Questions tagged [suffixes]

A suffix is an element of a language that is added to the end of a word. E.g. -ly is a suffix often found at the end of adverbs: really, quickly, happily, strangely, etc., -d/-ed is a suffix often found at the end of a verb to denote the simple past: used, bruised, grazed, heated, etc.

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Is it correct to call the modifier's value modifiee?

The reason for my question was part of doing documentation for my program. I commented on my For statement since it is an array that has two associated elements. Thus, the comment went on as follows: /...
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Is there a semantic difference between ‘without’ and ‘‑less’?

I am trying to decide whether the sentences [X] argues [Y]’s death to be without sin and [X] argues [Y]’s death to be sinless actually carry the same meaning. The Oxford Dictionary defines ‘...
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Noun form of adjectives ending -ant: -ancy or -ance? [closed]

Adjectives ending -ant seem to have a 50/50 chance of ending -ancy or -ance in noun form. Same goes for -ent adjectives into -ency or -ence nouns. Is there a rule that determines which? Random ...
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1answer
623 views

How common are hypocorisms ending with "s" in female names? (Babs, Bess, Becks...)

My question can be split in two parts: Is this a pattern, how common is it, and how natural does it sound? Is it more specific to feminine names? Here are examples: Barbara - Babs [1] Elizabeth - ...
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What is the opposite of the suffix -cide? [duplicate]

All the words ending with the suffix -cide explain what was killed. Is there a suffix for what did the killing? Killed by hammer, killed by fall, etc.? Thanks.
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1answer
611 views

Is modern 'five countries' English the only type of English with stress patterns that change across the entire word depending on the suffix?

The capital letters represent where the main stress in each word lies TELephone, telePHONic, teLEphony. PHOTograph, photoGRAphic, photOgraphy. biOLogy, bioLOGical. What about in the past, including ...
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Rule for suffix to describe where someone is from [duplicate]

Is there a rule or pattern to describe where someone comes from? Some examples of places, with the word to describe people from that place: New York / New Yorker London / Londoner Toronto / ...
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2answers
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Does the suffix -ify have any inherent characteristics of making letters pronounced which would otherwise be silent?

It is quite clear that the word "signify" is derived from sign and the suffix -ify: sign + -ify = signify The letter "g" in the word sign is silent but when the suffix is added, ...
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What suffix rule applies to making rival into rivalrous (i.e., is this legitimate)

I was annoyed to find my neuroscience textbook transforming the noun "rival" into an adjective in ...IT changes systematically when people and animals report switches in rivalrous percepts. ...
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Is -in' really correct? [duplicate]

I wanted to know if -in' is really correct. Because I couldn't found a single article about the -in' ending. Examples: -ing Running Jumping -in' Runnin' Jumpin'
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What is the agent noun for verbs ending in -y? [closed]

What is the correct way of spelling it, and what would the rule be for -y verbs like retry. Is it retryer or retrier? That is, on -y verbs, is the y kept or substituted by i?
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Why does “lineage” retain the "e" when the suffix "-age" is added?

"Lineage" (/ˈlɪn·i·ɪdʒ/) is equivalent to "line" + "-age". Other such nouns lose the "e" when this suffix is added: Stem + Suffix = Noun Anecdote + Age = ...
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Origin of colloquializing suffix -o

The letter o is used in different combinations with words to make them more colloquial as suggested from the following extract. -o generally does not change the meaning of the word, only making it ...
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1answer
84 views

Why "admit" with T but "admissible" with SS? [duplicate]

I have noticed that when the suffix -ible is added to "admit", it becomes "admissible" rather than "admittible". There are few other examples: "omit" = "...
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what does to word 'crete' mean in English? [closed]

In my native language, words are created using 'Root Words' + 'Prefixes/suffixes'. Also the root words make sense for us. Is English the same? For example I think the word 'crete' is the root and 'dis,...
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2answers
61 views

Differentiating the meaning of the -able suffix ('able to be' vs 'to be')

The suffix -able has several meanings, one of them is: (forming adjectives) to be: payable How does one differentiate this meaning from the other meanins of -able? For example, how does one know ...
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Why do some words containing a form of “philia” have it at the beginning and some have it at the end?

