I'm wondering if there's a definition for phrases like:

  • The Green apple is Green
  • Some optional options are optional
  • Silly people are Silly
  • We visited the museum, where we saw museum artefacts.

Where a description of something is otherwise worthless or repeated.

Googling hasn't helped much, so time to ask real people!

  • 4
    Are you looking for tautology? They’re all tautological.
    – Jim
    Feb 18, 2021 at 20:43
  • 1
    As well as tautology may like to look up redundancy , pleonasm, and reiteration in your dictionary. Feb 18, 2021 at 22:07
  • Aphorism is often used when a slightly negative connotation is intended.
    – mevets
    Feb 18, 2021 at 22:31

1 Answer 1


I agree with "tautology". That is the word used, and concept established, in formal logic, which is a discipline in mathematical science.

Others already mentioned pleonasm and aphorism. These are used more often in the literary sense, or in argumentation and interpretation of persuasive appeals.

However, the overly verbose quality of your examples reminds me of archaic or out-of-practice words like


superfluity of words [archaic] (Merriam)


observed or performed to an extent not enjoined or required (Merriam)

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