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Questions tagged [suspended-hyphen]

Where a hyphen (usually used to link two words), is only linked to one.

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Is this a valid usage of suspended hyphen?

Original example: "Computer Science and Data Science" Which reduction is correct? "Computer and Data Science" "Computer- and Data Science"
Nermin's user avatar
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1 answer
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Three-word compound adjectives that look awful [closed]

One English rule is to hyphenate two or more words when they come before a noun they modify and act as a single idea, called a compound adjective. This is the most common use of the hyphen I've seen. ...
Daniel M.'s user avatar
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Should you insert a space between the second hyphen and the next word? [duplicate]

Here's a sample sentence: The waiters scurried back and forth with drink- and snack- laden trays. Or is there another way to punctuate this?
Ricky's user avatar
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2 votes
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Suspending non-hyphenated compounds of two nouns [closed]

I know that I can use hyphens to suspend compounds that are written with a hyphen to begin with, for example "first-class fares and second-class fares" can be written as "first- and ...
Joe7's user avatar
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1 answer
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Can a stem be used with differing prefixes, such as in "pre- and suffixes"?

Does the English language allow for reusing a word stem in the context of multiple prefixes? E.g.: pre- and suffixes both need a stem sur- and interfaces The machine was dis- and reassembled If so,...
FelixJN's user avatar
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22 views

Hyphenating a compound word that is space separated [duplicate]

I have the two concept antibody and metal ion and I would like to pair them with conjugated. In the first case I would use antibody-conjugated. What's the correct typesetting in the second case? Is it ...
Nisba's user avatar
  • 101
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1 answer
158 views

Correct writing of "clinical- and policy-relevant evidence"

I'm struggling with concise writing of the following. None of the sentences "sound" nice. Could you give some guidance? A) There is a need for both clinically and policy-relevant evidence? ...
st4co4's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
279 views

Hyphenation of compound modifiers that have written-out numeric ranges in them

Is either of these approaches to hyphenation currently more popular than the other one is when it comes to printed publications? The drug is most promising for three-to-fifteen-year-old children. The ...
Farhang's user avatar
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1 vote
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Does the omission of the first part of a hyphenated compound run afoul of Chicago?

The top answer to the question Suspended hyphen in "ever-expanding and contracting gulf"? states that "ever-expanding and -contracting" runs afoul of Chicago. (I would have asked ...
prsm's user avatar
  • 11
2 votes
1 answer
568 views

I need to use two compound words in a sentence and their first component is the same. Do I start the second word with a hyphen? [duplicate]

I need to write the following sentence in a description of a book's binding: "Printer's wrappers, housed in a cloth-backed and cloth-edged card slipcase." This seems clunky to me, and I ...
Matt's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is it ever ac­cept­able to write slashes be­tween mul­ti­ple but sep­a­rate pre­fixes?

For ex­am­ple, can I get away with writing bio/tech­no­log­i­cal ad­vances have made? Even if this is or­tho­graph­i­cally ac­cept­able in one or another kind of writ­ten English, would it better for ...
200Ethan's user avatar
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1 answer
244 views

How does one correctly use a suspended hyphen when the words aren't written together? [duplicate]

My example in this case is "activity- and experience verbs", in the meaning "activity verbs and experience verbs". Does the hyphen suggest that "activity-verb" or "...
Ian's user avatar
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Should I use a suspended hyphen here? "A group of five-to-nine-year-olds did it," or a "A group of five- to nine-year-olds did it"?

The title pretty much sums it up. Which of the following sentences is correct? "A group of five-to-nine-year-olds did it." "A group of five- to nine-year-olds did it." Moreover, ...
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How to properly place hyphens in a suspended compound that includes a parenthesis?

What is the correct way to format the bolded portion of this sentence with respect to hyphens and associated spaces? A set of approaches that mitigates these issues, by learning the optimal control ...
cisprague's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
124 views

Abbreviate one noun when combined with another that has same ending

Sorry for the probably a bit inappropriate title, I also didn't really know what to google for. My question is, if a have a sentense like "... due to the lack of scalability and maintainability" can ...
po.pe's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
7k views

What is the correct usage of hyphens with ranges (as in "a 5 to 10 minute rest")?

I'm having issues with figuring out which is correct: "The teacher told the students to take a 5 to 10 minute rest." "The teacher told the students to take a 5-to-10 minute rest." "The teacher told ...
semicentaur111's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
401 views

"market- and technology-based"

Many I ask if it is grammatically correct to put more than one noun in a compound adjective, e.g., "market-and technology-based", "market-and technology-driven"..etc? Many thanks!
Jane's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Suspended hyphen in"ever-expanding and contracting gulf"?

My hunch is a suspended hyphen is not needed preceding the second word (contracting), but the writer queried this and I'm not sure. (We go by the Chicago Manual of Style but I can't find an example ...
Ania's user avatar
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How to use hyphens appropriately when listing multiple unhyphenated terms? [duplicate]

Very similiar to this question, but with an important difference: If two words share the same end, but do not contain a hyphen, can I also avoid repeating their ends when listing the words? How ...
AplusKminus's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
500 views

Correct usage of suspended hyphens in "upper- and lowercase" [duplicate]

I have seen some people using them while others not. Should I still use a suspended hyphen in the following snippet? I have used upper- and lowercase in my script.
user175035's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
2k views

How to correctly hyphenate a phrase with clarifying word in parenthesis

How do I correctly hyphenate this phrase: using a client (browser) initiated session using a client- (browser-) initiated session using a client (browser)-initiated session The session ...
Jonathon Reinhart's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Is the hyphen correct, in lieu of the percent symbol, in this suspended compound?

