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Edwin Ashworth
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What on God's green earth are "pulley shoes"?

I keep running into sources talking about pulley-shoes, pulley-toe shoes, pulley-toes, &c. even though they don't always play well with Google OCR and are basically invisible to vanilla searches.

Those extremely weird terms don't show up in any dictionary including the OED but it's clear they're talking about some kind of medieval shoe with pointed toes. One source even glosses the term with the French phrase souliers à la poulaine ("shoes in the Polish style").

Now, poulaines are properly the version of the pointy-toed shoe that spread across Europe in the mid-14th century and differed in some ways from the "scorpion tail" shoes that Orderic Vitalis thought the bunion-afflicted womanizer Fulk of Anjou was using to cover up his sinful deformity and from the stuffed "ram's horn" shoes that Richard the Horny was using to turn everyone gay in the late 11th century.

Thing is, though, I can't find any period sources talking about "pulley" footwear at all... not that Google is being helpful even with displaying even uses of the terms I've already found.

Any idea where these bizarre and unhelpful names 'pulley shoe' and 'pulley toe' came from? Are they just variants of poulaine that the OED hasn't noticed yet and that are being misapplied to the wrong century out of historians' general unfamiliarity/distaste with fashion? or is there any more to it, like a passage in William of Malmesbury or something? (Complaining about the ridiculous clothes of 'the kids these days' and the excesses of the 1% was of course one of the favorite pastimes of monastic and ecclesiastical historians in any age.)

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lly
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