Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [toponyms]

Toponyms are names of places.

0
votes
2answers
49 views

What are the proper names of movie theatre quarters (rooms)

How to correctly call lobby of a movie theatre where people are waiting? How to correctly call the room where people watch the movie?
11
votes
1answer
128 views

Adding -s to French city names

This seems to be fairly common pattern. The modern English names of several French or French-related cities seem to add s for no obvious reason. Marseille > Marseilles Lyon > Lyons Tanger ...
12
votes
3answers
956 views

“Shaw” → “Shavian” – why “v”?

The spelling for the adjective derived from the name Shaw is Shavian and not Shawian. Similarly you can find Arrow → Arrovian and Harrow → Harrovian. This strikes me as odd. First of all, I accept ...
3
votes
2answers
72 views

River's Name as an Adjective

Is there any rule that describes the cases when one can use a river's name as an adjective and when it should be with the -ian suffix? There is the so-called Danubian corridor, but it's the Danube ...
1
vote
3answers
116 views

What is the purpose of changing “Nürnberg” to “Nuremberg” in English language?

For the longest time ever I assumed these are two different places and was very confused about never knowing where Nuremberg is. Recently I found out that Nuremberg is the English form for Nürnberg. ...
2
votes
2answers
420 views

What is the term used for a place name that represents something other than the place itself? [duplicate]

There is a special term for when a place name is representative of something other than the actual place itself but I can't remember what it is. For example: 'Brussels' may be used to refer to the ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Is there a name for a building that produces potions?

A few friends and I are developing a game that involves producing potions, however we're finding it hard to think of the name for a building suited to producing potions specifically. Some names we ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Why is it common to say “The Ukraine”? [duplicate]

As far as I am aware no other countried are used an article before them, but people usually refer to Ukraine as "The Ukraine". Why?
0
votes
1answer
602 views

Capitalization of multi-word geographical feature (river basin)

I understand the stylistic rules for capitalizing the word "river" in a place name, but I can't seem to find any consistent guidelines on whether to capitalize the word "basin" when it follows an ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

“The Garvaghy/Ormeau/Falls/Crumlin Road”: The in NI road “names”

In the UK, we often hear of roads in Northern Ireland being called "The X Road" in the news. This isn't common usage in Great Britain. I can think of five reasons why this may be common usage, but ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Origin of “-le-” article in English placenames such as Newton-le-Willows, Bolton-le-Sands, Houghton-le-Spring?

Newton-le-Willows is a town in Merseyside. Bolton-le-Sands is a village in Lancashire. Houghton-le-Spring is a town in Tyne and Wear. There are probably other placenames with -le- in the middle. ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Was the -s in Athens originally the plural -s?

In Greek and Latin, some cities, like Athens and Thebes, are pluralia tantum, that is, they are always plural. In English, on the other hand, both names are singular, at least in modern English. It ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

Usage of English variants of foreign place names (Regensburg - Ratisbon)

Many place names have different form/spelling in English and in the original language of the country, in which they lie, e.g. Lyons x Lyon, The Hague x Den Haag, Munich x München. Most of them are ...
1
vote
2answers
743 views

Word for the name part of a country name

EDIT: I am obviously not being clear. I am not looking for a word for the common or familiar name. I am looking at how to describe the portion of the formal name that does not describe the system of ...
0
votes
2answers
73 views

Winston-Salem metropolitan area, or Winston-Salem Metropolitan Area? [closed]

Or Winston-Salem Metropolitan area? Which one of the three are the correct form? Also if I add state names in metropolitan areas, should I add it after the city name or should I add it after (M)...
2
votes
2answers
330 views

Is there a name for a place where chains are made?

I know that a factory that makes ropes is a ropery, but neither 'chainery' nor 'chainworks' seem to actually be real (or at least popular) terms for a place that produces chains. I hunted around a bit ...
3
votes
2answers
291 views

Pedestrianised or Pedestrian Zone?

