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Questions tagged [terminology]

This tag is for questions seeking or discussing a term (or terms) belonging or peculiar to a science, art, or specialized subject (e.g. linguistics, mathematics, physics, biology, finance, theatre, music, philosophy, astronomy, medical, nautical etc.). Consider adding [single-word-requests] and [phrase-requests] tags also if relevant.

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2 answers
865 views

Are there words like "Percent", but for other quantities?

If "Percent" is based off of the pseudo-latin "per centum", then it stands to reason that one could use numbers such as ten (decum) or thousand (mīlle) to construct similar words as "perdec" or "...
-4 votes
0 answers
78 views

What scientific literary English term describes a person who makes money from the misfortunes of others? [closed]

I forgot the scientific term in English that describes a person who makes money from the misfortunes/problems of other people. «Nineteen Eighty-Four» (1984) mentioned the term "prole", which ...
0 votes
1 answer
47 views

What is the general term for terms that end in -ian, -ist etc.?

All the terms with a definition starting with 'One who... ', what is the term to describe these terms? Like, Occupation is the general term for a particular line of work; Mechanic, Doctor, Dentist, ...
0 votes
0 answers
33 views

Slang words describing the persons in the "Distracted Boyfriend" meme? [closed]

¿Are there slang words describing each of the three persons in the "Distracted Boyfriend" meme:
4 votes
3 answers
297 views

Is it correct to refer to Canadian geese?

The Canada goose is a migratory species which lives in northern parts of the northern hemisphere - including the Arctic, as well as temperate regions of North America and northern Europe. In winter we ...
0 votes
2 answers
74 views

What is a Word for the Repetition of a Theme Song throughout a Show [duplicate]

What is a word to describe the theme song of a show, such as a movie or cartoon, in which it recurs often, but in a toned-down mode such as played softly by a single horn or string instrument. The ...
0 votes
0 answers
35 views

What does it mean to "drop one's line of sight" [migrated]

In the wake of the Donald Trump assassination attempt several bloggers are referring to this tweet by a former secret service agent. He is explaining why the snipers did not take out the attacker ...
3 votes
1 answer
110 views

Specific term for a "Synonym Phrase"?

Is there a specific term for a pair of phrases where each word technically has the same or similar meaning, but when taken together, has a completely different meaning or implication? I used Synonym ...
1 vote
1 answer
60 views

How are called the fouls made with the sole? Translation of ‘planchazo’

Need help for an English equivalent of this action, I didn't find anything: planchazo (also plancha) Adelantamiento frontal de la suela del pie, que constituye una infracción en varios deportes. ??? ...
1 vote
2 answers
320 views

Is "plurality" a valid word, and if so, what's the difference between it and "pluralisation"?

When I saw the word "plurality" being used in a grammar context, I thought they were getting mixed up with election related terminology - winning more votes than anyone else, but not getting a ...
6 votes
4 answers
5k views

What's the origin of "beta" to describe a "user-testing" phase of computer development?

It occurred to me that I use the term "beta" to describe a "release candidate" of a computer product that has passed all expectations of the development team, and is now being given limited exposure ...
1 vote
2 answers
15k views

What do we call a person who does shoe polishing?

In many countries, there are people in the streets who do shoe polishing on the go. Please refer to the attached image. What is the word for such a person?
3 votes
2 answers
727 views

Is there a term for when in Indian English stress is placed on the word "the" before a noun?

I often hear speakers of Indian English place stress-accent on the word "the", with a pause before finishing a sentence with a noun. There's a raised pitch and stress on the word "the&...
3 votes
2 answers
155 views

I’m confused by how the term “syntactic marker” is used in CGEL

I am confused about the term syntactic marker as used in The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (CGEL), by Huddleston and Pullum. They say that to, for, that, but, and, nor, either, neither etc....
2 votes
1 answer
103 views

What do you call the difference between when a verb expresses an actual state vs a potential state? [closed]

Sometimes, the exact same verb can express two different but closely related meanings: The subject [S] is actually performing an action [V] The subject [S] is capable of performing an action [V] To ...
1 vote
1 answer
44 views

What is a word or term to describe two things that are directly related in an opposite manner? [duplicate]

I’m looking for a word or term that describes two things that are directly related to eachother in an opposite manner. They go hand-in-hand but are not necessarily opposite in a dictionary, yet can be ...
7 votes
2 answers
168 views

Is there a term like "antonym" but for words of opposite sentiment?

