60

Upset stomach a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or nausea Edit — As seen from the comments, this is actually an informal term for Dyspepsia. Dyspepsia, also known as indigestion or upset stomach, is a term that describes discomfort or pain in the upper abdomen. It is not a disease. Dyspepsia is a group of symptoms ...


45

A fascinating question. A bit of searching unearths this masters thesis https://scholarworks.umass.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1215&context=theses Which says about the incident: This account intimates that Molly became a dairy maid, work at which she labored until approximately the year 1683 when she was accused of pilfering a bucket of milk and was ...


44

According to Kirsten Orreill, 'Who are the Ianfu (Comfort Women)?', in New Voices in Japanese Studies, 2, the term is a calque, a literal translation of the Japanese bureaucratic term: The term itself is translated from the Japanese abbreviation Ianfu, hereafter referred to in this paper. As the Chinese characters 慰 安 [i : an ] (comfort or solace) and 婦 [...


41

In Britain the term was always flies, as in your flies are undone. The only people I have heard refer to a fly in this regard are Americans. However the two expressions can sound the same, and the difference not be apparent, since an American might say your fly's undone which sounds a bit like the British term flies. I think the British expression goes ...


38

You are sticking your neck out! stick (one's) neck out TFD To personally assume or expose oneself to some risk, danger, or responsibility; to imperil oneself or put oneself in harm's way. The figurative interpretation is you are taking a risk, as you risk having it chopped off!


37

Since you use Genesis 38:9 as the foundation for your hypothesis, please know that Onan's death was the result of spilling seed (having sex but spilling his seed outside of her vagina) in order to prevent his wife (his brother's widow) from becoming pregnant. He did this out of greed, to derail his Levitical duty to give her offspring, and thus deprive her ...


34

The adjective form of shite is shite: That was a shite film. I feel shite about it. Mondays are always a bit shite.


31

Following on from what Dan Bron said, yes, it can often be euphemistically, albeit informally, called the runs. Similarly, it can be called the trots. the runs/the trots informal diarrhoea Source: Oxford Dictionaries Online


26

I'm not sure why you would want to use a euphemism for a common and unremarkable condition. Indeed, many workplaces (here in the UK) have it written explicitly into their sickness policies that workers suffering from vomiting or diarrhoea should not return to work for 48 hours. In an email, if your colleagues are truly so squeamish I would suggest that you ...


23

The earliest usage GDoS suggests is from AmE: Blue blazes (n.) (also blue blaizes) a euphemism for hell, usually in phrases; e.g. hot as blue blazes, go blue blazes. 1818 [US] M.L. Weems Drunkard’s Looking Glass (1929) 117: Ye steep down gulphs of liquid fire! Ye blue blazes of damnation! 1821 [Ire] ‘A Real Paddy’ Real Life in ...


21

I don't know of any nouns that fit your proposed phrase, but there are a few verbal phrases that might suit your purposes. American speakers (and possibly other English speakers) use the euphemism of relieving oneself. So, in your example, you might say: In the morning, after he relieved himself... Like the German phrase you mention, English also ...


20

It's sometimes referred to as having a tummy bug. The term is suggestive of lower evacuation, though strictly-speaking, it includes upper as well in its list of symptoms. A tummy run is more specific.


16

The phrase "morning constitutional" is ambiguously used to mean either a morning walk, or a morning "dump". So "After his morning constitutional..." Another possibility: "After spending some time on the throne..."


16

It's not the size of the boat, it's the motion of the ocean. comes (no pun intended) to mind, although I'm sure there are many more.


16

Consider escort, in wiktionary's sense 7, “A sex worker who does not operate in a brothel, but with whom clients make appointments; a call girl or male equivalent”. Also consider demimonde, “A class of women kept by wealthy protectors; female prostitutes as a group”, and demimondaine, a woman of the demimonde. Also consider the phrase a professional.


16

Someone else took my favorite, demimondaine, so I'll plump for courtesan, which literally means a woman who attends a royal court, the distaff equivalent of courtier, but has come to mean extremely high-end prostitute.


