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Questions tagged [participles]

A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb or verb phrase, and thus plays a role similar to that of an adjective or adverb.

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Past participle of stand

I'm new to this community, I hope the question fits this somewhat. Say we have a sentence: The tree which stands in the garden is beautiful. Now using participle construction this becomes: The ...
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Is a participle not a verb but an adjective?

Here's the Merriam-Webster Dictionary definition of the grammar term 'participle': a word having the characteristics of both verb and adjective especially : an English verbal form that has the ...
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What is the official rule(s) regarding punctuation and end-sentence participles?

I tried searching for this, but only received more questions, instead of answers. Recently, I was asked a question about participial phrases and the punctuation that surrounds them. Attempting to ...
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What I resented was [Kim mistreating my cat]. Why is [] a subordinate clause?

I intended Kim to interview both candidates. [raised object] I intended for Kim to interview both candidates. [subject] As shown above, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language analyzes an ...
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1answer
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They stayed that way: he/him/his playing his guitar, she/her singing her songs

I've found other threads (see example links below), but I still can't sort this one out on my own. Are these -ings gerunds or participles? And therefore should they be preceded by accusative, ...
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1answer
161 views

with/without + pronoun (me vs. my) + gerund-participial phrase

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 461) has this section: (f) Subject of clausal complement of with/without Pronouns in this position normally appear in accusative case: [...
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4answers
175 views

'Starting' in March [participle or preposition]

Starting in March, people will also finally be able to buy the Exodus phone with cash and not just cryptocurrency. Is 'starting' here a participle form of a verb or a preposition? If it's a ...
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4answers
201 views

You need your eyes testing

My question is about the regional acceptability of sentences such as the following: You need your eyes testing. I need my hair cutting. I want my car washing. The second example is given in the ...
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2answers
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Rescue dogs vs rescued dogs

Why is a dog that has been saved from the pound called a rescue dog instead of a rescued dog?
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62 views

The king wanted him killed VS The king wanted him to be killed [duplicate]

Do the following sentences mean the same thing or are they different? The king wanted him killed. The king wanted him to be killed. Please use examples to explain the differentiations.
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1answer
39 views

Gerund or Infinitives?

How can I grammatically explain gerund "seeking" in this sentence? Can I use "to seek" instead? I am Sharron Biggs, CEO and founder of BiggsGraphics. I recently came across your advertisement ...
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2answers
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Whereas + present participle

Is it grammatically correct to use whereas + a present participle? For example: I am disinclined to recognize my weak mathematical skills, whereas willing to admit my lack of English skills. This ...
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1answer
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2 forms of past participle with different meanings [closed]

I'm looking for more examples similar to this: "hanged vs. hung", namely the examples where both forms are correct but the meaning of each one is different. Can anyone help?
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Word order of sentences with “included”

For the participle "included", there are two options that both sound similar to me. However, one option might be preferred above the other. It might also be that there is an underlying grammatical ...
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2answers
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'eliminating, publicising, communicating, allocating': Are these words gerunds or participial adjectives?

Are these words gerunds or participial adjectives? Eliminating the secrecy surrounding pay by openly communicating everyone's remuneration, publicising performance bonuses and allocating annual ...
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1answer
189 views

“My eyebrows raised” or “my eyebrows rose”? (Passive voice)

The day before, as I watched the dog soar over the fence, my jaw dropped, and my eyebrows raised as I tried to comprehend how the dog could jump so high. My editor says "try to avoid passive voice" ...
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1answer
29 views

Participle clauses

I have this participle clause in this sentence: Having confessed his mistake, he begged for forgiveness. I want to rewrite this sentence but I'm considering which one is correct. He has ...
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1answer
50 views

Correct use of the present participle?

Can someone kindly explain to me which is correct, and why? I have done some research on this issue and I'm not sure of the name of the construct that I am looking for. "After washing the dishes, the ...
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2answers
165 views

Problems of Use of Participle in Academic Writing: “When considering” VS “When considered”

I have questions about the participle phrase in academic writing which are related to the dangling modifiers of 3 cases. Could you explain me more the appropriate use of sentences with the participle ...
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1answer
55 views

Dangling Participle? [closed]

Is the following question grammatically correct? "I have found a solution I am happy with." I've been told the word "with" is a dangling participle.
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1answer
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Participle phrase or participle clause? For my students please

I've looked at other answers, but am still confused - so please don't shoot me down (as tends to happen here) - but rather help if you can for the sake of my little learners. I have to teach a class ...
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1answer
211 views

“my email ID has changed” vs “my emil ID is/has been changed”

I want to ask one thing. Sometimes we hear people say my email ID has changed. As per my understanding present perfect tenses need a subject which is missing above. I find these sentences little ...
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2answers
136 views

Bare infinitive after “help” with intervening past participle phrase

Which is correct? Our mission is to help everyone touched by tragedy thrive. or Our mission is to help everyone touched by tragedy to thrive. I know that technically help can admit the bare ...
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2answers
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“A lengthy accounting of what took place” vs. “a lengthy account of what took place”

I proof read a letter for a friend today. The body of the letter explained various situations over a 2 day period that made her uneasy. In her closing she wrote "I know this has been a very lengthy ...
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long sentences in English [closed]

I am translating some text to English from Russian Wikipedia, and sometimes there are quite long sentences. It is ok to have long sentences with several subordinate and participle clauses in Russian. ...
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0answers
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We are sorry to see you go [duplicate]

I always encounter such phrase as "We are sorry to see you go" after unsubscribing from mailing lists. I've been always wondering why this phrase is said exactly like this, it looks grammatically ...
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186 views

Grammatical structure

Mental energy is a vital element needed to be able to concentrate one's attention and maintain a positive mental attitude. The question I want to ask is how the section in bold is functioning over ...
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subject of -ing word “being”

In the sentence, Girlfriend being tired, I decided to cook dinner Is the corresponding pronoun for "girlfriend" (She or Her) a syntactic requirement or a stylistic choice? If the verb were finite ("...
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2answers
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What is the grammatical nature of the word “been” in perfect progressive tenses?

