2

There is a special term for when a place name is representative of something other than the actual place itself but I can't remember what it is.

For example: 'Brussels' may be used to refer to the European Union or 'Washington' to refer to the U.S. political establishment.

Does anyone know what this term would be?

marked as duplicate by Jim, Marthaª, Barmar, Edwin Ashworth single-word-requests Dec 29 '17 at 23:29

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5

It's a metonym.

metonym noun A word, name, or expression used as a substitute for something else with which it is closely associated. For example, Washington is a metonym for the US government. - ODO

-1

Also consider the word "synecdoche". It's when one thing is used to represent a whole/larger thing (for example, the crown = the monarchy).

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