Of boughten the OED writes:
boughten, ppl. a. [irreg. f. bought ppl. a. by assimilation to foughten] = bought ppl. a. used poet. for the sake of metre, otherwise only dial. and in U.S. in application to purchased as opposed to home-made articles.
Under the OED’s entry for buy, in the section on that verb’s inflections and their historical spellings, at ...
For me (native German speaker who spent some years working in England), this is exclusively an American word of Yiddish origin. I don't think I have ever heard this word in the UK or read it in British media. I would first assume it to be an allusion to Louise Mensch, who has been over the British media a lot in recent years. Sometimes German words are used ...
As a native speaker of a 'deep south' dialect, I believe I can provide a fairly authoritative answer.
Eat is inherently telic—unmodified it implicates (although it does not entail) complete consumption of its object. Consequently, a futurive construction such as I will eat or I'm going to eat is implicitly perfective.
On is added in my dialect to ...
The English language has incredibly many different regional accents, leading to the same words being pronounced differently by different people, sometimes in different places and other times in the same place.
What’s happening here is that some people say [ˈkʰlɪntən], such as Mrs Clinton herself, but others say [ˈkʰlɪ̃ʔn̩] with a glottal stop where the /t/ ...
As a native speaker of British English, I've never heard that phrase in my life and have no idea what it might mean. It's not a phrase I'd expect British people to understand, unless it's been used in one of the many American TV series that have been popular in the UK.
My initial thought is that bad at (or good at) is followed by a word that describes some kind of activity and that bad with (or good with), is followed by the name of a thing or a type of person. It works with at least the following:
Bad at: swimming, math, lying, football, acting, planning, French, cooking, chess
Bad with: children, his hands, money, ...
From my own experience, this is an idiom one can only use reliably in a diverse and cosmopolitan American milieu. I employ it with no hesitation if there are Jews present, because I am certain they will understand it. But educated people with a lot of multicultural awareness probably will as well.
It is not something one would be likely to use in, say, a ...
This is a pretty well-known area of variance among different North American accents of English. It's certainly not unique to you. In this post, I'll use the spelling "ohr" /or/ to represent the sound in in sore, and "ahr" /ɑr/ to represent the sound in star.
However, there are added complications in that some people may distinguish three vowels among glory, ...
Definition of spicket
chiefly South & Midland [Middle USA] : spigot
Do you use "spigot" or "spicket" to refer to a faucet or tap that water comes out of?
a. spicket (6.38%)
b. spigot (66.89%)
c. I use both interchangeably (2.52%)
d. I say "spicket" but spell it "spigot" (12.64%)
(Vaux, Bert and ...
The origin is somewhat surprising. It dates back to Old English, according to the OED's entry for it:
As the subject of an existential clause: = there adv. 4d. Now chiefly U.S. regional (south. and south Midland).
In Old English esp. with following that-clause; compare A. 4a(b).
The earliest example they give is this one, from "early Old English" (...
Heighth is no error
It is a misunderstanding that the spelling or pronunciation of heighth is an illiterate and uneducated error. Although many wrongly consider it such, history is not on their side, nor are the better dictionaries.
Despite how in particular over the last century the heighth spelling has come to be stigmatized, heighth is a perfectly ...
Nearly fifty years old, born in the UK, living in N. Italy for too many years, but a frequent visitor to the UK and Ireland: can't say I have never seen ‘mensch’ online, or that my mind exploded when I read the OP's sentence. By the way, should it be written with a capital letter?
In its proper context, the meaning of ‘mensch’ was easy enough to guess. But ...
'Mizzle' is not, exactly, the same as 'drizzle'. As the word implies, it is mist that is lightly precipitating into droplets, but the droplets are small enough to remain airborne and do not fall as drizzle.
The progression is seen in a reference quote in the OED :
1806 J. Beresford Miseries Human Life I. vi. 111 A mist, which successively becomes a ...
When you switch to the World English version of Oxford Dictionaries Online, their definition of usable has this little "spelling help:"
Usable can also be spelled useable, with an e in the middle: both are
The US version simply lists useable as an acceptable variant of usable, and omits the side note.
Etymonline shows usable as being derived ...
what other kind of student is there?
College students. Private students. Home-schooled students. Student drivers.
As Keshlam noted in a comment:
It says "school students" because if it just said 'students" many of us would indeed translate it as "student drivers." Which is a somewhat different kind of hazard. A car full of school students isn't likely to ...
