Questions tagged [terminology]

Terminology is a system of terms belonging or peculiar to a science, art, or specialized subject, nomenclature.

149 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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10
votes
1answer
402 views

What is the merit of calling a verb phrase a clause?

Traditionally, a clause is defined as consisting of a subject and predicate. In Oxford Dictionary, it is defined as: A unit of grammatical organization next below the sentence in rank and in ...
6
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1answer
210 views

The traditional grammar term for 'nominals'

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (Page 329) has a section titled 'Nominals': Intermediate between the noun and the NP we recognise a category of nominals: [3] a. the old man b. that book ...
3
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1answer
74 views

Word or phrase describing preference for written language over spoken language

What is a word or phrase describing the prioritization of or preference for written language over spoken language? Example 1: They have a [insert word/phrase here]. They continue to write their ...
3
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1answer
522 views

What part of speech is the word “entire” in “over the little garden field entire”?

The sentence is: "After a while she got up from where she was and went over the little garden field entire." A quote from Their Eyes Were Watching God by Zora Neale Hurston. I want to know if the ...
2
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3answers
52 views

What's the term for contradictory sentences or phrases?

"Don't include too much technical detail if it doesn't add value. " In the sentence above, you could remove the last clause "if it doesn't add value", and the remaining statement &...
2
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2answers
176 views

Translation for German word “Kür” as in “Pflicht und Kür”

I am trying to find a crisp translation of the German phrase "Pflicht und Kür. deepl.com yields "Duty and freestyle" as translation for "Pflicht und Kür" which irritated me. In my (business) context "...
2
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0answers
43 views

Terminology for using “the” instead of plural

I'm wondering about the following construction: The dog is a noble animal. This seems to have the same meaning as: Dogs are noble animals. I'm wondering if this sort of construction, referring ...
2
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0answers
53 views

What is the term for the overlapping panel of this type of double-breasted uniform jacket?

I'm looking for the term of art in suit- and jacket-making for a specific design element that appears on some types of military, especially navy, uniform jackets, like these ones (left to right: a ...
2
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2answers
163 views

What is another way to express something that is idempotent?

I understand the word "idempotent" to describe an action where the second time that action is applied, it has no additional effect. In other words, redundant operations have no effect. The first ...
2
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0answers
85 views

Term for/etymology of the opposite of a nosism (using 'we' to mean 'you')

A nosism is the term for using 'we' to refer to oneself. I am looking for a term for/etymology of using 'we' to mean 'you'. EDIT: Another way of putting it is that I'm looking for the proper term ...
2
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0answers
60 views

Is there a term for hyperbolic words or expressions that are no longer used for exaggeration?

I recently encountered two instances of apparently hyperbolic terms that were used without any realisation that the traditional implications were far more serious / demanding / extreme. Someone said ...
2
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1answer
1k views

What term would you use for a person who caused an incident

I am working on a procedure for my company and I am seeking a term to use for someone who causes an incident/accident. Example: Have "term" fill out an incident report as soon as they are able to.
2
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3answers
73 views

The term for caring more about problems that you see as directly affecting yourself

What is the term for the tendency to care more about problems that we perceive as directly affecting us? Or, relatedly, the tendency to show more empathy for people's problems when we perceive the ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Is there a name for the substitution of “the + singular noun” for a plural noun?

For instance, I might say, "Overcrowding is a major concern in the classroom today" rather than "Overcrowding is a major concern in classrooms today". Is that substitution a literary device? The ...
2
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0answers
75 views

Term for the ending consonant of one word connected/disconnected from the next leading to different yet related meanings?

In his 2013 TEDx Houston talk The tyranny of the rocket equation, astronaut and International Space Station Flight Engineer Don Pettit humorously introduces two categories of mass launched from Earth ...
2
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0answers
166 views

Verbs with interchanged subject and object

For some verbs we can find another (not necessarily unique) verb which has the same meaning except that it corresponds the subject and the object in the opposite direction. For example, if I say “our ...
2
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1answer
423 views

Difference between therapy mode and modality?

