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Questions tagged [statistics]

This tag is for questions about the usage and meaning of statistical terminology and the names for statistical entities in English.

0
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0answers
19 views

sample vs example context

Is it accurate to use sample with the context of any individual inside a universe, compared to using example as an explicit instance of an individual of said universe?
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2answers
36 views

Term for “extent/proportion [into some population] of the condition”?

What is a technical term (perhaps from statistics) for the extent (or proportion) that a specified condition applies to some given population? For example: There is a communicable cancer currently ...
-1
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1answer
32 views

Term for “extent/proportion of a population [that meet some condition]”

What is a technical term (perhaps from statistics) for the extent (or proportion) that a specified condition applies to some given population? For example: There is a communicable cancer currently ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Can you be in the “95% percentile”?

I have a feeling there's only one way to say this: you can be in the “95th percentile”. A colleague of mine says it's OK to say “the 95% percentile”, which doesn't seem to make mathematical sense to ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

How to express the estimation result

I would like to ask you how to express the following regression analysis. Y=a+bX+cZ+u I want to mention that b is significant. In this case, which sentence in the following correct? (1) The ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

What is a word for granularity that spans the entire range?

Background I want customers to be able to construct and view a histogram. There are two inputs I need for this histogram: interval, which defines the total date range for the diagram, and granularity,...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Where can I find statistics about count of words starting by letter?

I have found only this statistic: Words by Length Words by First and Second Letter But I want to find words count which start by z and x (or any other letter) Does anybody know such stat?
0
votes
1answer
46 views

How does one qualitatively describe the cubic increase of experimental data [duplicate]

I have generated some data Y and would like to describe its variation as a function of some variable X. Using MS Excel, I obtained the trendline shown in the figure below which suggests that Y varies ...
1
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0answers
42 views

In statistics' confusion matrix, why does 'recall' have that name?

There are a number of words used very frequently to describe properties of a confusion matrix (or contingency table). Among them there is the word 'recall', this is to describe: tp ――――― tp+tf ...
2
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2answers
135 views

The plurality of the probability

What is a word or expression I could use to describe something that has a less-than-fifty percent chance of happening, but is still likelier than any other single outcome? "The most likely outcome" ...
3
votes
1answer
232 views

Word to name both minima and maxima

I would like to find a word to name the minima and maxima of a set of things. We have in French "extrêmes", but I don't find an equivalent in English, as far as my brief research is concerned.
11
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4answers
7k views

What is the opposite of a “false positive”?

I wanted to refer to the set of data after filtering out the false positives. Is there a word to describe the set of data after filtering out the "false positives" (i.e. the opposite of a "false ...
0
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1answer
89 views

Does using “most” in conversational English convey use of some statistic or data gathering?

In a conversation someone said the following: Most of the engineers working in the high-tech industry switch jobs for money. I was a little adamant about the use of Most in the above statement. I ...
0
votes
1answer
475 views

Word or phrase with a similar meaning to 'statistical difference '

I am explaining my results in my paper. I am looking for a word or phrase with similar meaning to 'statistical difference'. If one performs a statistical test for a difference in the mean or median ...
2
votes
1answer
989 views

How can you estimate how many people know a word? [closed]

There are already plenty of sites that tell you the relative frequency of a word in various corpuses, but how can you use that number to find an estimate of what % of native English speakers know that ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

In a statistical model context, “overfitting” or “over fitting”? [closed]

I have been writing a research proposal. In a particular part of the proposal, I talk about statistical methods that will be used to avoid "overfitting." This is a statistical concept describing a ...
3
votes
2answers
177 views

What's the correct word to categorize/refer to the Top 1% in a distribution?

I've a chart where I'm graphing how much the top 1% of political contributors (the 99th percentile) donate, vs the rest. You can see the graph here, by clicking on "View by" in the top-right corner, ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

How do you refer to a group of statistical variables? The 'statistical measures', or what?

I'm looking for a simple synonym that essentially means 'statistical measures'. Here's the context, sory if it's a little confusing. The real example is only more complex. I'm using a classifications ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

What does the phrase, “ninesigma worthy,” mean?