The Associated Press replied to me and said the suspended compound below is correct exactly as presented (that is, a hyphen after 10 without the % symbol). Do you concur with the logic and the ...
FuzzyNavel's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

>2-word compound modifiers and suspended hyphens

I have been taught that when creating compound modifiers, a hyphen (-) should be used if the compound consists of two words, while an en-dash (–) is used if the compound consists of three or more ...
alloneword's user avatar
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1 answer
2k views

Is this the right usage of respectively? Is this sentence clear?

Is this the correct use of respectively? 40% weight was placed on client evaluations, with 30%, 20%, and 10% weight attributed to manager, peer, and self-evaluations respectively. Also is it ...
user1855130's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
305 views

Hyphenless suspended hyphen? [duplicate]

"I always excelled at database and literature mining". "I always excelled at database- and literature mining". "I always excelled at database- and literature-mining". What's the preferred version? In ...
Pixie's user avatar
  • 31
4 votes
2 answers
237 views

When refering to two distinct objects that share the same noun, can you omit one instance of the noun and leave only the corresponding adjective?

For example: "I have a red ball and a blue ball. The red and blue balls are in the corner." "There is a first circuit for detecting motion and a second circuit for compensating for the detected ...
eric's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
307 views

Suspended hyphen example

As far as I've seen, it seems like whether or not one should use suspended hyphens is determined on a mostly ad-hoc basis. So, I was wondering if someone could give me advice on whether or not the ...
r_movva's user avatar
  • 31
0 votes
1 answer
284 views

Is the second hyphen needed in "user-generated and -mediated"?

Which one of the following is more appropriate? ...offers scope for the theoretical integration of teaching, learning, and development with the culturally new user-generated and mediated contexts. ...
Eilia's user avatar
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Where to put the hypen (if any) in "status quo oriented"?

Writing the following sentence, During the negotiation of both regulations, bargaining power was distributed in favour of the status quo oriented states. I wonder where to put a hyphen, if any? ...
henning no longer feeds AI's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
13k views

Should " we studied it both on- and off-site" have both hyphens?

Should the phrase "we studied it both on- and off-site" have both hyphens? Or would "we studied it both onsite and offsite" be better?
Sausage's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
50 views

Prefix hyphen and another prefix hyphen [duplicate]

In a sentence reading peri- and post-stimulus is the first hyphen necessary? If not, what alternative structure should be used?
CMGreenspon's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
3k views

multiple words connected using multiple hyphens or one?

There are many topics here related to multiple hyphen use, which seems to depend on various factors. human-voice controlled system human-voice-controlled system human voice-controlled ...
Joe Black's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
5k views

Is this phrase "2- or 4-person" correct? [duplicate]

When listing a numerical hyphenation...,for example "2- or 4-person", does the first number have a unconnected hyphen? What is the general rule?
milesmeow's user avatar
  • 119
2 votes
1 answer
15k views

Should one suspend a hyphen when using "two- to three-digit" phrase used as an adjective? [closed]

Example Sally alerted her accountant to four to five digit revenue discrepancies in the budget. Should it be: ...to four to five digit revenue discrepancies or with a suspended hyphen: ......
Ryan's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Is the first hyphen in "Anti- and pro-American", "bi- and tri-monthy", "country- and state-specific" correct? [duplicate]

Those prefixes "Anti", "bi" etc would look odd as separate words, but then, even complete words like "country" or "state" ending with a dangling hyphen look odd. So what is the correct rule for this? ...
Newbie's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
877 views

In the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-centuries; suspended hyphen [duplicate]

How would you suggest to list centuries here: Suspended hyphen: In the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-centuries... Separated by commas: In the late nineteenth-, and early twentieth-, ...
Gregory's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

A suspended hyphen in a list with only one hyphenated word

Consider the list: experimental economics, behavioral economics, cognitive economics, evolutionary economics, and neuroeconomics. Well, I am editing a submission with the above list rendered by ...
Jason's user avatar
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44 votes
2 answers
56k views

How to use hyphens appropriately when listing multiple hyphenated terms?

If multiple hyphenated terms share the same latter half, and I wish to list them without repeating that latter half, how should the hyphens be placed? For example: I will be investigating control ...
user43870's user avatar
  • 441
10 votes
3 answers
6k views

Can I say this in English: "Hard- and Software"? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Use of hyphens when writing repeated compound words that has common parts In German we can use a hyphen as indication that there is a continuation of the current word ...
Felix Dombek's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
1k views

How can you omit repetition of words with prefixes, e.g. "inputs and outputs"? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Use of hyphens when writing repeated compound words that has common parts I am looking for a general way of shortening the repetition of words with prefixes like "upwards and ...
Pierre Spring's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
9k views

Use of hyphens when writing repeated compound words that have common parts

In my native language, Norwegian, one uses hyphens when stating two or more copulated compound words that has common parts (words). In a thesis I'm working on, should I write test specimens, test ...
Christian Dalheim Øien's user avatar
16 votes
2 answers
2k views

Can a hyphen be used without anything on the right side?

From this page: [...] in early parts of this century when it was the most user- and hardware-friendly Linux operating system available [...] Is the user- fragment valid (outside this technical/...
Diego Mijelshon's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
8k views

Post-hyphenation of split compound words

Assuming that these two words off-topic on-topic must be hyphenated, which of the punctuations in the following sentences is correct? (crucial part emphasized) Regardless of whether it is an off or ...
Peter Olson's user avatar
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