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A suffix is an element of a language that is added to the end of a word. E.g. -ly is a suffix often found at the end of adverbs: really, quickly, happily, strangely, etc., -d/-ed is a suffix often found at the end of a verb to denote the simple past: used, bruised, grazed, heated, etc.

There are two different -ola suffixes. The first one, call it -ola¹, derives from Latin, sometimes as a dimuitive and sometimes otherwise; for example, modern Latin hyperbola < Greek ὑπερβολή is not … n.). Attested words ending in either of the two -ola suffixes include: acerola, areola, aureola, barbola, cambozola, canola, carambola, choola, cola, colocola, cupola, Dongola, dongola, Ebola …
answered Jan 31 '12 by tchrist
All existing English words having both -less and -ness endings are of the XXXlessness sort; there are none of the *XXXnessless variety. For example: affectlessness, agelessness, aimlessness, airl …
answered Nov 19 '12 by tchrist
There is only one tensed verb in: He is trapped. Since is is the present tense third-person singular indicative of to be, this sentence is in the present tense. As for trapped, it is an adjecti …
answered Mar 16 '15 by tchrist
It depends, but often you can add -y, -ed, or -full. Sometimes you need a bit of circumlocution or periphrasis. content-free > content-full (but not *contented! :) sugar-free > sugary, sugared, with …
answered Jul 5 '13 by tchrist
English really doesn’t have much in the way of affective suffixes. One might argue that ‑ette is one such, but that serves several functions, not just one of positive affect. It often serves only to … ‑ess as in heiress, or ‑ine as in heroine. I can’t think of any suffixes in English that work for negative affect, to say that we don’t like something. Spanish has a pretty rich set of augmentative …
answered Feb 19 '12 by tchrist
There is no special rule here: you simple use the same rule as you do for other words. That means that the specific answers to your two sentences are: The ball is Travis’s. Here come the Travises. …
answered Aug 24 '13 by tchrist
If one consults the OED entry for ‘olden’, one learns that ‘olden’ dates all the way back to Cursor Mundi itself, hardly a Victorian tome. It’s also in Piers Ploughman and Shakespeare. Pronunciat …
answered Feb 14 '12 by tchrist
The following is meant to supplement not supplant existing answers. In general, you look at what it was in Latin; however, there are several prominent exceptions. The Etymonline entry regarding this …
answered Aug 17 '15 by tchrist
Edit I should have checked the OED3; it has significantly expanded its treatment. They seem much more certain now, citing three distinct origins, then following that up with significant discussion i …
answered Aug 15 '12 by tchrist
The -y suffix (in some words spelled -ey or -ie) is used to create familiar diminutives, usually of people or animals we’re close to, normally domesticated ones. These words may come off as playful or …
answered Jan 7 '18 by tchrist
The American rule is that the final consonant is doubled only if the verb is stressed on that syllable and it is a short vowel.
answered Dec 29 '12 by tchrist
Just because a term does not appear in this or that dictionary does not make it “not a word”. For one thing, the “Free Dictionary” falls short of being an accepted standard in the English language. …
answered Dec 10 '12 by tchrist
The general rule is that you drop the ‑e, provided that it’s actually a silent one rather than forming part of an ee digraph as with agreeable, decreeable, disagreeable, foreseeable, and seeable. You …
answered Jul 27 '12 by tchrist
things. One is just what you mean by prefixes and suffixes. I’m going to assume that you do not mean merely to combine ocean with an existing, freestanding word to create a compound word such as occurs … with ocean-sea, world-ocean, ice-ocean, ocean-deep. Rather, I believe that you mean prefixes and suffixes that cannot stand on their own. If so, then there is no reason that you cannot, provided …
answered Aug 23 '14 by tchrist
, ‑eity, ‑idity, ‑ility, ‑inity, ‑iety, ‑ivity, ‑ocity, ‑osity, ‑uity. Some are even productive as Modern English suffixes in their own right, like ‑bility. And all are stressed antepenultimately …
answered Oct 6 '15 by tchrist

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