Hot answers tagged

46 votes
Accepted

When using the French word "sans" in an English sentence, should I use italics?

As a matter of style, many U.S. publishers follow the general rules given by the Chicago Manual of Style, fifteenth edition (2003) at 7.51, 7.53, and 7.54 under the heading "FOREIGN WORDS": ...
user avatar
  • 150k
26 votes
Accepted

Should "et al." be in italics?

Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed. (p.365) says that commonly used Latin words and abbreviations should not be italicized, and lists "et al." as an example.
user avatar
  • 5,444
17 votes

When using the French word "sans" in an English sentence, should I use italics?

"Sans" is a common enough word in English that I would not bother with italics. But I also think in your sentence that the word "without" scans better, and I'd use that instead of "sans" for esthetics ...
user avatar
  • 4,244
16 votes
Accepted

Trans Fat is italicized

From my Organic Chemistry days, I remember that the isomers (compounds with the same chemical formula but different structures), for cis and trans, were italicized. If you look on the Wikipedia page ...
user avatar
12 votes
Accepted

Why is "their" italicized?

It is done to make a clear distinction between the two 'their's in the sentence. The sentence can easily be split into two halves: Some elections are held in friendly client states to legitimize ...
user avatar
  • 7,627
10 votes

Should punctuation surrounding italicised words be italicised?

I realise this is an old post, but I was searching for guidance on this issue myself, and, unfortunately, things have changed. The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition, now says (§6.2) that ...
user avatar
  • 101
8 votes

In phonetic writing, what does italics mean?

Look at the spelling pronunciation key for dictionary.com. This tells you what all these strange spellings mean. Dictionary.com uses a non-standard phonetic respelling. You can also get the IPA (...
user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

When italicizing a noun to emphasize, italicize the article or not?

Because italicizing for emphasis can select any word as well as parts of words, italicizing an article means that you are emphasizing that article for some purpose. Compare: "Is it a orange?&...
user avatar
5 votes

When using the French word "sans" in an English sentence, should I use italics?

Given that "sans" apparently entered early enough and/or become so much part of the language that it is primarily pronounced /sænz/ and not /sɒ̃/, then it is not required that you italicise. On the ...
user avatar
  • 1,011
4 votes
Accepted

If the article title ends in closing punctuation, do we still add a period in an APA reference?

The answer appears to be no. On page 22 of this sample reference list by the APA, there is an example of an article that ends in a question marks, just like yours (though it’s from a paper journal, ...
user avatar
4 votes

Trans Fat is italicized

It is italicized based on the mistaken belief that there is a convention. The ACS Style Guide is considered the authority for writing chemical names in English. On page 145 we see that cis and trans (...
user avatar
  • 41
4 votes

Putting a title in quotes -- is it still italicized?

Style guide preferences on the question of whether to use quotation marks or italics for titles of works vary depending on the guide and on the type of work that the title is associated with. But ...
user avatar
  • 150k
3 votes
Accepted

Using italics in IT-related diploma thesis

Referring to the "holy grail" of programming books, SICP, we can see the authors use a mono-spaced font for all non-literary words (i.e. anything that is a code snippet, function name, variable, state,...
user avatar
  • 891
3 votes

How to mention a course name in an essay?

This is purely a question of style, i.e. one of those conventions that may differ from field to field, but aside from that do not matter one bit to anyone at all. So ask your teacher/advisor, or check ...
user avatar
  • 95.4k
3 votes

When using the French word "sans" in an English sentence, should I use italics?

I'd prefer it if you did, please, for two reasons: I know the word sans in French but not in English ... italicizing it in a sentence warns me that there's something unusual about the word. Normally ...
user avatar
  • 4,191
3 votes
Accepted

Use of Italics for Latin Text

Obey the dictates of your manual of style, either the one you've chosen or the one thrust upon you. I use The Chicago Manual of Style, which specifies italics for Latin words that have not been ...
user avatar
  • 43.8k
3 votes
Accepted

Italicizing foreign language words in an English Essay

If you are writing to a style guide, then follow it above anything I say below (though note that it may give some leeway). Because your theme is German history, the reader is going to expect a ...
user avatar
  • 52.1k
3 votes

How to punctuate one word quotes in a sentence

If you are writing in the United States, you may be interested to learn that many readers are accustomed to seeing yes and no handled in what the Chicago Manual of Style, fifteenth edition (2003) ...
user avatar
  • 150k
3 votes
Accepted

Why are vessel names italicized?

Depending on the style guide the author or company uses, they can appear either italicized or not. Most newspapers use AP Style, but companies like the NY Times have their own style manual, which is ...
user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Scientific Nomenclature: italics or roman in an italic environment

The general advice is to revert to roman within a block of italics. Here are a couple of sources: When a title or sentence is italicized, a word that normally would be italicized in running text—such ...
user avatar
  • 37.6k
3 votes
Accepted

So, are single quotes, double quotes or italics most appropriate here?

You're one hundred pages in and you haven't yet consulted your manual of style? If the person for whom you're proofreading hasn't mandated one, then you both should agree on one. I prefer the Chicago ...
user avatar
  • 43.8k
3 votes

Does the phrase "per se" have to be italicized?

The phrase "per se" does not have to be italicized. A general rule of thumb is that if the foreign word is in an English dictionary, you do not need to italicize it. Use italics for foreign ...
user avatar
3 votes

In legal citations, why are "see", "see also", etc., in italics?

If you read through the document that you have linked to (The Indigo Book), you will see (in section R4.1) that these terms are signals that introduce citation clauses and sentences. Section R2.1 ...
user avatar
  • 9,287
3 votes
Accepted

Using words used as words: Why am I confusing myself?

Here is the main discussion of "words used as words" in The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition (2010): 7.58 Words and phrases used as words. When a word or term is not used functionally but is ...
user avatar
  • 150k
2 votes

How to punctuate one word quotes in a sentence

If you're thinking of dialogue in a story, it makes sense to use your second formulation. If you're just trying to point out that they denied the request or whatever it was that preceded them saying ...
user avatar
2 votes

Putting a title in quotes -- is it still italicized?

Either or but not both. Also, I would add a comma. David Guggenheim uses the title, "Waiting for Superman." David Guggenheim uses the title, Waiting for Superman. EDIT On reflection I would ...
user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

What's the best way to format a loan word in an English sentence?

Obey your manual of style, either the one you chose or the one thrust upon you. I use The Chicago Manual of Style, which says that unfamiliar foreign words should be set in italic. The exception is ...
user avatar
  • 43.8k
2 votes

Quotation marks and italics in same sentence

This is a bit opinionated, and it's hard to be definite without seeing the full quotes, but here's an analysis. TLDR: Italics could be arguable for 'fortissimo' and either italics or quotes or neither ...
user avatar
  • 21.3k
2 votes

When using an italicized word with punctuation, should you italicize the punctuation, too?

This is ultimately a style question, and style questions are the province of individual authors or of the publishing houses responsible for producing their work. At the magazines and book publishers ...
user avatar
  • 150k
2 votes

How to punctuate words we reference from other sources or that we think or say inwardly

Punctuation is a matter of style, not grammar, and as such, you should consult your manual of style, either the one you've adopted or the one you've had thrust upon you. Even then, you will find ...
user avatar
  • 43.8k

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible