Questions tagged [terminology]

Terminology is a system of terms belonging or peculiar to a science, art, or specialized subject, nomenclature.

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2answers
34 views

Atrium and ventricle

I was trying to find the original meanings of "atrium" and "ventricle" before they were adopted by heart anatomy. So far I learned that atrium is a word in architecture. But it ...
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Is there a linguistic term for there being no existence on purpose

For example, ‘This juice tastes of apple’ makes sense even though there are no apples in the vicinity. Likewise ‘a man is not a woman’ makes sense even though there is no actual woman as an example. I ...
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Is there an English term for a person whose in favor (or against) an affidavit is made?

A (affiant) signs an affidavit where he/she declares that in order to cover his/her living costs, he/she has been receiving some money from B. What term would best describe person B which could also ...
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28 views

Informal use of adjective as adverb

Is there a specific grammatical term for the substitution, in non-formal contexts, of an adjective where strictly speaking, an adverb is required? For example: That would sure be a fun trip to go on! ...
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4answers
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Term for allowing implausible scenario in argument

What is the term for allowing an implausible scenario in order to be as generous as possible to the claim one is about to knock down? Example: Acme Acres recorded 2,000 births last year, but the town ...
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2answers
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What is the word for theatre that takes multiple nights to perform the entire story?

Some plays are typically performed in installments over multiple nights for the same audience, because a single night is not adequate for the entire story to be told. What is the theatre terminology ...
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2answers
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A term describing children raised in a single parent household?

Since there are terms describing children born during some periods, like millennials, or with some ethnicities, like African American, or how long they've stayed in the US, like first generation ...
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2answers
570 views

How would one precisely use ‘Chinese’ without qualifiers and where ‘Sino’, ‘Cantonese’, ‘Mandarin’, etc. is not applicable?

I'm likely missing something, but I think whenever people say 'Chinese' without qualifiers, a more precise term is applicable such as 'Cantonese', 'Mandarin', 'Sino', 'Hong Kong Chinese', 'Mainland ...
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6answers
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Is there an adjective describing some person or group of people who blindly follow a leader figure, especially with negative connotations?

I'm looking for a word describing those who act like sheep to the shepherd, blindly following the leader figure, without considering their own actions. If I could conceive of such a word, I might make ...
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The difference between 'transfer' and 'transit' in the context of airports and train stations

There appears to be a fine shade of meaning between the words 'transfer' and 'transit' in the domain of airports and train stations, possibly sea ports as well. Consider this typical usage fragment......
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Is the term “step-action table” jargon?

I'm an engineer. My doc team has been using step-action tables to create user-facing documentation for some software that I've built recently. I think these tables are awesome, but I keep seeing ...
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Are there any pairs of English words that are cognate to each other yet have opposite meanings?

Alright, here's the best way I can explain this: if, hypothetically, the word pairs (love, loathe) and (friend, fiend) were cognates (i.e. they shared an etymological ancestor), they would be ...
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“a” and “an” - What is the name for adding characters for better pronunciation?

We say "a while" but "an hour". The n seems to be added for better pronunciation. What is the name for this linguistic construct (adding characters to improve pronunciation)? In ...
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What's a word to describe 'thinking unconstrained by time'

Most of us think existentially, until we start thinking about things in the future, or things in the past...but it's usually from the vantage point of 'now.' The word or term I'm looking for is ...
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2answers
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Gay and straight are to sexual orientation as transgender and cisgender are to ______? [duplicate]

Gay and straight are to sexual orientation as transgender and cisgender are to ______ What word would fit best in the blank here? Some options that don’t quite seem to fit: Gender orientation: Doesn'...
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4answers
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Does the word “spectrum” (as in a progressing array of values) necessarily imply separate extremes?

I'm drafting a text about music theory and, when looking for a way to describe the progress of steps between a note's octaves, the expression "looping spectrum" came to mind. I'm sure ...
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1answer
33 views

What is “ x– direction ” and “ y-direction ”? [closed]

It is related with mathematics and cartesian plane.I want to know what " x-direction " and " y-direction " is .it will be better if you explain it with an example.
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variations on overview: from fifty thousand feet?

To follow-up on an excellent related question, what are the varying distinctions between: From x feet x foot view where x is commonly and variously between ten and fifty thousand.
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Word for a guess that turned out to be correct? (Ex-conjecture)

In mathematics we have a problem. Unproven guesses are often referred to as "conjectures" - for example, the Poincaré conjecture, or the Tait conjectures. (Notable exceptions: the Riemann ...
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What's the term for not specifying race or gender when it is the majority?

In one of my English literature courses, my professor talked about how minority writers are often "marked" by a qualifier, while majority writers are unmarked. For example, Langston Hughes is often ...
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1answer
10k views

Like “sexist” or “racist,” but in reference to being gay?

Is there a term that is similar to sexist or racist but refers to gay people? "Homophobic" comes to mind, but that's more a fear or disgust of homosexuals versus discrimination based solely on sexual ...
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I am a pansexual trans/gender-fluid person

There's a risk of me potentially offending someone but I am an outsider trying to get to grips with this terminology. Online, I read someone who identified themself as a pansexual trans/gender-...
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Is calling a homosexual person “gay” offensive?

My native language is German but I’ve been watching a lot of TV in English. During a conversation about the English language, a question about the term gay came up. Is calling a homosexual person gay ...
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1answer
292 views

Why is 'lavender' used to reference homosexuality?

I am aware of Lavender Linguistics, which is a form of Polari and was used by gay men a lexicon 'used in the 1950s and early 1960s by gay men as a secret language which concealed their homosexuality ...
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What does “queer” really mean these days?