There are words like “philosophy”, “philology”, “philanthropy”; these have a form of “philia” at the beginning. Why don't these words have it at the end? Also, there are words like “haemophilia”, “...
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Using the adjective "specific" as suffix

are the following structures interchangeable ?? 1- This course is more specific to engineering. 2- It is more of an engineering-specific course.
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1answer
52 views

Adjective from verbs at active voice

In English, verbs can be conjugated both in the active and passive voice. It makes it possible to distinguish who is doing the action and who/what the action is done on/against. e.g. |-----------------...
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1answer
651 views

Why is "tion" pronounced as "shun" but not "chun"?

I know English spelling never follows English pronunciation and I also know that English spelling is very irregular but there are reasons for such irregularities. This question is only asking about ...
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1answer
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What is the meaning of the suffix '-ory' (laboratory, conservatory)?

I am interested in the the meaning which the suffix '-ory' contributes to words like laboratory, conservatory and lavatory. I often find if difficult to research prefixes and suffixes, so would be ...
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Can the suffix -wise be considered too inadequate/colloquial for a personal statement? [duplicate]

I am writing a personal statement for the very first time and I'm worried that the suffix -wise may sound too laid-back for a text of such genre. The sentence I want to write is similar to this: ...
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1answer
111 views

Is "place name + er" ("New Yorker") a productive morpheme? [closed]

I know a handful of cities whose denizens can be called "city+er", e.g. Londoner. But is this construction still in active use today and can new demonyms be formed by it?
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Is it "multi-element" or "multi-elemental"? "Multi-attribute" or "multi-attributed"?

I've seen both being used, so I'm having a hard time telling which one is correct. Logic dictates that it's supposed to be "multi-elemental" and "multi-attributed," considering we ...
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2answers
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-IZE: unstressed (though strong)

According to the Longman Pronunciation Dictionary -IZE /aɪz/: This suffix is unstressed (though strong) in Received Pronunciation and General American, but sometimes stressed in other varieties"....
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381 views

Why do some spell checker mark "copiable" as an error?

Some of my spell checkers (including the one in vim, and the build-in one in gmail) mark the form "copiable" as an error, and insist on "copyable". This doesn't seem to make sense; ...
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2answers
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Is it franchiser, or franchisor?

From this morning, in an online conversation, of mine, about Econo Lodge franchises. My usual on-line go-to place to resolve such close differences in words is, https://wikidiff.com/franchiser/...
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1answer
506 views

"beginning" is to "prefix" as "end" is to "suffix" as "middle" is to... what?

The word "prefix" describes something affixed to the beginning of a word and the word "suffix" describes something affixed to the end of a word. What is the analog of these for ...
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162 views

percent or percentage on variable name suffix?

Which is more suitable for putting suffix which stands for '0~100%'? int CrashRatePercent; int CrashRatePercentage;
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3answers
357 views

Words Similar to the -Smith Suffix [closed]

I am aware of -wright, which is often used as a compound, e.g. playwright. But are there any other suffixes that are synonymous or similar in meaning to -wright and -smith?
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2answers
271 views

Verb + Suffix ‘Ion’ as noun [closed]

I've been wondering on the usage of the suffix -ion and what it means if put at the end of a verb. I notice that oftentimes it means the process/ action of the verb. Examples: Transformation, ...
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1answer
298 views

Usage of the -al suffix on "value"

I am trying to write the following phrase: Axiom about the source of value. I cannot, however, figure out how to compact the phrase to just a few words. My mind went to using the -al suffix, and ...
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107 views

Why doesn’t the verb “read” have a corresponding noun form suffixed with “‑tion/‑ion/‑sion”?

