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The changing of a present tense in direct speech to a past tense in reported speech

The changing of a present tense in direct speech to a past tense in reported speech (or a past tense to pluperfect).

Example: 'If the sentence starts in the past, there is often backshift of tenses in Reported speech.'

Links:
https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/backshift

Also see:
What is "backshifting", as applied to English grammar?