one modify?
Joe's user avatar
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3 answers
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Adverb in a prepositional phrase and what it modifies

I am with arguably the best basketball player in the nation. Would this sentence above be correct, and if so, what does “arguably” modify?
John's user avatar
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0 votes
4 answers
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What is being modified in a phrase like rock hard or water resistant?

“The water-resistant shoes are great for rainy days.” “The table is rock hard.” In these sentences, I know “water resistant” modifies shoes and rock hard modifies table. Does “hard” modify “rock” and ...
Jimmy's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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Can appositives rename a verb?

While researching, I discovered the existence of 'summative' and 'resumptive' modifiers, which are both types of appositive. For context, here is an example of a summative modifier: He saw the ...
MJ Ada's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
58 views

Does the dangling modifier thing apply?

I have a persistent question concerning grammar that I would really like your help on. It has been nagging me for a long time. So, as we all know, if you start a sentence with -ing, the first word of ...
Janet Leung's user avatar

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