All Questions

6
votes
0answers
176 views

British South Asian accent

This is a two-part question. A lot of British South Asian that are born and bred in the UK have a peculiar accent. It's very different than the familiar Indian accent too. So my question is... Is ...
5
votes
0answers
103 views

Did prescriptivists make up pied-piping in relative infinitive constructions?

A quick Internet search suggests that pied-piping in relative clauses was a natural feature of English even though it is loved by prescriptivists; it existed in older stages of the language, and it ...
4
votes
0answers
44 views

How do archaic words affect on English native speakers?

I wonder why I need to know words like thereby, thereunto, wherewithal, hereonafter, thenceforward and others. I understand that I am unable to use them while writing an essay, because these words are ...
3
votes
0answers
56 views

10 Year Challenge

The hashtag 10yearchallenge is very trendy now, but the use of the compond adjective (10-year) makes it look like it's a challenge that spanned 10 years, however, it's the name of the challenge not an ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

it’s important that all of that body <is/be> supported by acid, tannins, or both

A Forbes article -- apparently written by an American -- titled "How To Tell If A Wine Will Age" has this passage: The other structural elements of body, alcohol, and sugar can also point to an age-...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Earlier sources or identity of person who coined the term “neutrois”?

A lot of work I've been doing recently has been around the emergence of various gender identities. "Neutrois" recently came to my attention, with more information about it here: https://nonbinary....
3
votes
0answers
130 views

What rule governs the usage of “by” versus “with”?

There are many instances where by and with mean something completely different, but which is the correct preposition usage in the following sentences? A file by the same name as the original file. A ...
3
votes
0answers
534 views

What is the term for a word which has the meaning changed to its opposite?

This question was originally posted here: What is the term for a word that has come to mean the opposite of its orignal meaning? I don't think it should have been marked as a duplicate: the "...
2
votes
0answers
15 views

Using 'There,' at beginning of sentence, referring to the location in the last sentence

Is the use of 'There,' in the following sentence correct? This feels clunky to me. Austin went to France. There, some of the buildings were white and others were blue. Thank you!
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Is there an adjective for “double standard”

"double standard" is a noun-phrase that means a set of principles that applies differently and usually more rigorously to one group of people or circumstances than to another ... I see an ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Etymology of 'fladry'

'Fladry' is a comparatively recent adoption in English from Polish, with a putative origin in German. The Double-Tongued Dictionary gives this definition and partial etymology: fladry n.pl. a ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

How to properly reference the century one lived in when their lives cross from B.C. to A.D

Socrates lived in the 4th century (B.C.). My kids live in the 21st century, and so forth. What is the most concise way to reference a historical figure, like Livy, who lived from 59 B.C. to A.D. 17? ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Meaning of Update

Do you think "update" means the person puts the new information over the existing one, so that the previous history can't be seen? I heard someone said "update" meant we cannot see the previous ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Is “membership to an organisation” wrong?

I have been seeing increasing use of "membership to an organisation" (club, association etc.). The "to" makes my teeth grate, as I have always used "of". Should I continue to resist (I run a large ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Comma before “while”

I've been taught that while proceeded by a comma means "whereas", and that when it is not, is interpreted to mean "at the same time". I wanted to ensure I was correct not to include a comma in the ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

How do we tell whether an element is licensed or not?

I read a comment on licensing in another post, which made me revisit this concept. Unfortunately I'm away over the holidays, and haven't got access to CaGEL – only to its "little brother", A Student's ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

How to make an initialism out of a word/phrase with a number?

I have a question. How do I make an initialism out of a word/phrase with a number? For an example: Should Rainbow 6 Siege be R6S because of initialism is an abbreviation made of initial letters but 6 ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Subordinating conjunctions “who” & “when” as subject clause?

I understand who and when can be used as adjective clause for sure like the following sentences. The time when is good for us to meet has not been decided. The person who is qualified for ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Why do we structure dialogue/direct speech the way that we do?

I hate how we format dialogue. I believe convention has gotten too heavy and we need to think a little more about logic. That being said, my question, to be more specific, is asking about labels for ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

From Black Friday to Cyber Monday!

Sources available on line say that the expression “Cyber Monday” is just a few years old, dating its coinage to 2005: The term "Cyber Monday" was dreamt up in 2005 by a marketing team at Shop.org,...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Should I use lies or lay?

Gun rights advocates claimed that the fault (lies or lay?) with people who have mental health issues.
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Proper spelling/saying

My 90 year old father has a saying, "I've been dragged through an auger hole and beat with a sut rake." It means you're worn out or have been treated badly. "Sut" pronounced almost like "soot." Not ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

What is difference between participle phrases and ellipsis of subject + be in adverb phrases?

When invited, she gladly said yes. In the above sentence, my book says the sentence is formed because ‘she was’ is omitted. And the sentence is the example of ellipsis of the same subject + be in the ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Some words in The Boy at Mugby

I'm trying to read my way through The Boy at Mugby by Charles Dickens. The story is written in an 'accented' language, and there are a few words I'm having trouble making out: (The text excerpts are ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Why the sad face?

A previous question (What part of speech is 'why' ?) asked what function 'why' was playing when it is used with a verb. But 'why' can be used without a verb. Why the sad face ? So what is it ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

New Yorker “Who”/“Whom”

Has The New Yorker changed its "who"/"whom" policy? Recently, I noticed--for the first time in fifteen years of more or less consistent readership---two occasions I considered non-standard, both from ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

The use of ‘other’ vs ‘another’ pronoun

I am struggling with choosing the suitable pronoun in the following sentence. He wrote other / another two letters in just 15 minutes. My intuition tells me that in this case, ‘another’ is the ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Is “in the essence of time” legitimate? Standard? Regional?

