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1

It's interesting to use "so much as" on the middle of an idiom, in this case "to burst (one's) bubble" which means to disappoint by bringing back to reality (as in, "I'm sorry to burst your bubble but the train is always late.") The author is playing on that phrase by perhaps implying that their bubble was not suddenly burst, or not burst by external forces, ...


2

The bubble doesn't so much burst as evaporate means that the bubble didn't burst (with any sound) it just quietly disappears. so much [verb 1 ] as [verb 2] in general means that the action is more like [verb 2] than [verb 1]. so much as without the verbs has a different meaning, and even can be a definition in this case. Collins English Dictionary has this ...


0

If both descriptions were adjectives, I would expect to see These methods are not only efficient but also economical. In your example, where the but also is a clause, I consider (1) to be better.


1

Oxford's online English-Spanish dictionary has the exact same example you mention: which cuál, pron. Pronunciación /(h)wɪtʃ/ /wɪtʃ/ ADJETIVO 2 2.1 (as relative) we arrived at two, by which time they had gone — llegamos a las dos y para entonces ya se habían ido Más frases de ejemplo in which case — en cuyo caso he refused, ...


-1

"He refused the offer, a decision which proved to be disastrous." is contemporary English for, and with the same basic meaning as: "He refused the offer, which decision proved disastrous." The issue for me is having only "He refused" followed by a comma and then the clause. As is the case with the OP's fragment: he refused, which decision proved ...


4

You will probably find many results if you search for relative adjective, which term you will find in Merriam–Webster and elsewhere: Relative adjective: a pronominal adjective that introduces a clause qualifying an antecedent (as which in: “our next meeting will be on Monday, at which time a new chairman will be elected” ) or a ...


8

Well, if you're just looking for usage examples, it's easy enough to do a Google search for the phrase "which decision proved," which method will give you quite a few examples. (They will include many quotations of a passage from Little Women involving a "second tumble down the beanstalk.") Of course, you can also substitute different nouns and verbs for "...


0

The suspended hyphen is used to indicated a missing word that is shared between two or more hyphenated constructions in a list. When you use a suspended hyphen, the shared word does not change. In your case, it depends on what the complete sentence is intended to be. If you intend, "We perform the filtering process in the x-directions and y-directions ...


0

The usage is a bit off. "when we used to go to New Delhi" has the primary meaning of "the time in which we would habitually go to New Delhi", rather than "each time that we went to New Delhi" as you apparently mean. So it's not incorrect in general to use "used to" in subordinate clauses, but in this particular case it doesn't match the meaning you ...


0

I think this can be treated as alternate pronunciation of "got to", rather than a different phrase. When we quote someone, we normally reproduce their words and meaning, not their pronunciation (unless the intent is to represent dialect -- this is usually only done in literature, not reporting). As an analogy, many people pronounce "nuclear" as "nucular". ...


-1

The difference is subtle, but it's one of specificity and whether you are describing what or how the action is taken. In the first sentence, "circulation" is the object of "aids" as a transitive verb, meaning circulation is the thing being aided. In the second sentence, "in the absorption" is a prepositional phrase that modifies the intransitive verb "aids,...


3

In general, you should not modify a quote. If someone said "gotta" then that's what you write, not a grammatically-corrected version. You do need to be careful to avoid implying that you are making fun of the person's mode of speech, though. However, you can add a suffix "[sic]" (short for 'sic erat scriptum', 'thus was it written') to indicate that this ...


3

The Associated Press Stylebook (2018) has the following entry on "Quotations" under News Values on p.520: Quotes must not be taken out of context. We do not alter quotations, even to correct grammatical errors or word usage. If a quotation is flawed because of grammar or lack of clarity, it may be paraphrased in a way that is completely true to the ...


9

According to the NY Times Style Guide, the underlying principles of quoting someone are respect for the speaker and the accurate representation of their statement. People often say things like “gotta” in place of “have got to”, and who can blame them? However, if you’re going to clean this up grammatically for publication, it would be more respectful of ...


2

I puzzled over this for some time and consulted with other native British English speakers. Our conclusion is that "I couldn't help laughing" is how you would describe an automatic reaction to something funny or amusing. "I could not help but laugh" is when laughter may not be the appropriate or expected response, with the implication that laughing is better ...


