I found the following sentence in a preposition-quiz.

"Working parents often find it difficult to keep children who are at home entertained during the summer months.

I think it is a "Defining relative clause" that gives essential information with "who are at home". So there is no need for a comma. But i am unsure - can you confirm ?

  • Yes, it's an essential/restrictive relative clause, so no comma. It is essential to know which children. – KarlG Feb 19 '18 at 17:57

I don't know if original sentence needs a comma or not, but I would consider revising for readability.

"During the summer months, working parents often find it difficult to keep children entertained while they are home."

  • Your answer does not refer to the question/issue of "defining relative clauses" and "puntuation". – FrankMK Feb 19 '18 at 19:05
  • 1
    Maybe not, but the sole purpose of punctuation is to provide clarity and readability in text. There is more to a clear and readable sentence than just punctuation. – tuk Feb 19 '18 at 19:12
  • In cases of "essential clauses", the Cambridge Dictionary does not seems to share that opinion with you. – FrankMK Feb 19 '18 at 20:03

The adjectival phrase,"who are at home', should be set off by commas. This phrase defines the noun, "children", just as any adjective modifies any noun.

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