I had never heard "in the essence of time" before a recent trip to Virginia. Various local attendees of a meeting I attended used the phrase to justify moving on to a new topic, in a situation where I ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Is there a term for the ending consonant of one word connected/disconnected from the next leading to different yet related meanings?

In his 2013 TEDx Houston talk The tyranny of the rocket equation, astronaut and International Space Station Flight Engineer Don Pettit humorously introduces two categories of mass launched from Earth ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

What do we call the process of dropping the subject at the beginning of a sentence?

In casual conversation I've been noticing this more and more in my own speaking as well as others. The subject will be missing from the beginning of the sentence and instead it's inferred as the ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Why is “shut” an adjective in “locked shut”?

Definition of 'shut' in Collins English Dictionary. Shut is also an adjective, with example sentence "The exit doors were locked shut." I wonder why 'shut' in this sentence is an ADJECTIVE not an ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Why is the genitive case necessary/unecessary in the examples below?

I speak English as a second language, and I ran into something this week that I couldn't explain, even though I could understand its meaning. While reading an artcle entitled "More people now ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Can you use a 'to' infinitive instead of using 'by ~ing'?

To identify human genes and understand their roles allows researchers to discover the cause of various diseases. To contain the meaning of 'by ~ing' or 'while ~ing', can you use 'to infinite' like in ...
2
votes
0answers
139 views

How can I predict the stressed syllable in proper/brand/trademark/foreign nouns?

I often encounter nouns that I hear of for the first time, and I can not determine which syllable to stress. Unfortunately, I can not find most of these nouns in dictionaries to check the stressed ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Differentiating between the use of “or” in questions

In a question such as "Does this word mean plenty or too much?" where the two words conjugated by "or" are similar in meaning could be asked in a way that a yes or no answer is expected instead of x ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

which or who in “the body, authority, entity or person which establishes”

... the body, authority, entity or person which establishes... Is it correct to use "which" in this case? Or should it rather be "who", since the last element of the list is a person?
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Comparative studies of examples of epizeuxis

Epizeuxis is a rhetorical device which is defined as involving immediate or close repetition of a word or phrase - 'Break, break, break, On thy cold grey stones, O sea!' (Tennyson) or 'There's a fox, ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Verb transitivity in sentences with dummy subjects or with prepositions that look like dummy subjects

Suppose we put in play the rule that lay is used transitively and lies is used intransitively. How do you analyze constructions such as – Where the responsibility (lies/lay) has yet to be ...
2
votes
0answers
192 views

“solder” and “salve” phonetics between AmE and BrE

Many will know that there are differences in AmE and BrE pronunciation of the words "solder" and "salve". On the topic of "solder", there are already two questions here asking about the correct ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

How do durative sense verbs in simple perfective work with durative adverbial

I am reading the grammar book - A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language - these days. And now I am focusing on the 2 aspects - perfective and progressive - in Chapter 4: The semantics of the ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

What's the difference between from and on vs on

Although few facts exists regarding the life of the Native American named Sequoia, the information that is available paints a colorful picture of this man on the plains. Its one of those SAT ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Mass Noun em-dash List-of-Plurals em-dash Verb

Is it just me, or? All of the content you see on Stack Exchange—all the questions, answers, edits, reviews, users, badges, tags, and more—is stored in a relational database. Seems technically ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

What is the origin of the drafting term “screened back”?

In engineering/architectural drafting, many people consider grey lines - usually used to indicate existing work or reference work belonging to other disciplines - as "screened back". When older ...
2
votes
0answers
220 views

Is “mediaeval” an outdated spelling of “medieval”?

I saw "mediaeval" on a Wikipedia page, and figuring it was a typo, edited it to "medieval", it was reverted as apparently mediaeval is the UK spelling. However, in all the dictionaries I've found from ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

What are the grammatical rules for phrases like “Rome Victorious”?

Some people seem to use this phrase. The adjective 'Victorious' seems that it is being used as if it is part of the noun. Would this work in other cases? e.g. "Rome Sacrosanct". Is it technically ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Website where I could find words

Do you know any website where I could search a word by a sound from it's IPA transcription ( for instance like ə and get awesome, jonathan etc.). Thank you
2
votes
0answers
292 views

When to use “-er” vs “-or” as a suffix in verbs - a comprehensive example (a developer's perspective)!

It's been many times when it comes to decide whether to use "-or" or "-er" as an agent noun suffix to a verb. My native (mother language) is Greek, and I'll try to provide you a way to think before ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

What type of word allows raising?

I've come across a comment in “it seems” vs. “it seems that” and I am uncertain as to what type of word allows raising. It's not necessary (though it's almost always possible) for any complement ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Are there American English dialects which distinguish /ɑ/ and /ɒ/ but not /ɑ/ and /ɔ/?

I relied on the Logic of English (LoE) phonograms to give myself a better understanding of English pronunciation since the spelling gives me a hard time (even as native speaker), but I noticed that ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

Verbs with interchanged subject and object

For some verbs we can find another (not necessarily unique) verb which has the same meaning except that it corresponds the subject and the object in the opposite direction. For example, if I say “our ...

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