Questions tagged [participles]

A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb or verb phrase, and thus plays a role similar to that of an adjective or adverb.

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21 views

usages of participles, complement after linking verbs or adverb of cause?

I wanna know the usage of participle below: I simply feel better knowing a pen is handy. Is the participle "knowing" here functioning as adverb of reason, namely, because he knows a pen is ...
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20 views

Past participle or present participle

"I wrote Shapiro a letter congratulating him on having won a race." Is the word congratulating a present participle? And having won a gerund?
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1answer
19 views

Use of a participle in different tenses

"She came running." I know that this sentence is correct. But can I write these: 1 She will come running. 2 She has come running. 3 She had come running. 4 She is coming running. Can you ...
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1answer
21 views

Changing clause of condition to absolute phrase and participle w

1a. When I have money I will buy a car. 2a. If my parents allow I'll go abroad. Can these sentence be changed into a absolute participle phrase? For example 1b. Having money, I'll buy a car. 2b. ...
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15 views

If I were to remove the “which is” or “that is” from an adjective clause, which type of adjective phrase is formed? [duplicate]

Example with adjective clause: Your pictures are stored in the Gallery which is accessible from My Dashboard. If I were to remove "which", would the result be just an adjective phrase, if ...
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23 views

Present participle Vs past participle

Q.My sister was charmed with silk. She bought ten yards. Ans. Being charmed with silk, my sister bought ten yards. Deceived by his friends, he lost all hope. ^this is the example of past participle ...
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30 views

A question concerned to the participles

The traveller, being weary, sat by the woodside to rest. My book says the present participle being weary (passive) is used absolutely in the sentence with the noun The traveller. But it's separated by ...
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27 views

Participle used Absolutely [closed]

The particle may be used absolutely with a noun or pronoun. What does absolutely mean here
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20 views

Present Participle Clause [closed]

He rushed into the field, and foremost fighting fell What the participle phrase will be if it is changed into its original clause?
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34 views

participial phrase placement [duplicate]

In a grammar test I did, the following sentence was to be corrected: "I first spotted the turtle playing tag in the yard." It clearly contains a misplaced modifier. The correction suggested ...
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1answer
37 views

Is it grammatically possible to change the result clause in a conditional sentence to a participle clause? [closed]

Please consider the sentence below: Parents have the same role in doing the household chores if both of them work. Now I turn the first part into a participle clause while adding another sentence ...
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1answer
47 views

Temporal Participial Phrases

He lay staring into the sky. He came running towards me. He arrived finding nobody there. I have read this by John Lawler but am struggling to put these into one of the five categories he mentioned. ...
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1answer
32 views

Dangling modifiers in sentences involving “Looking back”

Is there a dangling modifier in each of the following sentences? "Looking back, not learning cycling at an early age is my biggest regret." "Looking back, my biggest regret is not ...
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2answers
41 views

Paradoxical participle [duplicate]

“I met a friend walking down the street.” Does it mean I was walking, or that my friend was walking, or both are possible?
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2answers
51 views

I don't why the ING form is used in these examples

This is my last night working here. There is a problem sending this email. I doubt the chances of success facing him. Can anybody tell me that Why 'ING' form is used in "working, sending, facing ", ...
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1answer
110 views

How can infinitives, participles, gerunds.. act?

I've seen infinitives function in a few different ways. But in which ways can they function? I've seen infinitives function as direct objects, subjects, and a couple other ways, but how else can they ...
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1answer
33 views

How to say Lie/Lay [closed]

So, here's another one of the Lay/Lie questions. How do you say "she is lying quietly on the grass, under the stars." in past tense? She lay quietly on the grass, under the stars. She was lying ...
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33 views

Present participle, gerund, or modifier

Which one of the following is right? 1) I am a doctor working in a hospital. 2) I am, a doctor, working in a hospital. 3) I am a doctor, working in a hospital. Does "working" modify "doctor" in ...
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3answers
156 views

To use a participle or an infinitive? That's the question

Would native speakers use "to harm" in this one? Thanks. The elephant king agreed. He ordered that the elephants stop stepping on a single mouse. From then on, the elephants paid attention and ...
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29 views

How to use tenses in participial phrases

In one of my grammar books, it states - when using a past part ending (d, ed, en, t) the action takes place prior to the finite verb. You must find the verb first and then make sure the action of ...
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47 views

“I have a friend VISITING me.” Participle vs entire Direct Object Clause

"I have a friend visiting me." Which part of speech is "visiting" specifically? Even if "a friend visiting me" is an entire direct object clause, what is the breakdown: Is "visiting" a participle? ...
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25 views

Present participle as a replacement for “that [verb]”

Are the following statements grammatically correct? If so, are they equivalent in meaning and which is more clear? "[subject] moves to a location that acts as the main [thing]..." "[subject] moves to ...
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29 views

Non-finite clause vs phrase

We know that a clause is a sentence which is a part of a sentence. So, a clause is itself a sentence having a subject and a predicate, but a phrase is just a group of words. To tell you the truth,I ...
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35 views

“Undaunting faith and courage”--Is this usage correct?

I came across a sentence in a published book (A Light Kindled: The Story of Priscilla Mullins): "His voice echoed the urgency of the situation, yet it was strengthened with the calm resolve that only ...
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74 views

What is the difference between Perfect Participle and Perfect Gerund?

is there the difference between Perfect Participle and Perfect Gerund?
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57 views

When can an adverb modify a participial adjective?

