In my language when I need to add more context/explanation to an item in a numbered list, I write it like so:

  1. First.
  2. Second.

ad 1. [text augmenting Item 1].

The ad is from Latin; thus, I figured it was used in English as well, but when I did use it, some readers were puzzled and asked me what I meant.

  • You could use a superscript "leader" for one. – Kris Aug 22 '18 at 6:54
  • Note how you referenced an item from the list yourself in your post by writing "item 1". Why not use that? – Eliran H Aug 23 '18 at 10:24

A probably more well known tag (also derived from Latin) might be Re (see Oxford Living Dictionaries). Thus:

  1. The first thing.
  2. The second thing.

Re 1: This also includes the other thing.


Rather than to or on, "ad" associates with Anno Domini first and foremost with many English speakers.

You might want to try "(see 1.)" or just "(1)".

  • 3
    Wouldn’t Anno Domini be A.D. rather that “ad”? – Roaring Fish Aug 22 '18 at 7:32
  • @RoaringFish Now you're being pedantic just to spite me. – Ricky Aug 23 '18 at 0:07
  • 4
    Not at all. The use of "ad" as in 'to' is far from uncommon - a whole load of logical fallacies use it for example, such as "ad populum" or "ad hominem", and it is a very different format to the initialism A.D. Kind of hard to see how many English speakers would confuse the two things... – Roaring Fish Aug 23 '18 at 3:00
  • Doesn't (see 1.) implying the opposite? Something like go there and see the full explanation (something like reference to tables or images)? – Artholl Aug 23 '18 at 6:51

You don't need to insert "ad" or anything else. You can simply insert subscripted bullets (numbers) in the footer part of the page.


  1. Shirt
  2. Coffee a
  3. Computer

a. Is a type of beverage

Chicago manual: footnote and citation.

enter image description here

  • Interesting idea, but how to use it in an email? Or what if the text in the footer will be on more lines? Is it OK? – Artholl Aug 23 '18 at 6:49
  • @Artholl You have asked two different questions. – Ubi hatt Aug 23 '18 at 7:31
  • When I write it in my language with ad, I am able to use it everywhere (book, email, forum) and it could be as long as it needs to be. I am just asking if there is something similarly universal in English. I like your answer, but I am not able to use it everywhere or maybe I just overcomplicated things. – Artholl Aug 23 '18 at 8:10
  • @Artholl check the updated answer. This style is universally accepted. – Ubi hatt Aug 23 '18 at 8:20
  • @Artholl if there is no more lines then you need to re adjust text. Keep those section of text on same page which has subscripts. – Ubi hatt Aug 23 '18 at 8:22

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