Once upon a time, queer simply meant strange*. Then it came to be used as a derogatory term for homosexual (adjective or noun). Later it came to be worn as a badge of honor by the Lesbian/gay ...
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What is the adjective (jargon) for one-to-one relationship between source and destination?

I am looking for a jargon that I can use to mention that every destination will be served by only one source.
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What is the (possible) name for this rhetorical gambit?

What is the name?/Is there a name? for the infuriating argumentation gambit of the opponent seizing upon a perhaps overly-artful metaphor or allusion, deliberately misconstruing it and launching into ...
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2answers
213 views

Is there an alternative grammar term for 'auxiliary (verb)'?

The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language consistently uses the term "auxiliary (verb)" to refer to be, have, do, will/can/may/must, etc., but CGEL doesn't treat auxiliaries as mere assistants (i....
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288 views

Why do they use “received” in “received pronunciation” instead of “official pronunciation”?

I’ve just learned the expression received pronunciation: the official standard queen style or accent! I'm not native speaker, but why use the word received here instead of standard or officially ...
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952 views

When and where did “clam” come to mean a missed note in a musical performance?

Someone just asked me in chat what a missed note in music is called. Without hesitation, I replied, "A clam." It's what I've always heard in academic and professional settings since forever. Only now,...
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131 views

A word for the experience and vernacular of a group of people - Discord? Is this correct?

In college, I took a class called technical writing. It has been a while, but this is my recollection. Discord is defined as the collection of vernacular and experiences of a group of people. For ...
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1answer
104 views

What is an expression for finishing up work on a newspaper/magazine issue?

Suppose your team is working on a newspaper issue of which the deadline is approaching. Therefore, final touches must be put to it before sending it to the printers. What expression do you use to ...
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1answer
109 views

Is there a term for this phenomenon?

I've been wondering for a while now whether there is a word (or linguistic term) that specifically refers to an instance where a clause can be part of either the clause before it or the clause after ...
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1answer
46 views

“Babylon has been shouted” reference meaning

I'm reading this Saunders story: https://hungermtn.org/a-lack-of-order-in-the-floating-object-room/ and trying to understand what "Babylon has been shouted" is a reference to. Why Babylon? ...
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2answers
115 views

How is “account” different with “theory”, “model” or “approach”? [closed]

For example, this article about Personal Autonomy is talking about "Four More or Less Overlapping Accounts of Personal Autonomy". I understand that "account" here can be ...
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5answers
648 views

What do you call an unsupported roof that juts out over the entrance to a building? [duplicate]

Here is a sample picture: Do we call this a cantilevered roof? Or is there a more apt description?
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1answer
24 views

parts of a business letter, terminology question

What term, if any, is used to describe the initials of the author and typist seen together at the end of a letter at the left margin, such as AB/xyz? Thank you.
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Physically at the center of the universe looking out--Particular kind of existential angst?

I know I'm not the center of the universe. But physically, I am the center, from purely my own perspective, looking out at the world and all other beings. The occasional angst I get is: Why am I the ...
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1answer
35 views

Name for “you're being X” vs “you're x”

Is there a name for distinguishing the expression "you're being X" as opposed to saying "you're X"? Some examples: you're being mean / you're mean I'm being honest / I'm honest ...
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Can both terms be used? Dated and Scheduled [migrated]

Is it okay to use both dated and scheduled when informing an event is to be held on a specific date? ex) The match is dated on 1st of February The match is scheduled on 1st of February
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Term needed by example

I was speaking with my new boss today and I said the following: I like the way that you’ve operated so far. I like Jerry and he did a lot here, but he wasn’t as social with the rest of the crew as ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the term when a phrase means just the opposite of what it used to mean?

'At glacial speed' used to mean something that went very slowly, but with global warming, the glaciers are retreating at a much greater and increasingly faster rate. What is the term that describes ...
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1answer
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What does “ounce-counting” mean?

The product description of a titanium flask reads, Appeals to anyone from the ounce-counting mountaineer to the snobby Scotch collector What does "ounce-counting" mean here? I searched ...
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1answer
35 views

What is the origin of (buying produce) “by the each”?

At the grocery store, I find produce sold by the pound, by the bag, and "by the each". I would never say produce was priced by the piece or by the item. Where does this come from? Each is ...
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6answers
67k views

What follows next in the sequence “unary, binary, ternary…”?

I looked on Oxford's online dictionary and was able to find the names identifying orders of a given degree: primary secondary tertiary quaternary quinary senary septenary octonary nonary denary -- no ...
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2answers
60 views

What are some antonyms for salvation? [closed]

I'm writing an essay on how immigrants came to the US in the 1900s for salvation, but instead, they got the opposite. However, I'm looking for a more complex word; it'll sound boring if I just say it ...
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Best word that describes self choices to do hard work and be committed to [closed]

What is the Best word, term or etc that indicates loyalty along with the obligation to do something Conditions: Positive meaning Show the situation that a person has chosen this things with Personal ...
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4answers
14k views

What is the origin of the phrase “Eastern Seaboard”?

Today upon hearing reports about how Hurricane Earl was going to hug the Eastern Seaboard I couldn't help but think how strange this phrase is. Is "seaboard" used in any other contexts? What is the ...
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3answers
53k views

What do you call a person who has had sex reassignment surgery?

OK, if a man or woman has changed their gender through surgery, what should we call them? Can we call them transgender people? According to Google, transgender (adj) means "denoting or relating to ...
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Can an object with dependencies be called a “dependent”?

Programmers spend much time discussing and resolving object dependencies. Dependency ... [is] a state in which one object uses a function of another object.² For example, if A, an object, needs a ...

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