In my language when I need to add more context/explanation to an item in a numbered list, I write it like so:

  1. First.
  2. Second.

ad 1. [text augmenting Item 1].

The ad is from Latin; thus, I figured it was used in English as well, but when I did use it, some readers were puzzled and asked me what I meant.

  • You could use a superscript "leader" for one.
    – Kris
    Aug 22, 2018 at 6:54
  • Note how you referenced an item from the list yourself in your post by writing "item 1". Why not use that?
    – E...
    Aug 23, 2018 at 10:24

3 Answers 3


A probably more well known tag (also derived from Latin) might be Re (see Oxford Living Dictionaries). Thus:

  1. The first thing.
  2. The second thing.

Re 1: This also includes the other thing.


Rather than to or on, "ad" associates with Anno Domini first and foremost with many English speakers.

You might want to try "(see 1.)" or just "(1)".

  • 3
    Wouldn’t Anno Domini be A.D. rather that “ad”? Aug 22, 2018 at 7:32
  • @RoaringFish Now you're being pedantic just to spite me.
    – Ricky
    Aug 23, 2018 at 0:07
  • 4
    Not at all. The use of "ad" as in 'to' is far from uncommon - a whole load of logical fallacies use it for example, such as "ad populum" or "ad hominem", and it is a very different format to the initialism A.D. Kind of hard to see how many English speakers would confuse the two things... Aug 23, 2018 at 3:00
  • Doesn't (see 1.) implying the opposite? Something like go there and see the full explanation (something like reference to tables or images)?
    – Artholl
    Aug 23, 2018 at 6:51

You don't need to insert "ad" or anything else. You can simply insert subscripted bullets (numbers) in the footer part of the page.


  1. Shirt
  2. Coffee a
  3. Computer

a. Is a type of beverage

Chicago manual: footnote and citation.

enter image description here

  • Interesting idea, but how to use it in an email? Or what if the text in the footer will be on more lines? Is it OK?
    – Artholl
    Aug 23, 2018 at 6:49
  • @Artholl You have asked two different questions.
    – Ubi.B
    Aug 23, 2018 at 7:31
  • When I write it in my language with ad, I am able to use it everywhere (book, email, forum) and it could be as long as it needs to be. I am just asking if there is something similarly universal in English. I like your answer, but I am not able to use it everywhere or maybe I just overcomplicated things.
    – Artholl
    Aug 23, 2018 at 8:10
  • @Artholl check the updated answer. This style is universally accepted.
    – Ubi.B
    Aug 23, 2018 at 8:20
  • @Artholl if there is no more lines then you need to re adjust text. Keep those section of text on same page which has subscripts.
    – Ubi.B
    Aug 23, 2018 at 8:22

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