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What is the grammatical name and function for the sentence "if my mother had more money"

The full context is I am certain that if my mother had more money, she would have been willing to compromise and pay for the car

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    What's the context? – KillingTime Sep 29 '19 at 6:38
  • "If" is a conditional preposition here, thus "if my mother had more money" is a preposition phrase functioning as a conditional adjunct. – BillJ Sep 29 '19 at 8:28
  • @BillJ. It may be helpful, particularly for English language learners who consult prescriptive, pedagogic grammar resources, to point out that your answer follows CGEL's categorization. ESL teachers and the grammar resources they and their students consult are more likely to categorize if as a conjunction and if my mother had more money as a clause. – Shoe Sep 29 '19 at 9:21
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It's not a sentence, it's a phrase. The full sentence is an example of the conditional; what this site https://www.ef.co.uk/english-resources/english-grammar/conditional/ calls a 'type 2 conditional'. If [something was true], [something else] would happen.

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