# Questions tagged [statistics]

This tag is for questions about the usage and meaning of statistical terminology and the names for statistical entities in English.

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2answers
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### In statistics' confusion matrix, why does 'recall' have that name?

There are a number of words used very frequently to describe properties of a confusion matrix (or contingency table). Among them there is the word 'recall', this is to describe: tp ――――― tp+tf ...
14answers
20k views

### A word for a value between 0 and 1 (inclusive) [closed]

I'm a programmer. I'm so sick of writing documentation for things that should be explainable in a word. When you write a function in a programming language, you get to name its parameters. Most ...
1answer
24 views

### Intial letter of words in literature distribution

I am working on a project right now and I need a particular piece of information, hopefully, this is the right place to ask. I want to know the relative frequency/distribution of the first letter of ...
1answer
28 views

### In reference to the calculation, should one use “mean” or “mean of”?

I am writing a scientific paper and am unsure if I should be using "mean" or "mean of" each time I refer to a calculated mean number. For example, should it be: A) The samples had a mean of 54.1 ...
2answers
89 views

### Where can I find statistics about count of words starting by letter?

I have found only this statistic: Words by Length Words by First and Second Letter But I want to find words count which start by z and x (or any other letter) Does anybody know such stat?
0answers
31 views

### Determine the difficulty of spelling a word

Is there a formula or a method to determine the spelling difficulty of a word? For example, Cat would be 1, appendectomy would be would be a 5, etc.?
0answers
25 views

### Two Types of Collection Metrics

What are general adjectives or adjectival phrases that contrast economic or mathematical metrics that describe a collection as a whole (i.e., total, mean, GDP) with those that indicate how the whole ...
5answers
3k views

### Someone who enjoys statistics

Is there a single word for someone who likes or loves to examine statistics?
2answers
40 views

### Term for “extent/proportion [into some population] of the condition”?

What is a technical term (perhaps from statistics) for the extent (or proportion) that a specified condition applies to some given population? For example: There is a communicable cancer currently ...
1answer
34 views

### Term for “extent/proportion of a population [that meet some condition]”

What is a technical term (perhaps from statistics) for the extent (or proportion) that a specified condition applies to some given population? For example: There is a communicable cancer currently ...
1answer
89 views

### Can you be in the “95% percentile”?

I have a feeling there's only one way to say this: you can be in the “95th percentile”. A colleague of mine says it's OK to say “the 95% percentile”, which doesn't seem to make mathematical sense to ...
3answers
7k views

### How do you explain cubic growth of a function

When reading scientific papers I have seen people explain the growth of a variable linearly, exponentially. However how would one say for a variable which grows in quadratic fashion, or cubic? I don'...
1answer
35 views

### How to express the estimation result

I would like to ask you how to express the following regression analysis. Y=a+bX+cZ+u I want to mention that b is significant. In this case, which sentence in the following correct? (1) The ...
1answer
183 views

### What is a word for granularity that spans the entire range?

Background I want customers to be able to construct and view a histogram. There are two inputs I need for this histogram: interval, which defines the total date range for the diagram, and granularity,...
1answer
56 views

### How does one qualitatively describe the cubic increase of experimental data [duplicate]

I have generated some data Y and would like to describe its variation as a function of some variable X. Using MS Excel, I obtained the trendline shown in the figure below which suggests that Y varies ...
1answer
140 views

### How do you refer to a group of statistical variables? The 'statistical measures', or what?

I'm looking for a simple synonym that essentially means 'statistical measures'. Here's the context, sory if it's a little confusing. The real example is only more complex. I'm using a classifications ...
2answers
191 views

### The plurality of the probability

What is a word or expression I could use to describe something that has a less-than-fifty percent chance of happening, but is still likelier than any other single outcome? "The most likely outcome" ...
1answer
252 views

### Word to name both minima and maxima

I would like to find a word to name the minima and maxima of a set of things. We have in French "extrêmes", but I don't find an equivalent in English, as far as my brief research is concerned.
4answers
9k views

### What is the opposite of a “false positive”?

I wanted to refer to the set of data after filtering out the false positives. Is there a word to describe the set of data after filtering out the "false positives" (i.e. the opposite of a "false ...
5answers
2k views

### Why did the word “alluring” peak in the 1920s?

As per title. This is the Ngram Graph for the word alluring: For comparison, this is the same graph for the word remarkable:
1answer
1k views

### Word or phrase with a similar meaning to 'statistical difference '

I am explaining my results in my paper. I am looking for a word or phrase with similar meaning to 'statistical difference'. If one performs a statistical test for a difference in the mean or median ...
1answer
93 views

