I saw in my book this sentence:

Arctic animals are now in danger because of ice melting due to global warming.

I am wondering what type of grammar structure ice melting and global warming is? Is it a noun composed by noun/adjective + verb + ing? is verb + ing a noun? is it a composed noun? I am confused


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    It's a noun phrase in which the gerund-participial clause "melting due to global warming" is modifying the noun "ice". It has a similar meaning to the relative clause in "ice that is melting due to global warming". – BillJ Apr 20 at 11:22
  • @BillJ Thanks, what about global warming? is melting a noun of the verb to melt? – Edoardo Apr 20 at 11:34
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    No; "melting" is a verb. "Global warming" is a noun phrase in which "global" modifies the noun "warming". – BillJ Apr 20 at 11:47

Considering Ice Melting.

A participle phrase where melting( a present participle) acts as an adjective to the noun ice. its easily discernible as you can use an adjective clause,or relative clause, and get the exact same meaning. As in ->

Arctic animals are now in danger because of the ice which/that is melting.


Considering because of ice melting due to global warming A non-finite subordinating conjunction clause of the conjunction duo because-of which relies on the tense of the main clause - Arctic animals are now in danger.

Global Warming is a different matter, although similar.

Global warming is a a common phrase,a gerund phrase, where the present participle warming, this time around, acts as a noun which is modified by the adjective global.

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  • In your last sentence, I think you meant to say that "warming " is modified by the adjective "global". – BillJ Apr 20 at 11:51
  • Aye, I certainly did :) – Uhtred Ragnarsson Apr 20 at 11:53
  • Thanks! But the sentence: ice is melting, could not be a present continuous sentence? and could it be "melting ice"? – Edoardo Apr 20 at 13:44

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