The word been appears to be simply an auxiliary verb in all perfect progressive tenses (also in some perfect tenses with passive construction) and it is easy to see it that way. However, from a ...
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“I met him(,) sitting on the chair(,) and talked to him.” Who was sitting on the chair?

I met him sitting on the chair and talked to him. - (He was sitting on the chair) I met him, sitting on the chair, and talked to him. - (I was sitting on the chair) Is that correct? I feel safer ...
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2answers
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Gerund or Participle?

While waiting for service, patrons can enjoy coffee and snacks and mingle with their neighbors in need. Is "waiting" in this sentence a gerund or participle? This sentence and question actually ...
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0answers
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Participle modifying a noun other than a subject

Example: "John jumped over the girl shouting angrily." I assume the participle construction replaces a relative clause in this case. ("who shouted angrily"). My question: Can a participle ...
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1answer
175 views

the verb “shock” + participle phrase

I found a question asking: Upon leaving, we were shocked to discover/discovering that a mandatory tip of 15 percent was added to our bill. the answer is "to discover" to explain the reason why they ...
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1answer
486 views

“The cake was baked.” Is “baked” a past participle or predicate adjective? [duplicate]

The cake was baked. Is the word baked considered a predicate adjective? Would the word baked also be a past participle written in passive voice? I am just trying to figure this out.
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1answer
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Adverbial modifier with the insertion of comma

I was studying about participles and one site a guy asked the following question: How would the meaning of the following sentences differ from each other? 1. The beach, located on the far side of ...
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5answers
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“I hate Jill singing those songs.” = “I hate Jill when she is singing those songs.”?

Can the sentence I hate Jill singing those songs. mean I hate Jill when she is singing those songs. Or does it mean something else?
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2answers
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how to use participle and subject

Is it compulsory to use subject in a sentence e.g "going up the hill,an old temple was seen" can we say going up the hill, they/we/he/she etc saw an old temple? or is it correct without subject?
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I have asked that + tense? [closed]

I'm proof reading a message and it reads as follows: I have asked that 'x' looks at your case and respond to your problem. Should this read: I have asked that 'x' looks at your case and responds to ...
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1answer
305 views

How do I know what a participial phrase is within a sentence?

Recently, I have realized that there are huge gaps in my knowledge in terms of grammar, so I have begun learning some of the basics. One thing I am trying to learn is the participial phrase. I ...
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I'd like to know Noun + past participle

I want to come home more relaxed. I'd like to know, why more relaxed comes after home if it modifies home. Or can more relaxed in this sentence be used as an adverb?
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3answers
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Are these sentences actually ambiguous?

I just this web page and found towards the bottom a claim about ambiguous sentences, which doesn't seem right to me. According to the website: "Sitting by the fence, the dog growled at the cat" is ...
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1answer
1k views

Are “worshiping” and “worshipping” interchangeable? [closed]

Every online source seems to agree with the preconceived notion I had that the correct usage is "worshipping" with two p's, saying that "worshipping" is an exception to a rule about doubling the ...
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1answer
142 views

Which should I use, infinitive or participle? [closed]

I found this description in Wikipedia on infinitive. As a modifier of a noun or adjective. This may relate to the meaning of the noun or adjective ("a request to see someone"; "keen to get on"), or ...
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1answer
351 views

Difference between participal adjective and relative clause

I saw someone explained that participal adjectives have the same function as relative clauses. If that is correct, what is the difference between them? for examples, a bill requiring approval ...
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0answers
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Do participles actually have a subject instead of word being modified?

Do participles actually have a subject instead of a word being modified? All the examples about participles having subjects that don't exist in the sentence (dangling participle) that I've seen start ...
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1answer
103 views

Can someone help me diagram this very confusing sentence?

The vase didn't look like I wanted it to. That is the sentence. My teacher said there is a participle, but I can't identify one. Thanks!
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2answers
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Why is “banging his nose” possible but "answering the phone'' not possible?

He ran into the wall, banging his nose. He got out of bed, answering the phone. Why is the first one possible but is the second one not possible?
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2answers
281 views

Present participle with Simple Present tense [duplicate]

The boy comes running. My father stands behind me smiling. (I saw the first example in a grammar book and the second in a prose) In which cases is this particular form (S + action-verb + s/es of ...
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reduced relative clause (or not) [closed]

I have a question of the sentence below. Every last drop of things like glue, paint and cosmetics will come out, leaving the container totally empty, and making you happier and richer. In the ...
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1answer
315 views

What is the tense of the verb, “remark,” in this sentence?

Here's the sentence: As I walked through the exhibit, I overheard a visitor remark, "You know, that grandfather clock actually runs." The "subject" of the verb is singular ("visitor"), so if ...