So the main thing that's happening here is that in the first instance, **using** is a verb representing an action, which is expected. In the second, the *noun* "the use" is representing an action, which means that other things happen - its arguments as a verb become arguments as a noun, for instance - but essentially, but turning the action into a noun, you can refer to it later as "it". I'd generally use the second, but I tend to write in more formal or academic registers. It really depends on your audience. * [A link on grammatical metaphor] * [Another one] : http://folk.uio.no/hhasselg/systemic/metaphor.htm "Grammatical metaphor" : http://grammar.about.com/od/fh/g/grammaticalmetaphorterm.htm "Grammatical metaphor"