• It's cold, I know.

  • She's awesome, I know.

Are these comma splices? If not, what is the name of the I know clause?

Is there a name for the whole structure?

  • It's just a stylistic variation on the more normal sequence "I know it's cold". It's definitely not a "comma splice", which basically means trying to use a comma instead of a full stop to separate two sentences. Sep 6, 2012 at 16:53

2 Answers 2


When you invert the normal order of the sentence

I know it's cold.

you need a comma to make the sense clear:

It's cold, I know.

So while these appear to be two independent clauses, the first is actually a relative clause with an omitted that. Here is how the sentence would read if we were to put the that back in.

I know that it's cold.

And if we were to invert that, we would have

That it's cold, I know.

But that sounds a little stilted to the modern ear, so we just say

It's cold, I know.

  • 1
    +1 Incidentally, the inversion does shift the emphasis from "it's cold" to "I know".
    – Kris
    Sep 7, 2012 at 7:03

In those examples, I know is a ‘tail’, a feature of speech which reinforces what is being said.

  • +1 You have put it better, what I was trying to express in my comment above.
    – Kris
    Sep 7, 2012 at 7:04
  • @Kris: It's a term used in functional grammar, along with 'head' for a similar feature at the start of an utterance. Sep 7, 2012 at 7:06

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