I've recently encountered the term "Pedestrianised Zone" (as part of the name of a pedestrian zone, as in "X Street Pedestrianised Zone") and thought there's something weird/grammatically wrong about ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

What is the proper spoken form to describe a town referring only to the urbanized area and not the whole municipality?

In American English, where “town” is the actual legal name of a place, as I understand, the name is “Town of”, followed by its proper name. In my native Italian, the equivalent “Comune di” it means ...
0
votes
1answer
114 views

Placement of dependent clauses in a sentence in scientific writing

I would like to present the following two variations of the same sentence: Thus, alternative treatments have been developed, such as radiation or demineralization, which overcome these ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Is it grammatically correct to use “at” twice in a sentence, referring to a time and a place? [closed]

For instance, over email I often write something along the lines of the following: I'll arrive at 221B Baker Street at 11:45 PM. Is this grammatically correct? Can any improvements be made from a ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is “Thailand” spelled with an 'h'?

As we all know, "Thailand" is not pronounced with a /θ/ — so why is it spelled that way? Is the 'h' vestigial? Does it represent some subtle phoneme in the Thai language, and if so, what is that ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Use of definite article with toponyms [duplicate]

Why do we now say 'Ukraine' and no longer 'the Ukraine'?
1
vote
1answer
247 views

Is anything/all that replaces the name of a place supposed to be capitalized?

In my case, I want to know whether both words or either word of "The Badlands" should be capitalized. "The Badlands" is specifically what people use now instead of the real name for a place. -We live ...
2
votes
1answer
372 views

Etymology of “Wincolmlee”

In my travels around northern England I have found myself in Wincolmlee in the fair city of Kingston-upon-Hull, and also near Wincomblee in Newcastle-upon-Tyne. These places are both on the riverside ...
4
votes
2answers
206 views

Nature words ending in -land

What do you call nature words ending in -land? For example, moorland, wetland, marshland, woodland...You get the picture. Is there a name for such things? And is there one for a place that is ...
34
votes
15answers
25k views

What is “a room a company provides for eating food” called?

Companies provide a room which has tables and chairs. In some companies, the room may have other things such as refrigerators and microwaves. I have been calling this place pantry, but I noticed that ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

Why did Servia become Serbia?

Reading contemporary histories of the First World War, I noticed that at the start the nation in the Balkans is referred to as Servia, but in numbers published after the back half of 1916, it has ...
3
votes
2answers
753 views

In place names, do the words qualifying the place act as an adjective?

If you have a place name such as “The Sierra Nevada Mountains”, does Sierra Nevada act as an adjective? My guess is yes, since they qualify the noun mountains, e.g.: “Which mountains? The Sierra ...
1
vote
0answers
452 views

When did 'street', 'road', etc. start being capitalised?

Old newspapers and books seem to very rarely capitalise (and often hyphenate) phrases like "High street", "Herbert-road", and "Trusting lane". These days, we capitalise "Street", "Road", and "Lane". ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Proper ways to refer to New York City [closed]

Excluding the myriad nicknames of the city, I've seen it called both "New York City" and "New York" in contexts where it was not ambiguous that the city, and not the state, was being referred to. I ...
2
votes
1answer
7k views

Why do we use the article “the” with the Matterhorn (a mountain)?

The rule is that we don't use an article before the name of an individual mountain, only with the name of a mountain range. So why do we say "the Matterhorn" (a mountain in the Pennine Alps)?
4
votes
1answer
3k views

United Kingdom's three-name-cities; is there a generic way to write them?

