Questions tagged [style-manuals]

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1answer
34 views

What is the correct way to refer to someone during when they previously held a different rank/position/title?

Many public officials have accomplished much over the course of their careers, having served in various capacities over the years. For example, Leon Panetta represented CA's 17th district in the ...
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1answer
36 views

Comma between proper noun and day name

In this recent CNN article, I found the following sentence: It was one of two incidents involving South Korea, Tuesday. It seems the comma is intentionally being used to separate the two proper ...
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1answer
63 views

When to use “And” at the start of sentence? [duplicate]

I know that and is used to join two sentences or phrases. There are some places I've read that have And is used at the beginning of a sentence. What are the occasions when this is done?
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0answers
27 views

Is it ok to have a semicolon after a colon or em dash? (or other variations)

I've looked all over but have not found this example. Can one use a semicolon after a colon or em-dash (or similar doubling up combinations). Is it a matter of style or is there a fast rule? e.g.: ...
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1answer
66 views

How does one read aloud a birth year with no death year? Eg: John Smith (1994 – )

It is common to notate someone's lifespan using the syntax [year of birth] – [year of death]. When the subject is still living, you simply omit the death year, such as 1994 –. When reading this aloud,...
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2answers
7k views

Style clarification for date superscripts, th, st and nd

I wanted to know, while writing dates such as 1st April or 2nd March; do we need to superscript the st and the nd as 1st April and 2nd March, or is it ok to write them without the superscript ...
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1answer
55 views

Capitalization of titles in an essay where the original work does not capitalize its title according to style (MLA)

In my essay (MLA), I talk about Kendrick Lamar's album titled good kid, m.A.A.d city (stylized like that). Which of the following ways would be the correct way to title my essay: Kendrick Lamar's ...
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1answer
965 views

Two middle initials / data entry

When inputting names to a database (used by English and non-English language users) what would be the preferable way to tackle a name with two middle initials? John George William Doe for example. ...
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3answers
613 views

Question about an AP Style rule

AP Style Rule: If the word following a singular common noun ending in "s" begins with "s," add an apostrophe only. Based on AP's rule above, are the following bulleted examples correctly ...
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4answers
204k views

Do footnoting superscripts go inside or outside punctuation?

When using superscripts to indicate a footnote, do these fall inside or outside adjacent punctuation? If there is an answer, is that answer applicable worldwide, or just to specific regions or ...
27
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5answers
12k views

Should punctuation surrounding italicised words be italicised?

This might be a tad off-topic, but I am looking for an English-specific answer. When I’m using italic text to denote emphasis or a quotation, should the italicisation extend to the punctuation ...
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1answer
31 views

What sort of phrases cannot be restrictive or non-restrictive?

The Chicago Manual of Style says A phrase that is restrictive—that is, essential to the meaning (and often the identity) of the noun it belongs to—should not be set off by commas. What sort of ...
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5answers
5k views

Is “yearslong” a word?

The New York Times just published an article where they use the word "yearslong": Federal agents charged 18 current and former members of the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department on Monday, ...
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1answer
103 views

Citations in Chicago Style For Direct Quote and Subsequent Paragraph - Two Citations and “Ibid.,” or One?

I apologize for the political nature of this quote, but this is what I'm working on. I am using the Chicago Manual of Style. I am wondering if, when quoting a comment in a medium-length section that ...
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1answer
175 views

Works cited multiple pages in MLA

I'm currently writing an essay and cites a source multiple times, but at separate pages. Just for clarity's sake, I cited pages 10-11, 15, and 19. The issue is simple enough for in-text citations, but ...
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1answer
47 views

According to the Chicago manual of style for bibliographies do authors with initials have two stops before the title

According to the Chicago manual of style for bibliographies do authors with initials have two stops before the title? So e.g. Wells, H. G.. The Invisible Man
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0answers
57 views

Juxtaposing (more than) two sentences that can include “and” by using “and”

QUESTIONS: Is the comma used in the below sentence necessary? Is it okay to use different forms or parts of speech for juxtaposed elements? I.g. In the below sentence, a noun "development" and ...
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2answers
392 views

Suspended hyphen in“ever-expanding and contracting gulf”?