I don't really understand the word modality and how it's different from mode. Merriam defines it as 1 a : the quality or state of being modal b : a modal quality or attribute : form 2 : the ...
2
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0answers
57 views

Word or phrase for things that are only noticed when they break? (or are pointed out)

E.g. the engineering that goes into the roads we travel on, the railways we use, the negative space in a painting, or any of the many systems that we depend on.
2
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0answers
75 views

Is there a term for a recipe inside a recipe?

Many recipes often have a "sub-recipe" inside of them. Such as a cake recipe having a separate section for the icing. Other recipes will have a sub-recipe for the sauce. Is there a formal cooking term ...
2
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0answers
508 views

The AIR and EAR Sounds

The one thing that confuses me the most are the AIR and EAR sounds as in AmERica and ExpERiment. What exactly is the AIR/EAR sound? The AIR sound is basically a short E or a long A sound controlled ...
2
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0answers
71 views

What is the grammatical term for “only”?

In this line "I said to my agent I only want to work with even bigger stars" (from the Graham Norton Show https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kw_o8LYX5dw), what is the language term for the word "only"?
2
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132 views

Were the verb forms / structures named after their most typical / common use?

A verb form like "went" is called a "past tense". However, it is not only used to talk about past events (e.g. We went to Morocco last January), but also about unreal or uncertain present or future ...
2
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0answers
488 views

Precisely use 'Chinese' where 'Sino', 'Cantonese', 'Mandarin', etc is not applicable

I'm likely missing something, but I think whenever people say 'Chinese', a more precise term is applicable such as 'Cantonese', 'Mandarin' or 'Sino'. For example, I consider 'Do you speak Chinese?' to ...
2
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0answers
103 views

What is the process of letters changing, like c to k in invocation and invoked is called?

What is the process of letters changing called, like c to k in invocation and invoked? I am sure there are more examples of letters transforming. Defence, defensive would be another example (for ...
2
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0answers
760 views

Phrasal verbs with synonymous opposites

There are some cases in English where one can substitute in a word that normally has an opposite meaning, but instead produces the same meaning. For examples, consider the following meanings and uses:...
2
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0answers
93 views

A term for a particular or general skill that needs to be improved and acted on?

The title says it all. I'm unable to come up with the term for something you have as a part of a skill-set that needs to be further improved upon. It may be something very simple that is also at the ...
2
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0answers
1k views

A way of saying “What could have been”

What's another way of saying "what could/should have been?" Ex. She reminisced of what could have been. Preferably short
2
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0answers
544 views

Distinguishing among classification, typology, taxonomy, and ontology?

I recently wrote a thesis applying archaeological typology to art attribution. In the process, it became clear that disparate disciplines share analogous debates regarding classification. I'd like to ...
2
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0answers
111 views

Difference between 'gain optimization' and 'gains optimization'

What is the difference between gain optimization and gains optimization in a financial context? I want to know in particular if one of those terms is better English, or if they have different ...
2
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0answers
111 views

what abreviation rule or rules does the term “UX” follow?

I am intrigued by the use of the letter "x" in the abbreviation of the term "User Experience" does this follow any specific language or phonetic rules?
2
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0answers
61 views

Term for Successful Sale after Demoing Product

I believe there is a business term for such an event, but I can't recall what it is. An example would be a vacuum salesman showing a prospective buyer how a vacuum works, and the buyer ends up ...
2
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1answer
82 views

Words/phrases like “kindred spirit” that refer to both the speaker and the subject of the sentence

The google definition of kindred spirit is "a person whose interests or attitudes are similar to one's own." That means that if I were to say to someone "You are a kindred spirit", I am describing ...
2
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1answer
53 views

Is there a term for words or expressions that have meaning in both directions?

I'm talking about words like 'comfortable' (the chair is comfortable, or, I am comfortable in the chair) and 'curious' (it is a curious painting, or, I am curious about that painting). So, is there an ...
2
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1answer
121 views

Looking for a term, similar to “epigraph,” meaning a quotation given in order to explain another text

For an English Lit. essay I am writing on TS Eliot and Joyce, I wish to use a Biblical quotation I find useful in illuminating certain themes common to their work (1 Corinthians 13 if anyone is ...
2
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1answer
206 views

Is the verb auxiliary in “I do”?