There are city names in the United Kingdom like "Stratford-upon-Avon" or "Newcastle upon Tyne". Then, I wonder: is there any general rule on how they should be written? Case: In general, I see the ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Meaning of “up” and “off” in “I live up north off some_region”

I am only familiar with sentences like I live in New York I live on the north side of New York I guess I live up north off some_region. means the place I live in is a little bit ...
2
votes
2answers
32k views

“The Netherlands are” vs “The Netherlands is” [duplicate]

When speaking about The Netherlands as a country, should it be considered as a plural or singular word? Examples: The Netherlands is a country. The Netherlands are famous for cheese and windmills. ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

Adjective of proper noun containing “and”

A person from The Turks and Caicus Islands is known as what? Likewise with Trinidad and Tobago, St Kitts and Nevis, São Tomé and Principé, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. http://www.un.org/en/members/ I'...
0
votes
1answer
781 views

Definite article or none in “…at Taipei Zoo” or “… at the Taipei Zoo”?

"Come see the baby panda, Yuan Zai, at Taipei Zoo" "Come see the baby panda, Yuan Zai, at the Taipei Zoo." In my opinion it should be the second choice. It belongs to a specific location and ...
4
votes
5answers
5k views

Is “European Peninsula” a common name for Europe?

In this article, Europe was called the “European Peninsula”. Is that a common name for Europe? Here is the whole sentence from the article: We have seen that Ukraine’s fate is not yet settled, ...
2
votes
2answers
432 views

Why Côte d’Ivoire ⇒ Ivory Coast but Costa Rica ⇏ Rich Coast?

Why is it that we Anglicize some foreign proper nouns, but not others?
1
vote
2answers
647 views

British Isles - Acceptable? [closed]

Is the term British Isles still acceptable, or is it considered offensive to Irish people who may not consider their island legitimately connected to Great Britain?
0
votes
1answer
190 views

Which nouns should include an article after “go to [noun]” in AmE and BE?

When referring to a non-specific instance of a place (hospital, theatre), there seems to be a strange inconsistency as to when you use the. Is there any sort of pattern, or is there any reference site ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

If a sentence ends with a place name that ends with an exclamation mark, what punctuation should follow?

There are a few place names in the world that end with exclamation marks; for example, Westward Ho! and Saint-Louis-du-Ha! Ha!. I suppose there are multiple cases here: If an ordinary statement ends ...
1
vote
3answers
9k views

Should I Say 'The' before a Place Name?

While talking about a city or a country, in some cases I have seen the article , but in most other cases, it is absent. For example, I have seen The NYC The US The UK but never The London or ...
1
vote
2answers
299 views

Why do we say “the Indians were put on reservations” and not “in reservations”

The preposition "on" is used to refer to a surface like "on the floor" or "on the ceiling" "in" is used to refer as a enclosed space like "in a country" or "in a city". Why do we say "the Indians ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

Why do we say County Durham?

In Ireland all the counties are expressed as 'County....' followed by the name, e.g. County Kerry, County Galway, County Clare etc. This equally applies to the six counties north of the border, County ...
0
votes
1answer
619 views

Indefinite article before country name [closed]

We all wish for a Nigeria that provides and takes care of this countrymen. Is the indefinite article grammatical?
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Why are they called Hudson Bay and Bay of Biscay? Why Mediterranean Sea and Sea of Japan?

I was looking up a French town on Google Maps, when it struck me. There are bays shown as "Bay of ..." on the map, as well others listed as "... Bay". Their naming seems to be consistent with the ...
20
votes
5answers
11k views

Why does the Sudan have a “the” in the name?

I am endlessly perplexed why the country Sudan has a the in the name: "I am from the Sudan". Why not "I am from the Kansas" or "the China"? I understand the the in "the United States" because a non-...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

What is the difference between 'The Germany National team' and 'the German national team'? [duplicate]

I can't say I get it. I think the difference is: 'The Germany National team' is team which represents Germany as a country. And it is its formal title. 'the German national team' is team which ...
4
votes
1answer
231 views

Why is there “Germany National Team”, not “German National Team”?

Why is the team from Germany called "Germany National Team", not "German National Team"? On official Internet sites, it is the same for every official national team; Germany National, France National, ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Why we are not translating western institustion names?

I saw this in many places but want to ask my question in a specific example. In Wikipedia article on European Central Bank there is a section Preceded by 17 national banks National Bank of Austria ...