In dictionary, I see phrases in the form of 'as + ing' quite many times, for example,
attribute : regard something as being caused by (something or someone)
Is 'as' here a preposition or conjunction? And how the past participle 'being caused' is used here? (As adjective or adverb?) If I rephrase the above sentence, is it just "regard something as it is caused by (something or someone)"?
I think actually the way I understand the above sentence is more like "regard something as a (or the) thing (being) caused by (something or someone)".
All I want is to rigorously understand the meaning of the above sentence in the dictionary, and the usage of 'as' and participles as in here. So far I cannot find a single reference that gives a proper explanation on the usage of 'as' as in here.