1

Although were looks like a past tense, it is used in what is called the second conditional here. Grammar guides tend to ignore that fact that this conditional has a time frame. Referring to now, we say If I were a kid, I would play with my toys now. But referring to the past, we say If I had been a kid ten years ago, I would have played with my toys ...


-1

Could not help but is the expression. It also appears as "The dinosaurs have all but disappeared." This means they are gone. How all but means that is a bit idiomatic. The shorter version She could not help laughing is a sort of shorthand that is commonly used. I would say both are correct. Similarly people also say I could care less when they mean I could ...


1

'Much/many' is an adjective expressing quantity or amount. Many of this sort of adjective have plural forms which must be used when the noun is plural. Another example of a quantative adjective would be 'few' and 'a little'. 'Expectations' is a plural noun so the plural form 'many' must be used. 'High' is an ordinary adjective, nothing special about it! In ...


4

I think the important phrase is act of, in the definition of "commemoration". An anniversary occurs without any active involvement. The anniversary of my wedding occurs on the same date each year, whether or not I buy my wife a gift. We might commemorate the anniversary by going out to dinner and exchanging gifts. The example of Tiananmen Square is ...


20

'Snitty' through the years The earliest instance I've been able to find of snitty where the word is used in its modern sense (derived from the noun snit) is from Philip Fair, A Marriage Is Arranged: A Love Story (1932) [combined snippets]: They looked up at Gay's step. "'Lo, Gay, ole thing!" from Nance the younger. Gay drew her brows together ...


19

from snit n. etymonline "state of agitation, fit of temper," 1939, American English, of unknown origin. First in Claire Boothe's "Kiss the Boys Good-bye," which gives it a U.S. Southern context. The OED registers snitty 1978, an adjective as: slang (orig. and chiefly U.S.). Ill-tempered, sulky. The use of the noun and adjective are infrequent in ...


0

No, it isn't strictly correct for formal/written english, but its a reasonably common contraction in general use. Including if would be far more common, and whether too, but the latter is a little more formal - more likely to be written than spoken.


0

No, consequently is an adverb and needs to modify a verb. To be grammatical, that sentence should read depicting a gradual re-organisation of these tracts consequent to the gradual loss of coverage, and what it would mean is depicting a gradual re-organisation of these tracts resulting from the gradual loss of coverage, which may not be what you want ...


0

Both expressions are used when speaking about groups of entities. The difference is that "On average" refers to the characteristics of the the group as a whole while "An average" or "The average" refers to a typical, representative, member of the group. If we say that "On average students spend 20 hours per week in the Union bar and 15 hours per week in ...


1

Vivid idiom meaning that an action/initiative/task can be achieved easily because there is minimal resistance. Apparently it's usage is on the up in both British and American English.


0

May I have tomorrow off? No need to strain to use other modal verbs; we have one that addresses what is allowed, perfect for polite requests like these. One can probably extrapolate that you want tomorrow off, if you are asking. If you need to explain the good reason, be specific.


0

I believe it's the same thing. 'The average person....' forms a basic (average) person in the readers mind doing/in xyz. 'On average' is just a more general use.


1

While contemporary is usually used for people (specifically as "his/her/their contemporaries"), it can also be applied to objects. To list a few examples found through the Corpus of Contemporary American English: Motobecane was a leading brand. After fading away (along with most of its Euro contemporaries), the brand is now making a comeback. (Bicycling, ...


1

The sentence Our business stands out from our contemporaries. forces business and contemporaries to be compared as though they were the same class of object, when what you really wish to compare is your business and the business of your contemporaries. Therefore, to be clear and precise in modern English you should compare those things, as follows: ...


0

The answer is simple and was given in the comment. Fighting 100 opponents came before the 1994 retirement (we are in 2019 now). He had done that before he retired. That’s what the past perfect means and how it‘s used. It’s just basic grammar in most all languages I know of.


1

No. "being just physical memory" is not a relative clause. Instead, it is the predicate of an absolute construction, whose subject is "the model of memory". An absolute construction has the sense of a subordinate clause, but with the specific subordinate conjunction left unspecified. Your example could be approximated with a subordinate "although" ...


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