16

Shite has an adjective sense, so for most uses, shite would be the adjective. However, this is also true of shit. Shitty overlaps in senses with the adjective senses of shit and shite, and often if you call something shitty you could also call it shit or shite. However, shitty also has the sense "covered in shit" which shit and shite do not mean. In some ...


16

I recommend the phrase "Gastrointestinal distress." It's relatively formal (appropriate for a work setting), and avoids the messy details, but makes it very clear exactly which organ system is affected. This leaves plenty of room for the recipients' minds to fill in the blanks if they're truly curious about the nature of the ailment, but does them the ...


16

Part 1 of your question: As an American, I can say that I have never heard the term flies in this context before, but it seems that the words are interchangeable as they refer to the same thing regardless of type of fly/flies. There are a number of slang terms for this in America such as "XYZ" (eXamine Your Zipper), "Your barn door's open," "zipper," etc. ...


14

There are a few sources of this online, but none give anything more drilled down than the ones you've already quoted. While skeptically allowing that they may all be working from the same flawed sources, the logic seems to be this: Cocksure, cocks wounds, etc. were oaths and phrases from a time when using the word God was serious blasphemy. But, basically,...


13

The opposite of a euphemism is a dysphemism or cacophemism. Dysphemism is a figure of speech which is defined as the use of disparaging or offensive expressions instead of inoffensive ones... of negative expressions instead of positive ones. A speaker uses them to humiliate or degrade the disapproved person or character. Dysphemism examples may be ...


13

For a euphemistic balance between professional courtesy and vague-but-useful information, perhaps something like: I am really not feeling well at all. Without going into unpleasant detail, I certainly could try to come in, but I am seriously reluctant to be more than 30 seconds from a toilet. If there is anything you could email me, I will ...


12

How about call girl, see urban dictionary, http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=call+girl. It is the most polite word for prostitute I've ever heard. Another one is "lady of the evening," although this is a trifle coy. Radical prostitutes of both genders sometimes call themselves "sex workers", see http://swop-nyc.org/. I don't know of any way to ...


12

The space Western series Firefly featured a 26th century version of an escort or prostitute - a profession which enjoyed a high social standing. She was referred to as a Companion. As a metaphor, you could use this, with a bit of qualification if it's not obvious what is meant. A "companion for consideration" or a "professional companion" would be fairly ...


12

It is mentioned in the Encyclopedia of Prostitution and Sex Work Vol 2 ISBN 0-313-32970-2 Pub 2006 Greenwood Press SEAMSTRESSES. "Seamstress" was a euphemism for "prostitute" in census records and other documents of the 19th century in the United States. Historical documentation showing several "seamstresses" sharing common living quarters may generally ...


11

Yes, people did use the word “cock” as a euphemism for “God”, but it's now obsolete. Reverend Alexander Dyce, the literary historian and Shakespeare biographer wrote in The Works of William Shakespeare, Volume 9 (1867): cock, a corruption of, or euphemism for God : Cock's passion, iii. 152; By cock vii. 181. (This irreverent alteration of the ...


11

In that context, it means that the speaker wants sex, on the table. Urban Dictionary: "Meaning, have sex with me." In other contexts, it can me 'perform a service' in a more general way, such as asking a hairdresser 'Can you do me next?" in which case 'do me' means 'cut my hair'.


11

The expression to pass away is rarely, if ever, used as a compound adjective as you have done, i.e. passed-away. The current construction with dead sounds awkward because it is missing pronouns, e.g. my, his, etc. A more idiomatic alternative for your example is late, and I quote from the 3rd [adjective] definition in Oxford Dictionaries: (the/one's late) (...


11

As FumbleFingers answered in a comment to the question, I know I'm going out on a limb by expressing my support for B rather than A (figuratively, on a tree branch that might not be strong enough to support my weight). (I wrote this in case the comment gets deleted by a mod.)


11

As a supplement to the existing fine answers, I note that the association of 'blue' with hellfire certainly predates Shakespeare (see Richard III, 1597: "The lights burne blew. It is now dead midnight."), and likely dates to classical antiquity. That association probably owes as much to the quality of the light emitted by a blue flame (that is, dark and dim) ...


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