My hunch is a suspended hyphen is not needed preceding the second word (contracting), but the writer queried this and I'm not sure. (We go by the Chicago Manual of Style but I can't find an example ...
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3answers
14k views

Capitalization: 'rivers'

In the following sentence, is rivers capitalized or not? The Delaware and Potomac rivers are beautiful.
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2answers
4k views

French fries or french fries? [duplicate]

Yesterday I came across the following sentence, using "french" fries in lowercase, in an exercise book for non-native speakers of English: We ordered two "french" fries and two apple pies. So I have ...
2
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1answer
368 views

The grammar of user interface (technical writing)

I need to translate the interface of our software into English, but I'm not sure how to deal with grammar. Should some auxiliary verbs, articles be omitted for the sake of brevity like in the ...
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2answers
429 views

When is it OK to start a sentence with “But”? [duplicate]

Is starting a sentence with a "But" still bad? I know some Harvard graduates who are native English speakers and do this when they write. Is it acceptable now? What are some of the examples where "...
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3answers
4k views

Civil War/antebellum terms in Chicago style

In Chicago style, should the term "union" be capitalized when referring to the pre-Civil War nation? What about the terms "northern" and "southern" as adjectives? I can find clear-cut references for ...
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2answers
673 views

Using the Chicago Manual of Style, do colons go inside or outside quotes?

I have the following sentence: The program identifies particular “targets” and “identifiers:” the “targets” are people who are suspected of committing a crime. Does the colon go inside the quotes ...
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1answer
252 views

Should the introductory sentence of a bulleted list end with a colon or a period?

Which of the two examples below is the right way to punctuate the introductory sentence before a bulleted list where each list item is a complete sentence ending with a period? Example 1 There are a ...
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2answers
1k views

Semicolon: Always required before conjunction if internal punctuation follows, even if no ambiguity?

Is the semicolon in the following sentence necessary? Is it preferable? To me, it seems that there would be no ambiguity if the semicolon were replaced with a comma, but the writer insists that a ...
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1answer
2k views

Shortest date abbreviation recommended by CMOS

What's the shortest abbreviation for a full date (day, month, and year) recommended by the Chicago Manual of Style? I know CMOS recommends against all-numeral dates, so I'd rather not use those. (I ...
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1answer
1k views

How should the phrase “thank you” be written in the following sentence? [duplicate]

According to prevalent formal writing style rules, Should the phrase be in quotes (as in "thank you" or thank you)? Should T of Thank be capital? Should there be a hyphen? They did not give him a ...
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1answer
342 views

Footnoting superscript with a colon preceding a block quote - Australian Style Manual

So the Australian Style manual specifies that superscript is placed within punctuation except for at the end of a sentence, where it falls outside of the full stop. All well and good, but how about in ...
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2answers
144 views

Capitalisation of W in 'How to send money: Watch the video'

Should "W" of watch be capitalized as it is starting after a colon?
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2answers
62 views

Are there any style guides that dictate the use of “on/at Amazon” (and other web platforms). If so, what are they and what's the reasoning behind it?

I've been doing some really basic copywriting for various books that I've seen on various reading lists and I occasionally refer readers to Amazon. Here's a simple example: You can get a good ...
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0answers
285 views

Apostrophe on Proper Nouns that end in -s. “Louis's” vs “Louis’ '’? [duplicate]

Though I see that many have asked the question of whether acronyms that ends with a "s" should be s' or s's, I have puzzled over whether nouns that ends in “s” should end in s's or s'. Many sources ...
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1answer
323 views

Is the expression “bring to light” considered cliché in academic | scientific writing? [closed]

I'd like to know if the expression "bring to light" used to mean to discover or reveal (http://www.dictionary.com/browse/bring--to--light) is considered cliché - or even tacky - in scientific writing? ...
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2answers
1k views

Pronunciation guide for foreign words: Single or double quotation marks?

