Questions tagged [suffixes]

A suffix is an element of a language that is added to the end of a word. E.g. -ly is a suffix often found at the end of adverbs: really, quickly, happily, strangely, etc., -d/-ed is a suffix often found at the end of a verb to denote the simple past: used, bruised, grazed, heated, etc.

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1answer
45 views

what does to word 'crete' mean in English? [closed]

In my native language, words are created using 'Root Words' + 'Prefixes/suffixes'. Also the root words make sense for us. Is English the same? For example I think the word 'crete' is the root and 'dis,...
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2answers
40 views

Differentiating the meaning of the -able suffix ('able to be' vs 'to be')

The suffix -able has several meanings, one of them is: (forming adjectives) to be: payable How does one differentiate this meaning from the other meanins of -able? For example, how does one know ...
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23 views

Why do some words containing a form of “philia” have it at the beginning and some have it at the end?

There are words like “philosophy”, “philology”, “philanthropy”; these have a form of “philia” at the beginning. Why don't these words have it at the end? Also, there are words like “haemophilia”, “...
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Using the adjective “specific” as suffix

are the following structures interchangeable ?? 1- This course is more specific to engineering. 2- It is more of an engineering-specific course.
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1answer
37 views

Adjective from verbs at active voice

In English, verbs can be conjugated both in the active and passive voice. It makes it possible to distinguish who is doing the action and who/what the action is done on/against. e.g. |-----------------...
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1answer
299 views

Why is “tion” pronounced as “shun” but not “chun”?

I know English spelling never follows English pronunciation and I also know that English spelling is very irregular but there are reasons for such irregularities. This question is only asking about ...
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1answer
51 views

What is the meaning of the suffix '-ory' (laboratory, conservatory)?

I am interested in the the meaning which the suffix '-ory' contributes to words like laboratory, conservatory and lavatory. I often find if difficult to research prefixes and suffixes, so would be ...
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16 views

Can the suffix -wise be considered too inadequate/colloquial for a personal statement? [duplicate]

I am writing a personal statement for the very first time and I'm worried that the suffix -wise may sound too laid-back for a text of such genre. The sentence I want to write is similar to this: ...
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1answer
73 views

Is “place name + er” (“New Yorker”) a productive morpheme? [closed]

I know a handful of cities whose denizens can be called "city+er", e.g. Londoner. But is this construction still in active use today and can new demonyms be formed by it?
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1answer
47 views

Is it “multi-element” or “multi-elemental”? “Multi-attribute” or “multi-attributed”?

I've seen both being used, so I'm having a hard time telling which one is correct. Logic dictates that it's supposed to be "multi-elemental" and "multi-attributed," considering we ...
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2answers
74 views

-IZE: unstressed (though strong)

According to the Longman Pronunciation Dictionary -IZE /aɪz/: This suffix is unstressed (though strong) in Received Pronunciation and General American, but sometimes stressed in other varieties"....
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1answer
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Why do some spell checker mark “copiable” as an error?

Some of my spell checkers (including the one in vim, and the build-in one in gmail) mark the form "copiable" as an error, and insist on "copyable". This doesn't seem to make sense; ...
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1answer
50 views

Luscious, Vicious, Delicious, Nutritious? Why not Nutricious? [closed]

Why is nutritious spelled as such, and not as nutricious? What's the rule I'm missing here?
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2answers
497 views

Is it franchiser, or franchisor?

From this morning, in an online conversation, of mine, about Econo Lodge franchises. My usual on-line go-to place to resolve such close differences in words is, https://wikidiff.com/franchiser/...
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1answer
51 views

“beginning” is to “prefix” as “end” is to “suffix” as “middle” is to… what?

The word "prefix" describes something affixed to the beginning of a word and the word "suffix" describes something affixed to the end of a word. What is the analog of these for ...
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60 views

percent or percentage on variable name suffix?

