Wikipedia gives the following information on the search “Crossing the Rubicon”
Julius Caesar's crossing the Rubicon river was an event in 49 BC that precipitated the Roman Civil War, which ultimately led to Caesar's becoming dictator for life and the rise of the imperial era of Rome. Caesar had been appointed to a governorship over a region that ranged from southern Gaul to Illyricum (but not Italy). As his term of governorship ended, the Roman Senate ordered Caesar to disband his army and return to Rome. He was explicitly ordered not to bring his army across the Rubicon river, which was at that time a northern boundary of Italy. In January of 49 BC, Caesar brought the 13th legion across the river, which the Roman government considered insurrection, treason, and a declaration of war, on the Roman Senate. According to some authors, he is said to have uttered the phrase "alea iacta est" — the die is cast — as his army marched through the shallow river.
Today, the phrase "crossing the Rubicon" is an idiom that means "to pass a point of no return".
Historically it refers to the act of Julius Caesar crossing the river in 49 BC that led to establishment of imperial Rome. Idiomatically it means to pass a point of no return.
My question is “When did the idiomatic use of this phrase start and come into common usage?”