Questions tagged [participles]

A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb or verb phrase, and thus plays a role similar to that of an adjective or adverb.

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0answers
38 views

Participle clause in a sentence

Is this a correct sentence? Is the participle clause correctly used? "The monastery consists of several buildings each bearing different purpose."
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2answers
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What is the true pronunciation of “participle”? [closed]

I cannot seem to find anything on this. I see (in dictionaries, although not all of them) that the first syllable is stressed (I've been corrected countless number of times on this, too). That means ...
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46 views

Gerunds vs Participles

'Hearing the sound, they came out of the house'. In this sentence what is the part of speech of 'hearing'. In my opinion it is present participle but my book says it is gerund. Can anyone explain me ...
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12 views

“She isn't a movie-going person” [migrated]

What does "movie-going" mean in this phrase? Can we use the same for other locations like the theater or the stadium? She isn't a movie-going person Source: https://twitter.com/tvs_movies/status/...
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43 views

On the word “thatched” [closed]

Is "thatched" the past participle of the verb "thatched" or an adjective? The word "thatch" does have a verbal meaning and thus "thatched" as used for example in "a thatched roof" seems to be its ...
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Perfect Participle - “Having gained truth, keep truth”

"Having gained truth, grab the truth" This is an example of the Exercise in Grammar 51 in Wren and Martin, which actually asks for the noun being qualified by the partciple beside its type. Now, two ...
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1answer
60 views

open-minded gramatically

What are constructions like 'open-minded' grammatically? If you say they're paticiples I ask of which verb ('to open-mind' or 'to mind'? With which meaning then? Is there a meaning of 'to mind' like '...
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Please explain WHY the participle is (or isn't) used in these sentences;

The answers in bold are deemed to be correct, according to a book I'm using. I also state which answer I chose and my REASONING behind it (please feel free to comment on it). I can't, for the life of ...
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need + [person] + ing

In Michael Jackson's song "Got to be there", you can find a lyric line "I need her sharing the world" I do not know this usage of "need" while I know there are "need [person]/[void] to-infinitive" ...
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1answer
32 views

To use a clause, an infinitive or a participle?

What's the difference between the three expressions, and how to correctly use each of them? He is the only one who meets our criteria. He is the only one to meet our criteria. He is the only one ...
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1answer
60 views

the implied subject of “looking down into a valley”

Human beings like a prospect from which they can survey a landscape, and at the same time they enjoy a sense of refuge. A cave on the side of a mountain, a child’s tree house, and the king’s castle ...
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4answers
566 views

What is the difference between an adjective and a noun modifier?

"My tire was damaged. I took the damaged tire to the garage." In the above example, the book (summit) refers to the past participles of the transitive verbs as "noun modifiers" and not "adjectives". ...
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2answers
79 views

Dangling Participle and Gerund

" Inspiring, informing and celebrating teachers since 1988". Is this sentence right? I'm confuse whether all -ing verbs in this sentence act as a gerund as a noun or a present participial as an ...
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2answers
112 views

Why are people leaving out the indefinite article 'a' before seemingly random nouns? [closed]

I've heard mostly British English people say 'He went to hospital' or 'She is matriculated at university'. I've never understood this but accepted it as a quirk of the language like so many others. ...
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1answer
47 views

What are possible semantics of participle constructions?

Consider a participle constrution A being B, C happens. What are the possible semantic relations between the parts? Which of them is/are the most likely one(s)? And can one even be sure which ...
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1answer
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participles as object complements

Can participles or participial phrases serve as object complements in traditional grammar? And are direct objects viewed as a type of complement in traditional grammar? I'd appreciate reference to ...
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Why is the past participle used to describe actions occurring in the present?

Something I don't understand: why is the past participle used for describing actions in the present notwithstanding the name? There are two forms of participle in English – present participle and ...
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1answer
46 views

Future Active Infinitive

I am a Latin student, and often find myself having to complete verb synopses. In these, I write all the possible forms and modifications a verb could possibly take, along with the English translation....
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1answer
50 views

Example of a Verb that is NOT a participle

I am confused about what a "participle" is. Wiki defines it as: "A participle (ptcp) is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb, or verb phrase, and plays a ...
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Using the gerund as an English analogue of Russian verbal participles

Could you please verify that using the gerund is normal as an analogue of Russian verbal participles in the following phrase: The device automatically estimates calories, consumed from food, basing ...
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3answers
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“stuck” vs “sticking” vs “stick” - Why is this third sentence weird? Issue of: Participles or Aspects?

Lots of people have his photo stuck on their wall. Lots of people have his photo sticking on their wall. Lots of people have his photo stick on their wall. The third sentence doesn't necessarily ...
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2answers
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Can someone PLEASE tell me what the gerunds and participles are in these sentences? PLEASE [duplicate]

Dozing in the sun at the beach after swimming, limbs exhausted, salt dring stiff in my hair. Cutting up vegetables into neat pieces. Flying into a city and at night seeing the lit gauze of its ...
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2answers
54 views

Past participle

Why in this sentence past participle goes without auxiliary verb? The table painted red, the sofa covered with American leather of a reddish colour with little green flowers on it, and the clothes ...
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1answer
50 views

-ing forms after a comma: reduced participle phrase or gerund?

In sentences like "the results show x, leading researchers to believe..." or "..., indicating that further research must be done" or "..., proving the validity of the theory..." etc is the -ing ...
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2answers
247 views

What part of speech is “surrounded” in this sentence?

