# Questions tagged [statistics]

This tag is for questions about the usage and meaning of statistical terminology and the names for statistical entities in English.

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### A word encompassing both extraploation and interpolation?

Interpolation is predicting values within a range of data. Extrapolation is predicting values outside a range of data. Is there a word that encompasses both meanings, such that I could use it to refer ...
• 196
28 views

### Interpreting sentences containing data [closed]

Is the construction correct? The daily actual irradiation was lower than the day-to-day target 48% of the time in the entire month. How do you interpret this sentence?
134 views

### Does paragraph length follow a normal distribution? [closed]

Many naturally occurring things follow a normal distribution. I'm curious to know if paragraphs follow a normal distribution too? Note: paragraph length could be measured in characters, or words.
• 514
1 vote
2k views

### A word to describe sets of something divided into three equal parts as per "quartile" (fourths) or "quintile" (fifths)

I am looking for a word that describes a set of numeric values divided into three equal, ordered parts. For example, "quartile" refers to subsets of a set that has been divided into four ...
• 111
1 vote
205 views

### Why does standard usage of "percentile" vary from other _iles (quartiles, deciles, etc.)?

In my experience, the standard usage of "percentile" is as given by OED (September 2018): Each of the 99 intermediate values of a variate which divide a frequency distribution into 100 ...
• 345
1 vote
78 views

### Are there English letter frequency charts based on the assumed age of the speaker/reader?

Has anyone done work to construct letter frequency charts based on the assumed age of the reader/speaker, and also spoken word vs written text? One would expect that letter usage would be different in ...
• 111
43 views

### In reference to the calculation, should one use "mean" or "mean of"?

I am writing a scientific paper and am unsure if I should be using "mean" or "mean of" each time I refer to a calculated mean number. For example, should it be: A) The samples had a mean of 54.1 ...
49 views

### Term for “extent/proportion [into some population] of the condition”?

What is a technical term (perhaps from statistics) for the extent (or proportion) that a specified condition applies to some given population? For example: There is a communicable cancer currently ...
• 424
51 views

### Term for “extent/proportion of a population [that meet some condition]”

What is a technical term (perhaps from statistics) for the extent (or proportion) that a specified condition applies to some given population? For example: There is a communicable cancer currently ...
• 424
1 vote
199 views

### Can you be in the “95% percentile”?

I have a feeling there's only one way to say this: you can be in the “95th percentile”. A colleague of mine says it's OK to say “the 95% percentile”, which doesn't seem to make mathematical sense to ...
448 views

### What is a word for granularity that spans the entire range?

Background I want customers to be able to construct and view a histogram. There are two inputs I need for this histogram: interval, which defines the total date range for the diagram, and granularity,...
• 153
1k views

### Where can I find statistics about the count of words starting by a letter?

I have found only this statistic: Words by Length Words by First and Second Letter But I want to find words count which start by z and x (or any other letter) Does anybody know such stat?
• 281
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### How does one qualitatively describe the cubic increase of experimental data [duplicate]

I have generated some data Y and would like to describe its variation as a function of some variable X. Using MS Excel, I obtained the trendline shown in the figure below which suggests that Y varies ...
• 109
395 views

### In statistics' confusion matrix, why does 'recall' have that name?

There are a number of words used very frequently to describe properties of a confusion matrix (or contingency table). Among them there is the word 'recall', this is to describe: tp ――――― tp+tf ...
• 123
268 views

### The plurality of the probability

What is a word or expression I could use to describe something that has a less-than-fifty percent chance of happening, but is still likelier than any other single outcome? "The most likely outcome" ...
• 3,036
261 views

### Word to name both minima and maxima

I would like to find a word to name the minima and maxima of a set of things. We have in French "extrêmes", but I don't find an equivalent in English, as far as my brief research is concerned.
11k views

### What is the opposite of a "false positive"?

I wanted to refer to the set of data after filtering out the false positives. Is there a word to describe the set of data after filtering out the "false positives" (i.e. the opposite of a "false ...
119 views

### Does using "most" in conversational English convey use of some statistic or data gathering?

In a conversation someone said the following: Most of the engineers working in the high-tech industry switch jobs for money. I was a little adamant about the use of Most in the above statement. I ...
4k views

### Word or phrase with a similar meaning to 'statistical difference '

I am explaining my results in my paper. I am looking for a word or phrase with similar meaning to 'statistical difference'. If one performs a statistical test for a difference in the mean or median ...
• 113
4k views

### How can you estimate how many people know a word? [closed]

There are already plenty of sites that tell you the relative frequency of a word in various corpuses, but how can you use that number to find an estimate of what % of native English speakers know that ...
• 139
1 vote
176 views