Why there isn’t a ‑tion/‑ion/‑sion derived form for the verb read verb, such as for example the non-existent ✼readation or ✼readition? Example with an ‑tion form: exsanguination disobstruction ...
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1answer
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Determing the lexical category of a word based on the affixes attached

I am currently taking a Linguistics course and am learning about affixes. Through reading the textbook and following the lectures, I have realized that certain prefixes and suffixes are attached to ...
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94 views

Are morphemes commonly found at the end of words considered suffixes?

Are morphemes commonly found at the end of words considered suffixes? For example: "erate", found at the end of words like accelerate, operate, refrigerate, considerate, nonliterate, etc. I ...
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Which is correct: "methods of ID check" or "methods of ID checking"?

I'm writing some text that explains three different ways of carrying out an ID check. Would the section heading read "Methods of ID check" or "Methods of ID checking"? If someone could explain the ...
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5answers
123 views

Can you use the -ly suffix with any noun? e.g "Hotelly" [closed]

A friend and I were having a discussion when I used the word "hotelly" to describe something that has the characteristics of a hotel. Afterward, we started doubting the legitimacy of the word "hotelly"...
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1answer
155 views

Why some words ending in -ke become -cable (and/or -cative), while others become -kable (or -keable)

Today I learnt that revoke + able would make revocable. What's the reasoning for this? Are there any other examples like this?
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1answer
214 views

What is the origin and meaning of a -yr ending?

Some words in the English language end with a "-yr", such as, satyr, martyr, or zephyr. What is the origin of the -yr ending? What is the meaning of the -yr ending? I have searched the etymology, ...
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If a Trinity means 3 in 1, what is 3 in 2, 3 in 3, 3 in N?

Piggybacking off this question about words which define an N-in-one entity, I wanted to ask a question about the case for the suffix. A Trinity is 3-in-1, but what word(s) describe a 3-in-2 entity, ...
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61 views

Is "t" a suffix?

Is "t" a suffix ? owe ought draw draught bow bight If so, why does "w" change to "gh" ?
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1answer
166 views

Malcolmite and anti-Malcolmite

What is the meaning of "Malcolmite." in the following text? Edward Ingram's In Defence of British India should be mentioned as one of the most extraordinary examples of the deliberate ignoring of ...
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1answer
213 views

Where does the -ive suffix come from in 'restive'?

I saw a headline today about the volcano near Manila in the Philippines. Restive Philippine volcano prompts evacuation MSN News 12th January 2020 I was not familiar with the word 'restive' and ...
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1answer
62 views

Suffixes to certain words [closed]

Can -ed, -ing and -tion be added to the words positive, negative and advise? What rules would explain this?
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1answer
175 views

The word for pertaining to personality [closed]

We all know that the -al suffix creates the meaning of "pertaining to" or "relating to" or "of the kind" with a noun, e.g. social, fictional etc.... What I am looking for ...
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4answers
2k views

What is the Greek etymology for "-on" in words like "proton" and "neutron"? [closed]

Google says "proton" is from "protos" and "-on" ("first" + "being"), or "πρῶτος" and "?". What is the "-on" in Greek, is it "ὤν" or "ἐν" or something?
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1answer
71 views

Suffix for an adherent with person's name as root

We can refer to a particular method devised by Newton as the "Newtonian method" or a distribution attributed to Laplace might be referred to as the "Laplacian Distribution". Some colleagues were ...
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1answer
890 views

Add -al to verb to make a noun

Do you have any examples of nouns that are formed by adding -al to a verb? I can think of one example (rental), but would like to have a few more. Thank you for your help!
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2answers
11k views

Why is "-ber" the suffix of the last four months of the year?

September October November December Presumably something Latin, but my (admittedly brief) search sees only mention of the number-based root words. More specifically, what does "-ber" mean?
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29 views

What would an appropriate suffix be to mean "branch of magic" [duplicate]

I know "-mancy" already exists (like necromancy and pyromancy), but if you look into the root of the word, it acutally refers to divination, and not general magic powers It could be easily argued ...

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