"The cat was surrounded by mice." What part of speech is "surrounded" in this sentence? To me, it seems like the verb "surround" is being used as a past participle in the passive voice... hence, it's ...
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2answers
54 views

Participles - Past simple + Simple continuous or past simple + past simple?

Megan fell off her bike, hurt___ her leg. Should it be hurt or hurting? My mind goes to hurt, however it seems like there are different rules in participles for example; Hearing the news, she ...
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301 views

Past participle of stand

I'm new to this community, I hope the question fits this somewhat. Say we have a sentence: The tree which stands in the garden is beautiful. Now using participle construction this becomes: The ...
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What is the official rule(s) regarding punctuation and end-sentence participles?

I tried searching for this, but only received more questions, instead of answers. Recently, I was asked a question about participial phrases and the punctuation that surrounds them. Attempting to ...
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What I resented was [Kim mistreating my cat]. Why is [] a subordinate clause?

I intended Kim to interview both candidates. [raised object] I intended for Kim to interview both candidates. [subject] As shown above, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language analyzes an ...
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1answer
64 views

They stayed that way: he/him/his playing his guitar, she/her singing her songs

I've found other threads (see example links below), but I still can't sort this one out on my own. Are these -ings gerunds or participles? And therefore should they be preceded by accusative, ...
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1answer
229 views

with/without + pronoun (me vs. my) + gerund-participial phrase

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 461) has this section: (f) Subject of clausal complement of with/without Pronouns in this position normally appear in accusative case: [...
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4answers
285 views

'Starting' in March [participle or preposition]

Starting in March, people will also finally be able to buy the Exodus phone with cash and not just cryptocurrency. Is 'starting' here a participle form of a verb or a preposition? If it's a ...
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4answers
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You need your eyes testing

My question is about the regional acceptability of sentences such as the following: You need your eyes testing. I need my hair cutting. I want my car washing. The second example is given in the ...
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2answers
72 views

Rescue dogs vs rescued dogs

Why is a dog that has been saved from the pound called a rescue dog instead of a rescued dog?
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65 views

The king wanted him killed VS The king wanted him to be killed [duplicate]

Do the following sentences mean the same thing or are they different? The king wanted him killed. The king wanted him to be killed. Please use examples to explain the differentiations.
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1answer
78 views

Gerund or Infinitives?

How can I grammatically explain gerund "seeking" in this sentence? Can I use "to seek" instead? I am Sharron Biggs, CEO and founder of BiggsGraphics. I recently came across your advertisement ...
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2answers
128 views

Whereas + present participle

Is it grammatically correct to use whereas + a present participle? For example: I am disinclined to recognize my weak mathematical skills, whereas willing to admit my lack of English skills. This ...
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1answer
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2 forms of past participle with different meanings [closed]

I'm looking for more examples similar to this: "hanged vs. hung", namely the examples where both forms are correct but the meaning of each one is different. Can anyone help?
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Word order of sentences with “included”

For the participle "included", there are two options that both sound similar to me. However, one option might be preferred above the other. It might also be that there is an underlying grammatical ...
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2answers
61 views

'eliminating, publicising, communicating, allocating': Are these words gerunds or participial adjectives?

Are these words gerunds or participial adjectives? Eliminating the secrecy surrounding pay by openly communicating everyone's remuneration, publicising performance bonuses and allocating annual ...
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1answer
602 views

“My eyebrows raised” or “my eyebrows rose”? (Passive voice)

The day before, as I watched the dog soar over the fence, my jaw dropped, and my eyebrows raised as I tried to comprehend how the dog could jump so high. My editor says "try to avoid passive voice" ...
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1answer
35 views

Participle clauses

I have this participle clause in this sentence: Having confessed his mistake, he begged for forgiveness. I want to rewrite this sentence but I'm considering which one is correct. He has ...
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1answer
58 views

Correct use of the present participle?

Can someone kindly explain to me which is correct, and why? I have done some research on this issue and I'm not sure of the name of the construct that I am looking for. "After washing the dishes, the ...
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2answers
367 views

Problems of Use of Participle in Academic Writing: “When considering” VS “When considered”

I have questions about the participle phrase in academic writing which are related to the dangling modifiers of 3 cases. Could you explain me more the appropriate use of sentences with the participle ...
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1answer
61 views

Dangling Participle? [closed]

Is the following question grammatically correct? "I have found a solution I am happy with." I've been told the word "with" is a dangling participle.
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1answer
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Participle phrase or participle clause? For my students please

I've looked at other answers, but am still confused - so please don't shoot me down (as tends to happen here) - but rather help if you can for the sake of my little learners. I have to teach a class ...
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1answer
353 views

“my email ID has changed” vs “my emil ID is/has been changed”

I want to ask one thing. Sometimes we hear people say my email ID has changed. As per my understanding present perfect tenses need a subject which is missing above. I find these sentences little ...
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2answers
244 views

Bare infinitive after “help” with intervening past participle phrase

Which is correct? Our mission is to help everyone touched by tragedy thrive. or Our mission is to help everyone touched by tragedy to thrive. I know that technically help can admit the bare ...
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2answers
51 views

“A lengthy accounting of what took place” vs. “a lengthy account of what took place”

I proof read a letter for a friend today. The body of the letter explained various situations over a 2 day period that made her uneasy. In her closing she wrote "I know this has been a very lengthy ...
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long sentences in English [closed]

I am translating some text to English from Russian Wikipedia, and sometimes there are quite long sentences. It is ok to have long sentences with several subordinate and participle clauses in Russian. ...