Which is more suitable for putting suffix which stands for '0~100%'? int CrashRatePercent; int CrashRatePercentage;
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3answers
338 views

Words Similar to the -Smith Suffix [closed]

I am aware of -wright, which is often used as a compound, e.g. playwright. But are there any other suffixes that are synonymous or similar in meaning to -wright and -smith?
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2answers
138 views

Verb + Suffix ‘Ion’ as noun [closed]

I've been wondering on the usage of the suffix -ion and what it means if put at the end of a verb. I notice that oftentimes it means the process/ action of the verb. Examples: Transformation, ...
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1answer
53 views

Usage of the -al suffix on “value”

I am trying to write the following phrase: Axiom about the source of value. I cannot, however, figure out how to compact the phrase to just a few words. My mind went to using the -al suffix, and ...
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1answer
85 views

Why doesn’t the verb “read” have a corresponding noun form suffixed with “‑tion/‑ion/‑sion”?

Why there isn’t a ‑tion/‑ion/‑sion derived form for the verb read verb, such as for example the non-existent ✼readation or ✼readition? Example with an ‑tion form: exsanguination disobstruction ...
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1answer
41 views

Determing the lexical category of a word based on the affixes attached

I am currently taking a Linguistics course and am learning about affixes. Through reading the textbook and following the lectures, I have realized that certain prefixes and suffixes are attached to ...
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56 views

Are morphemes commonly found at the end of words considered suffixes?

Are morphemes commonly found at the end of words considered suffixes? For example: "erate", found at the end of words like accelerate, operate, refrigerate, considerate, nonliterate, etc. I ...
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30 views

Which is correct: “methods of ID check” or “methods of ID checking”?

I'm writing some text that explains three different ways of carrying out an ID check. Would the section heading read "Methods of ID check" or "Methods of ID checking"? If someone could explain the ...
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5answers
101 views

Can you use the -ly suffix with any noun? e.g “Hotelly” [closed]

A friend and I were having a discussion when I used the word "hotelly" to describe something that has the characteristics of a hotel. Afterward, we started doubting the legitimacy of the word "hotelly"...
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1answer
149 views

Why some words ending in -ke become -cable (and/or -cative), while others become -kable (or -keable)

Today I learnt that revoke + able would make revocable. What's the reasoning for this? Are there any other examples like this?
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1answer
179 views

What is the origin and meaning of a -yr ending?

Some words in the English language end with a "-yr", such as, satyr, martyr, or zephyr. What is the origin of the -yr ending? What is the meaning of the -yr ending? I have searched the etymology, ...
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1answer
120 views

If a Trinity means 3 in 1, what is 3 in 2, 3 in 3, 3 in N?

Piggybacking off this question about words which define an N-in-one entity, I wanted to ask a question about the case for the suffix. A Trinity is 3-in-1, but what word(s) describe a 3-in-2 entity, ...
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0answers
55 views

Is “t” a suffix?

Is "t" a suffix ? owe ought draw draught bow bight If so, why does "w" change to "gh" ?
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1answer
127 views

Malcolmite and anti-Malcolmite

What is the meaning of "Malcolmite." in the following text? Edward Ingram's In Defence of British India should be mentioned as one of the most extraordinary examples of the deliberate ignoring of ...
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1answer
201 views

Where does the -ive suffix come from in 'restive'?

I saw a headline today about the volcano near Manila in the Philippines. Restive Philippine volcano prompts evacuation MSN News 12th January 2020 I was not familiar with the word 'restive' and ...
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1answer
54 views

Suffixes to certain words [closed]

Can -ed, -ing and -tion be added to the words positive, negative and advise? What rules would explain this?
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1answer
110 views

The word for pertaining to personality [closed]

We all know that the -al suffix creates the meaning of "pertaining to" or "relating to" or "of the kind" with a noun, e.g. social, fictional etc.... What I am looking for ...
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4answers
2k views

What is the Greek etymology for “-on” in words like “proton” and “neutron”? [closed]

Google says "proton" is from "protos" and "-on" ("first" + "being"), or "πρῶτος" and "?". What is the "-on" in Greek, is it "ὤν" or "ἐν" or something?
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1answer
68 views

Suffix for an adherent with person's name as root

We can refer to a particular method devised by Newton as the "Newtonian method" or a distribution attributed to Laplace might be referred to as the "Laplacian Distribution". Some colleagues were ...
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1answer
671 views

Add -al to verb to make a noun

Do you have any examples of nouns that are formed by adding -al to a verb? I can think of one example (rental), but would like to have a few more. Thank you for your help!
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8k views

Why is “-ber” the suffix of the last four months of the year?

