15 votes

Colons after a single word (e.g. "Example:")

Below is a copy of an extract from The Punctuation Guide relating to the various uses of a colon. You will see, at the bottom of the first section "Introducing a list" are examples of usage after a ...
TrevorD's user avatar
  • 12.2k
9 votes

What is the correct punctuation after "as follows"?

Semicolons to separate the chapters, as proposed in another answer, is certainly a valid approach. However, I'd like to answer from a different angle - one that comes from my experience with lists in ...
EditingFrank's user avatar
  • 1,879
8 votes

What is the correct punctuation after "as follows"?

Here is a quick review of the advice that four influential style guides give for punctuating the lead-in to a display (vertical) list. The most important thing to note at the outset is that most of ...
Sven Yargs's user avatar
  • 163k
6 votes

Colons after a single word (e.g. "Example:")

According to this guide, colons can be used for emphasis: The colon can be used to emphasize a phrase or single word at the end of a sentence. Conclusion: This practice can be followed when that ...
J.R.'s user avatar
  • 58.8k
6 votes

Colons after a single word (e.g. "Example:")

When you're writing formal text, you generally write in full sentences. No sentences fragments: those are forbidden in formal writing. In this context, colons should only be used after full sentences. ...
Peter Shor 's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Rule of punctuation when a principal sentence is followed by two or more subordinate sentences

I certainly wouldn't ever punctuate in that way nor, I should hope would I ever write in such a tortuous manner. It either needs to be bullet-pointed, or else written as a piece of prose, with ...
WS2's user avatar
  • 64.7k
5 votes
Accepted

Should a colon be used after "for example"?

Either comma or colon is fine to use after the phrase "for example". Typically, a comma is used. When a more "significant" separation is desired, a colon may be used. Notably, if using a colon in your ...
xiota's user avatar
  • 891
5 votes

Is there a name for this format - '5:number :: k: ? '?

They were called analogy questions back when they were use on the SAT. My friends and I referred to them as is-to-as questions based on their verbal construction (the question would be read "five ...
Kit's user avatar
  • 197
5 votes
Accepted

When ending clause in a comma, which is followed by a colon, should there be a space in-between

You would omit the comma. That said, you're not ending the sentence in your example with a comma. That sentence ends with a period: the period after "etc." Also, as it relates to the example,...
Benjamin Harman's user avatar
4 votes

Is it proper to use a colon followed immediately by a hyphen?

From the Constitution of the United States of America Article II, Section 1, last clause Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:—‘‘I do ...
GEdgar's user avatar
  • 25.2k
4 votes

Colons after a single word (e.g. "Example:")

The Wikipedia article: Colon_(punctuation) gives (reformatted; I've italicised the most relevant comments) a good overview of the uses and conditions of use of the colon: The most common use of the ...
Edwin Ashworth's user avatar
4 votes

A question regarding colon usage twice in a title

The Chicago Manual of Style, sixteenth edition (2010) addresses this question somewhat obliquely, by limiting its style advice to what it refers to "two subtitles" within a title. After ...
Sven Yargs's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

Usage of colon in English and math writing

In your first example, the equation belongs grammatically to the same phrase as the preceding words. Imagine if it were not an equation but another word - then you could write e.g: 'The answer can ...
Beth's user avatar
  • 283
3 votes
Accepted

Using comma to delimit the name of a group and its constituents?

A comma is used to announce a non-restricting apposition: My sister, Emily, is getting married next week. [I have one sister.] but is omitted with a restricting one: My sister Emily is getting ...
AmI's user avatar
  • 3,662
3 votes
Accepted

Colon after 'Destination'

Destination: New York. Destination New York. Both forms are acceptable, depending on what emphasis (if any) you want to apply. On the one hand: The IMDB list of movie titles containing ...
TrevorD's user avatar
  • 12.2k
3 votes

Can the colon introduce only two objects?

Actually, colons can be used with any number of items, including just one: Rule 1a. Use a colon to introduce an item or a series of items. GrammarBook.com Here's an example with 2: It's ...
Laurel's user avatar
  • 66.4k
3 votes

Can you use a colon to introduce just a single item instead of a list?

The Oxford Guide to Style (2002) offers a usefully concise (but somewhat oddly punctuated) discussion of the colon at section 5.5: 5.5 Colon The colon points forward: from a premise to a conclusion, ...
Sven Yargs's user avatar
  • 163k
3 votes

What is the correct punctuation usage for 'thus' in this sentence?

They believe technology serves humankind by empowering us with access to information and the ability to spread that useful information, thus enriching our lives. The word "thus" in this sentence ...
R Mac's user avatar
  • 3,598
3 votes

Is 'and' essential in a colon list?

The deceptively simple answer is that and is customary before the last item in a comma-delimited list (in a sentence, at least; bulleted lists on slides don't fall under grammatical rules). This ...
John Lawler's user avatar
3 votes

Comma at the End of a List Following a Colon

The list of colors is a parenthesis and should have the same punctuation at both ends, beginning with a comma instead of a colon. Bob's three favorite colors, black, red, and blue, are Emma's least ...
Juliana Karasawa Souza's user avatar
3 votes

Is a period ever allowed at the end of a sentence that precedes a direct quotation?

There is no rule about a colon preceding a quote that is a complete sentence. Even if there was it would not apply if the preceding clause is a complete sentence, which is the case in your example. A ...
DJClayworth's user avatar
  • 25.9k
3 votes
Accepted

Can I place a modifier after a colon?

If you are writing a literary piece, you can do anything you want, as long as you are understood. It is indeed not idiomatic to separate the verb phrase from its modifier by a colon. However, your ...
fev's user avatar
  • 33.3k
2 votes
Accepted

Why is semicolon instead of colon used in the given sentence?

It shouldn't. Before a quotation, you can use a comma if it is short enough, or a colon otherwise. There isn't a case where you would use a semicolon.
Azami's user avatar
  • 1,208
2 votes

Rule of punctuation when a principal sentence is followed by two or more subordinate sentences

The simple answer is: punctuation is a style issue not a grammar issue. Typesetting is a specialty form of editing to improve readers' comprehension. Your passage is awful; it is an affront to my eyes....
Stu W's user avatar
  • 7,126
2 votes
Accepted

Choosing between a colon and semicolon when both are appropriate

Depends on what you want to say. As stated in the comment, colon says and here's why, or because so your sentence would be I'm very happy because I won $100. That seems to be what you want ...
bleh's user avatar
  • 400
2 votes
Accepted

Which punctuation would be used here?

I agree with @AlanCarmack, and I, too, would use a colon. As per Strunk and White, The Elements of Style (Macmillan, 1979, pp. 7-8): "Use a colon after an independent clause to introduce a list ...
Richard Kayser's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

Can a colon join sentence fragments for emphasis?

Short answer: Yes. Longer answer: When subsequent sentences (or fragments) explain the first sentence, a colon is correct. The colon is used to separate two independent clauses when the second ...
Roger Sinasohn's user avatar
2 votes

What is the correct punctuation after "as follows"?

Folwer's Modern English Usage regarding the colon: ". . . but the time when it was second member of the hierarchy, full stop, colon, semicolon, comma, is past. Some contemporary writers ...
Zan700's user avatar
  • 3,376

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