The proverb's meaning is that just as fish prefer muddy waters and avoid clear streams, people generally do not associate with those who are too ideal in terms of ethics, manners, and habits. In other words, being strictly honest and always making the right choice from the standpoint of society-imposed values will result in you being isolated and having no friends.

I will now elaborate to better explain the idea. The idea is that there are some good reasons to keep very upright people at arm's length:

  1. If someone is too strict towards himself or herself, he or she is likely to judge others by his or her high standards, which may lead him or her to make big deals out of minor matters, criticize others, report them, and refuse to forgive even small accidental wrongdoings. In contrast, those who are not ideal have no difficulties accepting that others are not, too.

  2. Very upright people are hard to cooperate with on matters where ethical flexibility is required. The ability to cooperate on such matters is important because problems sometimes arise whose only practical solution is to bend rules.

  3. Brutally honest people tend to create awkward and problematic situations by being too direct and honest. Friedrich Nietzsche said about it, "If you want to offend somebody, just tell him the truth."

  4. Strict people often lack common sense and human understanding on the emotional level and, as a result, tend to take decisions based on abstract logical considerations. This can sometimes lead to awful practical outcomes because of a failure to take the feelings of others into account and see all circumstances and nuances of a situation.

  5. Since there is no reason to be honest and upright just for the sake of being honest and upright, those who are always blindly honest and upright are likely to be close-minded, dogmatic people in the broad sense.

Intuitively led by the above reasons, many avoid associating with people who are too ideal from the standpoint of society-imposed values, and this is what the proverb is about.

I am curious whether this idea is commonly or idiomatically expressed in English. I did my own research, but found no close equivalent. One website says that the English equivalent is "too much of a good thing," but that phrase is too generic and is even not specifically about human behavior, so I humbly hope that native English speakers can help me find a closer expression.

  • Possibly too good to be true when applied to people. Jul 29, 2019 at 20:47
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    Hello, Mitsuko. You certainly have demonstrated a tendency for posting interesting and controversial questions. Keep it up! Jul 29, 2019 at 21:14
  • "Nice guys finish last" seems close, but it doesn't have quite the same connotation. Jul 29, 2019 at 23:27
  • In contrast to # 5, in English has sayings like “Virtue is its own reward” and “To thine own self be true . . .”
    – Xanne
    Jul 30, 2019 at 5:06
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    In the United States there are a variety of rivers and lakes with clear waters that fish love (salmon in the West, trout in Lake Tahoe), so the basic premise of the saying strikes no chord.
    – Xanne
    Jul 30, 2019 at 7:43

3 Answers 3


I cannot think of any particular English saying or proverb which encapsulates the idea of not wanting to work with someone who is irreproachable. In part this is because I see some of traits you ascribe to such a person are orthagonal to one another; for instance, being sincere is different from being sententious, and being scrupulous is different from being sanctimonious, and having one trait does not imply having the other.

That said, the general sense that someone can be "too good" is well-understood in the Anglophone world, and there are many expressions for such people themselves, if not for interacting with them. Sometimes, hesitation to interact with such people can arise from feelings of inadequacy or unwillingness to match their standard, but more often it is the suspicion that such people are simple and therefore naive, self-righteous and therefore hypocritical, or insincere and therefore generally dubious.

For example, someone might be compared to an archetype or famous example of a good citizen or humanitarian either to disparage or to praise. One may also deny being such a person to demonstrate humility.

Other answers have already pointed out several terms for people who are mainly interested in being perceived as good, or at least perceived as morally superior to you, but I do not think that is what your question is asking about. Someone who is ostentatiously well-behaved may be a goody two-shoes or a goody-goody, informally. If they like to compare their own behavior favorably to yours, they are acting holier-than-thou, or on a high horse.


I can’t think of a universally used proverb, but more a collection of sayings which somehow criticise the moral high ground.

The "moral high ground" is the equivalent of your "clear water". Someone who occupies the moral high ground is often seen as a "goody two-shoes", but the moral high ground is also described as "cold" or "lonely".

Examples include:

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    Also “Don’t you get saddle sores being on that high horse all the time?” and variations. Jul 29, 2019 at 23:05
  • "Can you see me all the way up in your ivory tower?" Jul 31, 2019 at 20:42

It does not exactly translate to "if the water is clear, fish won't live there" but an idiom which works for the situation is: get off (one's) high horse

As in:

Get off your high horse or you'll not make any friends!


get off (one's) high horse
To stop acting as if one is better than other people; to stop being arrogant or haughty.

Sam is never going to make friends here until he gets off his high horse and stops acting like he knows more than all of us.

Farlex Dictionary of Idioms. © 2015 Farlex, Inc, all rights reserved.

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