I like to play a game where I take a descriptive word with an emotional bias (i.e. describing something "good" or "bad") and I try to think of a word with roughly the same meaning ...
2 votes
3 answers
901 views

Is there a word for the last descendant (with no other descendants)?

Based on the results from Google, 'Primogenitor' refers to the first ancestor. Is there a word that means the last descendant?
3 votes
3 answers
105 views

“Core” as the name of a class in school

When I was in middle school (roughly ages 10–13 years old) in the US in the early 1970s, they combined English—or what might now be called language arts—with social studies into a single class that ...
5 votes
3 answers
8k views

Alternative term for a story within a story

I am trying to find the term for a story that exists on the side, in the background, or margin of another story but may or may not be related to it. The only examples I can think of are in comics or ...
0 votes
1 answer
76 views

Correct term for the question as many possible answers

I'm trying to think of a word. So my brother does things without thinking and I try to think of everything that could happen as a result of that decision. Almost a chain effect result. But I can't ...
1 vote
2 answers
3k views

What is the name of the base form of an adjective?

Adjectives are found in different forms, among which are comparative and superlative. However, is there a term to describe adjectives' "base form" (is "base form" the right term to ...
4 votes
3 answers
254 views

Term for pronouncing every letter, like t in water

Native USA English speakers frequently skip (or elide?) certain letters, like the t in water, and modify others. What is a term for someone who (self-consciously?) pronounces every voiceable letter? P....
1 vote
2 answers
179 views

A word describing someone's preference to have a lineally/genetically-related child

I'm looking for a word that effectively conveys an attitude showing a preference for having a child related to oneself ... ie, a lineally/genetically-related child. In particular, a word that would ...
2 votes
1 answer
18k views

What do you call words such as “the, an, a, to, and”?

I am looking to identify list of words that I can add to my search algorithm for a database. I would like to know if there is a list of words that I can identify that serve little purpose. I would ...
9 votes
6 answers
5k views

When did "phone" become accepted as its own word? When did phone start to replace 'phone?

In older print publications, I have come across telephone shortened to 'phone, with an apostrophe to mark where the beginning of the word had been omitted. Now, however, phone does not need an ...
1 vote
1 answer
644 views

What do you call the person or character being spoken to in a poem or song?

This question asks what to call the person who is speaking in a lyric poem. The terms "narrator", "speaker", "persona", etc. may be used to refer to the "I" in &...
8 votes
1 answer
2k views

Is there a word for the area of the sky opposite a sunset?

Looking for a word which refers to the sky directly opposite a sunset. Naïvely assumed it woulf be called nightrise, but that word does not seem to be in use. Found a word, noctiluca (from nox (“...
2 votes
0 answers
48 views

What is the word for the sky opposite the sunset? [duplicate]

This question landed me here on this site. I’ve Googled, looked on Reddit, Quora, looked in Websters, Encarta, and asked people I know, but haven’t found any satisfying (to me, anyway) answers. I’ve ...
2 votes
4 answers
1k views

Besides "flood plain", is there also something similar called "flood plane"?

Having stumbled upon the term flood plane (meaning the area along a river that is flooded occasionally), I searched for it and the correct spelling seems to be flood plain. Now, some uncertainty ...
1 vote
1 answer
52 views

Meaning of phrase "We meet you where you are"? [duplicate]

A local homeless shelter has the following paragraph on their website: ... We accept people unconditionally, and we meet them where they are. People get a chance to really see Christ here, instead of ...
1 vote
1 answer
156 views

Which is the more idiomatic: equivalence/equivalencies or equivalency/equivalences?

Most articles show the plural form of equivalence as equivalences. The wikipedia on logical equivalence uses this form. However, I feel like I have seen equivalencies used in contexts like mathematics ...
3 votes
6 answers
4k views

What would you call a separate second floor of a house (not an apartment, flat, attic, etc)?

