The term in statistics and information technology is characteristics.
The more down-to-earth term is archetype.
The verb characterize connotes finding out the commonalities of a group of entities. The noun for that act is characterization. The adjective is characteristic.
For example, characteristic behaviour of a hero is their self-less devotion to public good.
For example, when a company introduces a new CPU, their engineers will perform characterization on various information gathered from its fabrication, and from tests observed due to a set of stimuli.
And then they might find seven rather distinct groups of CPUs that resulted from variations that occur in their manufacturing. So, for example, an engineer might advise the marketing concerning one of the groups, saying "This group of CPUs is characteristic of low performing devices, suitable for being packaged and sold as equipment controllers."
A company engaging in online sales of its product would seek to characterize their customers. The result would be conclusions about any customers like, "This customer is characteristic of a ponderous, highly researched customer." This customer is archetypal of a middle-aged afternoon-sit-coms mom.
A political campaign too would perform characterization of members of the electorate. For example, one might conclude, the voters in southwest Iowa are characterized by their slow temper, love for corn dogs and their penchant for hiring illegal immigrants.
What are the characteristics of a true dog lover?
My mom is archetypal of a large-breed-dog lover. She buys dog food by the truck load.
The archetypal behaviour of a Canadian truck driver is their disregard for traffic etiquette on US highways.
A mom-and-pop store is characterized by their having family members as employees, avoidance of low profit margin items and their familiarity with the personalities of their customers.
OTOH, you should consider the term archetype.
For example, The Maine farmer is archetypical (more properly, archetypal) of the hardy but volatile New Englander. When climate change made it too wet for potatoes, they farmed trees instead, and in fact sold their land to large corporations and then to work as employees for the tree farms.
- a perfect or typical specimen
- an original model or pattern; prototype
- (Psychoanalysis) psychoanal one of the inherited mental images postulated by Jung as the content of the collective unconscious
- (Art Terms) a constantly recurring symbol or motif in literature, painting, etc
- (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) a constantly recurring symbol or motif in literature, painting, etc
[from Latin archetypum an original, from Greek arkhetupon, from arkhetupos first-moulded; see arch-, type]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003
- a graphic or vivid verbal descriptioncharacterisation
- a graphic or vivid verbal description; "too often the narrative was interrupted by long word pictures"; "the author gives a depressing picture of life in Poland"; "the pamphlet contained brief characterizations of famous Vermonters"
characterization, delineation, depiction, word picture, word-painting, picture
description, verbal description
- a statement that represents something in words
- descriptive word or phrase
portrait, portraiture, portrayal - a word picture of a person's appearance and character
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.