Questions tagged [syntactic-analysis]

Parsing or syntactic analysis is the process of analysing a string of symbols, conforming to the rules of a formal grammar.

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Does, "... gas, electricity, and any other costs associated with the internet," mistakenly imply gas and electricity as a cost for internet?

In the utilities section of a rental agreement, a paragraph ends with the sentence, "Tenants shall be responsible for gas, electricity, and any other costs associated with the internet." In ...
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Can you use single quotation marks / apostrophes to emphasise words? [closed]

I often see people emphasising words. For example: This smartphone is very 'smart'. I was taught in a highschool education website called Education Perfect that apostrophes are only used for ...
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Is it grammatically correct to except something without it being part of the original group? [closed]

In Arabic, it is allowed to say for instance: All the students left the room except the teacher. So, the teacher is put after an "except" even though he is not one of the students. It's ...
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What is this grammatical structure? [duplicate]

In the sentence "A longer force arm means less effort need be applied", why is it "need be" and not "needs to be"? Both structures feel natural to me, but why is the ...
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When to use "whom" and "who" when the direct object is also doing an action

"I just saw that guy throw a ball." "[T]hat guy," the direct object, is now doing the action of "throw[ing]." So, could one ask, "Whom did you see throw the ball?&...
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On Liberty by John Stuart Mill- please explain the meaning of following sentence [closed]

If all mankind minus one were of one opinion, and only one person were of the contrary opinion, mankind would be no more justified in silencing that one person, than he, if he had the power, would be ...
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What is the grammatical function of the infinitive 'to aid them' in the following sentence? 'He could do nothing to aid them.'

I am aware that infinitives can serve as the subject of a sentence (as in 'To underestimate her would be foolish'), as the object of a sentence ('He likes to play basketball'), and as the predicative ...
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1answer
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What parts of speech are "like" and "to" in the sentence "Bobby does not like to walk"? [closed]

I realized that I want to be able to look at any sentence and understand what each word in that sentence is in terms of its part of speech, since I never really cared in school to learn the parts of ...
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What is the reason for skipping the preposition "on"? [duplicate]

In Goggle Ngram Viewer I found these sentences: How are you enabled to say it was Monday that you saw him? It was Monday that I was sworn as a witness. It was on Monday that he called at my house. ...
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Is speed a variable? [closed]

This is a legal sentence: London traffic moves at a speed of 11 mph. Why can't we remove "a" and "of"? London traffic moves at speed 11 mph. We may say that "speed" ...
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HYPALLAGE: He nodded his agreeing head

HYPALLAGE: a figure of speech in which the usual relations of words/phrases are interchanged, e.g. "He nodded his agreeing head." Microsoft® Encarta® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation ...
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Please help me to read a long sentence

In other words consciousness is an illimitable power, and though at times it may seem to be all consciousness of misery, yet in the way it propagates itself from wave to wave, so that we never cease ...
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Another subject-verb agreement [duplicate]

The verb 'need', always seems to throw me off somehow. I feel in the sentence - "For a person to be affected, a copy of the gene from each parent need to be inherited" - it should be "...
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Using 'said' as part of a compound verb [closed]

I am working on proofreading a first-time novel. The author repeteadly uses 'said' as part of a kind of compound verb (dropping the subject after 'and'): "I don't understand," he said, and ...
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(noun) of (noun) structure, singular or plural? [duplicate]

Whenever I have to write essay, when I want to write (noun) of (noun) structure, I get confused. For example, when I am writing different type of government in my essay, I have got a few combination ...
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Question about the word order [duplicate]

I know these two sentences are correct: Europeans consider climate change to be the most serious problem facing the world. Perhaps the most serious problem facing the environment is global warming. ...
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3answers
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A comparative clause without a subject

Why is this comparative clause correct? The situation might be worse than seems to be. Does it omit the subject " that" or " it"?
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How do I parse this phrase from a limerick?

This is a limerick I've taken from "The Wordsworth Book of Limericks". It's published in this form in many other books and also all over the internet. To his bride said the lynx-eyed ...
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Help with some Bukowski syntax [closed]

I'm working to translate some Bukowski and got confused with the syntax of "Advice For Some Young Man In The Year 2064" (https://www.pinterest.com/pin/751678994049154743/) to the point that ...
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Should I use a comma to separate a list of two numeric elements when one element is a range?

In a two-element list such as "items 1 to 6 and 11", should the two elements be separated by a comma? I have been told that without the comma, the list can be interpreted to mean "items ...
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How do I parse "but that shall be accounted the promised share of this traitor"

This comes from Tolkien's "The Hobbit", towards the end, where Thorin talks about giving part of the treasure hoard to the elves and to the people of Lake-town, in order to redeem the ...
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Recognizing phrases with determiners

I've just started learning syntax, from Jim Miller's Edinburgh introduction. Please answer for Miller's analysis, if possible. Currently, I am concerned I'm being too zealous in recognizing new ...
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What is the grammar behind this type of sentence structure?

Taylor described this danger to the Huffington Post; "I see clients for whom food has become problematic, and they struggle to go out and not have food be the key element of all social ...
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Need help parsing "Everything I moved here to get away from"

I was just watching Homeland and the main character, Carrie, referred to her old life as "everything [she] moved here to get away from". I understood what she meant but had to pause the ...
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1answer
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"Who did pictures of upset?" [closed]

From 0 (word salad) to 5 (perfectly grammatical), how would you rank these sentences? I am particularly interested in whether (1b) sounds any worse than (2b) and whether (1c) sounds any better than (...
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Is it ever grammatically correct to say "And you, my."