### In a statistical model context, "overfitting" or "over fitting"? [closed]

I have been writing a research proposal. In a particular part of the proposal, I talk about statistical methods that will be used to avoid "overfitting." This is a statistical concept describing a ...
336 views

### What's the correct word to categorize/refer to the Top 1% in a distribution?

I've a chart where I'm graphing how much the top 1% of political contributors (the 99th percentile) donate, vs the rest. You can see the graph here, by clicking on "View by" in the top-right corner, ...
• 175
551 views

### How do you refer to a group of statistical variables? The 'statistical measures', or what?

I'm looking for a simple synonym that essentially means 'statistical measures'. Here's the context, sory if it's a little confusing. The real example is only more complex. I'm using a classifications ...
• 171
4k views

### What does the phrase, "ninesigma worthy," mean?

A person whom I met recently said something that I consider a bit odd. During our conversation, the topic of lost items arose. "Personally," he said, "I'm glad that over all the years I have not lost ...
• 81
1 vote
163 views

### What is a layman's term for "uniform distribution [closed]

I'm creating an implementation of a Lindenmayer system (L-system) in the Clojure programming language and I'm trying to figure out a name for a utility function which takes a number of arguments and ...
61 views

### Word For the Process of Finding Return on Investment

I am told that if I invest \$20 in this Apple Stock, in one years time there is a: 10% chance I'll get back \$25 10% chance I'll get back \$20 30% chance I'll get back \$15 50% chance I'll get back \$10 ...
• 961
538 views

### Do I replicate an experiment n times or n-1 times for a total of n experiments

I have an simulation I want to run a total of n times. (I defined the parameters of the simulation myself, so it's not something from someone else I am trying to duplicate.) Do I then say that I ...
• 133
2k views

### Statistician's word for a distribution curve tailing less steeply to left or right

I know the word normal distribution. But what does a statistician call it when the curve of the distribution tails less steeply (ie falls more gradually) to the left or right?
• 103
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### Standard deviation for average sentence and paragraph length?

I was able to find a source that gave an average for sentence length in the english language of 14 words. I am curious as to what the standard deviation for that number is. Also, I couldn't find any ...
• 119
333 views

### Etymology of "cluster analysis" – why "cluster"?

I'm trying to track down the origins of the word "cluster" and its usage in the context of cluster analysis. Please, does anyone know when and by whom it was first used? Perhaps there was a paper or ...
• 133
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### 1st percentile, 2nd percentile... But how to say "2.5th" percentile?

It is necessary for me to write about the 2.5th and 97.5th percentiles of a data set. What is the correct way of writing this? This post talks about "zeroth", "n-th" and even "epsilonth" as ...
• 159
11k views

### How do you explain cubic growth of a function

When reading scientific papers I have seen people explain the growth of a variable linearly, exponentially. However how would one say for a variable which grows in quadratic fashion, or cubic? I don'...
• 312
338 views

### 'Nonprobabilistic Sampling' versus 'Nonprobability Sampling'

I'm writing a research paper, and I need to translate it to English. I hired a translator and I'm not sure that the following sentence has the right structure: Interventions: It was performed ...
938 views

### Misinterpretation / Misrepresentation of statistics?

I'm looking for a single word or and expression for a faulty use of statistics. It can involve poor interpretation or representation of statistics or the false assumptions or logic that cause those ...
3k views

### Collocations of "Uncertainty"

I'm trying to find the right preposition to go after "uncertainty", as in statistical uncertainties. I'm guessing that it might be "the uncertainty on the prognosis", but I'm not sure. Can anybody ...
• 131
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### Why did the word “alluring” peak in the 1920s?

As per title. This is the Ngram Graph for the word alluring: For comparison, this is the same graph for the word remarkable:
• 621
1 vote
402 views

### what do you call a table that contains counts of items which have 2 characteristic attributes represented by the rows and columns?

What do we call a table that holds counts? A binning table? Frequency table? Unnormalized probability density table? What if, instead of a table, it's just a list? And what if the table has more than ...
• 131
4k views

### What tense to use for research results/statistics

My question is similar to this one and this one. However, I think I need further elaboration to understand at what points I am supposed to use present tense, and where to use past tense. Now, my ...
• 105
2k views

### Proportion of unique words in typical English text?

I recall hearing a statistic that, in a typical block of English text (e.g. a novel) a really suprisingly large proportion (a third? half?) of the distinct words that appear, appear only once. That is,...
• 123
4k views

### Someone who enjoys statistics

Is there a single word for someone who likes or loves to examine statistics?
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