Is the use of single quotation marks below standard style in American English? The Japanese word “Nagasaki” is pronounced as ‘na+ga+sa+ki’ Double quotation marks would seem more natural to me, ...
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2answers
590 views

Using “and” in a list with an element already containing “and” [duplicate]

I'm struggling with the following sentence in an APA format paper. I don't like the double usage of and here, but 'supply and demand' is one thing in this context. Is this correct or do I need to make ...
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1answer
148 views

What is the stylistic form to use for including foreign text in an English article?

Academic texts often include translations of terms, and these are included in parentheses. Is there a standard to use when including foreign language text (e.g. Arabic, Russian, Chinese, etc.)? Let'...
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1answer
3k views

What is the correct way to properly quote and cite a foreign language resource? [closed]

Should I provide my own translation? If so, where? It is important for this particular quote to appear directly: it is the crux of the argument.
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1answer
5k views

If the article title ends in closing punctuation, do we still add a period in an APA reference? [closed]

I have a question about citing a reference in APA format. The following reference was created by one of the members of my school group for a paper we are working on (let's just dismiss indentation on ...
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1answer
416 views

Essay Formatting Question: Use of examples [closed]

Good day everyone; I hope I have signed up to the right forum because I am conflicted on a formatting issue. As of now, I am writing an essay for one of my classes in the APA format. Just for ...
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2answers
3k views

Why do we use Roman numerals for some page numbers but Arabic ones for others?

Why is it that certain pages in English-language books are numbered using Roman numerals, but other pages are numbered using (so-called) Arabic ones? Has it always been this way? Or was the split ...
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1answer
165 views

Following the Chicago style guide, would I capitalise 'professor' in the phrase “He became a professor”? [closed]

I'm struggling a little with knowing when to capitalise words under the Chicago Manual of Style. In the phrase "He became a professor", would I capitalise the word 'professor'? My thinking is that ...
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1answer
1k views

Inconsistency in Strunk and White regarding serial comma

From Strunk and White's The Elements of Style, Chapter 2, Lesson 2: In a series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last Thus write, ...
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1answer
1k views

What manual of style should I use for technical writing for US Federal Government documents?

For a lot of the questions I'm seeing on ELaU, it seems the answer is ultimately arbitrary and unlikely to be resolved by poll. Since style guides exist to settle the question for people who care not ...
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1answer
590 views

Meaning of the “but” in the sentence [closed]

I'm trying to help my student to translate one of the manuals which she needs for work. There is a sentence that I don't understand completely:"For example, you might want to track the license number ...
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2answers
5k views

Which way to write 7th or seventh, 19th or nineteenth, 27th or twenty-seventh, 127, etc [closed]

I type reports for the federal government. I need to know what to do about writing numbers such as 7th or seventh, 19th or nineteenth, 27th or twenty-seventh, 190th or one hundred twenty-seventh or ...
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2answers
10k views

Capitalization in military writing

The editor for a book I'm writing tells me that Delta Company should be written Delta company within the text of the story. Examples: (1) "The only thing the old man told me was get on that helicopter ...
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1answer
1k views

Italicize Translated Title in Parentheses?

I'm proofreading a book and came across the title of a poem with the translation in parentheses (name changed for confidentiality): "... in his poem, Les Amours des Dieux (The Loves of the Gods), .....
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3answers
241 views

Do any style guides recommend an apostrophe at the end for double possessors? (John and Jacks' house)

I am aware that the universally accepted style is to put an apostrophe-s at the end of the second possessor's name. Example: Amy and Steve's car My question is not whether that is the common rule; ...
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6answers
8k views

Dative whom with accusative who

When I am not bound by a style that mandates otherwise, I like to use whom in dative constructions and who in accusative constructions (I am aware that English doesn't have a proper case system, but ...
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3answers
12k views

Do you separate an imperative after a conjunction by a comma?

I want you to go and ask him the price, but don't tell him I sent you. Is this a main clause followed by a coordinating clause (imperative)? Pour the vodka into the glass, and add orange juice. ...