In the sentence "I do like mint ice cream" 'do' is an auxilliary verb. However, if you were responding with a "I do" in a wedding vows context, is 'do' auxilliary? It would be if you continued the ...
1
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1answer
244 views

Meaning of the term “empty use” in the context of modal verbs

I'm reading a book titled Comprehensive High School English Grammar & Composition. The author, who is Indian, says this on the use of the modal verbs can and could: Can is used to express "...
1
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1answer
45 views

Are “parent”/“child” in hierarchies technical terms? What's a non-technical version?

I want to display some hierarchical data. In math and computer science we'd use "parent" and "children", but I'm unsure if they're considered technical terms. Are there similar ...
1
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1answer
66 views

Is “horizontal slits” an acceptable description?

Sometimes on tv or while seeing an old video, there are slits on the screen, interrupting the video. It is like static. Is it okay to say “horizontal slits on screen” to describe this type of error? ...
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0answers
36 views

What is the term for saying something negative fishing for positive comments?

Help me! There is a term for when people say or post something negative or complaining but in reality they are fishing for positive (compliments). What is this term?!
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0answers
26 views

The correct term for little pieces of rubbish of all sorts found on the floor

There are always little pieces of rubbish found on the floor, which means when you clean the floor, dust is not the only "rubbish" that you have to get rid of. What is the correct term for those ...
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0answers
44 views

Why Are Baseball Metaphors Popular for Corporate Jargon?

Why are sports metaphors (football, baseball) so popular in western corporate cultures? I find that sports metaphors are frequently used as popular jargon there. It seems like they're less used in ...
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0answers
55 views

Smart working, does this word even exist?

Lately I've been hearing and reading the term "smart working" a lot, every day, especially in the news, and now it seems everybody is using this word, including professionals and politicians. It's ...
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0answers
41 views

Does anyone know if there's a term for eyes with long, tapered inner corners?

I'm not talking about epicanthic folds or monolids, nor even upturned eyes. I'm trying to describe a particular eye shape, and I've pored over dozens of cosmetic sites and discovered many templates ...
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0answers
93 views

Can we also call them the reduced adverbial clauses?

https://www.grammaring.com/participle-clauses Tom lost his keys (while) walking through the park. (Tom lost his keys while he was walking through the park.) She left the room singing happily. (She ...
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1answer
68 views

Formal/ legal term for “enforcer”

What is a more formal way to refer to someone acting as an "enforcer"? A landlord has a tenant who acts as his unofficial "enforcer" towards other tenants (and often times for no good reason). He ...
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0answers
37 views

What is it called when you juxtapose meaning in a familiar phrase?

What is it called when you juxtapose meaning in a familiar phrase, or twist its meaning? For example, "America has the best politicians that money can buy." or "A fool and his money are soon elected."...
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0answers
145 views

Crosswalk (cross-walk) as a verb

I have seen the word crosswalk (cross-walk) used as a transitive verb in the sense of align, compare, connect, link, relate, etc. ("Crosswalk your labor categories to the tasks in the statement of ...
1
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1answer
148 views

What is it called when you begin to exhibit similar personality traits as someone close to you?

Especially someone you live with, whether that be a partner, roommate, family, etc. I feel like there’s a psychological term for this. Like how we pick up little quirks in passing, or how the ...
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0answers
2k views

Is “strategization” a word, or is there something more correct/appropriate?

Is strategization a word? As in: We noticed flaws in their accounting department so the project will include a QuickBooks strategization. [EDIT] As @tchrist points out, this isn't the best ...
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0answers
37 views

What noun should I use when I want “seekability”?

This is programming lingo and apparently not a word in the dictionary and so I would like to be able to solve "this problem" with only dictionary primitives. (If you allow me to speak that away.) A ...