Why can you say: the hurriedly passed bill the warmly clothed child but not: the *here proposed bill the *yesterday scolded child To me they don't even sound informally understandable, they just ...
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36 views

Participial Phrase as Verb Modifier?

On the internet, I only read about participial phrases acting as noun modifiers. But when I read various newspaper articles, it seems that participial phrases are also used as verb modifiers, or even ...
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41 views

Is it a Participial Phrase?

In this sentence: We saw Paul coming I don't understand if the verb coming is a present participle. Thank you!
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3answers
65 views

Non-finite verb forms function

Could anyone please tell the functions of the bolded participles (raising, saying and displaying) in the following examples? ...and has continued with parliamentary duties this week, raising the ...
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2answers
47 views

verb-ing modifier trouble

I'm unexplainably confused about this topic. What does the following verb-ing clause modify? (noun) researchers or (action) have sent? How do we decide that? --> very important for me Is there any ...
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33 views

Is the sentence correct (with a participle)?

I have the following sentence: "The operation of washing machines can be shifted in time, making their electrical loads deferrable" Can I use the paticiple 'making' here?
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41 views

Participle clause in a sentence

Is this a correct sentence? Is the participle clause correctly used? "The monastery consists of several buildings each bearing different purpose."
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2answers
133 views

What is the true pronunciation of “participle”? [closed]

I cannot seem to find anything on this. I see (in dictionaries, although not all of them) that the first syllable is stressed (I've been corrected countless number of times on this, too). That means ...
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1answer
63 views

Gerunds vs Participles

'Hearing the sound, they came out of the house'. In this sentence what is the part of speech of 'hearing'. In my opinion it is present participle but my book says it is gerund. Can anyone explain me ...
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45 views

On the word “thatched” [closed]

Is "thatched" the past participle of the verb "thatched" or an adjective? The word "thatch" does have a verbal meaning and thus "thatched" as used for example in "a thatched roof" seems to be its ...
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Perfect Participle - “Having gained truth, keep truth”

"Having gained truth, grab the truth" This is an example of the Exercise in Grammar 51 in Wren and Martin, which actually asks for the noun being qualified by the partciple beside its type. Now, two ...
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63 views

open-minded gramatically

What are constructions like 'open-minded' grammatically? If you say they're paticiples I ask of which verb ('to open-mind' or 'to mind'? With which meaning then? Is there a meaning of 'to mind' like '...
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1answer
37 views

To use a clause, an infinitive or a participle?

What's the difference between the three expressions, and how to correctly use each of them? He is the only one who meets our criteria. He is the only one to meet our criteria. He is the only one ...
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1answer
69 views

the implied subject of “looking down into a valley”

Human beings like a prospect from which they can survey a landscape, and at the same time they enjoy a sense of refuge. A cave on the side of a mountain, a child’s tree house, and the king’s castle ...
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What is the difference between an adjective and a noun modifier?

"My tire was damaged. I took the damaged tire to the garage." In the above example, the book (summit) refers to the past participles of the transitive verbs as "noun modifiers" and not "adjectives". ...
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2answers
110 views

Dangling Participle and Gerund

" Inspiring, informing and celebrating teachers since 1988". Is this sentence right? I'm confuse whether all -ing verbs in this sentence act as a gerund as a noun or a present participial as an ...
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2answers
133 views

Why are people leaving out the indefinite article 'a' before seemingly random nouns? [closed]

I've heard mostly British English people say 'He went to hospital' or 'She is matriculated at university'. I've never understood this but accepted it as a quirk of the language like so many others. ...
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50 views

What are possible semantics of participle constructions?

Consider a participle constrution A being B, C happens. What are the possible semantic relations between the parts? Which of them is/are the most likely one(s)? And can one even be sure which ...
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1answer
198 views

participles as object complements

Can participles or participial phrases serve as object complements in traditional grammar? And are direct objects viewed as a type of complement in traditional grammar? I'd appreciate reference to ...
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108 views

Why is the past participle used to describe actions occurring in the present?

Something I don't understand: why is the past participle used for describing actions in the present notwithstanding the name? There are two forms of participle in English – present participle and ...
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1answer
82 views

Future Active Infinitive

I am a Latin student, and often find myself having to complete verb synopses. In these, I write all the possible forms and modifications a verb could possibly take, along with the English translation....
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117 views

Example of a Verb that is NOT a participle

I am confused about what a "participle" is. Wiki defines it as: "A participle (ptcp) is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb, or verb phrase, and plays a ...
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35 views

Using the gerund as an English analogue of Russian verbal participles

Could you please verify that using the gerund is normal as an analogue of Russian verbal participles in the following phrase: The device automatically estimates calories, consumed from food, basing ...
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3answers
131 views

“stuck” vs “sticking” vs “stick” - Why is this third sentence weird? Issue of: Participles or Aspects?

Lots of people have his photo stuck on their wall. Lots of people have his photo sticking on their wall. Lots of people have his photo stick on their wall. The third sentence doesn't necessarily ...
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106 views

Can someone PLEASE tell me what the gerunds and participles are in these sentences? PLEASE [duplicate]

Dozing in the sun at the beach after swimming, limbs exhausted, salt dring stiff in my hair. Cutting up vegetables into neat pieces. Flying into a city and at night seeing the lit gauze of its ...

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