I'm an American from the south, and in contrast to other Americans who have answered, I've never heard that idiom before. I didn't have any clue what the word mensch was supposed to mean until after reading comments/answers here, and I still have to look it up to be actually sure what it means. I find it surprising that this is referred to as an Americanism, ...
As a native British-English speaker, who has lived in New Zealand for over 10 years, I have never heard this word before in either country.
I would say this is exclusively American-English, and probably only from certain big cities, as well. Its use is somewhat akin to my saying "I'm going to see the whanau" and expecting anyone outside New Zealand to ...
Hwoa! Hwat’s with the hwistling hwisky?
> In which English accents do they put an h before every word that starts with wh?
That isn’t what’s going on — you only think you hear an h, because your phoneme set doesn’t include this sound, but its use is pretty common in various accents. Which accents? Lots. Scottish. Irish. Several counties in the north of ...
I didn't become familiar with the term mensch until the 1970s, when I moved from Texas to the east coast (Maryland) for college. At the time I assumed that it was simply a regional term. However, the frequency of "a mensch" in Google Books search results suggests that the term's popularity in published writings has grown substantially since the 1950s. Here ...
It's Law French, the normal language of law in England until well after 1464.
The words Rawe, Skawe, cokell [and] fagge are evidently English words, not French ones, presumably either because there weren't corresponding French terms (at least in Law French), or because it was important to cover every case in this statute.
So, while the rest of the text is ...
It appears to be a dialectal variant from East Midlands where:
Reflexive pronouns are characterized by the replacement of "self" with sen (from Middle English seluen):
Y'usen – Yourself,
Mesen – Myself,
Thisens – Themselves/Yourselves,
Ussens – Ourselves
We sh'll ay to do it ussens. (We shall have to do it ourselves.)
This pronunciation isn't peculiar to that region—it's virtually universal in US speech.
As Kate Bunting and user070221 say, the vowel in unstressed you will usually be reduced to /ə/; and in rapid speech the dental stops /d/ and /t/ followed by palatal /j/ (orthographic ‹y›) will usually "assimilate" to an affricate: /dʒ/ (=‹j›) and /tʃ/ (=‹ch›). ...
The meaning of seh
In Jamaican Patois at least, seh is a cognate of say.
For example, from JamaicanPatwah.com¹:
Patois: Wah yuh seh?
English: What are you saying?
and from The Poetry Archive:
In Creole, where a noun refers to a class of ...
Pirates portrayed in popular culture generally have an accent from the South West of England - usually Cornwall, Devon or Bristol according to Wikipedia. Karl's answer, that this originated with Robert Newton, is probably true, but why would Newton choose a Westcountry accent?
Pirates traditionally operated in the "new world" of the Caribbean and eastern ...
The corpora I checked indicate that both forms are used on both sides of the Atlantic. The BYU-BNC British National Corpus has 32 instances of chaperon and 32 of chaperone from the 1980s to 1993. The Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) has 277 instances of chaperone and 60 instances of chaperon from 1990 to 2015. (I excluded the spoken sections.) ...
The short answer can be found in these maps from Professor Bert Vaux's Dialect Survey:
The speech accent archive, suggests that the -dee ending is popular in the American Southeast, particularly in Louisville, Kentucky; Atlanta, Georgia; Belmont, Mississippi; Plantersville, Arkansas; Elmore, Alabama; and Pensacola, Florida.
Additionally, I invite you to ...
There are way too many English dialects to list, but the general definition of a dialect is:
Dialects are linguistic varieties which differ in pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar from each other and from Standard English (which is itself a dialect).
I actually did find a simplified tree of English dialects, and it shows the changes that occurred ...
It's perfectly fine to end a sentence with a preposition, don't believe any fear-mongering to make you believe otherwise.
Sometimes it may sound awkward, sometimes it's more suitable for informal writing, but there is no prohibition against it.
Having to read comics about grammar jokes, I guess that's something I could live with.
However, the ...
This answer seems to do a good job of explaining the difference. Yogurt and curd are similar in that bacteria are used to produce lactic acid to thicken the milk. They're different in that yogurt is made with pure culture for consistency.
Garrison Keillor doesn't know, and online sources are all rather contradictory (the game is variously said to have originated in Germany, Ireland, Sweden, and the U.S.) and dubious. So the best answer may well be that origin of the Minnesota name is lost to history, and any answers will be speculative.
I noticed, however, that of all the variants played in ...