Here in South Africa there are about 30 million documented foreigners, from mainly Zimbabwe. Some restaurants have only foreigners as managers and only foreigners as staff, with no room for locals to find work. The word xenophobia refers to the hatred or fear of foreigners by locals.

What is the word referring to the hatred or fear of locals by locals themselves?

  • Are these restaurants also owned by people living in a different country than yours? Are these restaurants serving mainly foreign food or mainly domestic food? It's hardly unusual, for example, for "Chinese restaurants" (meaning restaurants that serve Chinese food) to employ people from China anywhere in the world. Do migrant workers holding foreign passports routinely accept lower pay than those with domestic passports? Are you looking for a word that describes complex ethnic hatreds rather than simple economic factors because you've misunderstood what's causing these employment patterns?
    – tchrist
    Commented Jan 2, 2023 at 17:21
  • I would argue, by definition, it's not possible for the self to deprecate / lift itself. But, what happens is that the self and the other become blurred so that other things come into the picture of the self. And, that a self that hates itself, likely hates everyone. Commented Jan 2, 2023 at 19:18

4 Answers 4


The "opposite" prefix to xeno- is ethno-, which led me to this Wiktionary entry for a term with apparently two diametrically opposed senses...

ethnophobia (countable and uncountable, plural ethnophobias)
The irrational fear and hatred of one's own nation.
The hatred of any race or ethnicity different to one's own.

In case you're wondering, it's not in the full Oxford English Dictionary. But I'd expect it to be understood in context by competent Anglophones on first encounter. The OED doesn't have ethnophile either, but it's easy to find dozens of online definitions for that if you don't understand it straight off.


A search for antonyms of xenophobia gives, among others, the word oikophobia.

Wiktionary oikophobia
2. Dislike of one's own culture or compatriots.

Wikipedia oikophobia
"The term has been used in political contexts to refer critically to political ideologies that are held to repudiate one's own culture and laud others."

(The root oiko- has the same source as the root eco- in the word ecology.)

An antonym of xenophopbia can also be formed by making the other of its two roots an opposite, as xenophilia, which could mean preferring foreigners to the disadvantage of locals.
Wiktionary xenophilia
1.an attraction to or love of foreign people, manners or culture

  • Reminds me of carpetbaggers.
    – tchrist
    Commented Jan 2, 2023 at 17:35

I think you may use the expression:

Intraethnic hatred.



What is the word referring to the hatred or fear of locals by locals themselves?

The question itself is badly phrased and uses the word "local" equivocally - in one meaning it is "those living in the area who are not born and bred in the area", and in the other "those living in the area who are born and bred in the area".

In the eyes of those who resent Zimbabweans (mainly Shona), Zimbabweans are not "locals".

Of a "local" is a person who was born and brought up in the locality/area, then the Zimbabweans clearly are not "locals".

You are thus asking about the dislike of foreigners - xenophobia.

  • 3
    In the quoted sentence, surely the word locals has the same meaning in both instances, "not-foreigners" or perhaps "home-grown". Why are home-grown business owners only employing foreign staff and no-one home-grown?
    – Andrew Leach
    Commented Jan 2, 2023 at 13:08
  • @AndrewLeach Home-grown managers are not mentioned. The problem is a cartel of Zimbabweans who own and run restaurants staffed by only Zimbabweans.
    – Greybeard
    Commented Jan 3, 2023 at 11:44

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