September October November December Presumably something Latin, but my (admittedly brief) search sees only mention of the number-based root words. More specifically, what does "-ber" mean?
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0answers
24 views

What would an appropriate suffix be to mean “branch of magic” [duplicate]

I know "-mancy" already exists (like necromancy and pyromancy), but if you look into the root of the word, it acutally refers to divination, and not general magic powers It could be easily argued ...
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0answers
34 views

Why is it Orthodontics but Pedodontia?

Similarly we also have words like Periodontia and Exodontia and Endodontia (and Endodontics too apparently) and for many of them, I just can not find which one is correct?
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2answers
106 views

Why is it Endodontic (-ic suffix) but Dental (-al suffix)?

Especially when they both derive from Endodontist and Dentist respectively, so context doesn't vary much. I found many answers on the web explaining that -ic and -ical suffixes don't follow any rule ...
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2answers
74 views

X vs. X-al adjectives (asymptotic vs asymptotical, etc.)

Right now I am writing a technical report, where I describe asymptotic(al) curves, expansions etc. My understanding after a bit of web browsing is that asymptotic and asymptotical are near-synonymous ...
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2answers
247 views

A question about 'reptiles and volatiles' to describe creatures

I noticed in the Wycliffe Bible, in early Genesis, that the description of 'creeping creatures' and 'flying creatures' was 'reptiles and volatiles'. I had not heard or read of bird species being ...
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1answer
199 views

inter- prefix means between but interact has a whole different meaning than -inter or act, why is that?

I just started to dig into suffixes and prefixes. But I couldn't understand how do they exactly change the meaning of the word that they are appended. For example re- means again, retake means take ...
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348 views

Incrementor vs Incrementer

While this may be pedantic, I'm curious about the proper usage, if any. We have a piece of software that opens a file, increments a counter in the file, and closes the file. This piece of software is ...
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4answers
195 views

Is there an '-ism' for 'human rights'?

Capitalism means a view that gives priority to capital and has capital as its pivotal notion. Nationalism means a view that gives priority to what is national and has national as its pivotal ...
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3answers
212 views

Pronotum: meaning and suffix context?

Pronotum The pronotum (Biology) is a prominent plate-like structure that covers all or part of the thorax of some insects. The pronotum covers the dorsal surface of the thorax. The word can be ...
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3answers
5k views

Why is there an extra “t” in Lemmatization?

When we say : Specify, it becomes Specification (no t) Value, it becomes Valuation (no t) Custom, it becomes Customization (no t) Lemma is a code used in programming, to describe the ...
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0answers
42 views

Subject with -ian suffix is a?

Is there a word which describes the relation of, when associating or committing, an added suffix such as “-ian” (or “-ic”, et al.) to its subject? For example: “Orwellian is the _____ of/for ...
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1answer
183 views

Meaning of suffix ''- ic'' in relation to ''materialist'' vs ''materialistic''

If there are any, what are the differences in meaning between the statements ''I am a materialist person'' and ''I am a materialistic person'' ? *Context: In a conversation on philosophical ...
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2answers
298 views

Are the adjective “wise” and the suffix “-wise” etymologically related?

Are they linked, or have they arisen seperatedly and/or without connection?
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2answers
1k views

for words ending in “ing”, what parts are stressed?

For words ending in the -ing suffix, is the suffix stressed? Unstressed? Does adding the -ing suffix affect the stress of the other syllables? Example: (u is untressed, ' is stressed) Deteriorate is (...

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