If it is acceptable to answer I love you. with And I you. which we could represent as: And I love you. Would it be acceptable to answer: You're my hero. with And you my. in other words: And ...
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Need help identifying if this is 1) grammatically correct, and 2) an infinitive verb without the word "to" (when to use infinitive without "to"?)

I'm a well-educated, native English speaker in the United States. I have (what I would consider) advanced English grammatical understanding from my deep study of Spanish and French. I understand and ...
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1answer
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How should I analyze this sentence?

The following is a line from Wordsmith by Pamela Arlov. For all we try to show our kids and tell them how we believe people should act, how we hope they will act, it still comes as a shock and a ...
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What parts of speech and sentence constituents are “yes” and “no” words in answers?

Let's look at some examples: — Would you like some ice cream? — No. — Are you happy? — Yes. According to Wiktionary “yes” is a particle: ParticleyesUsed to show agreement or acceptance... “No” and “...
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'the one you said you liked best' - Analysis of a relative clause using CGEL

I'm currently reading "A Student's Introduction to English Grammar" by Geoffrey K. Pullum and Rodney Huddleston. I'm bewildered by the following exercise, which asks us to identify the ...
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Gerund, to-infinitive or bare infinitive? The first thing I wanted to do was [closed]

Which of these sentences is correct: The first thing I wanted to do was send you a text. The first thing I wanted to do was to send you a text. The first thing I wanted to do was sending you a text. ...
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What are time words doing when they occur after a noun?

Examples: People these days have it easy. People back then didn't know about germs. The news today makes up for the news yesterday. The meeting Monday will complete the agenda from the meeting Friday....
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Structure and usage of the construction - BE of

I have seen various sentences like this: The availability of two reasonably complete mammalian genomes is of great help to gene finders. - The New York Times I do my utmost to dress the actors very ...
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The sentence structure containing a relative pronoun indicating the indirect object in the clause

When you want to indicate an indirect object with a relative pronoun, you might change the sentence structure from "verb + IO + DO" to "verb + DO + to IO. But this conversion may be ...
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3answers
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I'll tell you what let's do

There's a relatively common saying, used by at least some speakers of modern English: I'll tell you what let's do. What meaning of let's is used here and what is happening grammatically? It doesn't ...
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Is it grammatical to split a qualifying subclause from the qualified noun? [duplicate]

While drafting an answer on another site, at one point I came up with the following sentence: *You can’t force someone to follow a contract who hasn’t agreed to it. I think the intended meaning is ...
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Use of "would" to depict uncertain future

Consider the following scenario: A clinical trial that was initiated in Jan 2021 is currently recruiting participants. The estimated enrollment of the trial is 50 participants. It is not always sure ...
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With "being" vs without "being"

Here are two sentences: The training examples get labels 1 or 0 based on the tactics being useful or not for the proof state. We take the inspiration from the paper and implement an online version ...
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Does this piece of text, below, follow a correct grammar? [closed]

This piece of text was found today in the streets of Amsterdam. I was wondering if its grammar is correct. Wandered walker sewn onto the shadowy night. Vindictively I swear to be casted you, into the ...
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Prepostions followed by that-clauses

It’s commonly said that prepositions take declarative clauses without that. However: The apartment is nice except that the rent is too high. You can't always count on it that someone will help. It ...
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Noun adjuncts or complements? [duplicate]

I asked a question regarding PP complements the other day and I believe I now have a better handle on that. But I am still scratching my head over this paragraph from CGEL: Within the category of ...
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Multi-layer prepositional phrase

I am having trouble picturing the structure of this preposition phrase from the point of view of generative syntax (PP) My attempt to run it down goes like this: from (preposition) + the point of ...
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In what conditions should the negative of a " that-clause" move to the main clause?

I don't think they can win. I know they can't win. In the " that-clause", why does the first example use the affirmative, yet the second one use the negative? I guess the verb "can&...
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How can I tell if a prepositional phrase is a complement to a noun or a modifier? And how are these two different?

In the NP "mines in wartime", "in wartime" modifies the head "mines". that nice tall man from Canada whom you met "from Canada" modifies "man". But ...
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Noun clause or adverb clause? [closed]

I was reading about noun clauses and adverb clauses and I am a little confused about what follows: One grammar claims that the clause in bold in the following sentence is a noun clause working as an ...
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1answer
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What rules make these comparative clauses grammatical? [closed]

We invited more people than came. Fred reads more books than Susan reads. These than-clauses which appear in a grammar book seems weird to me. Are they grammatically acceptable? What about the ...
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What is the direct object of "I imagined" in the context "as I imagined would be the case"? (i.e. I imagined what?)

In my previous question Is the phrase “as I imagined would be the case” grammatically correct and why?, someone referenced this other question: Where is the subject in "as was traditional for ...
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1answer
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Is the phrase "as I imagined would be the case" grammatically correct and why? [duplicate]

I had the following sentence in mind: "The conflict escalated quite rapidly, as I imagined/predicted would be the case". To my ears, the sentence sounds good, and a moderate amount of people ...
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3answers
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Is "where" the only relative pronoun that cannot be omitted from an adjective clause?

When using adjective clauses, the relative pronoun can be omitted when it is not the subject of the sentence. For example: "She is the person I ran into." In the above example, being the ...
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2answers
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Grammar rule: ONE sentence; ONE subject, ONE predicate. Is it?

I just watched a video on grammar (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Drv6jD8xWdw) that states that English sentences can only have one subject. At first, I thought it was obvious, but then I thought of ...

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