### Does using “most” in conversational English convey use of some statistic or data gathering?

In a conversation someone said the following: Most of the engineers working in the high-tech industry switch jobs for money. I was a little adamant about the use of Most in the above statement. I ...
1answer
2k views

### How can you estimate how many people know a word? [closed]

There are already plenty of sites that tell you the relative frequency of a word in various corpuses, but how can you use that number to find an estimate of what % of native English speakers know that ...
1answer
126 views

### In a statistical model context, “overfitting” or “over fitting”? [closed]

I have been writing a research proposal. In a particular part of the proposal, I talk about statistical methods that will be used to avoid "overfitting." This is a statistical concept describing a ...
2answers
206 views

### What's the correct word to categorize/refer to the Top 1% in a distribution?

I've a chart where I'm graphing how much the top 1% of political contributors (the 99th percentile) donate, vs the rest. You can see the graph here, by clicking on "View by" in the top-right corner, ...
3answers
1k views

### Collocations of “Uncertainty”

I'm trying to find the right preposition to go after "uncertainty", as in statistical uncertainties. I'm guessing that it might be "the uncertainty on the prognosis", but I'm not sure. Can anybody ...
3answers
3k views

### What tense to use for research results/statistics

My question is similar to this one and this one. However, I think I need further elaboration to understand at what points I am supposed to use present tense, and where to use past tense. Now, my ...
1answer
324 views

### 'Nonprobabilistic Sampling' versus 'Nonprobability Sampling'

I'm writing a research paper, and I need to translate it to English. I hired a translator and I'm not sure that the following sentence has the right structure: Interventions: It was performed ...
1answer
2k views

### What does the phrase, “ninesigma worthy,” mean?

A person whom I met recently said something that I consider a bit odd. During our conversation, the topic of lost items arose. "Personally," he said, "I'm glad that over all the years I have not lost ...
2answers
2k views

### 1st percentile, 2nd percentile… But how to say “2.5th” percentile?

It is necessary for me to write about the 2.5th and 97.5th percentiles of a data set. What is the correct way of writing this? This post talks about "zeroth", "n-th" and even "epsilonth" as ...
1answer
802 views

### Standard deviation for average sentence and paragraph length?

I was able to find a source that gave an average for sentence length in the english language of 14 words. I am curious as to what the standard deviation for that number is. Also, I couldn't find any ...
5answers
5k views

### Statistics terminology: Is there a word for a flat bottom?

I'm wondering about the opposite of a plateau. I mean, I tend to associate "valley" with a downward spike, as in peaks and valleys. I want to talk of "a flat bottom on the data graph" in the same way ...
2answers
140 views

### What is a layman's term for "uniform distribution [closed]

I'm creating an implementation of a Lindenmayer system (L-system) in the Clojure programming language and I'm trying to figure out a name for a utility function which takes a number of arguments and ...
1answer
58 views

### Word For the Process of Finding Return on Investment

I am told that if I invest \$20 in this Apple Stock, in one years time there is a: 10% chance I'll get back \$25 10% chance I'll get back \$20 30% chance I'll get back \$15 50% chance I'll get back \$10 ...
2answers
448 views

### Do I replicate an experiment n times or n-1 times for a total of n experiments

I have an simulation I want to run a total of n times. (I defined the parameters of the simulation myself, so it's not something from someone else I am trying to duplicate.) Do I then say that I ...
2answers
964 views

### Statistician's word for a distribution curve tailing less steeply to left or right

I know the word normal distribution. But what does a statistician call it when the curve of the distribution tails less steeply (ie falls more gradually) to the left or right?
3answers
288 views

### Etymology of “cluster analysis” – why “cluster”?

I'm trying to track down the origins of the word "cluster" and its usage in the context of cluster analysis. Please, does anyone know when and by whom it was first used? Perhaps there was a paper or ...
6answers
881 views

### Misinterpretation / Misrepresentation of statistics?

I'm looking for a single word or and expression for a faulty use of statistics. It can involve poor interpretation or representation of statistics or the false assumptions or logic that cause those ...
1answer
355 views

### what do you call a table that contains counts of items which have 2 characteristic attributes represented by the rows and columns?

What do we call a table that holds counts? A binning table? Frequency table? Unnormalized probability density table? What if, instead of a table, it's just a list? And what if the table has more than ...
1answer
936 views

### Proportion of unique words in typical English text?

I recall hearing a statistic that, in a typical block of English text (e.g. a novel) a really suprisingly large proportion (a third? half?) of the distinct words that appear, appear only once. That is,...