I am looking for suggestions for a word that would describe this living situation: in many Arab countries, multiple generations of families / multiple families live in the same building/house, on ...
1 vote
1 answer
40 views

Looking for a word that is grouping a bunch of supportive phrases [duplicate]

What would the word be for a list of phrases you would say to someone if they posted that something negative happened to them? People reply things like sorry to hear that hope you're ok but you're ...
2 votes
1 answer
150 views

Is there a term for words that are stronger than a similar counterpart? (e.g. Dislike vs. Hate)

Title says it all, but some more examples could be: like vs love pleasure vs euphoria carelessness vs apathy etc. ...essentially words that carry more weight than their counterpart despite having ...
2 votes
2 answers
217 views

What are these kinds of classifications called?

While browsing EL&U I sometimes see people pointing out in their answer that some words have been used in an unusual way (or should I call it structure?), producing sentences like "the writer ...
4 votes
3 answers
212 views

Antonyms and opposites

Is there an antonym for the verb besiege? asked for an “opposite” for the word besiege, with answers like occupy, barricade, where the person doing the barricading is inside the barrier, defending his ...
8 votes
1 answer
316 views

Term for/etymology of the opposite of a nosism (using 'we' to mean 'you') [duplicate]

A nosism is the term for using 'we' to refer to oneself. I am looking for a term for/etymology of using 'we' to mean 'you'. EDIT: Another way of putting it is that I'm looking for the proper term ...
0 votes
1 answer
74 views

What is the machine that the beer taps are attached to called? [closed]

A beer dispenser? A beer dispensing system?
-1 votes
1 answer
44 views

Is there a term for this?: When you act like someone doing something offensive isn't offensive because you personally don't find it offensive?

I was on one of many of Reddit's "circlejerk" subreddits (pretty much troll pages) and I came across an interesting question: What's the opposite of virtue signaling? You know,when you act ...
16 votes
3 answers
2k views

What is the term for repeating something in an A, B, A fashion? (e.g. "Just the facts, ma'am, just the facts.")

Is there a term for repeating something in an A, B, A fashion for emphasis or dramatic effect? Examples: Just the facts, ma'am, just the facts. Ain't it the truth, Joe... ain't it the truth. ...
4 votes
1 answer
96 views

Is there a term in business for when employees do not give their ideas or inventions to the employer?

Let's say you work for a big corporation. And you come up with an idea that may be worth billions. But you don't share your idea with your employer, like you are supposed to. You leave the company to ...
6 votes
2 answers
210 views

rounded gutter/channel in metal

When you run a sheet of metal through a bead roller and create sort of a rounded crease or gutter in a metal plate, what is this gutter called? I have seen the word seam, but I'm not sure if it's the ...
0 votes
1 answer
42 views

A word encompassing both extraploation and interpolation?

Interpolation is predicting values within a range of data. Extrapolation is predicting values outside a range of data. Is there a word that encompasses both meanings, such that I could use it to refer ...
0 votes
0 answers
38 views

Term for the belief in the inherent value of the natural as opposed to the artificial

What is the term for the belief that natural things are generally superior to their manufactured counterparts, as when people wish to buy "natural" foods without "chemicals"?
1 vote
0 answers
33 views

These stereocilia become progressively longer on the side of the hair cell away from the modiolus [closed]

Can someone paraphrase this for me? Does it mean the largest cilia is the nearest to the modiolus or it means the largest cilia is the farthest from the modiolus?
2 votes
1 answer
73 views

Is there a word or phrase that describes when there is a mismatch between a standard call and response type interaction e.g. greetings & farewells

I have noticed this especially in children when they reach around 5-9 years old, when you ask them questions like, "What's up?", they will automatically respond with, "Good!". Or, &...
2 votes
1 answer
56 views

Is there a rhetorical device to describe the use of ", then,"?

Is there a name to describe the use of ", then," after the subject of a sentence for dramatic effect when reaching a conclusion? Education, then, beyond all other devices of human origin, ...
3 votes
1 answer
180 views

What is a Reggie in slang? Origins and Characteristics

I read a blog and the blog told me that "Reggie" is a slang term often used to refer to low-quality or mid-grade marijuana. It's derived from the term "regular," indicating that it'...
5 votes
1 answer
795 views

What is a night equivalent for words referring to day parts?

I'm looking for exact equivalents for words like Morning, Afternoon, and Evening. I'm on a graveyard shift and I dislike specifying the actual hour, plus it makes greetings weird. Currently I just use ...

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