A person whom I met recently said something that I consider a bit odd. During our conversation, the topic of lost items arose. "Personally," he said, "I'm glad that over all the years I have not lost ...
1
vote
2answers
129 views

What is a layman's term for "uniform distribution [closed]

I'm creating an implementation of a Lindenmayer system (L-system) in the Clojure programming language and I'm trying to figure out a name for a utility function which takes a number of arguments and ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Word For the Process of Finding Return on Investment

I am told that if I invest $20 in this Apple Stock, in one years time there is a: 10% chance I'll get back $25 10% chance I'll get back $20 30% chance I'll get back $15 50% chance I'll get back $10 ...
2
votes
2answers
336 views

Do I replicate an experiment n times or n-1 times for a total of n experiments

I have an simulation I want to run a total of n times. (I defined the parameters of the simulation myself, so it's not something from someone else I am trying to duplicate.) Do I then say that I ...
0
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2answers
722 views

Statistician's word for a distribution curve tailing less steeply to left or right

I know the word normal distribution. But what does a statistician call it when the curve of the distribution tails less steeply (ie falls more gradually) to the left or right?
1
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1answer
598 views

Standard deviation for average sentence and paragraph length?

I was able to find a source that gave an average for sentence length in the english language of 14 words. I am curious as to what the standard deviation for that number is. Also, I couldn't find any ...
27
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14answers
12k views

A word for a value between 0 and 1 (inclusive) [closed]

I'm a programmer. I'm so sick of writing documentation for things that should be explainable in a word. When you write a function in a programming language, you get to name its parameters. Most ...
0
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3answers
239 views

Etymology of “cluster analysis” – why “cluster”?

I'm trying to track down the origins of the word "cluster" and its usage in the context of cluster analysis. Please, does anyone know when and by whom it was first used? Perhaps there was a paper or ...
3
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2answers
2k views

1st percentile, 2nd percentile… But how to say “2.5th” percentile?

It is necessary for me to write about the 2.5th and 97.5th percentiles of a data set. What is the correct way of writing this? This post talks about "zeroth", "n-th" and even "epsilonth" as ...
2
votes
3answers
5k views

How do you explain cubic growth of a function

When reading scientific papers I have seen people explain the growth of a variable linearly, exponentially. However how would one say for a variable which grows in quadratic fashion, or cubic? I don'...
2
votes
1answer
212 views

'Nonprobabilistic Sampling' versus 'Nonprobability Sampling'

I'm writing a research paper, and I need to translate it to English. I hired a translator and I'm not sure that the following sentence has the right structure: Interventions: It was performed ...
2
votes
6answers
759 views

Misinterpretation / Misrepresentation of statistics?

I'm looking for a single word or and expression for a faulty use of statistics. It can involve poor interpretation or representation of statistics or the false assumptions or logic that cause those ...
2
votes
3answers
970 views

Collocations of “Uncertainty”

I'm trying to find the right preposition to go after "uncertainty", as in statistical uncertainties. I'm guessing that it might be "the uncertainty on the prognosis", but I'm not sure. Can anybody ...
15
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5answers
1k views

Why did the word “alluring” peak in the 1920s?

As per title. This is the Ngram Graph for the word alluring: For comparison, this is the same graph for the word remarkable:
1
vote
1answer
337 views

what do you call a table that contains counts of items which have 2 characteristic attributes represented by the rows and columns?

What do we call a table that holds counts? A binning table? Frequency table? Unnormalized probability density table? What if, instead of a table, it's just a list? And what if the table has more than ...
0
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3answers
2k views

What tense to use for research results/statistics

My question is similar to this one and this one. However, I think I need further elaboration to understand at what points I am supposed to use present tense, and where to use past tense. Now, my ...
2
votes
1answer
768 views

Proportion of unique words in typical English text?

I recall hearing a statistic that, in a typical block of English text (e.g. a novel) a really suprisingly large proportion (a third? half?) of the distinct words that appear, appear only once. That is,...
6
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5answers
2k views

Someone who enjoys statistics

Is there a single word for someone who likes or loves to examine statistics?
2
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5answers
4k views

Statistics terminology: Is there a word for a flat bottom?

I'm wondering about the opposite of a plateau. I mean, I tend to associate "valley" with a downward spike, as in peaks and valleys. I want to talk of "a flat bottom on the data graph" in the same way ...